Michael B. Kitchens

Michael B. Kitchens
Lebanon Valley College · Department of Psychology

Doctor of Philosophy

About

13
Publications
747
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35
Citations
Introduction
Michael B. Kitchens, Ph.D., has research interests in the areas of existential psychology and the psychology of religion, particularly as those areas intersect with self and identity. He is a member of the Association for Psychological Science, the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, and the Society for the Scientific Study of Religion. OSF: https://osf.io/rueqx/
Additional affiliations
August 2007 - present
Lebanon Valley College
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (13)
Article
Previous research (Rios et al., 2015) showed that Christians do not tend to identify with science; that is, they reported less interest and perceived ability in science, particularly when they are reminded of the stereotype that Christians perform poorly in science—an effect explained by stereotype threat. In the present study, we propose and test...
Article
Religious fundamentalism (RF) is a relevant topic in the world today. Over the past two decades there is an increase in definitions, theories, and measures of RF in the social sciences. The present publication reviews and integrates this information into an overarching definition and provides suggestions for future research.
Article
The psychological literature on religion shows that there are a number of benefits and costs associated with religion. Therefore, Christians have access to both positively-oriented and negatively-oriented information about their belief in God. While the prevailing research shows that people prefer information that confirms their beliefs, it may be...
Article
Full-text available
The bystander effect reveals that people are less likely to help a person in need when others are present. We examined the impact of priming the concept of responsibility on the bystander effect in a field study. Lone pedestrians (N = 259) were randomly assigned to a 2 (Bystanders: none, three non-responsive bystanders) by 2 (Shirt: blank shirt, sh...
Article
The purpose of this work was to examine whether people’s beliefs about God are related to self-concept clarity (SCC) in a U-shaped fashion, such that those with the clearest (or strongest) beliefs about God would have greater SCC than those with relatively unclear beliefs about God. We found this pattern across three studies assessing specific Chri...
Preprint
Self-regulation constrains the expression of prejudice, but when self-regulation falters, the immediate environment can act as an external source of prejudice regulation. This hypothesis derives from work demonstrating that external controls and internal self-regulation can prompt goal pursuit in the absence of self-imposed controls. Across four st...
Article
Self-regulation constrains the expression of prejudice, but when self-regulation falters, the immediate environment can act as an external source of prejudice regulation. This hypothesis derives from work demonstrating that external controls and internal self-regulation can prompt goal pursuit in the absence of self-imposed controls. Across four st...
Article
Previous research found that reflecting on God increased public self-awareness. There is, however, reason to expect that reflecting on God should also direct attention inward to the private self. Thus, this work examined whether priming God increases private self-awareness. The results showed that reflecting on God increased private self-awareness,...
Article
Full-text available
Sanctification is a psychological process in which aspects of life are associated with God (theistic sanctification) or sacred qualities (nontheistic sanctification). Sanctification accounts for outcomes in diverse areas, such as family, the environment, and work. One area yet to be examined is the sanctification of learning, which was addressed in...
Article
People typically have intense feelings about politics. Therefore, it was no surprise that the campaign and eventual election of Barack Obama were highly anticipated and emotionally charged events, making it and the emotion experienced afterward a useful situation in which to replicate prior research showing that people typically overestimate the in...
Article
The purpose of this investigation was to examine whether reappraisal, which is a strategy where the personal meaning of an event is reevaluated, would influence participants' emotional reactions to social exclusion feedback. It was expected that reappraising this event would reduce the emotional distress that accompanies social exclusion, but engag...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
To identify the types of metaphors people use to describe God, particularly in terms of their psychological effects and associations with individual differences.