Michael Jepson

Michael Jepson
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration | NOAA · NMFS Southeast Regional Office

Doctor of Philosophy

About

32
Publications
8,937
Reads
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745
Citations
Citations since 2017
13 Research Items
458 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
Additional affiliations
January 2009 - present
NOAA Fisheries
Position
  • Social Scientist
January 1999 - June 2002
University of Florida
Position
  • Research Assistant
Description
  • Conducted research on Florida fishing families and compiled a social science bibliography for the Florida Marine Fisheries Commission
January 1999 - January 2002
University of Florida
Position
  • Research Assistant
Description
  • Taught classes in Social Perspectives on Community

Publications

Publications (32)
Article
In the past decade, the Florida Gulf Coast has experienced a number of severe outbreaks of Karenia brevis, a marine alga that produces harmful algal bloom (HAB) events commonly called "red tides." These recurring red tide events have produced severe ecological and economic impacts. Although satellite and water sampling information can be used to id...
Article
Interdisciplinary science and environmental management involve bringing together data and expertise at multiple spatial scales. The most challenging part of merging scales is aligning the scale of inquiry with the research application. Through the Louisiana case study relating wetland loss and commercial fishing, we examine how the nature and stren...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report examines how a select group of commercial fishing communities in the Southeast rely on specific marine species and how those species are vulnerable to climate change. The objective of the community climate vulnerability indicators project is to forecast the possible effects of climate change on a coastal fishing community’s marine resou...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Participants in the nation’s marine fisheries typically must address a variety of operational challenges as they work to harvest, process, and distribute seafood, and provide fishing experiences to American consumers. The arrival and spread of COVID-19 early in 2020 quickly posed a new range of problems and issues, intensifying pre-existing challen...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report provides a snapshot of the effects of COVID- 19 on the seafood industry (commercial harvesters, aquaculture, seafood dealers and processors) and for- hire fishing sector for 2020. As documented herein, the impacts to the seafood industry and for-hire sector were immediate, more severe and more long-lasting than those incurred in most ot...
Article
Full-text available
There has been a proliferation of coupled social-ecological systems (SES) models created and published in recent years. However, the degree of coupling between natural and social systems varies widely across the different coupled models and is often a function of the disciplinary background of the team conducting the research. This manuscript exami...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This is a working paper submitted to SEDAR 72 Gulf of Mexico Gag stock assessment. The paper presents the results of multiple interviews of fishers along the panhandle and west coast of Florida. The interviewees were asked to describe the effects of red tide on the region and the fishery in addition to generally outline the history of their fishing...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the weeks after Hurricane Irma crossed Florida on September 10-11, 2017, NOAA Fisheries' Southeast Fisheries Science Center organized a rapid assessment of damages to the fishing industry and support businesses in the state. Preliminary fieldwork began in late September and by early October 2017 NOAA Fisheries staff was in the field conducting i...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Describes initial results of project using oral history and participatory mapping approaches to tap local ecological knowledge (LEK) of commercial and recreational fishermen regarding historical trends and ecological and socioeconomic impacts of red tides along the western coast of Florida.
Article
The northern Gulf of Mexico (GoM) is an ecologically and economically productive system that supports some of the largest volume and most valuable fisheries in the United States. The benefit of these fisheries to society and to the surrounding Gulf communities has varied historically, commensurate with the fish population sizes and the economic act...
Technical Report
Full-text available
A guiding principle of the NOAA Catch Share Policy is to track the performance of programs to monitor whether they are achieving their goals and objectives. This report focuses on assessing changes in fisheries participation for communities involved in each of the U.S. catch share programs. The indicators included here were chosen to better elucida...
Article
Full-text available
Changing climatic conditions are affecting the relationship between fishing communities and the marine resources they depend on. This shift will require an adaptive response on the part of policy makers and fishery managers. In the U.S., the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) established, in its fisheries agency (NOAA Fisheries)...
Article
Full-text available
National Standard 8 of the reauthorized Magnuson-Stevens Fisheries Management Act mandates that fisheries managers consider a community's dependence on fisheries when crafting regulations. This article compares findings regarding dependence on commercial and recreational fisheries from direct observations and interviews in 21 U.S. South Atlantic co...
Article
Increased concern with the impacts that changing coastal environments can have on coastal fishing communities led to a recent effort by NOAA Fisheries social scientists to develop a set of indicators of social vulnerability and resilience for the U.S. Southeast and Northeast coastal communities. A goal of the NOAA Fisheries social vulnerability and...
Article
Full-text available
Research was initiated in 2008 with the objective of developing social indicators for well-being of fishing communities. Initial steps included development and testing indicators for the concepts of dependence, gentrification, vulnerability, and resiliency in relation to nine fishing communities on the Texas Gulf Coast. Procedurally, a mixed method...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Summary Viable measures of social well-being and sustainability, including measures of vulnerability and resilience, are needed for coastal fishing communities. Although sustainable development indices have been created and implemented at national and regional levels, few are available at the local or community level, and even fewer address the soc...
Article
Full-text available
Viable measures of social well-being and sustainability, including measures of vulnerability and resilience, are needed for coastal fishing communities. Although sustainable development indices have been created and implemented at national and regional levels, few are available at the local or community level, and even fewer address the social aspe...
Article
The use of social indicators in this analysis of coastal communities enhances the evaluation of the combined impacts of changes in fisheries management regulations and gentrification for fisheries social impact assessments. Increasing population pressure, declining fish stocks, and the attractiveness of natural amenities have all led to demographic...
Article
The Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council determined that previous management of the grouper and tilefish fisheries in the northern Gulf of Mexico were not meeting management goals, and developed a catch shares program using individual fishing quotas (IFQs) beginning in January 2010 in order to more effectively manage these fisheries. An IFQ is...
Article
Two unrelated data sources (quantitative secondary data and qualitative primary data) and mixed methodologies (statistical analysis and ethnography) are used to define the concept of, and develop indicators for, fishing dependence. Techniques for integrating differing data sources are developed. Comparisons of the qualitative rankings with the quan...
Article
Federal fisheries managers are required by National Standard 8 of the Magnuson-Stevens Act to consider the social And economic impacts of their proposed regulations on fishing communities. For social impacts, this is often achieved by intensive qualitative research techniques. Efforts have been underway to utilize more quantitative measures that re...
Article
Full-text available
Social indicators as measures of economic or social well-being have existed since the early 1970s. It is only recently that the use of social indicators have become of some utility to fisheries management. Prior to the revision of the Magnuson-Stevens Act and the addition of National Standard 8, there were only a handful of studies that collected t...
Article
Many residents of coastal towns believe that they live in communities that are economically dependent upon commercial fishing. However, employment data indicate that fishing is a relatively minor economic component of many of these communities. We apply the concept of aspect dominance from the field of ecology to help explain this discrepancy. In a...
Article
Full-text available
In November 1994, Florida voters approved a constitutional amendment that outlawed commercial entanglement nets of more than 500 square feet in state waters. The "net ban" affected an estimated 1500 fishers and their families. This article reviews some of the family impacts of the net ban, based on data collected from a group of commercial fishing...
Article
Under the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act National Standard 8, federal policy now mandates that fishery management plans identify and consider the social and economic consequences of fisheries management actions on fishing communities (MSFCMA Section 301\[a]\[81). This mandate is based on the recognition that conservation a...
Article
Under the new Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act National Standard 8, federal policy now mandates that fishery management plans identify and consider the social and economic consequences of fisheries management actions on fishing communities (MSFCMA Section 301[a][8]). This mandate is based on the recognition that conservation...
Article
This paper draws on interviews with 70 couples in commercial fishing families to examine the relative influence of objective scientific information as opposed to political and social considerations on the management and allocation of marine resources Decisions about the regulation of commercial fishing are influenced by Florida's economic dependenc...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
This broad project is about introducing the social sciences to the National Climate Assessment (NCA). The 2013 NCA was the first to include social sciences and consisted primarily of a report on the state of knowledge. Follow-up work has included suggestions of indicators for future NCAs and of research projects to fill data gaps and allow development of new indicators.