Michael O. Hottiger

Michael O. Hottiger
University of Zurich | UZH · Department of Molecular Mechanisms of Disease

DVM, PhD, Professor

About

241
Publications
33,197
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Introduction
Michael O. Hottiger currently works at the Department of Molecular Mechanisms of Disease, University of Zurich. Michael does research in ADP-ribosylation in inflammation and Cancer Research.
Additional affiliations
January 1999 - August 2014
University of Zurich
Position
  • Group Leader, Principal Investigator

Publications

Publications (241)
Article
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is a key component of the innate immune response. Upon binding to its receptor, TNFR1, it promotes production of other cytokines via a membrane-bound complex 1 or induces cell death via a cytosolic complex 2. To understand how TNF-induced cell death is regulated, we performed mass spectrometry of complex 2 and identified...
Article
Full-text available
Signaling cascades provide integrative and interactive frameworks that allow the cell to respond to signals from its environment and/or from within the cell itself. The dynamic regulation of mammalian cell signaling pathways is often modulated by cascades of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs). ADP-ribosylation is a PTM that is catalyze...
Article
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Mass spectrometry-enabled ADP-ribosylation workflows are developing rapidly, providing researchers a variety of ADP-ribosylome enrichment strategies and mass spectrometric acquisition options. Despite the growth spurt in upstream technologies, systematic ADP-ribosyl (ADPr) peptide mass spectral annotation methods are lacking. HCD-dependent ADP-ribo...
Article
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Mouse T cells express the ecto-ADP-ribosyltransferase ARTC2.2, which can transfer the ADP-ribose group of extracellular nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) to arginine residues of various cell surface proteins thereby influencing their function. Several targets of ARTC2.2, such as P2X7, CD8a and CD25 have been identified, however a comprehensi...
Article
Full-text available
ADP‐ribosylation, a modification of proteins, nucleic acids and metabolites, confers broad functions, including roles in stress responses elicited for example by DNA damage and viral infection and is involved in intra‐ and extracellular signaling, chromatin and transcriptional regulation, protein biosynthesis and cell death. ADP‐ribosylation is cat...
Chapter
ADP-ribosylation is a posttranslational protein modification, involved in various cellular processes, ranging from DNA-damage repair to apoptosis. While its function has been studied amply with respect to genotoxic stress-associated nuclear ADP-ribosylation, the functional relevance of mitochondrial ADP-ribosylation remains so far poorly studied. T...
Article
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Blood and plasma proteins are heavily investigated as biomarkers for different diseases. However, the post-translational modification states of these proteins are rarely analyzed since blood contains many enzymes that rapidly remove these modifications after sampling. In contrast to the well-described role of protein ADP-ribosylation in cells and o...
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Summary While protein ADP-ribosylation was reported to regulate differentiation and de-differentiation, it has so far not been studied during trans-differentiation. Here, we found that MyoD-induced trans-differentiation of fibroblasts to myoblasts promotes the expression of the ADP-ribosyltransferase ARTD1. Comprehensive analysis of the genome arc...
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ADP-ribosylation (ADPR) is a posttranslational modification whose importance in oncology keeps increasing due to frequent use of PARP inhibitors (PARPi) to treat different tumor types. Due to the lack of suitable tools to analyze cellular ADPR levels, ADPR’s significance for cancer progression and patient outcome is unclear. In this study, we asses...
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Adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-ribosylation is a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+)-dependent post-translational modification that is found on proteins as well as on nucleic acids. While ARTD1/PARP1-mediated poly-ADP-ribosylation has extensively been studied in the past 60 years, comparably little is known about the physiological function of mon...
Preprint
Full-text available
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is an inflammatory cytokine that, upon binding to its receptor TNFR1, can drive cytokine production, cell survival, or cell death and is a major component of an organism's anti-pathogen repetoire. TNF stimulation leads to the formation of two distinct signalling complexes, a well-defined membrane bound complex (complex 1...
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Graphical Abstract Highlights d Mitochondrial ADP-ribosylation was identified by different methods d Mitochondrial ADP-ribosylation reversibly increased after respiratory chain inhibition d H 2 O 2 treatment induces nuclear and reduces mitochondrial ADP-ribosylation d Elevated mitochondrial ADP-ribosylation dampened MMS-induced ARTD1 chromatin rete...
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Hypoxia and inflammation are key factors for colorectal cancer tumorigenesis. The colonic epithelium belongs to the tissues with the lowest partial pressure of oxygen in the body, and chronic inflammation is associated with an increased chance to develop colon cancer. How the colonic epithelium responds to hypoxia and inflammation during tumorigene...
Preprint
Full-text available
Blood and plasma proteins are heavily investigated as biomarkers for different diseases. However, the post-translational modification states of these proteins are rarely analyzed since blood contains many enzymes that rapidly remove these modification after sampling. In contrast to the well-described role of protein ADP-ribosylation in cells and or...
Article
ADP-ribosylation is a reversible post-translational modification of proteins that has been linked to many biological processes. The identification of ADP-ribosylated proteins and particularly of their acceptor amino acids remains a major challenge. The attachment sites of the modification are difficult to localize by mass spectrometry (MS) because...
Article
CRISPR-Cas systems are bacterial anti-viral systems, and phages use anti-CRISPR proteins (Acrs) to inactivate these systems. Here, we report a novel mechanism by which AcrIF11 inhibits the type I-F CRISPR system. Our structural and biochemical studies demonstrate that AcrIF11 functions as a novel mono-ADP-ribosyltransferase (mART) to modify N250 of...
Article
Full-text available
Protein ADP-ribosylation is a reversible post-translational modification that regulates important cellular functions. The identification of modified proteins has proven challenging and has mainly been achieved via enrichment methodologies. Random mutagenesis was used here to develop an engineered Af1521 ADP-ribose binding macro domain protein with...
Article
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CARM1 is a protein arginine methyltransferase (PRMT) that acts as a coactivator in a number of transcriptional programs. CARM1 orchestrates this coactivator activity in part by depositing the H3R17me2a histone mark in the vicinity of gene promoters that it regulates. However, the gross levels of H3R17me2a in CARM1 KO mice did not significantly decr...
Article
Full-text available
CARM1 is a protein arginine methyltransferase (PRMT) that acts as a coactivator in a number of transcriptional programs. CARM1 orchestrates this coactivator activity in part by depositing the H3R17me2a histone mark in the vicinity of gene promoters that it regulates. However, the gross levels of H3R17me2a in CARM1 KO mice did not significantly decr...
Article
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C-Cbl-associated protein (CAP), also known as Sorbin and SH3 domain-containing protein 1 (Sorbs1) or ponsin, an adaptor protein of the insulin-signalling pathway, mediates anti-viral and anti-cytotoxic protection in acute viral heart disease. In the present study we describe a novel protective immuno-modulatory function of CAP in inflammation. Amon...
Article
Aims: Sirtuin 6 (Sirt6) is a NAD+-dependent deacetylase that plays a key role in DNA repair, inflammation and lipid regulation. Sirt6-null mice show severe metabolic defects and accelerated aging. Macrophage-foam cell formation via scavenger receptors is a key step in atherogenesis. We determined the effects of bone marrow-restricted Sirt6 deletio...
Article
Targeted pathogen-selective approach to drug development holds promise to minimize collateral damage to the beneficial microbiome. The AB5-topology pertussis toxin (PtxS1-S5) is a major virulence factor of Bordetella pertussis, the causative agent of the highly contagious respiratory disease whooping cough. Once internalized into the host cell, Ptx...
Article
Induction of nuclear factor of activated T cells cytoplasmic 1 (NFATc1) by macrophage colony‐stimulating factor (M‐CSF) and receptor activator of NF‐κB ligand (RANKL) is essential for macrophage differentiation into osteoclasts (OCs), but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. The ability of poly(ADP‐ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1) to poly‐ADP‐ribo...
Article
Antibacterial autophagy (xenophagy) is an important host defense, but how it is initiated is unclear. Here, we performed a bacterial transposon screen and identified a T3SS effector SopF that potently blocked Salmonella autophagy. SopF was a general xenophagy inhibitor without affecting canonical autophagy. S. Typhimurium ΔsopF resembled S. flexner...
Preprint
Bordetella pertussis causes the highly contagious respiratory disease pertussis, also known as whooping cough. The resurgence of pertussis has been witnessed even in highly vaccinated populations, and macrolide-resistant strains have been isolated. One attractive target for drug development is the pertussis toxin – an important type IV secretion sy...
Article
Innate immune cells express pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) that recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and endogenous danger-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs). Upon binding, PAMPs/DAMPs can initiate an immune response by activating lymphocytes, amplifying and modulating signaling cascades, and inducing appropriate effect...
Article
Mice deficient for ADP-ribosyltransferase diphteria toxin-like 1 (ARTD1) are protected against microbially induced inflammation. To address the contribution of ARTD1 to inflammation specifically in myeloid cells, we generated an Artd1ΔMyel mouse strain with conditional ARTD1 deficiency in myeloid lineages and examined the strain in three disease mo...
Article
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Objective The advent of ligand-based receptor capture methodologies, allows the identification of unknown receptor candidates for orphan extracellular ligands. However, further target validation can be tedious, laborious and time-consuming. Here, we present a methodology that provides a fast and cost-efficient alternative for candidate target verif...
Chapter
Despite substantial progress in ADP-ribosylation research in recent years, the identification of ADP-ribosylated proteins, their ADP-ribose acceptors sites, and the respective writers and erasers remains challenging. The use of recently developed mass spectrometric methods helps to further characterize the ADP-ribosylome and its regulatory enzymes...
Article
The clostridium-like ecto-ADP-ribosyltransferase ARTC1 is expressed in a highly restricted manner in skeletal muscle and heart tissue. Although ARTC1 is well studied, the identification of ARTC1 targets in vivo and subsequent characterization of ARTC1-regulated cellular processes on the proteome level have been challenging and only a few ARTC1-ADP-...
Article
Despite recent mass spectrometry (MS)-based breakthroughs, comprehensive ADP-ribose (ADPr)-acceptor amino acid identification and ADPr-site localization remain challenging. Here, we report the establishment of an unbiased, multistep ADP-ribosylome data analysis workflow that led to the identification of tyrosine as a novel ARTD1/PARP1-dependent in...
Article
Full-text available
ADP-ribosylation is a posttranslational modification that exists in monomeric and polymeric forms. Whereas the writers (e.g. ARTD1/PARP1) and erasers (e.g. PARG, ARH3) of poly-ADP-ribosylation (PARylation) are relatively well described, the enzymes involved in mono-ADP-ribosylation (MARylation) have been less well investigated. While erasers for th...
Article
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Mammalian ecto-ADP-ribosyltransferases (ecto-ARTs or also ARTCs) catalyze the ADP-ribosylation of cell surface proteins using extracellular nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD⁺) as substrate. By this post-translational protein modification, ecto-ARTs modulate the function of various target proteins. A functional role of ARTC2 has been demonstrat...
Article
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most aggressive cancers. Recent research has demonstrated that chronic pancreatitis (CP) is associated with an increased risk of PDAC, partly due to acinar-to-ductal metaplasia (ADM). Baicalein has been shown to exert anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor effects for CP or PDAC, respectively. The aim...
Article
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) play a key role in all stages of tumorigenesis and tumor progression. TAMs secrete different kinds of cytokines, chemokines, and enzymes to affect the progression, metastasis, and resistance to therapy depending on their state of reprogramming. Therapeutic benefit in targeting TAMs suggests that macrophages are a...
Article
Protein ADP-ribosylation is a structurally heterogeneous post-translational modification (PTM) that influences the physicochemical and biological properties of the modified protein. ADP-ribosylation of chromatin changes its structural properties, thereby regulating important nuclear functions. A lack of suitable antibodies for chromatin immunopreci...
Article
Full-text available
One of the fastest cellular responses to genotoxic stress is the formation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymers (PAR) by poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase 1 (PARP1, or ARTD1). PARP1 and its enzymatic product PAR regulate diverse biological processes, such as DNA repair, chromatin remodeling, transcription and cell death. However, the inter-dependent function of t...
Article
Protein ADP-ribosylation is a covalent, reversible posttranslational modification (PTM) catalyzed by ADP-ribosyltransferases (ARTs). Proteins can be either mono- or poly-ADP-ribosylated under a variety of physiological and pathological conditions. To understand the functional contribution of protein ADP-ribosylation to normal and disease/stress sta...
Chapter
ADP-ribosylation is a posttranslational modification (PTM) that affects a variety of cellular processes. In recent years, mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomics has become a valuable tool for studying ADP-ribosylation. However, studying this PTM in vivo in an unbiased and sensitive manner has remained a difficult challenge. Here, we describe a det...
Article
Full-text available
Oxidative stress is a potent inducer of protein ADP-ribosylation. Although individual oxidative stress-induced ADP-ribosylated proteins have been identified, it is so far not clear, to which extent different degrees of stress severity quantitatively and qualitatively alter ADP-ribosylation, respectively. Here, we investigated both quantitative and...
Article
Nitric oxide synthase 2, inducible (Nos2) expression is necessary for the microbicidal activity of macrophages. However, NOS2 over-activation causes multiple inflammatory disorders, suggesting a tight gene regulation is necessary. Using cytosolic flagellin as a model for inflammasome-dependent NOS2 activation, we discovered a surprising new role fo...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Disturbed muscular architecture, atrophy, and fatty infiltration remain irreversible in chronic rotator cuff tears even after repair. Poly (adenosine 5'-diphosphate-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP-1) is a key regulator of inflammation, apoptosis, muscle atrophy, muscle regeneration, and adipocyte development. We hypothesized that the absenc...
Article
Protein ADP-ribosylation is a physiologically and pathologically important post-translational modification. Recent technological advances have improved analysis of this complex modification and have led to the discovery of hundreds of ADP-ribosylated proteins in both cultured cells and mouse tissues. Nevertheless, accurate assignment of the ADP-rib...
Article
Protein ADP-ribosylation is a physiologically and pathologically important post-translational modification. Recent technological advances have improved analysis of this complex modification and have led to the discovery of hundreds of ADP-ribosylated proteins in both cultured cells and mouse tissues. Nevertheless, accurate assignment of the ADP-rib...
Article
Full-text available
GABA A receptors (GABA A Rs) mediate the majority of fast inhibitory neurotransmission in the brain via synergistic association with the postsynaptic scaffolding protein gephyrin and its interaction partners. However, unlike their counterparts at glutamatergic synapses, gephyrin and its binding partners lack canonical protein interaction motifs; he...
Data
Supplementary Figures 1- 5 and Supplementary Tables 1 - 3
Article
Full-text available
Although protein ADP-ribosylation is involved in diverse biological processes, it has remained a challenge to identify ADP-ribose acceptor sites. Here, we present an experimental workflow for sensitive and unbiased analysis of endogenous ADP-ribosylation sites, capable of detecting more than 900 modification sites in mammalian cells and mouse liver...
Data
Identified ADP-ribosylation sites - In vitro PAR analysis - Forward+Reverse. List of all identified ADP-ribosylation sites with a localization probability of more than 0.60. Forward and reverse SILAC ratios are marked in green. Table is provided as an Excel file in the online additional supplementary materials.
Data
Identified ADP-ribosylation sites in triplicate HeLa analyses. List of all identified ADP-ribosylation sites from three replicate analyses in HeLa cells. The first Excel sheet provides all identified sites with a localization probability of more than 0.60. Table is provided as an Excel file in the online additional supplementary materials.
Data
ADP-ribosylation occupancy values. List of calculated stoichiometry values in HeLa cells. Stoichiometry values describe the fraction of a protein that is modified at a given modification site and are calculated based on the ADP-ribosylated peptide ratio (marked in green), the unmodified peptide ratio (marked in blue) and the protein ratio (marked i...
Data
Full-text available
Supplementary Figures 1 - 6 and Supplementary Note 1
Data
Identified ADP-ribosylation sites in HeLa cells with ETD fragmentation. List of all identified ADP-ribosylation sites with a localization probability of more than 0.60 identified using ETD fragmentation in HeLa cells. Table is provided as an Excel file in the online additional supplementary materials.
Data
Identified ADP-ribosylation sites in mouse liver tissue. List of all identified ADP-ribosylation sites with a localization probability of more than 0.60 from three replicate analyses in mouse liver tissue. Table is provided as an Excel file in the online additional supplementary materials.
Article
Full-text available
Besides its important role in embryonic development and homeostatic self-renewal in adult tissues, Wnt/?-catenin signaling exerts both anti-inflammatory and proinflammatory functions. This is, at least partially, due to either repressing or enhancing the NF-?B pathway. Similarly, the NF-?B pathway either positively or negatively regulates Wnt/?-cat...
Article
ADP-ribosylation is an evolutionarily conserved complex posttranslational modification that alters protein function and/or interaction. Intracellularly, it is mainly catalyzed by diphtheria toxin-like ADP-ribosyltransferases (ARTDs), which attach one or several ADP-ribose residues onto target proteins. Several specific mono- and poly-ADP-ribosylati...
Article
In a recent issue of Science, Gibson et al. (2016) describe an in vitro chemical genetic approach that maps the specific ADP-ribosylation sites targeted by the ADP-ribosyltransferases PARP-1, PARP-2, and PARP-3 and demonstrate that PARP-1 regulates RNA polymerase II promoter-proximal pausing.
Article
Full-text available
ADP-ribosylation is involved in a variety of biological processes, many of which are chromatin-dependent and linked to important functions during the cell cycle. However, any study on ADP-ribosylation and the cell cycle faces the problem that synchronization with chemical agents or by serum starvation and subsequent growth factor addition already a...
Article
Interferon (IFN)-γ is highly upregulated during heart inflammation and enhances the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Absent in Melanoma 2 (AIM2) is an IFN-inducible protein implicated as a component of the inflammasome. Here we seek to determine the role of AIM2 during inflammation in cardiac cells. We found that the presence of AIM2, but...