Michael B Hoffmann

Michael B Hoffmann
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg | OvGU · Clinic for Ophthamology

PhD

About

163
Publications
9,506
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2,093
Citations
Introduction
Michael B Hoffmann currently works at the Clinic for Ophthamology, Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg. Michael does research in Neuroscience and Ophthalmology. His current project is 'studyforrest.org.'
Additional affiliations
January 2004 - present
January 2002 - December 2004
University Medical Center Freiburg
Position
  • Universität Freiburg
September 1999 - December 2002
Royal Holloway, University of London
Education
April 1995 - December 1998
University of Freiburg
Field of study
  • Vision Research
January 1994 - November 1994
University of Tuebingen
Field of study
  • Vision Research

Publications

Publications (163)
Article
Full-text available
In albinism, with the use of optical coherence tomography (OCT), a thinning of the macular ganglion cell layer was recently reported. As a consequence, the relevant OCT measure, i.e., a reduction of the temporal/nasal ganglion cell layer thickness quotient (GCLTQ), is a strong candidate for a novel biomarker of albinism. However, nystagmus is a com...
Article
Background Patients with glaucoma on topical glaucoma medication are often affected by dry eye symptoms and thus likely to rub or squeeze their eyelids. Here, we telemetrically measure peak intraocular pressure (IOP) during eyelid manoeuvres and eyelid rubbing. Methods Eleven patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) previously implanted wi...
Article
Albinism is a pigment disorder affecting eye, skin and/or hair. Patients usually have decreased melanin in affected tissues and suffer from severe visual abnormalities, including foveal hypoplasia and chiasmal misrouting. Combining our data with those of the literature, we propose a single functional genetic retinal signalling pathway that includes...
Article
Zusammenfassung Hintergrund Die Deutsche Ophthalmologische Gesellschaft (DOG) erfasst regelmäßig die wissenschaftlichen Aktivitäten der augenheilkundlichen Forschungseinrichtungen in Deutschland. Ziel der Arbeit Mit dieser Publikation will die DOG die Leistungsfähigkeit der wissenschaftlichen Augenheilkunde in Deutschland transparent machen und d...
Article
One of the most important functions of the retina-the enabling of perception of fast movements-is largely suppressed in standard automated perimetry (SAP) and kinetic perimetry (Goldmann) due to slow motion and low contrast between test points and environment. Rapid campimetry integrates fast motion (=10°/4.7 s at 40 cm patient-monitor distance) an...
Article
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Autosomal recessive Achromatopsia (ACHM) is a rare inherited disorder associated with dysfunctional cone photoreceptors resulting in a congenital absence of cone input to visual cortex. This might lead to distinct changes in cortical architecture with a negative impact on the success of gene augmentation therapies. To investigate the status of the...
Article
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We describe a collection of T1-, diffusion- and functional T2*-weighted magnetic resonance imaging data from human individuals with albinism and achiasma. This repository can be used as a test-bed to develop and validate tractography methods like diffusion-signal modeling and fiber tracking as well as to investigate the properties of the human visu...
Article
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Convolutional neural network (CNN) models are of great promise to aid the segmentation and analysis of brain structures. Here, we tested whether CNN trained to segment normal optic chiasms from the T1w magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) image can be also applied to abnormal chiasms, specifically with optic nerve misrouting as typical for human albini...
Article
Full-text available
Most individuals with congenital achromatopsia (ACHM) carry mutations that affect the retinal phototransduction pathway of cone photoreceptors, fundamental to both high acuity vision and colour perception. As the central fovea is occupied solely by cones, achromats have an absence of retinal input to the visual cortex and a small central area of bl...
Article
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Current initiatives to restore vision emphasize the need for objective assessments of visual field (VF) defects as pursued with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) approaches. Here, we compared population receptive field (pRF) mapping-based VF reconstructions to an fMRI method that uses more robust visual stimulation (on-off block design)...
Article
Background During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic access to and utilization of ophthalmologic healthcare providers was partially restricted.Objective This article provides an overview of already available tele-ophthalmologic applications for better care during the pandemic as well as those still under development.Material and metho...
Preprint
Full-text available
Autosomal recessive Achromatopsia (ACHM) is a rare inherited disorder associated with dysfunctional cone photoreceptors resulting in a congenital absence of cone input to visual cortex. This might lead to distinct changes in cortical architecture with a negative impact on the success of gene augmentation therapies. To investigate the status of the...
Article
Full-text available
In advanced retinitis pigmentosa with retinal lesions, the lesion projection zone (LPZ) in the early visual cortex can be driven during visual tasks, while it remains unresponsive during passive viewing. We tested whether this finding translates to advanced glaucoma, a major cause of acquired blindness. During visual stimulation, 3T fMRI scans were...
Article
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Glaucoma, its early diagnosis, and monitoring of interventions remain an ongoing challenge. We here review developments in functional assessment and its relation to morphology, evaluating recent insights in electrophysiology in glaucoma and highlighting how glaucoma research and diagnostics benefit from combined approaches of OCT and electrophysiol...
Article
Background Retinal pathologies affect the structure and function of post-retinal visual pathways. These post-retinal alterations bear the potential to obstruct the aim of innovative retinal treatment to restore visual function.Objective Current developments in the field of neuroimaging and the associated neurocomputational approaches enable a detai...
Article
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Purpose: To explore the effect of gaze direction and eyelid closure on intraocular pressure (IOP). Methods: Eleven patients with primary open-angle glaucoma previously implanted with a telemetric IOP sensor were instructed to view eight equally-spaced fixation targets each at three eccentricities (10°, 20°, and 25°). Nine patients also performed...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeVisual evoked potentials (VEPs) can be used to measure visual resolution via a spatial frequency (SF) limit as an objective estimate of visual acuity. The aim of this systematic review is to collate descriptions of the VEP SF limit in humans, healthy and disordered, and to assess how accurately and precisely VEP SF limits reflect visual acui...
Article
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The International Society for Clinical Electrophysiology of Vision (ISCEV) standard for visual evoked potentials (VEPs) describes a minimum procedure for clinical VEP testing and encourages more extensive testing. This ISCEV extended protocol is an extension to the VEP standard. It describes procedures for recording multiple VEPs to a range of size...
Article
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The multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG) is an electrophysiological test that allows the function of multiple discrete areas of the retina to be tested simultaneously. This document, from the International Society for Clinical Electrophysiology of Vision (ISCEV), presents an updated and revised ISCEV standard for clinical mfERG and defines minimum...
Article
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Epilepsy surgery is a well-established method of treatment for pharmacoresistant focal epilepsies, but it carries an inherent risk of damaging eloquent brain structures. This holds true in particular for visual system pathways, where the damage to, for example, the optic radiation may result in postoperative visual field defects. Such risk can be m...
Article
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Foveal vision loss has been shown to reduce efficient visual search guidance due to contextual cueing by incidentally learned contexts. However, previous studies used artificial (T- among L-shape) search paradigms that prevent the memorization of a target in a semantically meaningful scene. Here, we investigated contextual cueing in real-life scene...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To compare the diagnostic performance and to evaluate the interrelationship of electroretinographical and structural and vascular measures in glaucoma. Methods: For 14 eyes of 14 healthy controls and 15 eyes of 12 patients with glaucoma ranging from preperimetric to advanced stages optical coherence tomography (OCT), OCT-angiography (OC...
Preprint
Foveal vision loss has been shown to reduce efficient visual search guidance due to contextual cueing by incidentally learned contexts. However, previous studies used artificial (T among L-shape) search paradigms that prevent the memorization of a target in a semantically meaningful scene. Here, we investigated contextual cueing in real-life scenes...
Preprint
Full-text available
fMRI studies in macular degeneration (MD) and retinitis pigmentosa (RP) demonstrated that responses in the lesion projection zones (LPZ) of V1 are task related, indicating significant limits of bottom-up visual system plasticity in MD and RP. In advanced glaucoma (GL), a prevalent eye disease and leading cause of blindness, the scope of visual syst...
Article
The photopic negative response of the electroretinogram reflects retinal ganglion cell function and consequently aids diagnosis of optic nerve diseases including glaucoma. In this study, we assessed the efficacy of stimulation parameters for electroretinographic recordings of the multifocal photopic negative response (mfPhNR) for the detection of g...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies demonstrated that alterations in functional MRI derived receptive field (pRF) properties in cortical projection zones of retinal lesions can erroneously be mistaken for cortical large-scale reorganization in response to visual system pathologies. We tested, whether such confounds are also evident in the normal cortical projection z...
Article
Aims (1) To test the feasibility of simultaneous steady-state pattern electroretinogram (ssPERG) and intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements with an implanted IOP sensor. (2) To explore the scope of this approach for detecting PERG changes during IOP manipulation in a model of lateral decubitus positioning (LDP; lateral position). Methods 15 healt...
Preprint
Full-text available
Purpose: To compare the diagnostic performance and to evaluate the interrelationship of electroretinographical and structural and vascular measures in glaucoma. Methods: For 14 eyes of 14 healthy controls and 15 eyes of 12 patients with glaucoma ranging from preperimetric to advanced stages OCT, OCT-A and electrophysiological measures [multifocal p...
Article
Full-text available
In humans, each hemisphere comprises an overlay of two visuotopic maps of the contralateral visual field, one from each eye. Is the capacity of the visual cortex limited to these two maps or are plastic mechanisms available to host more maps? We determined the cortical organization of the visual field maps in a rare individual with chiasma hypoplas...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objectives: To optimize stimulation parameters for electroretionographic recordings of the multifocal photopic negative response (mfPhNR) for the detection of glaucoma and to compare the diagnostic accuracy of electrophysiological, structural and functional measures of glaucoma. Methods: In 24 healthy controls, 10 glaucoma suspects (GLAS) and 16 gl...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The visual pathway is commonly involved in multiple sclerosis (MS), even in its early stages, including clinical episodes of optic neuritis (ON). The long-term structural damage within the visual compartment in patients with ON, however, is yet to be elucidated. Objective: Our aim was to characterize visual system structure abnormali...
Preprint
Full-text available
Purpose To test the feasibility of simultaneous steady-state pattern electroretinogram (PERG) and intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements with an IOP sensor and to test a model for IOP manipulation during lateral decubitus positioning (LDP) and its impact on the PERG. Design A prospective, observational study. Methods 15 healthy controls and 15 t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Previous studies demonstrated that alterations in functional MRI derived receptive field (pRF) properties in cortical projection zones of retinal lesions can erroneously be mistaken for cortical large-scale reorganization in response to visual system pathologies. We tested, whether such confounds are also evident in the normal cortical projection z...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Visual acuity (VA) is an important determinant of visual function. Here we establish procedures and recommendations for VA testing extending beyond the classical VA and thus make them available for future studies of visual function in health and disease. Specifically, we provide reference values for photopic and scotopic conventional uncrow...
Article
Full-text available
The characterization of receptive field (RF) properties is fundamental to understanding the neural basis of sensory and cognitive behaviour. The combination of non-invasive imaging, such as fMRI, with biologically inspired neural modelling has enabled the estimation of population RFs directly in humans. However, current approaches require making nu...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The human optic chiasm comprises partially crossing optic nerve fibers. Here we used diffusion MRI (dMRI) for the in-vivo identification of the abnormally high proportion of crossing fibers found in the optic chiasm of people with albinism. Methods: In 9 individuals with albinism and 8 controls high-resolution 3T dMRI data was acquire...
Article
In albinism, the pathological decussation of the temporal retinal afferents at the optic chiasm leads to superimposed representations of opposing hemifields in the visual cortex. Here, we assessed the equivalence of the two representations and the cortico-cortical connectivity of the early visual areas. Applying fMRI-based population receptive fiel...
Preprint
Full-text available
The characterization of receptive field (RF) properties is fundamental to understanding the neural basis of sensory and cognitive behaviour. The combination of non-invasive imaging, such as fMRI, with biologically inspired neural modeling has enabled the estimation of population RFs directly in humans. However, current approaches require making num...
Preprint
Full-text available
In humans, each hemisphere comprises an overlay of two visuotopic maps of the contralateral visual field, one from each eye. Is the capacity of the visual cortex limited to these two maps or are plastic mechanisms available to host more maps? Using an integrative approach of submillimeter fMRI, diffusion-weighted imaging and population receptive fi...
Article
Es werden Befunde, Therapie und Verlauf eines Zentralvenenverschlusses beim Wyburn-Mason-Syndrom aufgezeigt. Die Diagnostik erfolgte mittels OCT, Fluoreszenzangiographie und cMRT. Zudem erfolgte eine intravitreale Injektion mit Ranibizumab bei einem Makulaödem. Im Verlauf zeigte sich das Makulaödem regredient. Weitere Ranibizumab-Injektionen sowie...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective: The human optic chiasm comprises partially crossing optic nerves. Here we used diffusion MRI (dMRI) for the in-vivo identification of optic chiasm abnormalities in albinism, i.e. enhanced optic nerves crossing. Methods: In 9 individuals with albinism and 8 controls high-resolution 3T dMRI data were acquired and analysed with a set of met...
Preprint
Full-text available
In albinism, the pathological decussation of the temporal retinal afferents at the optic chiasm leads to superimposed representations of opposing hemifields in the visual cortex. Here, we assessed the equivalence of the two representations and the cortico-cortical connectivity of the early visual areas. Applying fMRI-based population receptive fiel...
Article
Due to an increased crossing of the optic nerve fibers at the optic chiasm in albinism, the visual cortex receives largely monocular input from the contralateral eye. Here we investigated whether this obstruction of binocular integration at the cortical input stage also impacts on interocular information exchange at the high processing level of vis...
Article
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the scope of scotopic multifocal visual evoked potentials (mfVEPS) for the assessment of scotopic visual fields. METHODS: Pattern-reversal mfVEP for photopic (mfVEPP) and scotopic conditions (mfVEPS; 0.003 cd/m2) were recorded from 36 visual field locations of a circular checkerboard pattern (25° radius) in 9 participant...
Article
Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is an inherited disease that causes progressive peripheral visual-field loss. In this study, we investigated how such loss affects visual exploration of natural images. Individuals with varying degrees of visual-field loss and healthy control participants freely observed images of different sizes while eye movements were r...
Article
Zusammenfassung Elektrophysiologische Ableitungen von Netzhaut und Kortex sind zielführend, um auch postretinale Schädigungen im Rahmen ophthalmologischer und neuroophthalmologischer Diagnostik aufzudecken. Dabei dienen Musterelektroretinogramme (PERG) der Überprüfung der retinalen Ganglienzellen und visuell evozierte Potenziale (VEP) der Überprüfu...
Article
Zusammenfassung Trotz aller technischen Fortschritte in der ophthalmologischen Diagnostik spielt die psychophysische Untersuchung der individuellen Sehleistungen weiterhin eine wichtige Rolle. Dies gilt insbesondere für neuroophthalmologische Fragestellungen. Der vorliegende Artikel betrachtet methodische und klinische Aspekte der Untersuchung von...
Article
A fundamental scheme in the organization of the early visual cortex is the retinotopic representation of the contralateral visual hemifield on each hemisphere. We determined the cortical organization in a novel congenital visual pathway disorder, FHONDA-syndrome, where the axons from the temporal retina abnormally cross to the contralateral hemisph...
Article
The data presented in this article are related to the research article entitled “Retinal conduction speed analysis reveals different origins of the P50 and N95 components of the (multifocal) pattern electroretinogram” (Bach et al., 2018) [1]. That analysis required the individual length data of the retinal nerve fibers (from ganglion cell body to o...
Article
The pattern electroretinogram (PERG), an indicator of retinal ganglion cell (RGC) function, comprises a P50 and an N95 component. We addressed the question of whether the N95 originates, like the P50, from the RGC bodies or from the change of axon orientation at the optic nerve head (ONH). Thus, we recorded multifocal PERGs for 36 retinal locations...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Objective assessment of visual acuity (VA) is possible with VEP methodology, but established with sufficient precision only for vision better than about 1.0 logMAR. We here explore whether this can be extended down to 2.0 logMAR, highly desirable for low-vision evaluations. Methods: Based on the stepwise sweep algorithm (Bach et al. in...
Article
Motion correction of echo-planar imaging (EPI) data used in functional MRI (fMRI) is an essential preprocessing step performed prior to statistical analysis. At ultra-high resolution fMRI, current requirements regarding translational and rotational motion may no longer be acceptable. This prompts the need for a systematic investigation of the effec...
Article
Current developments in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) of the human visual system have generated a set of powerful approaches that are of great promise for modern ophthalmology. These make it possible to perform an objective spatially resolved test of visual function in patients with strong visual impairment and even to investigate th...