Michael Heming

Michael Heming
University of Münster | WWU · Department of Neurology

MD

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33
Publications
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472
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Publications

Publications (33)
Article
Full-text available
Background Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is a rare lymphoma of the central nervous system, usually of diffuse large B cell phenotype. Stereotactic biopsy followed by histopathology is the diagnostic standard. However, limited material is available from CNS biopsies, thus impeding an in-depth characterization of PCNSL. Methods We...
Article
Full-text available
The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) features a unique immune cell composition and is in constant contact with the brain borders, thus permitting insights into the brain to diagnose and monitor diseases. Recently, the meninges, which are filled with CSF, were identified as a neuroimmunological interface, highlighting the potential of exploring central ner...
Preprint
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic and often disabling autoimmune disease of the central nervous system (CNS). Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) surrounds and protects the CNS and analyzing CSF can aid the diagnosis of CNS diseases. Several recent studies have leveraged single cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq) to identify MS-associated changes in CSF cells...
Article
Full-text available
Alemtuzumab is a monoclonal antibody that causes rapid depletion of CD52-expressing immune cells. It has proven to be highly efficacious in active relapsing–remitting multiple sclerosis; however, the high risk of secondary autoimmune disorders has greatly complicated its use. Thus, deeper insight into the pathophysiology of secondary autoimmunity a...
Article
Full-text available
Inflammation triggers secondary brain damage after stroke. The meninges and other CNS border compartments serve as invasion sites for leukocyte influx into the brain thus promoting tissue damage after stroke. However, the post-ischemic immune response of border compartments compared to brain parenchyma remains poorly characterized. Here, we deeply...
Article
Full-text available
Psychotic disorders are common and disabling mental conditions. The relative importance of immune-related mechanisms in psychotic disorders remains subject of debate. Here, we present a large-scale retrospective study of blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) immune cell profiles of psychosis spectrum patients. We performed basic CSF analysis and mult...
Article
Full-text available
Uveitis describes a heterogeneous group of inflammatory eye diseases characterized by infiltration of leukocytes into the uveal tissues. Uveitis associated with the HLA haplotype B27 (HLA-B27) is a common subtype of uveitis and a prototypical ocular immune-mediated disease. Local immune mechanisms driving human uveitis are poorly characterized main...
Article
Full-text available
Significance The meninges protect the central nervous system but also host lymphocytes in neuroinflammation. In human multiple sclerosis, preferentially B cells accumulate in the meninges. By generating a compartment-specific transcriptional map of meningeal versus parenchymal leukocytes in experimental neuroinflammation, we found a follicular phen...
Article
Full-text available
The CNS is ensheathed by the meninges and cerebrospinal fluid, and recent findings suggest that these CNS-associated border tissues have complex immunological functions. Unlike myeloid lineage cells, lymphocytes in border compartments have yet to be thoroughly characterized. Based on single-cell transcriptomics, we here identified a highly location...
Preprint
Full-text available
Uveitis describes a heterogeneous group of inflammatory eye diseases characterized by infiltration of leukocytes into the uveal tissues. HLA-B27-associated uveitis is a common subtype of uveitis and a prototypical ocular autoimmune disease. Local immune mechanisms driving human uveitis are poorly characterized mainly due to the limited available bi...
Article
Patients suffering from Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can develop neurological sequelae, such as headache and neuroinflammatory or cerebrovascular disease. These conditions—termed here as Neuro-COVID—are more frequent in patients with severe COVID-19. To understand the etiology of these neurological sequelae, we utilized single-cell sequencin...
Article
Full-text available
Peripheral nerves contain axons and their enwrapping glia cells named Schwann cells (SCs) that are either myelinating (mySCs) or nonmyelinating (nmSCs). Our understanding of other cells in the peripheral nervous system (PNS) remains limited. Here, we provide an unbiased single cell transcriptomic characterization of the nondiseased rodent PNS. We i...
Article
Full-text available
Distinguishing neurosarcoidosis (NS) from multiple sclerosis (MS) remains challenging and available parameters lack discriminatory power. Comprehensive flow cytometry data of blood and CSF leukocytes of patients with NS (n = 24), MS (n = 49) and idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH, n = 52) were analyzed by machine learning algorithms. NS feat...
Article
Full-text available
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) protects the central nervous system (CNS) and analyzing CSF aids the diagnosis of CNS diseases, but our understanding of CSF leukocytes remains superficial. Here, using single cell transcriptomics, we identify a specific location-associated composition and transcriptome of CSF leukocytes. Multiple sclerosis (MS) – an autoi...
Article
Full-text available
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most abundant inflammatory demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system. Despite recent advances in its long-term immunomodulatory treatment, MS patients still suffer from relapses, significantly contributing to disability accrual. In recent years, apheresis procedures such as therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE)...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Alemtuzumab is approved for the treatment of active relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Alemtuzumab-related secondary autoimmune disorders (sAID) are common, with thyroid sAID being the most frequent, and fundamentally affect the risk-benefit ratio. Therefore, biomarkers indicating the development of sAID are urgently needed...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The pathogenesis of neurosarcoidosis (NS) is poorly understood. Distinguishing NS from multiple sclerosis (MS) remains a diagnostic challenge with major therapeutic consequences. The few suggested parameters suffer from discriminatory power. We retrospectively collected data of a comprehensive flow cytometry characterization of blood and cerebrospi...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Utilize immune cell profiles in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) to advance the understanding and potentially support the diagnosis of inflammatory neuropathies. Methods: We analyzed CSF cell flow cytometry data of patients with definite Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS, n = 26) and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP, n = 3...
Article
Full-text available
Although glucocorticoids (GC) represent the most frequently used immunosuppressive drugs, their effects are still not well understood. In our previous studies, we have shown that treatment of monocytes with GC does not cause a global suppression of monocytic effector functions, but rather induces differentiation of a specific anti-inflammatory phen...

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Projects (2)
Archived project
Utilize immune cell profiles in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) to advance the understanding and support the diagnosis of inflammatory neuropathies.