Michael Hermann HauerJoint Biozentrum/FMI start-up incubator
Michael Hermann Hauer
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March 2018 - present
Joint Biozentrum/FMI start-up incubator
- Project Manager
- As a team, we work towards the goal to improve the gene targeting efficiency of CRISPR-Cas9 by developing and commercializing small molecules to modulate chromatin structure.
October 2017 - March 2018
- PostDoc Position
- In the CABMM and DMMD, we did initial work towards our primary goal to improve the gene targeting efficiency of CRISPR-Cas9 through small molecules.
June 2017 - September 2017
- PhD Student
- As a postdoctoral researcher at the FMI, I focused on quantitative, SILAC & TMT based, proteomics and subsequent data analysis workflows to probe for global chromatin composition changes in yeast.
Eukaryotic cells package their genomes around histone octamers. In response to DNA damage, checkpoint activation in yeast induces core histone degradation resulting in 20%–40% reduction in nucleosome occupancy. To gain insight into this process, we developed a new approach to analyze the chromatin-associated proteome comprehensively before and afte...
Recent advances in both the technologies used to measure chromatin movement and the biophysical analysis used to model them have yielded a fuller understanding of chromatin dynamics and the polymer structure that underlies it. Changes in nucleosome packing, checkpoint kinase activation, the cell cycle, chromosomal tethers, and external forces actin...
Chromatin is organized into higher-order structures that form subcompartments in interphase nuclei. Different categories of specialized enzymes act on chromatin and regulate its compaction and biophysical characteristics in response to physiological conditions. We present an overview of the function of chromatin structure and its dynamic changes in...
Stochastic single particle trajectories are used to explore the local chromatin organization. We present here a statistical analysis of the first contact time distributions between two tagged loci recorded experimentally. First, we extract the association and dissociation times from data for various genomic distances between loci, and we show that...
Nucleosomes are essential for proper chromatin organization and the maintenance of genome integrity. Histones are post-translationally modified and often evicted at sites of DNA breaks, facilitating the recruitment of repair factors. Whether such chromatin changes are localized or genome-wide is debated. Here we show that cellular levels of histone...
Interphase chromatin is organized in distinct nuclear sub-compartments, reflecting its degree of compaction and transcriptional status. In Caenorhabditis elegans embryos, H3K9 methylation is necessary to silence and to anchor repeat-rich heterochromatin at the nuclear periphery. In a screen for perinuclear anchors of heterochromatin, we identified...
The double membrane of the eukaryotic nucleus surrounds the genome, constraining it to a nuclear sphere. Proteins, RNA protein particles and artificial chromosome rings diffuse rapidly and freely throughout the nucleoplasm, while chromosomal loci show subdiffusive movement with varying degrees of constraint. In situ biochemical approaches and live...
Persistent DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are recruited to the nuclear periphery in budding yeast. Both the Nup84 pore subcomplex and Mps3, an inner nuclear membrane (INM) SUN domain protein, have been implicated in DSB binding. It was unclear what, if anything, distinguishes the two potential sites of repair. Here, we characterize and distinguish...
Introduction Bacteria and archaea defend themselves against invasive DNA using adaptive immune systems comprising CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats) loci and CRISPR-associated (Cas) genes. In association with Cas proteins, small CRISPR RNAs (crRNAs) guide the detection and cleavage of complementary DNA sequences. Typ...
ATP-dependent nucleosome remodelers use ATP hydrolysis to shift, evict and exchange histone dimers or octamers and have well-established roles in transcription. Earlier work has suggested a role for nucleosome remodelers such as INO80 in double-strand break (DSB) repair. This review will begin with an update on recent studies that explore how remod...
Ditching Invading DNA Bacteria and archaea protect themselves from invasive foreign nucleic acids through an RNA-mediated adaptive immune system called CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats)/CRISPR-associated (Cas). Jinek et al. (p. 816 , published online 28 June; see the Perspective by Brouns ) found that for the type I...