Michael Fullen

Michael Fullen
University of Wolverhampton · Science and Engineering

BSc, MSc, PhD, DSc, LMA Akad, FI Soil Sci, FHEA, FRBS, FRGS

About

253
Publications
96,440
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
4,220
Citations
Introduction
My research focuses on soil management (soil erosion, soil conservation and desertification) and my fieldwork is mainly based in Europe and Asia. To date (September 2021) I have authored one book, co-edited three journal special issues, 254 refereed papers, 241 conference papers and 26 consultancy reports. I referee for 59 journals and I am on 25 journal Editorial Boards. I have jointly supervised 30 PhD theses to completion and 14 post-doctoral researchers and been examiner for 36 PhD theses.
Additional affiliations
September 1990 - present
Yunnan Agricultural University
Position
  • Professor
October 1981 - March 2013
University of Wolverhampton
Position
  • Professor
Education
October 1982 - December 2011
University of Wolverhampton
Field of study
  • Applied Soil Science
October 1981 - October 1984
Wolverhampton Polytechnic
Field of study
  • Soil Science
October 1977 - September 1980
University of Hull
Field of study
  • Geography

Publications

Publications (253)
Article
Full-text available
People continue to search for idyllic havens of natural beauty, whether to visit for themselves or for others to appreciate and admire. These are usually sites with natural elements that integrate environmental functions. However, increasing tourist activities conducted without respect and awareness for the natural environmental can result in destr...
Article
Although the application of inorganic fertilizer is a widespread agronomic practice used to boost soil productivity and crop yields, the effects on the soil microbiome and the metabolic mechanisms involved in the high-yield response of crops to long-term fertilization remain poorly described. In this study, an integrated metagenomic and metabolomic...
Article
Full-text available
Deforestation and river channelling are also contributory factors. Flash floods are particularly common in Brazilian urban areas. Flash floods are sudden floods produced by short-duration intense rainfall, usually over a F loods are the product of multiple processes acting on landscapes. In Brazilian cities, flood frequency and magnitude have been...
Chapter
Soil conservation programmes and policies are justified by evidence of soil degradation processes and their negative impacts on natural capital. The last national survey of the state of soil resources in England and Wales was carried out in the 1980s. Whilst smaller scale monitoring has been continued [e.g. National Soil Survey Resurvey (SSLRC 1996...
Article
Drought is regarded as a natural phenomenon and its impacts accumulate slowly over a long period. It is considered to be insufficient precipitation that leads to water scarcity, as triggered by meteorological parameters, such as temperature, precipitation and humidity. However, drought mitigation has mostly been reactive, but this has been challeng...
Article
Full-text available
Intense gully erosion has sculptured remarkable channels into the Moldavian Plateau of eastern Romania, especially in its most representative subunit, the Bârlad Plateau covering >8000 km². The permanent gully types are: (1) discontinuous gullies, mostly located on hillslopes and (2) large continuous gullies in valley bottoms. This study seeks to i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Articulation of geographical knowledge on the environment and society promoted by Brazilian geographers from the XXth century (Ab’Saber, 2003; GUERRA, 1980 and others) offers an analysis of the environmental impacts of Geotourism trails that make up the network in Serra da Bocaina National Park, in Mambucaba and Perequê-Açu drainage basins from ana...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Articulation of geographical knowledge on the environment and society promoted by Brazilian geographers from the XXth century (Ab’Saber, 2003; GUERRA, 1980 and others) offers an analysis of the environmental impacts of Geotourism trails that make up the network in Serra da Bocaina National Park, in Mambucaba and Perequê-Açu drainage basins from ana...
Article
Full-text available
Gully erosion is a major environmental threat on the Moldavian Plateau (MP) of eastern Romania. The permanent gully systems consist of two main gully types. These are: (1) discontinuous gullies, which are mostly located on hillslopes and (2) large continuous gullies in valley bottoms. Very few studies have investigated the evolution of continuous g...
Article
Full-text available
Dynamics, structure and function are geoecological characteristics that define landscapes. These characteristics help explain landscape processes, such as floods. This article analyses geoecological variables to understand flood dynamics in the original historical district of Petrópolis City (Brazil). Concepts and techniques of historical cartograp...
Article
Full-text available
Fibrous structure can protect land through various mechanisms. The geotextile (Bhoovastra) is a woven/ non-woven knitted structure of natural/synthetic textile fibres generally used for various geo-technical, civil engineering and soil conservation work. Organic nutrients are added to the soil with the degradation of geotextiles. Application of geo...
Article
Full-text available
Soil organic matter (SOM) is a fundamental soil constituent. The estimation of this parameter in the laboratory using the classical method is complex time-consuming and requires the use of chemical reagents. The objectives of this study were to assess the accuracy of two laboratory measurement setups of the VIS-NIR spectroscopy in estimating SOM co...
Article
Full-text available
Soil organic matter (SOM) is a fundamental soil constituent. The estimation of this parameter in the laboratory using the classical method is complex time-consuming and requires the use of chemical reagents. The objectives of this study were to assess the accuracy of two laboratory measurement setups of the VIS-NIR spectroscopy in estimating SOM co...
Article
Full-text available
Intercropping, as an overyielding system, can decrease soil erosion on sloping land through the presence of dense canopy covers. However, the structure mechanism in canopy is still unclear. We conducted a two-year field experiment on runoff plots, exploring whether the interaction between vegetation layers reduce soil erosion in maize and potato in...
Article
Full-text available
This paper addresses the role of soil erosion and mass movements on mountainous trails due to human trampling on steep slopes. This is the case of several trails situated on forested areas in SouthEast Brazil, even those located in protected areas. Two methods were used to achieve the research objectives. Firstly, analyses of microtopography using...
Article
Geotourism is a growing activity in Brazil, mainly in Conservation Units, where trails are used by both visitors and local people to access geotourist attractions. The use of these trails can have negative impacts when there is inadequate planning and management. This research investigated two geotourist trails: Caixa D'Aço natural pool trail in Se...
Article
Full-text available
Drought poses an enormous global threat to sustainable development and is expected to increase with global climate change. Drought and desertification are major problems in Yobe State (north-east Nigeria). This study investigates the main problems associated with drought in Yobe State. Qualitative methods were employed to investigate socio-economic...
Article
Full-text available
Soil is an integral component of the global environmental system which supports the quality and diversity of terrestrial life on Earth. Therefore, it is vital to consider the processes and impacts of soil degradation on society, especially on the provision of environmental goods and services, including food security and climate change mitigation an...
Chapter
Full-text available
Urban soils are very diverse and found in gardens, parks, cemeteries, allotments, grass verges, playing fields, and sometimes derelict and commercial land. This chapter concentrates on the sources of pollution (contamination) of urban soils, the consequences for urban dwellers of polluted soils, and how policies developed or proposed to reduce soil...
Article
Full-text available
Geochemical analysis of selected plant fibres used as geotextiles for erosion control was conducted to evaluate their geochemical composition and to determine the elements that could potentially be nutrients for plants or cause heavy metal contamination in soils. Analysis of the samples was performed using X-ray Diffraction and X-ray Fluorescence s...
Article
Climate change poses a serious threat to arid and low elevation coastal zones. Kafrelsheikh governorate, as a large agricultural and coastal region on the Egyptian North Nile Delta, is one of the most vulnerable areas to higher temperature and global sea level rise. Two DSSAT wheat models (CERES and N-Wheat) were calibrated using a local cultivar (...
Article
Full-text available
Urban soil gully erosion in São Luís, Brazil, has resulted in loss of lives and properties. Environmental conditions (soil properties/use, rain regime, slope characteristics) associated with deforestation, brought on by irregular, unplanned and unauthorized urban settlement expansion (without basic urban infrastructure, especially sanitation, rain...
Chapter
Full-text available
Soil erosion and land degradation are global problems and pose major problems in Brazil, which is characterized by a great diversity of soil types. This chapter discusses gully erosion and land degradation in Brazil, outlining a case study from São Luis City, Maranhão State. This diversity is related to a wide variety of landforms, climates, parent...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Urban gully erosion is a serious problem in São Luís City, Maranhão State, Brazil. São Luís Municipality covers 831.7 km² and is situated in west-central Maranhão Island (2º19’09”-2º51’00” S; 44º01’16”-44º19’37” W). The Municipality is bounded by: São José de Ribamar (east); the Atlantic Ocean (north); Paço do Lumiar (west) and Rosário (south). The...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Soil erosion is one of the most serious hazards that endangers sustainable food production. Moreover, it has marked effects on soil organic carbon (SOC) with direct links to global warming. At the same time, soil organic matter (SOM) changes in composition and space could influence these processes. The aim of this study was to predict soil...
Article
Full-text available
The conventional linear ‘end-of-pipe’ approach to development of business site schemes is associated with high energy consumption, waste generation, air pollution and land contamination. These schemes are also not always sufficiently diverse to meet changing future needs, resulting in the legacy of derelict brownfield sites at the end of their serv...
Chapter
Full-text available
This article aims at understanding land degradation in mountain areas, monitoring soil hydrology at an experimental station, and soil sample collection, both on tourist trails and quarries. The physico-chemical properties of soil samples were analysed. The results demonstrate that these activities cause high soil bulk density and low soil organic m...
Book
Full-text available
Global soil health is deteriorating due to the direct and indirect effects of climate change, increasing population and resource degradation. Conservation agriculture (CA) is increasingly promoted around the world as an alternative strategy to address soil degradation resulting from organic matter and nutrient content depletion, sustain crop produc...
Article
Soil temperatures from 1976 to 2010 are reported from two sites: Compton (UK) and Hohe Warte (Austria). Soil temperature at Compton significantly increased over the period 1976–2010; increases ranged between +0.04 degC and +0.08 degC year–1, depending on depth. Temperature increases were greater in winter. Mean annual temperature at Hohe Warte incr...
Chapter
Better water comes from better trees, better paddies develop with better water, and better offspring prosper with better paddies (Ancient song of the Hani minority people).
Article
Full-text available
Soil erosion and land degradation are global problems and pose major issues in many countries. Both soil erosion and mass movement are two forms of land degradation and humans play important roles in these geomorphological processes. This paper reviews slope processes associated with mass movement and soil erosion and contributory factors, includin...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reviews slope processes associated with mass movements and soil erosion and contributory factors, including physical and human agents. Acting together, these cause diverse geomorphological features. Slope processes are illustrated by reference to case studies from Brazil and the UK. The causes and impacts of erosion are discussed, along...
Article
Full-text available
Heavy metal contamination in the El-Gharbia Governorate (District) of Egypt was identified by using remote sensing, Geographical Information Systems (GIS), and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry as the main research tools. Digital Elevation Model (DEM), Landsat 8 and contour map images were used to map the landforms. Different physiographic unit...
Article
Full-text available
Areas contaminated by heavy metals were identified in the El-Gharbia Governorate (District) of Egypt. Identification used remote sensing and Geographical Information Systems (GIS) as the main research tools. Digital Elevation Models (DEM), Landsat 8 and contour maps were used to map physiographic units. Nine soil profiles were sampled in different...
Article
Full-text available
Despite years of study and substantial investment in remediation and prevention, soil erosion continues to be a major environmental problem with regard to land use in India and elsewhere around the world. Furthermore, changing climate and/or weather patterns are exacerbating the problem. Our objective was to review past and current soil conservatio...
Article
Full-text available
Much research emphasizes the importance of steep slopes in hydro-erosional processes. However, low slope angles (~4°) can initiate erosive runoff . This research is characterizing the physicochemical properties of degraded soils, soil matric potential and fl ow generation processes in Maranduba drainage basin, Ubatuba Municipality, São Paulo State (B...
Article
Full-text available
Converting soil organic matter (SOM) data to soil organic carbon (SOC) data usually uses the van Bemmelen factor of 0.58 (or in reverse its reciprocal of 1.724) as a universal conversion factor. The accuracy of this conversion factor has been questioned. Under the Kyoto Protocol (1997) dry combustion is recommended to provide reproducible analyses...
Article
The soil cover composition and properties of three experimental stations of Estonia - Jõgeva (JEA), Kuusiku (KEA) and Olustvere (OEA) - were analysed in detail (by soil type subdivisions - species and varieties) in relation to soil forming ecology and land management practices. The arable soil covers' pedodiversity and taxonomical conversion of Est...
Article
Full-text available
Mass movements are amongst the main problems related to natural disasters in Rio de Janeiro State. The cities which suffer most due to these events remain on alert during each rainy season. Many surveys have been conducted to map hazard risk areas. Many authors associate these phenomena with geological characteristics, and some recognize the role o...
Article
Full-text available
This study reports the oil adsorption and re-use efficiency of the zeolite clinoptilolite. Three clinoptilolite samples (E-, R-, and T-TUR) from Turkey were analysed, including samples from the Aegean Region, Turkey. Analyses were compared with clinoptilolite from New Mexico, USA (C-USA). Samples were tested in replicated laboratory analyses in ter...
Article
Full-text available
This review reports the physicochemical characteristics of zeolites, especially clinoptilolites, and their uses. These include construction, waste-water purification, catalysis, detoxification of materials, agriculture, consumer products and medical applications. In addition, the oil adsorption characteristics of the zeolite clinoptilolite are revi...
Article
Full-text available
This study reports the oil adsorption and re-use efficiency of the zeolite clinoptilolite. Three clinoptilolite samples (E-, R-, and T-TUR) from Turkey were analysed, including samples from the Aegean Region, Turkey. Analyses were compared with clinoptilolite from New Mexico, USA (C-USA). Samples were tested in replicated laboratory analyses in ter...
Article
Full-text available
There is a growing body of research projects spanning over three decades that have provided insights into the concept of waste management, a topic standing in the focal point of environmental issues. In this paper, the 'SHASEA Project,' 'BORASSUS Project,' Yuanyang Project' and 'Cradle to Cradle BIZZ Project' are summarized and integrated to presen...
Article
Full-text available
The Author(s) 2015. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com Gully erosion is an important environmental threat throughout the world and affects multiple soil and land functions. There is ample physical evidence of intense gully erosion occurring at various times in the past in different parts of the world. Gullies are one of...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the present study is to evaluate the long-term effects of long-term piggery effluent application on semi-natural grassland ecotop–phytotop changes (above- and below-ground phytomass production, and carbon and nitrogen allocation in grassland communities) in relation to changes (or variability) in topsoil properties. Analysis of phytomass...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
GEODIVERSITY, GEOTOURISM AND GEOCONSERVATION: TRAILS IN SERRA DA BOCAINA NATIONAL PARK, RIO DE JANEIRO STATE, BRAZIL Professor Dr Raphael David dos Santos Filho, Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Brazil; Professor Dr Antonio Jose Teixeira Guerra, Department of Geography, Federal University of Rio de...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyses the contribution of biological geotextiles to gully stabilization in the urban area of São Luis City (Sacavém District). Biological geotextile mats were constructed from palm leaves. At Sacavém, gully rehabilitation included the following techniques: (1) installation of Buriti geotextiles, in association with barriers of wooden...
Article
Full-text available
The study investigates the germination of selected leguminous tree species (LTS) native to the forest ecosystem and oil producing areas of Nigeria. Germination experiments of 250 seeds from each of the selected members of the Fabaceae family: Bauhinia monandra (Kurz), Delonix regia (Boj. ex Hook.) Raf. and Tetrapleura tetraptera (Schum. & Thonn.) T...
Article
Full-text available
There is a growing body of research projects spanning over three decades that have provided insights into the concept of waste management, a topic standing in the focal point of environmental issues. In this paper, the ‘SHASEA Project,’ ‘BORASSUS Project,’ Yuanyang Project’ and ‘Cradle to Cradle BIZZ Project’ are summarized and integrated to presen...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The college/UAS sector is traditionally oriented towards professional studies, and the incorporation of applied research is a more recent development. Therefore, the sector has specific foci of research, including income from applied research, compliance between applied research and other disciplines, practical applications of applied research resu...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Aims In communities, plants often simultaneously interact with intra- and inter-specific neighbours and heterogeneous nutrients. How plants respond under these conditions and then affect the structure and function of communities remain important questions. Methods Maize (Zea mays L.) was intercropped with potatoes (Solanum tuberosum...