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Michaël Dambrun

Michaël Dambrun
Université Clermont Auvergne, UCA · Laboratoire de Psychologie Sociale et Cognitivie

PhD

About

108
Publications
83,633
Reads
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2,554
Citations
Introduction
Self-consciousness; The effect of meditation on self-consciousness, equanimity, time, and meta-awareness; Resiliency and adjustment to stress in various context (HSCT, Covid-19, perceived discrimination); Post-traumatic growth; Self and meditation in palliative care; Attitudes toward euthanasia; Savoring process and its influence on attentional bias; Pain reduction.
Additional affiliations
September 2003 - present
Université Clermont Auvergne
Position
  • Enseignant-chercheur (Pr)
January 2002 - August 2003
McGill University
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (108)
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: The main aim of this paper was to investigate the processes by which body scan meditation (BSM) increases happiness. We hypothesized that BMS would lead to a transition from the narrative self to the minimal self, but also and more importantly to a transition from the minimal self to a state of more unified consciousness characterized b...
Article
A person’s tendency to approach pleasant stimuli and to avoid unpleasant stimulireflects a basic psychological phenomenon. The present research aimed toinvestigate the extent to which mindfulness practices and trait equanimity canattenuate this motivational process. In two studies, participants were asked toperform an Approach/Avoidance Task (AAT)....
Article
We hypothesized that a shift from the body/self-consciousness matrix to a larger consciousness matrix, in which individuals perceive they belong to and are part of a larger life system, would lead to both a self-transcendence experience and positive transcendent emotions. In three studies, we experimentally exposed participants to macroscopic scene...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies have demonstrated the existence of a positive relationship between selflessness and happiness. However, none of these studies yet differentiated the between—and within—person levels of analysis. Moreover, the Selflessness/Selfcenteredness Happiness Model (SSHM) suggests that selflessness might stabilize happiness. In this experienc...
Article
Full-text available
The implementation of lockdowns and the Covid-19 pandemic situation have negatively impacted mental health (anxiety, depression). However, little is known about individual differences in the longitudinal reactions to lockdown. We designed a longitudinal study (a) to identify the various trajectories of symptoms of depression and anxiety in the gene...
Article
Résumé Les pharmaciens d’officine sont à la fois des experts du médicament et des professionnels de santé de proximité. Ces caractéristiques en font des ressources potentiellement clés dans l’organisation des soins palliatifs à domicile. Toutefois, leur rôle auprès des patients en fin de vie, de leur entourage ou des autres professionnels de santé...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) can be a traumatic experience for the patient, engendering psychological distress and sometimes post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The aim of this study was to explore the relations between psychological resources (i.e., dispositional mindfulness, optimism, and acceptance) and deleterio...
Article
Full-text available
Farmers’ health compared to the general population has been the object of some studies and re-views. Among all factors implied in psychological and physical health, the farming system (i.e., organic or conventional farming) was identified as one of the relevant factors to investigate. This article aims to review the literature established on the co...
Article
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This study examines the evolution of Schwartz’s Basic Human Values during the Covid-19 outbreak, and their relationships with perceived threat, compliance with movement restrictions and social distancing. An online questionnaire was administered to a heterogeneous sample of French citizens (N = 1025) during the first French lockdown related to the...
Article
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Background: This paper is a follow-up study continuing the COVISTRESS network previous research regarding health-related determinants. Objective: The aim was to identify the main consequences of COVID-19 lockdown on Body Mass Index and Perceived Fragility, related to Physical Activity (PA), for different categories of populations, worldwide. Desi...
Article
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This study examined the judgment of the passage of time in elderly people living in retirement homes, focusing on the passage of time experienced in the present and that judged retrospectively for short periods (last day, week, month) and longer periods of life (last year, now compared with five years ago, as we get older). Participants’ cognitive...
Article
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On the basis of the self-centeredness and selflessness model, a new instrument assessing two distinct dimensions of happiness, fluctuating and authentic–durable, was developed. The current research aimed at examining the factor structure of the Italian version of the instrument, its psychometric properties and construct validity. To this end, two s...
Article
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Objective The main goal of this cross-sectional study was to examine the relationships between negative/positive psychological dispositions, mental health, and quality of life (QoL) prior to hospitalization among patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Method A total of 187 patients (Mage = 52.07 years) completed a ques...
Article
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Background. This prospective longitudinal study examined and compared two measures (prospective and retrospective ones) of post-traumatic growth (PTG) following Hematopoietic Stem-Cell Transplantation (HSCT) and their respective relationships with mental health and psychological disposition. We also tested the hypothesis that unwillingness to be in...
Article
Full-text available
Using the Experience Sampling Method (ESM), this study examines the relationship between experienced selflessness and experienced happiness. Based on the Self-centered/Selflessness Happiness Model (SSHM), we hypothesized that: (a) these two constructs would be positively related and (b) harmony feeling would mediate this relation. Using ESM, the pa...
Article
Introduction Nous avons cherché à réaliser une revue systématisée de la littérature et une méta-analyse sur le risque de suicide chez les professionnels de santé. Méthode Les recherches ont été effectuées dans les bases de données PubMed, Cochrane Library, Science Direct et Embase jusqu’en avril 2019 avec les mots-clés suivants: suicide* AND (« he...
Article
Full-text available
A lockdown of people has been used as an efficient public health measure to fight against the exponential spread of the coronavirus disease (Covid-19) and allows the health system to manage the number of patients. The aim of this study (clinicaltrials.gov NCT 0430818) was to evaluate the impact of both perceived stress aroused by Covid-19 and of em...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background. This prospective longitudinal study examined perceived and actual changes in post-traumatic growth following Hematopoietic Stem-Cell Transplantation (HSCT) and their relationships with mental health and psychological disposition. We also tested the hypothesis that unwillingness to be in contact with distressing thoughts and feelings—i.e...
Article
Full-text available
Background Many studies have revealed the positive impact of mindfulness training on mental health and proposed equanimity as a general outcome in contemplative research. Despite recent interest, relatively few studies have empirically examined equanimity and measurement instruments are still lacking. The main goal of this study was to develop an E...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Buddhist and scientific theories have described equanimity as a general outcome of mindfulness practices. Equanimity is a calm and balanced state of mind regardless of the valence of situations or objects and is a decoupling between the evaluation of this valence and the resulting common automatic approach or avoidance reactions. The rel...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Mindfulness training is believed to encourage self-transcendent states, but little research has examined this hypothesis. This study examined the effects of mindfulness training on two phenomenological features of self-transcendence: (1) perceived body boundary dissolution and (2) allocentric spatial frame of reference.MethodsA sample of...
Preprint
A lockdown of people has been used as an efficient public health measure to fight against the exponential spread of the coronavirus disease (Covid-19) and allows the health system to manage the number of patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of both perceived stress aroused by Covid-19 and of emotions triggered by the lockdown...
Article
Full-text available
Right-wing authoritarianism (RWA) and social dominance orientation (SDO) both predict generalized prejudice, dehumanization, intergroup discrimination, oppression, and violence, right-wing political party preference and generally punitive attitudes. Authoritarian attitudes have been theorized to involve maladaptive emotional, cognitive and social s...
Article
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Using an out-of-body paradigm, the present study provided further empirical evidence for the theory of embodied time by suggesting that the body-self plays a key role in time judgments. Looking through virtual reality glasses, the participants saw the arm of a mannequin instead of their own arm. They had to judge the duration of the interval betwee...
Article
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Background: Medical-related professions are at high suicide risk. However, data are contradictory and comparisons were not made between gender, occupation and specialties, epochs of times. Thus, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis on suicide risk among health-care workers. Method: The PubMed, Cochrane Library, Science Direct and E...
Article
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Background Recent studies have shown that people with high alexithymia scores have decreased interoceptive abilities, which can be associated with psychological and physical disorders. Early assessments of the alexithymia trait included the evaluation of these abilities through the dimension measuring the difficulty in identifying and distinguishin...
Article
Background and objectives We tested the effect of a new Attentional Bias Modification (ABM) task - the Detection Engagement and Savoring Positivity (DESP) task - on attentional biases. The DESP is innovative in that it involves a procedure of savoring the positivity of various pictures. Methods Participants were randomly assigned to the DESP or t...
Poster
Full-text available
Using the Experience Sampling Method (ESM), this study examines the relationship between experienced selflessness and experienced happiness. Based on the Self-centered/Selflessness Happiness Model (SSHM), we hypothesized that: (a) these two constructs would be positively related and, (b) both harmony feeling and emotional stability would mediate th...
Article
Full-text available
This manuscript presents two studies on the effect of mindfulness meditation on duration judgment and its relationship to the subjective experience of time when the interval durations are on the second or the minute time scale. After the first 15 minutes of a 30-min meditation or control exercise, meditation-trained participants judged interval dur...
Article
What do humans mean when they say that time passes quickly or slowly? In this manuscript, we tried to respond to this question on the basis of our studies on the judgment of the passage of time and its links with the judgment of physical durations. The awareness of the passage of time when consciousness is altered by meditation is also discussed. A...
Article
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This study examined the prospective judgment of interval durations during a mindfulness meditation exercise in comparison with two control exercises involving different degrees of attentional demands and participants who either had or had not been trained to practice mindfulness exercises. The results showed that the interval durations (going from...
Article
Résumé L’approche transdiagnostique des troubles psychologiques met en avant un ensemble de manifestations psychologiques qui seraient responsables du maintien et de l’aggravation de certains troubles. L’évitement d’événements internes tels que les pensées, les émotions et les sensations ainsi que la fusion cognitive (prendre ses pensées comme des...
Article
Background Recent studies have shown that the opposite of Relative Deprivation, Relative Gratification (RG), also leads to negative intergroup attitudes. In previous investigations, RG was manipulated in terms of positive economic expectations. Aims The aim of the present research was to examine whether the effect of RG is limited to an economic d...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To examine the associations between perceived ethnic discrimination and (physical and mental) health indicators among North African women and men living in France. Methods: This study included 82 North Africans, aged 18–64 years. Perceived discrimination was measured at both group level (PGD ) and personal level (PPD). The physical hea...
Article
Full-text available
The main objective of this research was to test central assumptions from the Self-centeredness/Selflessness Happiness Model. According to this model, while self-centered psychological functioning induces fluctuating happiness, authentic–durable happiness results from selflessness. Distinct mediating processes are supposed to account for these relat...
Article
This paper provides a review of the literature on Near Death Experience (NDE). Several recurring features of the NDE, and their frequency, are presented. The issue of cultural variations of NDE being the subject of a debate, we chose to expose the data that support the cultural invariance hypothesis, but also those that reveal an impact of culture....
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides a review of the literature on Near Death Experience (NDE). Several recurring features of the NDE, and their frequency, are presented. The issue of cultural variations of NDE being the subject of a debate, we chose to expose the data that support the cultural invariance hypothesis, but also those that reveal an impact of culture....
Article
Full-text available
We review research related to the role of social comparison in intergroup relations focusing on the effect of collective relative deprivation (when we are worse off than them) and relative gratification (when we are better off than them). As predicted by the v-curve model, there is increasing evidence to suggest that being worse-off than others (RD...
Article
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Studies on obedience to authority highlight the power of the situation by showing how an experimental setting can trap participants and force them to commit acts contrary to their values (Bocchiaro & Zimbardo, 2010). The source of obedience has generally been represented by an institutional scientific authority. In the present experiment, we tested...
Article
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The main goal of this study was to examine the relationships between two types of separation orientations, namely forced and consensual separation, and the use of French social service community centers. Participants were two groups of young women, both members of ethnic minorities: Turkish (n = 42) and North African (n = 41). The results showed th...
Article
The present study aims to examine the effect of a positive psychology intervention (PPI) on a population of long-term unemployed people. All were members of an association of employment assistance. An opportunity was offered to participate in a PPI. Twelve participants accepted (treatment condition). The remaining participants constituted the contr...
Article
Full-text available
Using the Immersive Video Milgram Obedience Experiment (IVMOE; Dambrun & Vatiné, 2010), we studied victims’ dehumanization and its underlying processes. Under the supervision of the national service of security, participants were ordered to psychologically weaken a person suspected of preparing an attack. We manipulated the ethnicity of the victim...
Article
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Research in social psychology has long established that racism emerges when people are threatened or confront negative experiences (e.g., economic deprivation). An implicit assumption is that, conversely, positive experiences will be associated with greater tolerance. Using national surveys, the present study contradicts this common sense expectati...
Article
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Social workers intervention in cross-cultural situations often aim at improving the conditions for individuals’ social and occupational integration. In this context, this study is aimed at examining the respective roles of personal attitudes and descriptive professional norms in acculturative preferences on the professional practices of social work...
Article
According to social dominance theory, intergroup dynamics are strongly influenced by the social positions which individuals hold in society. Several studies suggest that holding a position of power can, sometimes automatically, generate negative attitudes and hostile behaviors toward subordinate social groups. However, at present, the studies carri...
Article
Full-text available
The main objective of this research was to test a central assumption from the Self-centeredness/Selflessness Happiness Model (Dambrun & Ricard, 2011). According to this model, authentic-durable happiness is favoured by a selfless psychological functioning (e.g. harmonious adjustment, strong self-other connexion). Two types of affects would be respo...
Article
Full-text available
On the basis of the theoretical distinction between self-centeredness and selflessness (Dambrun and Ricard, 2011), the main goal of this research was to develop two new scales assessing distinct dimensions of happiness. By trying to maximize pleasures and to avoid displeasures, we propose that a self-centered functioning induces a fluctuating happi...
Article
Introduction and objectiveLittle is known about employment discrimination in France. The goal of this study was to examine some of the determinants of employment discrimination toward French Young from Turkish and North-african Immigration (YTNI).Method Under this perspective, 62 employers filled out an anonymous questionnaire in France (Auvergne)....
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to determine the respective impact of group socialization and social projection to explain prejudice among newly recruited police officers (N = 301). The first approach predicts that both right-wing authoritarianism (RWA) and social dominance orientation (SDO), two fundamental determinants of prejudice, should be driven by...
Article
Full-text available
The theoretical model presented in this paper emerged from several different disciplines. This model proposes that the attainment of happiness is linked to the self, and more particularly to the structure of the self. We support the idea that the perception of a structured self, which takes the form of a permanent, independent and solid entity lead...
Article
Full-text available
The main goal of this research was to examine the role of two factors on the level of both Right-Wing Authoritarianism and intergroup prejudice among French police officers in a situation of contact with young from suburbs. At the beginning of the experiment, all participants (n = 196) watched a movie in which police officers were in contact with y...
Article
Why does university exposure to a hierarchy-attenuating (HA) academic major (e.g., social science) lead to a decrease in anti-egalitarianism and group domination (social dominance orientation, SDO)? The reason for this well-documented phenomenon remains unclear. In the social sciences, the origins of differences in both behavior and personality are...
Article
In this study, we used a paradigm similar to the one used by Milgram in his classic obedience study, using an immersive video environment. We manipulated the victim's degree of visibility and his ethnicity. When the victim was hidden, the level of obedience we obtained was similar to Milgram's. Replicating previous findings observed in real environ...
Article
The principal aim of this study is to determine why police officers are generally found to be more prejudiced towards disadvantaged groups than are the standard population. Two independent processes were expected to account for this effect: Selection and group socialisation. Using a cross-sectional design (N = 170), firstly, we compared, newly recr...
Presentation
Congrès de la Société Française de Psychologie (SFP), Bordeaux.
Article
Full-text available
The present study explores the relationships between the traditional race-IAT (Greenwald & al., 1998), the personalized race-IAT (Olson & Fazio, 2004), and the explicit personal and cultural-normative racial beliefs. Both IATs were significantly and positively correlated with personal and cultural-normative racial beliefs. Importantly, while the pe...