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Michael A. Champ

Michael A. Champ
Texas A&M University, College Station, United States, Retired. · Washington, DC Office

BS, 1967, Animal Science (Science Option/Biochemistry/Vet. Med.), Texas A&M University,

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94
Publications
9,728
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2,347
Citations
Citations since 2017
0 Research Items
505 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100

Publications

Publications (94)
Article
Full-text available
As droughts and water shortages have persisted, there is a need to test and evaluate low cost energy technologies that can treat low saline groundwater, or LSGW, in large enough volumes for use in irrigating crops. Some of the most promising research and development to date has been the use of high negative ion flux, along with static and variable...
Article
Full-text available
As droughts and water shortages have persisted, there is a need to test and evaluate low cost energy technologies that can treat low saline groundwater, or LSGW, in large enough volumes for use in irrigating crops. Some of the most promising research and development to date has been the use of high negative ion flux, along with static and variable...
Presentation
Full-text available
Treatment of saline water for use in irrigating crops. A new water resource for agriculture. Saline water treated ranged from 700mg TDs to 200,000 mg/l TDS (Frac Water)
Patent
Full-text available
In a water environment in conjunction with one or more types of oil, a method of in-situ burning including placing a fire resistant sorbent material in contact with the oil and allowing the oil to wick into the sorbent material. The method further includes burning the oil using the sorbent material as a wick.
Article
Projections are made of the distribution of and biological response to New York/New Jersey sewage sludges if they are slowly discharged from barges at a deepwater location in annual volumes of 7 × 106 m3. We have used available information on sludge composition, dispersion of barge-dumped wastes, flow through the dumpsite, sewage sludge settling un...
Article
Freshwater inflow is central to the definition of estuaries and if we lose control of the quantity of freshwater flow or discharge (including seasonal timing) to estuaries, then freshwater water quality has the potential to become a moot issue in estuarine ecosystems (Definition of estuaries: estuaries (aestus = tide) are physico-chemically, geomor...
Article
007CL Times Cited:0 Cited References Count:0
Article
The recent Diplomatic Conference held (1-5 October 2001) by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) in London adopted the Draft Convention prepared by The Marine Environmental Protection Committee (MEPC) of IMO for the "Control of Harmful Anti-fouling Systems for Ships." The convention has been developed to immediately ban the use of Tributyl...
Article
This paper discusses processes and factors for estimating time period windows of in situ burning of spilled oil at sea. Time-periods of in situ burning of Alaska North Slope (ANS) crude oil are estimated using available data. Three crucial steps are identified. The First Step is to determine the time it takes for the evaporative loss to reach the k...
Article
In situ burning is an oil spill response technique or tool involving the controlled ignition and burning of the oil at or near the spill site on the surface of the water of in marsh. In situ burning has been successfully used to remove spilled oil and jet fuel in ice covered waters and snow, resulting from pipeline, storage tank, and ship accidents...
Article
The proposed MTB is a process to expedite the implementation of international standards and regulations, and the subsequent testing, certification, and regulatory approval of new ballast water treatment ("control") technologies. This would expedite their acceptance in the global marketplace and reduce risks of shipowners following international reg...
Chapter
This chapter provides an overview of oil spill response management, which is often impacted by the lack of available realtime and historical data and thus impacts the ability to make a rapid decision. Rapid decision making and the selection of effective response technologies significantly minimize the environmental impact and subsequent total costs...
Chapter
This chapter provides an overview of the technology windows-of-opportunity strategy since its development in the 90's as the understanding of the science of the weathering of spilled oil evolved. Weathering refers to the changes that occur in oil due to exposure to environment. The weathering of oil was initially assumed to be a simple aging proces...
Chapter
This chapter deals with US and international regulatory framework that serves as the legal motivation to support for the safety culture by all members of the chain of responsibility for the oil spill industry. The chapter also discusses the important US and international regulatory framework that serves as the legal motivation for support for the s...
Chapter
This chapter provides an account of oil spills, where 80% is caused by human errors. The negative impacts from spilled oil are far-reaching, economic, social, and environmental. Data suggests that low energy coastal ecosystems, such as wetlands, marshes, and beaches will need 50 years to fully recover from the impact of an oil spill. On a global ba...
Chapter
This chapter reviews the systems put forward by various countries into sophisticated oil spill planning and response. The chapter describes the aspects affecting the transportation of oil through their territorial waters, including response to oil spills. They have effective maritime administrations and national legislation that implements internat...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on sustainable shipping, which signifies meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. The policy considerations for environmental stewardship identifies adoption of the safety culture in all aspects, including proactive safety management, long-term contingency/...
Chapter
This chapter emphasizes the solution for oil spills, as it is no longer considered an unavoidable “accident” of environmental conditions or a function of a catastrophic event. With the implementation of the entry into force of the International Safety Management Code, amendments to the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certificatio...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on the motivators for change related to oil spills, where the motivation of preserving the marine environment are an important factor in regulating the impact of the passage of foreign ships through coastal states territorial waters. The motivators for change in the paradigm shift to “full” liability of the shipping industry fo...
Conference Paper
The storage of byproducts associated with nuclear reactors and nuclear wastes is reaching the capacity of safe isolation in power plants and other nuclear facilities in the United States. Additional depositories in other countries are also taxed for secure storage, in the U.S., commercial spent fuel from 118 reactors, 104 still operating, is locate...
Article
Trace organic (chlorinated pesticides, PCBs, PAHs and dioxins/furans) and trace metal concentrations were measured in surficial sediment and biological tissues (i.e., worms, crustaceans, bivalve molluscs, and fish livers) collected from the Russian Arctic. Total DDT, chlordane, PCB and PAH concentrations ranged from ND to 1.2, ND to <0.1, ND to 1.5...
Article
A new International Maritime Organization (IMO) convention to control the use of harmful anti-fouling systems on ships was adopted on October 5, 2001, following a five-day diplomatic conference held at IMO headquarters in London. The convention will prohibit the use of harmful organotins in anti-fouling paints used on ships and establish a mechanis...
Article
An international demonstration (RD&D) project for ocean storage of radioactive wastes should be proposed, to study the feasibility of the concept of ocean storage of nuclear waste. This international project should utilize the scientific, engineering and technical capabilities of selected universities, oceanographic institutions, NGOs and industrie...
Article
Full-text available
A new IMO convention was adopted on October 5, 2001, following a five-day Diplomatic Conference held at IMO Headquarters in London, will prohibit the use of harmful organotins in anti-fouling paints used on ships and establish a mechanism to prevent the potential future use of other harmful substances in anti-fouling systems.
Article
We have measured the concentrations of 239,240Pu, 238Pu, 210Pb, and 137Cs in biological samples (5 isopods, 10 bivalves, 2 amphipods, 2 mussell, 1 fish fat, 6 fish liver and 2 worm tubes) from the Ob and Yenisey Rivers and Kara Sea and sediment samples from the Pechora Sea of the Russian Arctic. Mean concentrations of 137Cs and 239,240Pu in bivalve...
Article
Achieving consensus on equitable and effective national and global regulation(s) for the use of organotins as biocides in antifouling boat bottom paints has proven to be very complex and difficult for a variety of reasons as discussed in this paper. There appears to be broad agreement among stakeholders about the effectiveness of tributyltin (TBT)...
Article
Full-text available
The papers in this Oceans 99 Proceedings Volume represent a global update and state-of-the-art on the treatment of regulated discharges from shipyards and drydocks. The panel discussion identified a series of major concerns or issues from the papers presented that became recommendations for further consideration by interested parties, be they gover...
Article
Effective national and global regulations for the use of antifoulant biocides to prevent boat bottom fouling have proven to be far more complex and difficult to achieve than one would perceive for a variety of reasons discussed in this paper. Tributyltin (TBT)-based antifouling boat bottom paints have replaced copper because they were more effectiv...
Article
Full-text available
In today's era of regulation and legislation, good contingency planning requires an understanding of the role and responsibility of all involved in the prevention, response, and clean-up of an oil spill. Environmental crimes, environmental damages, and implementation of the ISM Code mandate a safety culture in policy and technological prevention an...
Article
Concern for nuclear contamination in the Arctic stems from many sources: atmospheric (from global fallout from nuclear testing, or Chernobyl type accidents, marine or ocean current transport, riverine or groundwater transport, biological (migratory species), and ocean dumped wastes. Some of the sources are from quite a distance, such as the radionu...
Article
Background concentrations of Cd, Pb, Zn and Cu were studied for wetlands from pristine regions of the Russian Arctic: Severnaya Zemlya Archipelago, Vrangel Island, Arctic deserts and tundra of the North Taimyr Peninsula, Byrranga Mountainous Area, tundra zone of Mid-Siberia, North-East Siberia, Far North-East, and Amguemo-Anadyr Mountainous Area. T...
Article
The spatial distribution of the concentrations of heavy metals Cd, Pb, Zn and Cu were studied for contaminated wetlands located by industrial centres and villages influenced by anthropogenic contamination in the Russian Arctic. For comparison, non-contaminated wetlands were also studied in neighbouring areas. Samples were collected during the perio...
Article
This paper discusses a newly developed scientific and engineering planning and decision-making tool, the technology windows-of-opportunity concept, and how it can be used for marine oil spill contingency planning, response, education, and training on a global basis. The “windows-of-opportunity” approach provides a common foundation for the developm...
Article
The activity ratios of Pu and radiocesium isotopes have been used to delineate the major sources (such as global and close-in (debris) fallout, nuclear fuel reprocessing and fabrication plant effluents) in the environment. We have measured 238Pu, 239,240Pu, 137Cs, and excess 210Pb concentrations in 107 surficial sediments as well as in 5 sediment c...
Chapter
This chapter identifies, delineates, and prioritizes research information requirements relative to the environmental ramifications associated with organotin compounds. The lack of appropriate priorities for strategic planning and managing research has been a serious problem for the evaluation of highly toxic organotin compounds. Degrees of scientif...
Chapter
An historical overview of the use of organotin compounds as biocides in antifouling boat-bottom paints as well as a wide range of national and international regulatory and legislative options for policy and decision makers is presented and discussed in this chapter. The discussion includes the US Antifouling Paint Control Act of 1988 as well as int...
Chapter
This chapter has been prepared as an historical overview of organotin compounds and a discussion on their use as biocides in anti-fouling coatings (boat-bottom paints). It is also a summary of the environmental effects of organotin compounds on nontarget organisms, ranging from oyster shell thickening and growth anomalies to imposex in the common d...
Book
single toxicant before it, yet one that has now been brought under effective control-at least in estuaries and the nearshore environment. The problem with TBT and its cause was first recognized in France, then in the United Kingdom and the United States of America; and in these and other countries legislation is now in place (see Abel, Chapter 2; C...
Article
The major sources of plutonium isotopes in the environment are from nuclear weapons testing via global and close-in (debris) fallout, nuclear fuel reprocessing and fabrication plant effluents. Measurements of differences in the Pu isotopic ratios (239Pu/240Pu, 238Pu/239,240Pu and 241Pu/239,240Pu) have yielded information not only on the time horizo...
Article
Oil spill contingency planning and response is an extremely complex and challenging cross-disciplinary activity. It combines a wide range of activities under emergency response conditions that include the nature of the material spilled, local environmental conditions, sensitivity of impacted natural resources, and selection and effectiveness of res...
Article
Ocean fishing, as the largest source of fish products, is being stripped of almost 100 million metric tons annually and can no longer sustain the overfishing and pollution. Canada's Atlantic fishery, long considered one of the world's richest fishing grounds, was recently referred to in the press as an 'oceanic dustbowl.' At the same time, the worl...
Article
Full-text available
A discussion is presented of the geochemical and environmental assessment response strategy (GEARS) which could provide a quick starting point for managers to undertake the damage assessment aspects of future spills. GEARS has two functions: First, it provides baseline damage assessment information at a spill site. Second, since there are many long...
Article
Presents 21 papers providing a current view of subsea technology as applied to the Exclusive Economic Zone. Subjects covered are manned, unmanned and autonomous platforms together with their supporting techniques and equipment for acoustic and optical search and classification. Robotics and their control systems are discussed as well as measurement...
Article
Presents a collection of papers demonstrating a breadth of developing awareness and capabilities, concepts and constraints, concerning marine resources in the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), the part of the ocean lying within 200 miles of land, the exploitation of which has hitherto been hindered by limited technical abilities. The first chapter rev...
Chapter
The declaration of Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) increases greatly the area over which coastal nations have exclusive control of the resources of the earth. Unlike the land jurisdiction, the title to the resources of the Exclusive Economic Zone and the terms and conditions under which title passes to private ownership, vest in the people of Nation...
Chapter
Today less than 1% of the annual resources consumed in the US comes from the sea. Yet the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) Proclamation gave the US exclusive jurisdiction to the resources of the ocean out to 200 nautical miles. Making the US 1.3 parts land covered by seawater to 1.0 parts land (this is an addition of over 2 billion acres of new land —...
Book
Ocean engineering is generally considered to be concerned with studies on the effects of the ocean on the land and with the design, construction and operation of vehicles, structures and systems for use in the ocean or marine environment. The practice of engineering differs from that of science in both motivations and objectives. Science seeks unde...
Book
Today western nations consume annually only a small percentage of their resources from the sea, despite the proclamation of Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) by many. In contrast, most Pacific Basin Countries obtain more than a quarter of their annual needs from the ocean. Determination of greater rewards from the development of marine resources is ma...
Book
This book discusses ocean waste management. Ocean disposal legislative development, both national and international, is included. Aspects of the history of waste management are presented along with concepts of risk and hazard management. Waste disposal strategies come under scrutiny and steps toward new policy and decision making approaches are rev...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
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Article
Full-text available
Long-term records of biological data are extremely valuable for documenting ecosystem changes, for differentiating natural changes from those caused by humans, and for generating and analyzing testable hypotheses. Long-term sampling, however, is generally discouraged by a variety of institutional disincentives, so that today such records are uncomm...
Article
Fouling of the hulls of vessels produces roughness increasing turbulence and drag. If the entire US Navy fleet were painted with tributyltin (TBT) antifoulant paints, a fuel saving of >$110 M y-1 could be achieved, but TBT paints harm many forms of marine life other than fouling organisms, including economically important species such as oysters. T...
Article
The characteristics controlling the dispersion and accumulation of ocean-dumped sewage sludge are analysed for eight sites in the United Kingdom, Europe, and the United States. Based on the assumption that the sludge consists of a rain of fine materials descending on a sandy substrate, annual dispersiveness from both the local dumpsite and the dump...
Conference Paper
This report is a summary of the conclusions and recommendations of an Interagency Workshop held June 3-5, 1986 at Annapolis, MD. The workshop focused on analytical methods and monitoring strategies which should be used to determine the concentrations of organotin (OT) species, particularly butyltins, in aquatic environments. It was recommended that...
Chapter
With seventy-one percent of the world covered with seawater, should the land carry the burden totally for waste disposal? Why does the ocean have a “protected” or “preferred” status when it comes to the disposal of wastes? What is the concept of assimilative capacity? What are the ocean waste disposal issues? What is comprehensive-integrated waste...
Article
A review of recent literature reveals large variations in results of bioassays, such as those proposed for solid waste testing. Sources of variation are categorized, and an estimate is made of the range in test results attributable to each source category. The age of the test organism is potentially the largest source of variation, and has effects...
Article
Full-text available
Under the auspices of a bilateral agreement between the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and China's National Bureau of Oceanography (NBO), a marine pollution delegation visited the People's Republic during June and July of 1983. Our objectives were to learn about marine-pollution problems in China and the existing research...
Article
The State of Rhode Island is disputing (United States versus Maine) the delineation of the closing line (a part of the baseline that crosses a body of water from which marginal seas are measured) separating the waters under Federal jurisdiction from State Waters in the vicinity of eastern Long Island Sound. Jurisdiction over some 595 km² (172 nauti...
Book
This bibliography contains papers from the following categories: marine pollution/ocean dumping, municipal wastes, industrial wastes, legislation/regulations, international conventions, ocean dumping criteria/site selection studies, waste management strategies, biological processes, chemical processes, geological processes, physical processes, engi...
Conference Paper
The volume of ocean dumped municipal wastes (sew- age sludge) has increased 32%, while that of industrial wastes has declined 43% in the United States since the enactment of P.L. 92-532, the Marine Protection Research and Sanctuaries Act of 1972 (for the period of 1973 to 1980). In 1980, the total tonnage of industrial and municipal wastes ocean-du...
Article
In the United States fish wastes can be ocean dumped without an Ocean Dumping Permit if the wastes contain no additives (flocculating or preserving agents, etc.). Fish wastes are currently ocean dumped off American Samoa, Louisiana and Puerto Rico. Fish wastes are characteristically high in proteins, fats, dissolved and suspended organic materials....
Chapter
When solar radiation penetrates the sea, it is both scattered and absorbed at rates which depend upon the concentration of dissolved organic substances and suspended particulate matter present in the water column. Both scattering and absorption act in unison to produce a rate of attenuation. It is well known that as a transformation from clear ocea...
Article
A method is described for determining Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn in seawater using Chelex 100 resin and graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. The pH of the seawater is adjusted to 5.0 to 5.5 and then passed through a Chelex 100 resin column. Alkali and alkaline earth metals are eluted from the resin with ammonium acetate and then...
Article
Populations ofEuglena gracilis in exponential growth under light were exposed to 2.5, 5.0, 7.5, and 10 ppm of Aroclor 1221. The ID50/48 of Aroclor 1221 was estimated to be 4.4 ppm, while Aroclor 1232 tested at 20, 35, 50, and 100 ppm resulted in an ID50/48 of 55 ppm. With Aroclor 1242, no inhibiton of growth was observed with up to 100 ppm exposure...
Article
A pond located on the Texas A + M University range area, College Station, (1.78 surface ha, 40,427 m3) was treated with anhydrous ammonia in November 1968, for evaluation of this technique for simultaneous fish eradication, pond fertilization, and aquatic vegetation control. This paper reports the effect of such treatment on pond ecology.
Article
A pond located on the Texas A&M University range area, College Station, (1.78 surface ha, 40, 427 m³) was treated with anhydrous ammonia in November 1968, for evaluation of this technique for simultaneous fish eradication, pond fertilization, and aquatic vegetation control. This paper reports the effect of such treatment on pond ecology. Chemical,...
Article
The nuclear energy industry and state utility regulators have some advice for the Department of Energy on the management of used nuclear power plant fuel. Create an integrated spent fuel management plan, urges the Nuclear Energy Institute in its September response to a DOE Notice of Inquiry. NEI`s response was similar to a resolution passed in July...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Developing a new water resource for agriculture using saline/brackish groundwater. The amount of saline/brackish groundwater is 1.21% more than the available freshwater.