Michael J Callaghan

Michael J Callaghan
Manchester Metropolitan University | MMU · Department of Health Professions

PhD, MPhil, MCSP

About

202
Publications
57,223
Reads
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Introduction
Michael J Callaghan is Professor of Clinical Physiotherapy at the Department of Health Professions, Manchester Metropolitan University. Professor Callaghan does research in Allied Health Science, Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Medicine. One recently completed project is ': The Effect of lateral wedge INsoles on pain in individuals with medial Osteoarthritis who biomechanically RESPOND. The IN-RESPOND study. .'
Additional affiliations
April 2016 - present
Manchester Metropolitan University
Position
  • Clinical Professor of Physiotherapy
January 2005 - March 2016
The University of Manchester
Position
  • Research Associate
Education
August 1997 - January 2001
August 1997 - January 2001

Publications

Publications (202)
Article
Full-text available
Background Isokinetic dynamometry (IKD) is considered as the gold standard method of eccentric hamstring strength measurement, but other devices are more portable, cost-effective, provide real-time data and are thus better suited to the mass testing required in sport. This review aims to synthesise the evidence related to the reliability of and agr...
Article
Full-text available
Background Nitrate (NO 3 ⁻ ) supplementation has been reported to lower motor unit (MU) firing rate (MUFR) during dynamic resistance exercise; however, its impact on MU activity during isometric and ischemic exercise is unknown. Purpose To assess the effect of NO 3 ⁻ supplementation on knee extensor MU activities during brief isometric contraction...
Article
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Background The type, timing, and extent of provision of rehabilitation for lumbar discectomy patients in the UK are currently unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the provision and type of rehabilitation for patients undergoing lumbar discectomy in UK neurosurgical centers. Method Physical therapists involved in treating lumbar discecto...
Article
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Purpose: To systematically review the current literature and meta-analyze the effects of dietary nitrate (NO3-) supplementation on the contractile properties of skeletal muscle.Method: A literature search of three databases was conducted in June 2021, with 19 studies meeting the inclusion criteria. Studies were included if a placebo versus dietary...
Article
Context: Abnormal knee frontal plane projection angles (FPPA) during movement have been associated with patellofemoral pain. As such, clinicians are interested in valid and reliable instruments suitable for broad-based clinical use that allow them to objectively measure such variables. Therefore, the purpose of the current study was to examine the...
Article
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When immobilisation after a cervical spine or head injury is required, the role of the rigid cervical collar is unclear and controversial. There is a need for further studies investigating the use of a rigid cervical collar when head and neck trauma occurs in sport. This study will compare present practice (immobilisation with a cervical collar) to...
Article
Full-text available
Patellofemoral pain (PFP) can cause significant pain leading to limitations in societal participation and physical activity. PFP is usually associated with athletes undergoing intensive physical training, or military recruits; but recent evidence shows that PFP is common in the general population. The relationship of PFP with physical activity is n...
Article
Full-text available
Background /objective: The Survey Instrument for Natural History, Aetiology and Prevalence of Patellofemoral Pain (SNAPPS) is a self-report questionnaire which is a specifically designed measurement instrument to identify patellofemoral pain. It has reported high sensitivity, specificity and test-retest reliability to discriminate between people wi...
Article
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Synopsis: Participating in sport carries inherent risk of injury. Clinicians execute high-level clinical reasoning and decision making to support athletes to achieve the best outcomes. Accurately diagnosing a problem, estimating prognosis, or selecting the most suitable intervention for each athlete is challenging. Clinical prediction models are t...
Article
Objective To compare bone marrow oedema-like lesion (BML) volume in subjects with symptomatic patellofemoral (PF) knee OA using four different MRI sequences and to determine reliability of BML volume assessment using these sequences and their correlation with pain. Methods Seventy-six males and females (mean age 55.8 years) with symptomatic patell...
Article
Patellofemoral pain is a common and often debilitating musculoskeletal condition. Clinical translation and evidence synthesis of patellofemoral pain research are compromised by heterogenous and often inadequately reported study details. This consensus statement and associated checklist provides standards for REPORTing of quantitative PatelloFemoral...
Article
Full-text available
Background Current clinical guidelines recommend conservative management including non-pharmacologic therapy prior to considering surgery for knee OA. There is a paucity of clinical trials investigating the use of biomechanical device therapies on those with patellofemoral joint osteoarthritis (PFJOA). The aim was to systematically review the effec...
Article
Objective This study validated the newly adapted electronic SNAPPS (eSNAPPS) against the original paper SNAPPS. Subsequently, the study estimated the prevalence of PFP in running participants and spectators attending three mass-participant running events in the United Kingdom by using the eSNAPPS tool. Design This study had two parts. Firstly, a v...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Brace effectiveness for knee osteoarthritis (OA) remains unclear and international guidelines offer conflicting recommendations. Our trial will determine the clinical and cost-effectiveness of adding knee bracing (matched to patients' clinical and radiographic presentation and with adherence support) to a package of advice, written inf...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a prevalent and disabling musculoskeletal condition. Biomechanical factors may play a key role in the aetiology of knee OA, therefore, a broad class of interventions involves the application or wear of devices designed to mechanically support knees with OA. These include gait aids, bracing, taping, orthotics...
Article
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In their recently published paper, Seow et al.1 carried out a systematic review of musculoskeletal injury prediction models in professional sport and military special forces. Their review encompassed a comprehensive search that included both conference and published papers, used a standardised musculoskeletal injury definition that was informed by...
Preprint
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This study used periodic health examination (PHE) data from 134 outfield elite male football players, over 5 seasons (1st July 2013 to 19th May 2018). Univariable and multivariable logistic regression models were used to determine prognostic associations between 36 variables and time-loss, lower extremity index indirect muscle injuries (I-IMIs). No...
Article
Introduction: An increasing number of patients are attending the Emergency Department (ED) with back pain with or without sciatica. There is evidence to suggest that medical management is varied and inconsistent. Objective: The purpose of this study was to review the literature to determine the evidence base for the therapeutic management of adu...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In elite football (soccer), periodic health examination (PHE) could provide prognostic factors to predict injury risk. Objective: To develop and internally validate a prognostic model to predict individualised indirect (non-contact) muscle injury (IMI) risk during a season in elite footballers, only using PHE-derived candidate progno...
Article
Objectives Osteoarthritis (OA) of the ankle joint is associated with life-long joint pain and disability if not appropriately managed. There is a dearth of research concerning ankle OA and the impact on those living with the condition. Aim To explore the experiences of people living with painful OA ankle and their views about the non-surgical mana...
Article
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Objective Trials testing promising interventions in knee osteoarthritis (OA) often fail to show pain reductions. This may be due to change in activity whereby a person’s pain decreases, leading them to increase their activity levels, in turn increasing pain back to baseline levels. Using data from a trial of a beneficial treatment for knee pain, we...
Article
Full-text available
Aims: We conducted a systematic review assessing the reporting quality of studies validating models based on machine learning (ML) for clinical diagnosis, with a specific focus on the reporting of information concerning the participants on which the diagnostic task was evaluated on. Method: Medline Core Clinical Journals were searched for studies...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: In elite football (soccer), periodic health examination (PHE) could provide prognostic factors to predict injury risk. Objective: To develop and internally validate a prognostic model to predict individual indirect (non-contact) muscle injury (IMI) risk during a season in elite footballers, only using PHE-derived candidate prognostic fa...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Indirect muscle injuries (IMIs) are a considerable burden to elite football (soccer) teams, and prevention of these injuries offers many benefits. Preseason medical, musculoskeletal and performance screening (termed periodic health examination (PHE)) can be used to help determine players at risk of injuries such as IMIs, where identifi...
Conference Paper
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Objectives Over the past decade, due to access in large sums of clinical data and the development of new machine learning (ML) techniques, there has been a rise in the application of ML methods to medicine. Due to their propensity to facilitate and promote timely and objective clinical decision-making, ML methods have been applied to gain insights...
Presentation
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Background: Many studies have established the importance of having a rigorous and robust framework for the translation and cross-cultural adaptation of self-report outcome measures. This abstract reports on the use of the guidelines developed by Beaton and colleagues (2001) on a translation process as part of a pan-European epidemiological project...
Article
Objective To determine if clinical correlates of knee osteoarthritis(OA) affect likelihood of outcome to intra-articular steroid injections(IASI) in symptomatic knee OA. Methods Men and women aged≥40 years with painful knee OA who participated in an open label trial of IASI completed questionnaires and clinical examination. OMERACT-OARSI criteria...
Article
Full-text available
In elite football, measurement of running kinetics with inertial measurement units (IMUs) may be useful as a component of periodic health examination (PHE). This study determined the reliability of, and agreement between a research orientated IMU and clinically orientated IMU system for initial peak acceleration (IPA) and IPA symmetry index (SI) me...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Synovitis is common in knee osteoarthritis and is associated with both knee pain and progression of disease. Semiautomated methods have been developed for quantitative assessment of structure in knee osteoarthritis. Our aims were to apply a novel semiautomated assessment method using 3D active appearance modeling for the quantification of s...
Article
Objective: To date no study exists to determine whether knee kinematics in the coronal and transverse planes during step descent are different between healthy subjects and patients with patellofemoral pain (PFP) despite patients often reporting pain and instability during this task. This study investigated the differences in knee kinematics between...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Lateral wedge shoe insoles decrease medial knee loading, but trials have shown no effect on pain in medial knee osteoarthritis (OA). However, insoles’ loading effects are inconsistent, and they can increase patellofemoral loading. We hypothesized that insoles would reduce pain in preselected patients. Methods In persons with painful medi...
Article
A short cut review was carried out to establish whether diagnostic ultrasound can accurately diagnose integrity of the lateral ligament complex in comparison to MRI. Two studies were directly relevant to the question using the described search methodology. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outc...
Article
Full-text available
In professional soccer and other elite sports, medical and performance screening of athletes (also termed periodic health examination or PHE) is common practice. The purposes of this are: (1) to assist in identifying prevalent conditions that may be a threat to safe participation, (2) to assist in setting benchmark targets for rehabilitation or per...
Article
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During single leg squats (SLS), tibial angle (TA) quantification using inertial measurement units (IMU) may offer a practical alternative to frontal plane projection angle (FPPA) measurement using 2-dimensional (2D) video analysis. This study determined: (i) the reliability of IMUs and 2D video analysis for TA measurement, and 2D video analysis for...
Article
Full-text available
Patellofemoral pain affects a large proportion of the population, from adolescents to older adults, and carries a substantial personal and societal burden. An international group of scientists and clinicians meets biennially at the International Patellofemoral Research Retreat to share research findings related to patellofemoral pain conditions and...
Article
Objective: In rheumatoid arthritis, composite outcomes constructed from a combination of outcome measures are widely used to enhance responsiveness (sensitivity to change) and comprehensively summarize response. Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) pain is the primary outcome measure in many osteoarthritis (OA) tr...
Poster
This abstract describes the process of the German translation for the SNAPPS tool in regards to changes in terminology, concept equivalence and future considerations.
Chapter
Proprioception connects the stimuli derived from somatosensory, vestibular, and visual systems to regulate periarticular muscle activity, which provides joint stabilization by the central nervous system. The primary proprioceptive receptors are defined as muscle spindles, stretch receptors, and Golgi tendon organs and ligaments. Those located in th...
Chapter
Proprioception, which is derived from Latin word ‘proprius’, meaning one’s own, refers to the ability to conduct position sense of the body, interpret the data processed and respond consciously or unconsciously to stimuli of appropriate execution of posture or movement. Proprioception allows the perception of the position of the joints and maintain...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Fracture and dislocation of the shoulder are usually identifiable through the use of plain radiographs in an emergency department. However, other significant soft tissue injuries can be missed at initial presentation. This study used contrast enhanced magnetic resonance arthrography (MRA) to determine the pattern of underlying soft tis...
Article
Study objective There is no consensus on the management of low back pain in the ED and evidence suggests that these patients are likely to receive unwarranted imaging and inappropriate opioid prescription. The purpose of this study is to review the available literature pertaining to the clinical management of acute low back pain in the ED. Methods...
Article
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the short-term effects of Mobilization with movement (MWM) and Kinesiotaping (KT) on patients with patellofemoral pain (PFP) respect to pain, function and balance. Methods: Thirty-five female patients diagnosed with unilateral PFP were assigned into 2 groups. The first group (n ¼ 18) received...
Article
Full-text available
Background Medical screening and load monitoring procedures are commonly used in professional football to assess factors perceived to be associated with injury. Objectives To identify prognostic factors (PFs) and models for lower extremity and spinal musculoskeletal injuries in professional/elite football players from medical screening and trainin...
Article
Objective: To present the current status of knowledge in the field of patellofemoral (PF) osteoarthritis (OA) and formulate a research agenda in order to guide future research on this topic. Design: A 1-day meeting was organized with the aim to bring together international experts in the field to discuss the current state of knowledge on PF OA....
Article
Full-text available
Background Braces are used to treat pain in patellofemoral joint osteoarthritis (PFJOA). In a trial, we previously reported pain improvement after 6-weeks brace use. The pain reduction did not correlate with changes in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) assessed Bone Marrow Lesion volume or static synovial volume. Studies show that changes in the syn...
Article
Objectives: To identify prognostic factors and models for spinal and lower extremity injuries in adult professional/elite football players from medical screening and training load monitoring processes. Methods: The MEDLINE, AMED, EMBASE, CINAHL Plus, SPORTDiscus electronic bibliographic databases and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews w...
Article
Full-text available
Background The aim was to examine if structural factors could affect response to intra-articular steroid injections (IASI) in knee osteoarthritis (OA). Method Persons with painful knee OA participated in an open-label trial of IASI where radiographic joint space narrowing (JSN) and Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) grade, whole-organ magnetic resonance imagin...
Article
Full-text available
For the first six weeks following total knee arthroplasty (TKA), a patient will attend an outpatient clinic typically seen twice weekly. Here, an exercise regime is performed and improvement assessed using a hand held goniometer that measures the maximum angle of knee flexion, an important metric of progress. Additionally a series of daily exercise...
Article
Local laser therapy has been suggested as a promising treatment for acute hamstring muscle tears. We carried out a shortcut systematic review to establish whether therapeutic lasers are beneficial for patients with acute hamstring tears. Despite a comprehensive literature search, no studies that were directly relevant to the question could be ident...
Article
Full-text available
http://lermagazine.com/cover_story/patellofemoral-pain-subgroups-a-critical-first-step-toward-personalized-clinical-intervention