Michael Behm

Michael Behm
East Carolina University | ECU · Department of Technology Systems

PhD

About

51
Publications
45,344
Reads
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2,142
Citations
Citations since 2016
15 Research Items
1470 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
Introduction
Michael Behm, PhD, CSP, is a Professor of Occupational Safety at East Carolina University. A member of the NIOSH Construction Research and Prevention through Design Councils, he was a Research Fellow with the Centre for Urban Greenery & Ecology, Singapore studying safe design aspects of urban greenery. He is Coordinator of the Working Commission on Safety and Health in Construction at the International Council for Research and Innovation in Building and Construction, The Netherlands.
Education
September 2001 - July 2004
Oregon State University
Field of study
  • Public Health; Occupational Health and Safety

Publications

Publications (51)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The applications of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), also known as drones, in construction have been rapidly escalating due to their prevalent advantages in accessibility, cost, and efficiency. As a result, over the last decade, many construction companies have utilized drones in their projects by curbing manual labor into technology-based automati...
Article
This paper examines the evidence behind two widely accepted theories in Prevention through Design (PtD) research. The concept of mitigating/removing construction hazards during design, is relatively new considering the history of construction work. Within this domain, two heavily cited theories serve as a foundation of a substantial portion of the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Acclimatization is a process in which human body adapts to a hot environment by developing capacities of more efficient heat dissipation and electrolyte retention. International heat stress management standards specify thresholds of up to 5 o C-WBGT difference for acclimatised and non-acclimatised populations, and a 3-14 days' period for newcomers...
Article
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Considering that construction projects are complex socio-technical systems, the use of complexity theory (CT) arises as a natural framework for making sense and managing construction health, safety, and wellbeing (CHSW). However, the implications of CT for the management of CHSW are still largely underexplored. This Special Issue presents eleven st...
Article
It has been established that design contributes to the occurrence of occupational injuries and illnesses in the construction sector. This has resulted in the need for designers to implement design for occupational safety and health (DfOSH), which is required by legislation in some countries. Consequently, designers (as individuals or organisations)...
Article
Full-text available
Heat-related illness in the U.S. construction industry is an under-reported and under-researched OSH hazard, and these workers are potentially exposed to extreme temperatures that can adversely affect their well-being. This study used OSHA data to locate heat-related events. Most heat-related cases were found in California, although this is due t...
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Purpose Against the backdrop of the contribution of design to the occurrence of occupational injuries and illnesses in construction, design for occupational safety and health (DfOSH) is increasingly becoming prominent in the construction sector. To ensure that design interventions are safe for construction workers to build and maintain, design firm...
Article
Purpose Decisions made during the design stage of construction works can significantly reduce the risk of occurrence of occupational accidents, injuries and illnesses. Moreover, it has been established that design is one of the major contributors of accidents and injuries. Design for safety (DfS) studies within construction have highlighted factor...
Conference Paper
Design for occupational safety and health (DfOSH) is growing in prominence in the construction sector. Consequently, designers (as individuals or organisations) are expected to mitigate occupational health and safety risks through design. In order for design firms to effectively do this, they need to have adequate capability in respect of DfOSH. Ho...
Article
For the safe design concept to take hold within the design community, the negative connotations of safety within the design world must be removed. Considering safety during the design phases of projects presents a key opportunity for innovative and creative responses that can not only enhance safety but also positively affect cost, quality, schedul...
Article
A new tool is being developed to help civil engineers and other construction professionals improve their capability to design for safety under the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations. Patrick Manu and Lamine Mahdjoubi of the University of the West of England, Alistair Gibb of Loughborough University and Michael Behm of East Carolina Un...
Conference Paper
Design for occupational safety and health (DfOSH) is increasingly becoming prominent in construction. In the UK, DfOSH is a legal requirement under the Construction Design and Management Regulations 2015 (CDM 2015). Amongst other requirements, the CDM 2015 regulations require organisations to have the appropriate organisational capability in respec...
Article
Hazard recognition and the accurate perception of safety risk are fundamental to the success of any safety program. When hazards remain unrecognized, or the associated safety risk is underestimated, the likelihood of catastrophic and unexpected injuries dramatically increase. Unfortunately, recent research has found that a large number of hazards i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Construction workers perform demanding physical tasks and can be exposed to excessive heat and environmental conditions resulting in heat related illness and injury. Few research studies have examined the heat related illness and injury issues in the construction sector, particularly in the United States. Our literature review revealed that most he...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Much of the archival design related accident causality research in the construction industry points to a 1987 National Action Committee for Occupational Safety and Health in Construction (CNAC) report. This research analyses the CNAC report and follow other research documents that have referenced the report with a critical evaluation. The original...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Fracking, a universally recognised term, which refers to hydraulic fracturing of gas bearing rock layers allowing their gas to be released into specially constructed collection wells. Practiced in North America, Europe and Asia the growth of this industry brings environmental and public health concerns to the fore. In April 2012 the UK's Department...
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Fundamental questions remain about the practical value and generalizability of accident causation frameworks for explaining construction accidents. Relevant causality literature is reviewed; three research projects compared and implications of accident causation theories for accident investigation and analysis discussed, particularly for accidents...
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Purpose Singapore is transforming from a “garden city” to a “city‐in‐a‐garden”. Designing for safety is recognized by researchers and some governments as a best practice in facilitating eventual worker safety within the built environment. The purpose of undertaking this research was to understand and describe the status of safe design for skyrise g...
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Rooftop vegetation is becoming increasingly popular because of its environmental benefits and its ability to earn green-building certification credits. With the exception of one international guideline, there is little mention of worker safety and health in vegetated-roof codes and literature. Observations and field investigations of 19 vegetated r...
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The United States Green Building Council (USGBC)-sponsored Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) green building program represents the largest program in the United States for the measurement, verification, and certification of green buildings. A recent study found that LEED-certified buildings have accounted for a higher injury rate...
Article
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In order for the construction industry to improve its poor safety performance it needs to learn from its safety mistakes and put the lessons learned to good use. Incident investigation theories and techniques vary widely in the peer-reviewed literature. The Loughborough Construction Accident Causation (ConAC) model was applied to State Department o...
Article
Sustainable, or "green," rating systems, such as the United States Green Building Council's Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED), are leading to changes in the way owners, designers, and contractors approach the design, construction, and operation of buildings. The processes and features included in green design and construction may...
Article
Full-text available
leadership have fewer injuries, are often rated as better places to work, and have more satisfied, more productive employees who are less likely to change jobs (OSHA, 2002). ASSE (2002) has taken the position that safety and health management programs improve a company’s bottom line, including productivity and employee morale. In 2005, BusinessWeek...
Article
The role of employee safety in supply chain performance has inexplicably been overlooked by operations management literature. With a few notable exceptions, there is no guidance in the literature for operations managers trying to understand the role that employee safety at their own or a suppliers could play in quality outcomes. This manuscript tak...
Article
Improving the safety and health of construction workers through design practices upstream of the construction phase is the objective of the design for construction safety concept. Ease of implementation and effectiveness of this intervention in practice are dependent on there being a link between the design and safety hazards. This paper presents r...
Article
Some of the significant issues associated with the construction industry in the US, are discussed. The construction plays a significant role in the economy of the country. The industry is engaged in building roads, houses, industrial facilities, and maintaining the country's physical infrastructure. Construction work involves building new structure...
Article
Research and practice have demonstrated that decisions made upstream from the construction site can influence construction worker safety. The design for construction safety concept is defined as the consideration of construction site safety in the design of a project. Globally, the concept has gained momentum as an intervention to improve worker sa...
Article
Designing for construction safety entails consideration of the safety of construction workers in the design of a project. Research studies have identified the design aspect of projects as being a significant contributing factor to construction site accidents. Designing to eliminate or avoid hazards prior to exposure on the jobsite is also listed as...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards relate to the safety of the construction site, the implementation of safe work practices, and the safety of temporary structures, such as fall protection, ladders, scaffolding, and excavations, all of which are typically part of the constructor's responsibility on a project. The eng...

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Project
The aim is to promote respect for people, and zero harm for people in construction with appropriate ethical reasoning