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Michael Anthony Bear

Michael Anthony Bear
Ocean Sanctuaries (a registered 501 c3 non-profit)

Scientific Diver (AAUS)

About

27
Publications
2,561
Reads
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38
Citations
Introduction
Ocean Sanctuaries is a registered 501(c3) ocean non-profit dedicated to supporting and creating marine citizen science projects.
Additional affiliations
March 2014 - May 2016
Ocean Sanctuaries (a registered 501 c3 non-profit)
Position
  • Managing Director
Education
June 2010 - May 2016
American Academy of Underwater Sciences (AAUS)
Field of study
  • Science Diver
May 2003 - May 2016
Professional Association of Diving Instructors
Field of study
  • Scuba Diving

Publications

Publications (27)
Article
Full-text available
Citizen science can be defined as the process by which any non-scientist collects data or uses the scientific method under the guidance or mentorship of a scientist. This article presents an overview of several marine citizen-science projects as practiced by three non-profit organizations.
Preprint
Full-text available
The HMCS Yukon is a 366 ft. long former Canadian warship that was sunk in about 100 ft. of water off the coast of San Diego, California ( 32.7800, -117.2853) in 2000 to act as an artificial reef. The first scientific study of the marine life on the Yukon was done in 2005 by the San Diego Oceans Foundation and Dr. Ed Parnell of Scripps Institution o...
Preprint
Full-text available
This is a follow up marine life study to one done in 2005, by Dr. Ed Parnell, on the artificial reef 'Yukon,' a 366 ft. former Canadian warship, which was sunk off the coast of San Diego in 2000, to attract marine life. The first two numbered footnotes are missing and will be revised. It's in the process of being peer reviewed outside of a journa...
Preprint
Full-text available
"Given the current level of Galeophobia, or fear of sharks, that’s an excellent question. Most people will leave the water imme-diately if they think a shark is in the area. Oddly, the greatest number of those who fear sharks seem to come from those who rarely, if ever, go into the ocean—so, clearly, this is a primal fear, much like snakes or spide...
Article
"Given the current level of Galeophobia, or fear of sharks, that’s an excellent question. Most people will leave the water immediately if they think a shark is in the area. Oddly, the greatest number of those who fear sharks seem to come from those who rarely, if ever, go into the ocean—so, clearly, this is a primal fear, much like snakes or spider...
Article
"Two revolutions have been occurring at the same time in recent years: the citizen science revolution and the artificial intelligence revolution. And revolution is not too strong a term to use for either. Although one could say that citizen science has been around since the days of Darwin, since he had no formal degrees in his field and pursued hi...
Chapter
Citizen Science and Sharks
Chapter
Full-text available
Historically sharks have been seen either as a source of income through harvesting, or as a nuisance and danger. The economic value of sharks has traditionally been measured as the total value of sharks caught for liver oil, fins, or meat for consumption. Sharks have also been killed to near extinction in cases where they were seen as a threat to f...
Chapter
Historically sharks have been seen either as a source of income through harvesting, or as a nuisance and danger. The economic value of sharks has traditionally been measured as the total value of sharks caught for liver oil, fins, or meat for consumption. Sharks have also been killed to near extinction in cases where they were seen as a threat to f...
Article
Full-text available
Beginning sometime in 2017, Ocean Sanctuaries , in conjunction with another ocean citizen science nonprofit group, REEF.org, is planning to offer a basic (West Coast) Marine Citizen Scientist Certification course. Certifications for other parts of the US may come later.
Research
Full-text available
http://www.speakupforblue.com/how-to-become-a-citizen-scientist-with-michael-bear Note: this link works best in iTunes
Article
Full-text available
Octopuses, with their amazing intelligence, incredible flexibility and ability to fit through openings many times smaller than their body as well as their ability to artfully camouflage themselves against varied backgrounds have fascinated humans for centuries. Divers report encounters with these crafty creatures and come away amazed, with stories...
Research
Full-text available
The Undersea Voyager Project and Luminox Watches is proud to present the Eco Laureate Award to individuals who have made outstanding contributions to ocean conservation. Individuals honored with this award have been nominated for their dedication to improving the oceans, and for their leadership in inspiring others to do the same.
Article
Full-text available
Octopuses, with their amazing intelligence, incredible flexibility and ability to fit through openings many times smaller than their body as well as their ability to artfully camouflage themselves against varied backgrounds have fascinated humans for centuries. Divers report encounters with these crafty creatures and come away amazed, with stories...
Article
Full-text available
"iNaturalist is a citizen science project and online social network of naturalists, citizen scientists, and biologists built on the concept of mapping and sharing observations of biodiversity across the globe. Observations may be added via the website or from a mobile application. The observations provide valuable open data to a variety of scientif...
Article
Full-text available
Sharks have diversified globally, and over 400 different species are recognized taxonomically. The majority of shark species inhabit warm tropical and sub-tropical waters. A few species have set up specific niches in cold temperate and polar latitudes. Most people imagine an encounter with a shark to be set in a tropical, clear water ecosystem, but...
Data
Full-text available
Raw Data
Full-text available
10 marine genera/species confirmed photographically on the Yukon artificial reef in San Diego
Article
Full-text available
How does this citizen science project work? Divers do their normal dive and if they observe a Sevengill shark and can take a photograph of the lateral view of the head and gill area without endangering their safety, they do so and then upload that photograph to the ‘Wildbook’ database at Sevengill Shark Sightings.org
Method
Full-text available
Didn’t see any Sevengill sharks on your dive today at La Jolla Cove (or False Bay, Cape Town)? No problem – – we still need your data! ‘Zero data’ is an important concept in long-term population studies in a fixed location with a single species: it’s also called ‘Presence/Absence’ data, meaning, we still want to know when you did *not* see a certai...
Method
Full-text available
Although this is an all-volunteer, long-term (5-10 year) populations dynamics study of the Sevengill Shark (Notorynchus cepedianus) citizen science project, we want to keep the methodology as scientifically current and accurate as possible, while still keeping within the scope and means of a citizen science project. -->A peculiar bug causes the dow...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Ocean Sanctuaries, a San Diego NPO founded to support and create marine citizen science projects is using the pattern recognition algorithm in 'Wildbook,' a web-based application for wildlife data management, to identify Sevengill sharks in both California and South Africa. --See abstract #2 below.
Article
Full-text available
Citizen science can be defined as the process by which any non-scientist collects data or uses the scientific method under the guidance or mentorship of a scientist. This article presents an overview of several marine citizen-science projects as practiced by three non-profit organizations.
Article
Full-text available
Citizen science can be defined as the process by which any non-scientist collects data or uses the scientific method under the guidance or mentorship of a scientist. This article presents an overview of several marine citizen-science projects as practiced by three non-profit organizations.

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
The Role of Ecotourism and Citizen Science is a chapter that deals with the history and current situation of the impact and importance of shark related eco-tourism and citizen science on sharks in the Northeast Pacific.
Project
Using citizen science divers from around the world, we are collecting photographic data to submit to the pattern recognition algorithm contained in 'Wildbook,' an open source software framework to support collaborative mark-recapture, molecular ecology, and social ecology studies, especially where citizen science data needs to be incorporated and managed. The algorithm scans the freckling pattern on the lateral side of the gill and eye area of this species, to identify individuals, which serve in much the same way as fingerprints do in humans as a unique identifier. See link below for more on our scientific methodology: http://sevengillsharksightings.org/our-methodology-introduction/