Mette Møller

Mette Møller
Technical University of Denmark | DTU · Department of Transport

About

52
Publications
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1,114
Citations

Publications

Publications (52)
Article
For høj hastighed er fortsat en stor udfordring for trafiksikkerheden. Formålet med dette studie var at (1) udvikle en e-læringsintervention om trafiksikkerhed til privatbilister, der lige har fået en fartbøde, og (2) evaluere effekten i et lodtrækningsforsøg i hele Danmark af denne intervention på hyppigheden af nye bøder. Dataindsamlingen i studi...
Article
Full-text available
The safety effect of accompanied driving depends on the level of practice and on compliance with restrictions. On January 1st 2017, Denmark introduced accompanied driving as a voluntary option from age 17 and after passing the national driving test. Up to age 18, driving is only allowed when supervised, but after the age of 18 unrestricted access t...
Article
Full-text available
This study explores the interactions between the advantages of cycling for physical and mental health and possible health consequences of crash involvement. Data were derived from an online survey distributed via social media and cycling interest organisations and resulted in 382 responses from cyclists having crashed in the past two years and 855...
Article
Full-text available
Phone use is likely to distract cyclists and possibly increase crash risk. Therefore, handheld phone use among cyclists is forbidden by law in some countries, even though cyclists use compensatory strategies to attempt to mitigate distractions and related effects. Both demographic, environmental, and psychological factors have been associated with...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Allowing young drivers to gain experience while being supervised by an experienced driver is a widely used measure to try to reduce crash risk. On 1 January 2017, the Danish licensing system was updated to allow licensing at age 17 with post-license supervised driving until solo driving at age 18. Method: Based on data from the Dan...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The use of phones in traffic can cause distraction and thus affect the safety of cyclists. Unlike distractions external to the cyclists, phone use is initiated by the cyclists themselves, but is always performed in a contextual setting that affords, moderates, or constrains the action. The purpose of this study is to investigate how th...
Preprint
Full-text available
In Denmark, the legal license age was lowered from 18 to 17, to allow practice with an experienced driver before solo driving from age 18. The change gives the candidate driver a choice between: a) licensing at age 17 followed by a phase of accompanied driving until solo driving at age 18 (L17), and b) licensing at age 18 (or older) giving immediat...
Article
Road anger is an increasing problem that does not only lead to discomfort but is also associated with aggressive driving and an increased risk of crash involvement. Based on a cognitive-behavioural approach, we developed and tested a short group intervention (90 min) that aimed at decreasing road anger among drivers. We used a before-after control...
Article
Worldwide, pedestrian crashes is the largest category of road traffic crashes involving children. Crash characteristics and circumstances change with the age of the child and mirror age-related differences in activities and mobility patterns of the involved children. Child pedestrians are vulnerable to serious physical injury due to lack of protect...
Article
Unlicensed driving among youth is associated with increased crash risk, and partly motivated by a wish to learn to drive. In this paper we examine whether crash involvement among 17-year-old unlicensed drivers changed after post-licence accompanied driving from the age of 17 was allowed in Denmark in 2017. The study includes police-registered crash...
Article
Introduction Moped riders have a comparably high risk of getting seriously injured or killed in road traffic crashes. The moped is the first motor vehicle legally available to adolescents, but knowledge about young moped riders is limited. The few existing studies indicate that violations are a key factor in crash involvement. Method Using the The...
Article
Introduction: In this study we explore the added value of bicycle crash descriptions from open text fields in hospital records from the Aarhus municipality in Denmark. We also explore how bicycle crash data from the hospital complements crash data registered by the police in the same area and time period. Method: The study includes 5,313 Danish...
Article
The majority of research on bicyclist injury severity relates to bicycle-motor vehicle crashes, even though single-bicycle crashes make up more than half of bicycle crashes. This study explores the factors related to the injury severity outcome of single-bicycle crashes. We use single-bicycle crash data obtained from medical records collected in th...
Article
Driving anger increases risk-taking in traffic and road traffic accident involvement. Herein, we examine the links between self-reported and observed driving anger, self-reported and observed aggressive driving, and personality traits. Specifically, sixty drivers drove in an anger-inducing simulated driving scenario. A video camera recorded their v...
Article
Objectives: We combine data on roads and crash characteristics to identify patterns in road traffic crashes with regard to road characteristics. We illustrate how combined analysis of data regarding road maintenance, maintenance costs, road characteristics, crash characteristics, and geographical location can enrich road maintenance prioritization...
Article
Young drivers remain over-represented in road accident statistics and hazard perception is a likely source of a skills gap between younger and older drivers. The aim of this study was to examine whether a short hazard perception training intervention in a driving simulator enhances young drivers’ tactical hazard perception skills in pedestrian-rela...
Conference Paper
Self-assessment of skills is a self-generated feedback process that contributes to confidence in one’s skills. The higher one’s self-assessed skills, the more likely one is to feel competent a particular domain thereby influencing the related behaviors. Drivers’ self-assessed driving skills are not always accurate, which may cause serious problems...
Article
Based on the results from three independent surveys conducted in Denmark in 2005, 2008 and 2016, this paper provides an overview of the development of road anger expression in general and in demographic sub-groups of road users. In addition, it investigates how people explain own and other people's road anger expression and if attributed reasons ar...
Conference Paper
This study examines drivers’ fixation sequences and compares them to the responsiveness measured in a driving simulator. The assessment is based on a comparison of driving simulator based hazard detection skills with eye movement patterns. Sixty-three 18-24-year-old male drivers’ response to a pedestrian potentially crossing the street was examined...
Article
The negative environmental impact of car-dependent daily transport is well known. Young people of today are the potential drivers of the future and their mode choice will influence the environment for many years. This study explores the associations drawn between daily transport and environmental impact among 15-year-old Danish adolescents. We cond...
Article
Despite overall improvements in road traffic safety, pedestrian accidents continue to be a serious public health problem. Due to lack of experience, limited cognitive and motoric skills, and smaller size, children have a higher injury risk as pedestrians than adults. To what extent drivers adjust their driving behaviour to children's higher vulnera...
Article
Young male drivers have lower hazard perception skills (HPS) than older and more experienced drivers and a tendency to overestimate their skills in hazardous situations. Both factors contribute to an over-representation in traffic accidents. Based on a sample of 63 drivers aged 18-24, this study compares the consistency of HPS measured by objective...
Article
Based on the short form of the driving anger expression inventory (DAX-short, 15-item), the present study developed an adapted version of the DAX for cyclists (CAX, 14 items). The data basis was an online survey of 2000 inhabitants of Denmark. A principle component analysis on the translated DAX-short confirmed the 4-factor solution of the original...
Article
Accurate self-assessment of skill is important because it creates an appropriate level of confidence and hence behaviour. Inaccurate self-assessment of driving ability has been linked to reckless driving and accidents. Inaccurate self-assessment of driving skills may be a contributing factor to the over-representation of young male drivers in accid...
Article
Although most motorised countries have experienced massive improvements in road safety over the last decades, human behaviour and differences in accident risk across sub-groups of drivers remains a key issue in the area of road safety. The identification of risk groups requires the identification of reliable predictors of safe or unsafe driving beh...
Article
As electrically assisted bicycles (e-bikes) become more widespread, the number of crashes in which they are involved is also growing. We used data from a survey of 685 e-bike users in Denmark to examine the factors which contribute to perceived e-bike safety and involvement in safety critical incidents. Using regression analyses, we demonstrated th...
Article
The use and purchase of electric bicycles (e-bikes) is emerging in many countries. Existing knowledge about changes in cycling patterns and car replacement after gaining e-bike access is limited and partly contradictory. Based on an online survey among e-bike users in Denmark (N = 427), this study looked into these effects by differentiating betwee...
Article
Young road users still constitute a high-risk group with regard to road traffic accidents. The crash rate of a moped is four times greater than that of a motorcycle, and the likelihood of being injured in a road traffic accident is 10–20 times higher among moped riders compared to car drivers. Nevertheless, research on the behaviour and accident in...
Article
Drunk drivers are a menace to themselves and to other road users, as drunk driving significantly increases the risk of involvement in road accidents and the probability of severe or fatal injuries. Although injuries and fatalities related to road accidents have decreased in recent decades, the prevalence of drunk driving among drivers killed in roa...
Article
Self-report measures of driving-related attitudes and beliefs miss potentially important precursors of driving behaviour, namely, automatic and implicit thought processes. The present study used an adapted Go/No-go Association Task to measure implicit thought without relying on the participants’ self-reports. Implicit attitudes towards safe and ris...
Article
This study focuses on the adolescents׳ intended time-frame for obtaining a driving license and purchasing a car, as the delay of these decisions will likely affect the amount of travel and transport externalities. Semi-structured interviews with 50 Danish adolescents were analyzed by means of deductive–inductive thematic narrative analysis based on...
Article
The Driver Behavior Questionnaire and the Driver Skill Inventory are two of the most frequently used measures of self-reported driving style and driving skill. The motivation behind the present study was to identify sub-groups of drivers that potentially act dangerously in traffic (as measured by frequency of aberrant driving behaviors and level of...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Results from research based on Danish data and information into socio-demographic factors, long distance travel, land use and urban form, determinants of capacity utilization in freight, and the policy implications of research based knowledge
Article
Full-text available
This study focuses on the intentions of adolescents to commute by car or bicycle as adults. The behavioral model is based on intrapersonal and interpersonal constructs from the theory of planned behavior extended to include constructs from the institutional, community and policy domains. Data from a survey among Danish adolescents is analyzed. It i...
Article
Despite recent improvements in general road safety levels, young male drivers in most western countries continue to be overrepresented in road traffic accidents. Lifestyle related motivational factors are a key element in the young male driver problem. Based on 379 posted questionnaires completed by the same male drivers at the age of 18 and again...
Article
The Driver Behavior Questionnaire (DBQ) is one of the most widely used instruments for measuring self-reported driving behaviors. Despite the popularity of the DBQ, the applicability of the DBQ in different driver groups has remained mostly unexamined. The present study measured aberrant driving behavior using the original DBQ (Reason, J.T., Manste...
Conference Paper
Speed is a substantial factor contributing to road safety. Currently, speed reduction is mainly achieved through law enforcement and the implementation of traffic calming measures. An alternative speed reducing approach is to encourage drivers to voluntarily choose an appropriate driving speed. Improving road infrastructure safety can be achieved b...
Article
Despite overall improvements in traffic safety levels, young male drivers continue to be over represented in accidents. In this study the association between driving style and leisure time was examined in two groups of drivers. The sample consisted of 4000 male drivers of which 2000 were 18 years old and 2000 were 28 years old. A posted questionnai...
Article
Full-text available
Converting an intersection into a roundabout improves motor vehicle safety, but a similar safety effect is not found for car-bicycle collisions. Very little is known about the reasons behind these collisions. In this study a first step towards an understanding of the reasons behind these collisions is taken. The study focuses on cyclists' perceived...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the relation between risk-taking behaviour while driving, the psychosocial function of driving, leisure time activities, car oriented peer group interaction and educational attainment. Two thousand four hundred seventeen drivers aged 18-25, randomly selected from the Danish Driving Licence Register, participated in the study. Da...
Article
The high accident risk among young drivers is a well-known and well-documented fact in most countries, including Denmark. Lifestyle has proven to be related to driving behaviour as well as accident risk among young drivers. However, the underlying process through which the relationship between the lifestyle and the driving behaviour is established...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
1) to explore and explain the relation between explicit attitudes and implicit attitudes and behavior within the context of drunk-driving; 2) to try out an existing experimental method for altering implicit attitudes in a new research area namely drunk-driving, and thereby; 3) to increase the understanding around the mixed results about drunk-driving attitudes and behavior in Denmark.