Meraj Alam Ansari

Meraj Alam Ansari
Indian Council of Agricultural Research | ICAR · ICAR-Indian Institute of Farming System Research Modipuram

Doctor of Philosophy
Cropping system, Farming system, Biomass recycling & management, Carbon management, Ecosystem Services, Circular Economy

About

119
Publications
141,534
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445
Citations
Additional affiliations
April 2011 - August 2016
Indian Council of Agricultural Research
Position
  • Researcher
Education
July 2008 - April 2011
July 2006 - July 2008
July 2002 - July 2006

Publications

Publications (119)
Article
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Land degradation due to heavy erosion in steep slopes, soil acidity, faulty cultivation practices and poor nutrient management practices are the major challenges in the North Eastern Hill Region (NEHR) of India. Thus, there is an urgent need to adopt conservation effective farming practices to achieve food and nutritional security in one hand and s...
Article
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In Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP, ~18 mha geographical area), wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is a predominant crop grown in rabi. Improving the productivity of wheat in a rice-based farming system through a suitable cultivar in IGP is necessary to evaluate under the agro-ecological condition of IGP of India. A farmer's participatory field experiment was...
Chapter
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The management of plant disease almost based on chemical pesticides. The huge uses of pesticides is ecologically harmful, continuously use of pesticides lead to resistance development in pathogens against pesticides. Now necessary to provide pesticide free technologies for disease control. The durability of resistant varieties are not stable. Now n...
Article
Improving the farming systems to attain the household level self‐sufficiency, land utilization efficiency and sustainable livelihood security depends on the better socio‐economic and ecological aspects of the systems practiced by the small farmers in the semi‐arid regions. The higher sustainable livelihood security index (SLSI) in integrated crops‐...
Article
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North-East Indian Himalayan Region has a humid subtropical climate having diverse ecosystems. The majority of the population of the region depends on agriculture for sustainable livelihood. However, it can produce only 1.5% of the country’s food grains, thereby importing from other parts of the country for consumption. To feed the increase in the p...
Article
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The Northeastern Region of India, due to its geographical location in the eastern Himalaya, exhibits unique features of hilly terrain and abundant rainfall with wide spatial variability. Due to inappropriate and un-sustainable land-use practices along the steep hill slopes, the region is prone to severe water erosion and soil loss. Only a few discr...
Article
Improving soil quality, especially the organic carbon (C) accumulation and soil aggregation through economically and environmentally sustainable alternatives, is the need for hill agriculture. A five-year (2012-13 to 2016-17) field experiment was conducted with four green manure treatments [green gram (Vigna radiata); cowpea (Vigna unguiculata); se...
Article
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To critically assess the performance of micro and small foodpreneurs during COVID-19 pandemic in Manipur state of India, an online survey was conducted during the year 2020. The survey data was subjected to non-parametric statistical analysis using PROC NPAR1WAY and Dwass, Steel, Critchlow-Fligner multiple comparison analysis. The findings suggeste...
Article
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Sustaining agricultural systems dominated by small and vulnerable resource-poor farms that are subject to climatic aberrations is a major challenge for most Asian countries. In this context, the role of agriculture requires immediate attention in northwestern India where marginal farmers with less than a meagre 1 hectare of land represent about 67%...
Article
The conversion of primary forests to cultivation brings a significant change in soil carbon (C) forms. In the foothills of the Eastern Himalayan Region of India (Manipur), such conversions are prevalent. However, little is known about the response of C forms, particularly in deep soil, to land use conversion in the region. We evaluated changes in s...
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The government of India has long been striving to increase the food and nutritional security of rural and urban households. In this regard, kitchen/homestead gardens of limited available space can play an important role in fullfilling the demand for year-round diversified vegetable requirements. Considering the scope to self-reliant in year-round v...
Article
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Conservation agriculture (CA) mostly relies on the principles of minimal soil disturbances, permanent soil cover (using live vegetation or dead crop residues), crop diversification including crop rotation, intercropping, legume/ green-manure crop culture to boost agricultural productivity, livelihood improvement of farmers and restricting the proce...
Article
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The organic movement may have gained a place in the spotlight of the mainstream now, but it has not been like that for long. Since the 1950s, organic farmers operating at a grassroots level have devised, tested and shared production methods. Organic crop production in the organic farming system is gradually gaining momentum worldwide. For achieving...
Article
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Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) through Indian Institute of Farming Systems Research (IIFSR), Modipuram, Uttar Pradesh, with component schemes of All India Coordinated Research Project on Integrated Farming Systems and All India Network Programme on Organic Farming (AI-NPOF) conducts and organized research on integrated farming syste...
Article
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Indian agriculture had the tradition of growing crops, rearing livestock, and culturing fish besides other activities in the pre-Green Revolution period. Adoption of Green Revolution, relying on growing fertilizer-responsive high yielding varieties of cereal-cereal systems namely, rice-rice, rice-wheat, maize-wheat, etc. under assured irrigation tr...
Article
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The North Eastern Region (NER) is bestowed with unique ethnicity and rich biodiversity (flora and fauna) that are inherent to this region and inquisitive traditional practices. The region is a reservoir of indigenous knowledge and practices. NE agriculture has its own merit, demerit, diversity and heterogeneity which distinguish it from the agricul...
Article
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Management of soil micronutrients for better crop production needs a sound understanding of their status and causes of variability. This is more relevant for acid soils of the mountain ecosystem of Eastern Himalaya (Northeast India). We assessed the status, and the effect of land uses along altitudinal gradients (14 to 4090 masl) on soil properties...
Article
Organic farming has a positive impact on food quality, soil health and environment. Worldwide, demand for organic foods has increased by leaps and bounds in the recent years. Therefore, to bridge the yield gap between traditional organic farming and scientific/improved organic farming, a nationwide Network Project on Organic Farming (NPOF) was star...
Article
Energy intensive traditional cereals based monoculture often lead to high greenhouse gas emissions and degradation of land and environmental quality. Present study aimed at evaluating the energy and carbon budget of diversified groundnut (Arachis hypogea L) based cropping system with over existing traditional practice towards the development of a s...
Article
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Oxidative stress is the major cause of many health conditions, and regular consumption of antioxidants helped to encounter and prevent such oxidative stress-related diseases. Due to safety concerns over long-term uses of synthetic antioxidants, natural antioxidants are more preferred. The purpose of this study is to investigate the antioxidant and...
Article
King Chilli (Capsicum chinense Jacq) belonging to the family Solanaceae is an important spice crop which is known for its culinary preparations as well as medicinal value. It has been reported to be highly rich in capsaicin content with a reported Scoville Heat Units (SHUs) rating of 1,001,304 (Ngasepam et al., 2016). It is cultivated as an importa...
Article
Abstract The present study investigates the antioxidant activity of 28 wild edible plants (WEPs) resources of Loktak Lake wetland ecosystem of Manipur, North East Indian Himalayan Region and their correlation with phenolics and flavonoids. Antioxidant activity was measured by DPPH, ABTS and FRAP assay. The antioxidant capacity was found to wide ran...
Article
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β-glucosidase is an enzyme that has ability to cleave β-glycosidic bonds present in oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates. They are known to be present across all domains of living organism and have important roles in many biological processes including plant defense mechanism. In the present study, a β-glucosidase enzyme identified from seeds of Se...
Book
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Maize (Zea mays L) is one of the most important C4 cereals after rice. The crop has a wide scale adaptability to grow under diverse agro-ecosystems in shifting cultivation (jhum) lands of North East India. During early 2019, the sudden outbreak of fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in different North East Indi...
Article
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Performance of 27 improved groundnut cultivars were assessed for agronomic and physiological traits associated to improve the productivity in degraded acid soils under rainfed hilly ecosystem. The cultivars ICGS 76 and ICGV 86590 produced significantly higher pod yield with more than 39% improvement over JL 24. The study also identified five more p...
Article
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The genetic variability of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' (CLas) population associated with huanglongbing (HLB) disease of citrus in North Eastern (NE) region of India, a geographically locked region, and home for the diversity of many citrus species was analyzed on the basis of tandem repeat numbers (TRN) in variable CLIBASIA_01645 genomic lo...
Article
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Perilla is an important underutilized oilseed crop cultivated by tribal farmers in hilly areas of north-eastern region of India. It is grown by tribal and marginalised farmers in the traditional form of agriculture. The crop has good oil quality and plays an important role in providing nutritional security to the tribal farmers. There is a need to...
Book
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The National workshop on 'Scientific Maize Cultivation in North East India' on March 05, 2019 is aimed for the knowledge dissemination and recent updates for tested technologies related to maize cultivation in the North East India. Maize (Zea mays L.) is the third important cereal crop in the world after wheat and rice with respect to area and prod...
Article
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Accumulation of feather waste is becoming a major issue in solid waste management. Towards discovery of keratinolytic bacteria, screening of bacterial strains from feather dumping sites in North East, India was performed and 26 keratinolytic bacterial strains were isolated. Out of these, one isolate RCM-SSR-7 was found to be most promising strain e...
Chapter
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Agriculture and Horticulture are vital science, as they suffice the very basic need of food for the Human beings. Qualitative and quantitative food can essentially be produced from healthy plants that in turn are produced only when their seedlings/saplings are vigorous and healthy. Nursery is consequently the basic need of horticulture. Plant propa...
Article
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Manipur in India is endowed with rich biodiversity and abundant natural resources. Despite inaccessibility, marginality and heterogeneity, the state has made good progress in agriculture and allied sectors. About 80% of the state population depends on agriculture for livelihood. However, agriculture sector in Manipur is facing the consequences of c...
Article
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Diverse chilli genetic resources of North East India occupy a unique niche in the Nation’s chilli gene pool. Widely cultivated chilli landraces (King chilli: Capsicum chinense, bird eye chilli: Capsicum frutescens and Capsicum annuum) of North East India in general and Manipur in particular suffer from decline complex due to high incidence of viral...
Article
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The crop water demand (CWD) and crop irrigation requirements (CIR) of paddy were estimated using meteorological data like maximum temperature, minimum temperature, maximum relative humidity, minimum relative humidity, sunshine duration, wind speed and crop calendar. As the agriculture is the primary livelihood sector in Manipur, estimation of the C...
Article
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One hundred and twenty germplasm of ricebean [Vigna umbellata (Thunb) Ohwi and Ohashi] were evaluated during 2015-16 and 2016-17 to study the yield related traits in ricebean in the mid-altitudes of Meghalaya. Luxuriant ricebean growth with a wide spectrum of variability for plant height, number of branches per plant, days to flowering, number of p...
Chapter
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The Indian Himalayan Region (IHR) is extended from Jammu and Kashmir to the northeastern part of the country and shows a great differentiation in climatic, edaphic, geological, vegetation, and other features due to complex variegation of agroecosystems which leads to diverse agroecological zones. Agriculture is the important source of livelihood of...
Article
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Twelve actinobacterial strains were isolated from tomato rhizospheric soil from Manipur, a state in North East Indian Himalayan Region and screened for keratinolytic and plant growth promoting traits. Nine promising isolates were identified as Streptomyces species using partial 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Among the seven isolates showing chicken feat...
Article
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The weed density under direct seeded rice (DSR) with Sesbania brown manuring (SBM) was found to be significantly less as compared to without SBM at 30 DAS and onwards. However, the production efficiency was significantly higher under DSR with SBM (28.99 kg/ha/day) as compared to DSR without SBM (23.99 kg/ha/day). Consequently, SBM gave higher net r...
Article
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The shifting cultivation is an indigenous land use system widely prevalent and practiced in North East India. Around the globe, the tropical countries practise this form of land use called commonly as shifting cultivation or swidden or slash and burn agriculture. Being one of the dominant land use systems, shifting cultivation calls for investigati...
Technical Report
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The publication contains contributory articles on present status of rice residue burning in Manipur , its impact on environment and various options of sustainable management of rice residue in an eco-friendly manner. It was published as Souvenir of the Brainstorming Workshop on "Rice Residue Burning in Manipur - Issues and Strategies for Sustainabl...
Technical Report
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This Publication deals with the Status of Shifting Cultivation in North Eastern Hill Region of India and Strategies for Jhum Improvement.
Research
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Sustainable development on our planet cannot be achieved without a major contribution from agriculture. People must be fed, and agriculture has to face the challenge of producing sufficient food for a rapidly growing world population whilst maintaining the world’s fragile resources. Modern farming systems have evolved to meet this need in a way tha...
Article
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Phytochemicals from turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) have a plethora of beneficial, including medicinal uses. To increase their dietary intake, besides minimizing processing losses, exploring pre-harvest soil managements to increase their content naturally may be a suitable option. We made an attempt to assess the effect of pre-harvest soil management b...
Article
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The field experiment was conducted during kharif season 2013 and 2014 at C S Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh to assess the performance of four rice establishment techniques and four weed control measures on weed dynamics, weed control efficiency, productivity and profitability of rice. Weed dynamics were higher...
Article
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In north eastern region, rice is grown in diverse agro-climatic conditions viz., upland, jhum, terraces, lowland and deep water. The region is considered to be a hot spot for rice diversity and have reported to have valuable landraces, wild rice and primitive cultivars. The major rice production constraints in the region are large acreage under tra...
Article
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High significant variations were observed for all the traits studied under present investigation. Considering parameters, high phenotypic coefficient of variation (PCV) and genotypic coefficient of variation (GCV) were observed for the number of effective tillers per plant, grain yield per plant, plant height followed by days to 50% flowering. Heri...
Article
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A field experiment on rainfed maize was conducted to evaluate the performance of 15 improved genotypes and compared with the popular local genotypes in terms of root morphology, productivity, grain quality and profitability. Results revealed that among the genotypes, hybrids-Vivek QPM-9 followed by Prakash recorded significantly (p < 0.05) higher l...
Research
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from agriculture. People must be fed, and agriculture has to face the challenge of producing sufficient food for a rapidly growing world population whilst maintaining the world’s fragile resources. The major problems of present day agriculture are decline in agriculture growth rate, decline in factor productivity, static or decline in food producti...
Research
Full-text available
Model training course on Improving entrepreneurial skills of farming Community for income generation under different ifs models in NEH Region Sponsored By - Directorate of extension, Ministry of agriculture and farmers' welfare, Government of India