# Melvyn TylooLos Alamos National Laboratory | LANL · Theoretical Division

Melvyn Tyloo

Docteur ès Sciences in Physics

## About

53

Publications

3,482

Reads

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335

Citations

Citations since 2017

Introduction

Melvyn is currently a Director's Postdoc Fellow at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and also affiliated with the Center for Nonlinear Studies (CNLS). Melvyn does research in Coupled Dynamical Systems on Complex Networks, Computational Physics, Condensed Matter Physics and Mathematical Physics.

## Publications

Publications (53)

Identifying key players in a set of coupled individual systems is a fundamental problem in network theory. Its origin can be traced back to social sciences and led to ranking algorithms based on graph theoretic centralities. Coupled dynamical systems differ from social networks in that, they are characterized by degrees of freedom with a determinis...

Complex physical systems are unavoidably subjected to external environments not accounted for in the set of differential equations that models them. The resulting perturbations are standardly represented by noise terms. If these terms are large enough, they can push the system from an initial stable equilibrium point, over a nearby saddle point, ou...

In complex network-coupled dynamical systems, two questions of central importance are how to identify the most vulnerable components and how to devise a network making the overall system more robust to external perturbations. To address these two questions, we investigate the response of complex networks of coupled oscillators to local perturbation...

The aim of this manuscript is to present a non-invasive method to recover the network structure of a dynamical system. We propose to use a controlled probing input and to measure the response of the network, in the spirit of what is done to determine oscillation modes in large electrical networks. For a large class of dynamical systems, we show tha...

Within the framework of a simple model for social influence, the Taylor model, we analytically investigate the role of stubborn agents in the overall opinion dynamics of networked systems. Similar to zealots, stubborn agents are biased towards a certain opinion and have a major effect on the collective opinion formation process. Based on a modified...

The ongoing rapid transformation of our energy supply challenges the operation and stability of electric power grids and other supply networks. This focus issue comprises new ideas and concepts in the monitoring and control of complex networks to address these challenges.

Networks are widely used to model the interaction between individual dynamic systems. In many instances, the total number of units and interaction coupling are not fixed in time, and instead constantly evolve. In networks, this means that the number of nodes and edges both change over time. Various properties of coupled dynamic systems, such as the...

Oscillatory networks subjected to noise are broadly used to model physical and technological systems. Due to their nonlinear coupling, such networks typically have multiple stable and unstable states that a network might visit due to noise. In this manuscript, we focus on the assessment of fluctuations resulting from heterogeneous and correlated no...

Oscillatory networks subjected to noise are broadly used to model physical and technological systems. Due to their nonlinear coupling, such networks typically have multiple stable and unstable states that a network might visit due to noise. In this manuscript, we focus on the assessment of fluctuations resulting from heterogeneous and correlated no...

Networks are widely used to model the interaction between individual dynamical systems. In many instances, the total number of units as well as the interaction coupling are not fixed in time, but rather constantly evolve. In terms of networks, this means that the number of nodes and edges change in time. Various properties of coupled dynamical syst...

A forced oscillation event in power grids refers to a state where malfunctioning or abnormally operating equipment causes persisting periodic disturbances in the system. While power grids are designed to damp most perturbations during standard operations, some of them can excite normal modes of the system and cause significant energy transfers acro...

For many coupled dynamical systems, the interaction is the outcome of the measurement that each unit has of the others or of physical flows e.g. modern inverter-based power grids, autonomous vehicular platoons or swarms of drones. Synchronization among all the components of these systems is of primal importance to avoid failures. The overall operat...

Decarbonization in the energy sector has been accompanied by an increased penetration of new renewable energy sources in electric power systems. Such sources differ from traditional productions in that, first, they induce larger, undispatchable fluctuations in power generation and second, they lack inertia. Recent measurements have indeed reported...

Nonlinear complex network-coupled systems typically have multiple stable equilibrium states. Following perturbations or due to ambient noise, the system is pushed away from its initial equilibrium, and, depending on the direction and the amplitude of the excursion, it might undergo a transition to another equilibrium. It was recently demonstrated [...

Forced oscillation event in power grids refers to a state where malfunctioning or abnormally operating equipment causes persisting periodic disturbances in the system. While power grids are designed to damp most of perturbations during standard operations, some of them can excite normal modes of the system and cause significant energy transfers acr...

Nonlinear complex network-coupled systems typically have multiple stable equilibrium states. Following perturbations or due to ambient noise, the system is pushed away from its initial equilibrium and, depending on the direction and the amplitude of the excursion, might undergo a transition to another equilibrium. It was recently demonstrated [M. T...

In an attempt to provide an efficient method for line disturbance identification in complex networks of diffusively coupled agents, we recently proposed to leverage the frequency mismatch. The frequency mismatch filters out the intricate combination of interactions induced by the network structure and quantifies to what extent the trajectory of eac...

Scholarly publications represent at least two benefits for the study of the scientific community as a social group. First, they attest to some form of relation between scientists (collaborations, mentoring, heritage, …), useful to determine and analyze social subgroups. Second, most of them are recorded in large databases, easily accessible and inc...

In complex networked systems theory, an important question is how to evaluate the system ro- bustness to external perturbations. With this task in mind, I investigate the propagation of noise in multi-layer networked systems. I find that, for a two layer network, noise originally injected in one layer can be strongly amplified in the other layer, d...

In complex networked systems theory, an important question is how to evaluate the system robustness to external perturbations. With this task in mind, I investigate the propagation of noise in a multi-layer networked systems. I find that, for a two layer network, noise originally injected in one layer can be strongly amplified in the other layer, d...

Decarbonization in the energy sector has been accompanied by an increased penetration of new renewable energy sources in electric power systems. Such sources differ from traditional productions in that, first, they induce larger, undispatchable fluctuations in power generation and second, they lack inertia. Therefore, substituting new renewables fo...

In an attempt to provide an efficient method for line disturbance identification in complex networks of diffusively coupled agents, we recently proposed to leverage the frequency mismatch. The frequency mismatch filters out the intricate combination of interactions induced by the network structure and quantifies to what extent the trajectory of eac...

Recent measurements have reported non-Gaussian tails in the distribution of frequency data in electric power grids. Large frequency deviations may induce grid instabilities and it is therefore crucial to understand how noise disturbances with long, non-Gaussian tails propagate. Here, we investigate how fluctuations in power feed-in, characterized b...

The dynamics of systems of interacting agents is determined by the structure of their coupling network. The knowledge of the latter is, therefore, highly desirable, for instance, to develop efficient control schemes, to accurately predict the dynamics, or to better understand inter-agent processes. In many important and interesting situations, the...

Interconnecting power systems has a number of advantages such as better electric power quality, increased reliability of power supply, economies of scales through production and reserve pooling and so forth. Simultaneously, it may jeopardize the overall system stability with the emergence of so-called inter-area oscillations, which are coherent osc...

The aim of this manuscript is to present a non-invasive method to recover the network structure of a dynamical system. We propose to use a controlled probing input and to measure the response of the network, in the spirit of what is done to determine oscillation modes in large electrical networks. For a large class of dynamical systems, we show tha...

A wide variety of natural and human-made systems consist of a large set of dynamical units coupled into a complex structure. Breakdown of such systems can have a dramatic impact, as in the case of neurons in the brain or lines in an electric grid, to name but a few. Preventing such catastrophic events requires in particular to be able to detect and...

One of the most fundamental characteristic of a complex system is its size (or volume), which, in many modelling, is represented by the number of its individual components. Complex systems under investigation nowadays are typically large and/or time-varying, rendering their identification challenging. We propose here an accurate and efficient metho...

The dynamics of systems of interacting agents is determined by the structure of their coupling network. The knowledge of the latter is therefore highly desirable, for instance to develop efficient control schemes, to accurately predict the dynamics or to better understand inter-agent processes. In many important and interesting situations, the netw...

Consensus algorithms on networks have received increasing attention in recent years for various applications, ranging from distributed decision making to multivehicle coordination. In particular, second-order consensus models take into account the Newtonian dynamics of interacting physical agents. For this model class, we uncover a mechanism inhibi...

The community of scientists is characterized by their need to publish in peer-reviewed journals, in an attempt to avoid the "perish" side of the famous maxim. Accordingly, almost all researchers authored some scientific articles. Scholarly publications represent at least two benefits for the study of the scientific community as a social group. Firs...

One of the most fundamental characteristic of a complex system is its size (or volume), which, in many modelling, is represented by the number of its individual components. Complex systems under investigation nowadays are typically large and/or time-varying, rendering their identification challenging. We propose here an accurate and efficient metho...

Consensus algorithms on networks have received increasing attention in recent years for various applications ranging from animal flocking to multi-vehicle co-ordination. Building on the established model for second-order consensus of multi-agent networks, we uncover a mechanism inhibiting the formation of collective consensus states via rather smal...

The dynamics of systems of coupled agents is determined by the structure of their coupling network. Often, the latter is not directly observable and a fundamental, open question is how to reconstruct it from system measurements. We develop a novel approach to identify the network structure underlying dynamical systems of coupled agents based on the...

Many recent works in control of electric power systems have investigated their synchronization through global performance metrics under external disturbances. The approach is motivated by fundamental changes in the operation of power grids, in particular by the substitution of conventional power plants with new renewable sources of electrical energ...

Many recent works in control of electric power systems have investigated their synchronization through global performance metrics under external disturbances. The approach is motivated by fundamental changes in the operation of power grids, in particular by the substitution of conventional power plants with new renewable sources of electrical energ...

The safe operation of any engineered system relies on, in particular, an efficient identification of malfunctions. The case of the high voltage electrical networks is particularly challenging due to their size and their complex structure. We propose a simple method to identify and locate disturbances in the power grid, relying only on voltage phase...

Coupled dynamical systems are omnipresent in everyday life. In general, interactions between individual elements composing the system are captured by complex networks. The latter greatly impact the way coupled systems are functioning and evolving in time. An important task in such a context, is to identify the most fragile components of a system in...

Identifying key players in coupled individual systems is a fundamental problem in network theory. We investigate synchronizable network-coupled dynamical systems such as high-voltage electric power grids and coupled oscillators on complex networks. We define key players as nodes that, once perturbed, generate the largest excursion away from synchro...

The intentional polarization of opinions and controlled changes of a consensus represent potentially harmful processes for any liberal society. Within the framework of a simple model for constructive opinion exchange, we analytically study the role of active leaders on the overall opinion dynamics on social networks. Similar to zealots with rigid o...

In modern electric power networks with fast evolving operational conditions, assessing the impact of contingencies is becoming more and more crucial. Contingencies of interest can be roughly classified into nodal power disturbances and line faults. Despite their higher relevance, line contingencies have been significantly less investigated analytic...

In modern electric power networks with fast evolving operational conditions, assessing the impact of contingencies is becoming more and more crucial. Contingencies of interest can be roughly classified into nodal power disturbances and line faults. Despite their higher relevance, line contingencies have been significantly less investigated analytic...

In complex network-coupled dynamical systems, two questions of central importance are how to identify the most vulnerable components and how to devise a network making the overall system more robust to external perturbations. To address these two questions, we investigate the response of complex networks of coupled oscillators to local perturbation...

In complex network-coupled dynamical systems, two questions of central importance are how to identify the most vulnerable components and how to devise a network making the overall system more robust to external perturbations. To address these two questions, we investigate the response of complex networks of coupled oscillators to local perturbation...

Complex physical systems are unavoidably subjected to external environments not accounted for in the set of differential equations that models them. The resulting perturbations are standardly represented by noise terms. We derive conditions under which such noise terms perturb the dynamics strongly enough that they lead to stochastic escape from th...

Identifying key players in a set of coupled individual systems is a fundamental problem in network theory [1-3]. Its origin can be traced back to social sciences and the problem led to ranking algorithms based on graph theoretic centralities [4]. Coupled dynamical systems differ from social networks in that, first, they are characterized by degrees...

In network theory, a question of prime importance is how to assess network vulnerability in a fast and reliable manner. With this issue in mind, we investigate the response to parameter changes of coupled dynamical systems on complex networks. We find that for specific, non-averaged perturbations, the response of synchronous states critically depen...

In dynamical systems, the full stability of fixed point solutions is determined by their basin of attraction. Characterizing the structure of these basins is, in general, a complicated task, especially in high dimensionality. Recent works have advocated to quantify the non-linear stability of fixed points of dynamical systems through the relative v...