# Melchior WirthUniversity of Leipzig

Melchior Wirth

PhD

## About

35

Publications

2,412

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165

Citations

Introduction

Postdoc at the Institute of Science and Technology Austria (ISTA), Email: melchior.wirth@ist.ac.at

Additional affiliations

Education

October 2014 - October 2014

October 2013 - September 2014

April 2011 - September 2013

## Publications

Publications (35)

We introduce operator-valued twisted Araki-Woods algebras. These are operator-valued versions of a class of second quantization algebras that includes $q$-Gaussian and $q$-Araki-Woods algebras and also generalize Shlyakhtenko's von Neumann algebras generated by operator-valued semicircular variables. We develop a disintegration theory that reduces...

We prove that certain closable derivations on the GNS Hilbert space associated with a non-tracial weight on a von Neumann algebra give rise to GNS-symmetric semigroups of contractive completely positive maps on the von Neumann algebra.

We extend three related results from the analysis of influences of Boolean functions to the quantum setting, namely the KKL theorem, Friedgut’s Junta theorem and Talagrand’s variance inequality for geometric influences. Our results are derived by a joint use of recently studied hypercontractivity and gradient estimates. These generic tools also all...

Based on earlier work by Carlen-Maas and the second-and third-named author, we introduce the notion of intertwining curvature lower bounds for graphs and quantum Markov semigroups. This curvature notion is stronger than both Bakry-Émery and entropic Ricci curvature, while also computationally simpler than the latter. We verify intertwining curvatur...

We prove that the generator of the L2\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$L^2$$\end{document} implementation of a KMS-symmetric quantum Markov semigroup can...

We prove that certain closable derivations on the GNS Hilbert space associated with a non-tracial weight on a von Neumann algebra give rise to GNS-symmetric semigroups of contractive completely positive maps on the von Neumann algebra.

We prove that the generator of the $L^2$ implementation of a KMS-symmetric quantum Markov semigroup can be expressed as the square of a derivation with values in a Hilbert bimodule, extending earlier results by Cipriani and Sauvageot for tracially symmetric semigroups and the second-named author for GNS-symmetric semigroups. This result hinges on t...

We characterize all semigroups sandwiched between the semigroup of a Dirichlet form and the semigroup of its active main part. In case the Dirichlet form is regular, we give a more explicit description of the quadratic forms of the sandwiched semigroups in terms of pairs consisting of an open set and a measure on an abstract boundary.

We study ergodic decompositions of Dirichlet spaces under intertwining via unitary order isomorphisms. We show that the ergodic decomposition of a quasi-regular Dirichlet space is unique up to a unique isomorphism of the indexing space. Furthermore, every unitary order isomorphism intertwining two quasi-regular Dirichlet spaces is decomposable over...

We extend three related results from the analysis of influences of Boolean functions to the quantum setting, namely the KKL Theorem, Friedgut's Junta Theorem and Talagrand's variance inequality for geometric influences. Our results are derived by a joint use of recently studied hypercontractivity and gradient estimates. These generic tools also all...

Following up on the recent work on lower Ricci curvature bounds for quantum systems, we introduce two noncommutative versions of curvature-dimension bounds for symmetric quantum Markov semigroups over matrix algebras. Under suitable such curvature-dimension conditions, we prove a family of dimension-dependent functional inequalities, a version of t...

We show that the generator of a GNS-symmetric quantum Markov semigroup can be written as the square of a derivation. This generalizes a result of Cipriani and Sauvageot for tracially symmetric semigroups. Compared to the tracially symmetric case, the derivations in the general case satisfy a twisted product rule, reflecting the non-triviality of th...

A domain is called Kac regular for a quadratic form on $$L^2$$ L 2 if every functions vanishing almost everywhere outside the domain can be approximated in form norm by functions with compact support in the domain. It is shown that this notion is stable under domination of quadratic forms. As applications measure perturbations of quasi-regular Diri...

In this article we study the noncommutative transport distance introduced by Carlen and Maas and its entropic regularization defined by Becker and Li. We prove a duality formula that can be understood as a quantum version of the dual Benamou–Brenier formulation of the Wasserstein distance in terms of subsolutions of a Hamilton–Jacobi–Bellmann equat...

In this note we prove a refined version of the Christensen-Evans theorem for generators of uniformly continuous GNS-symmetric quantum Markov semigroups. We use this result to show the existence of GNS-symmetric extensions of GNS-symmetric quantum Markov semigroups. In particular, this implies that the generators of GNS-symmetric quantum Markov semi...

In this article we introduce a complete gradient estimate for symmetric quantum Markov semigroups on von Neumann algebras equipped with a normal faithful tracial state, which implies semi-convexity of the entropy with respect to the recently introduced noncommutative 2-Wasserstein distance. We show that this complete gradient estimate is stable und...

We study ergodic decompositions of Dirichlet spaces under intertwining via unitary order isomorphisms. We show that the ergodic decomposition of a quasi-regular Dirichlet space is unique up to a unique isomorphism of the indexing space. Furthermore, every unitary order isomorphism intertwining two quasi-regular Dirichlet spaces is decomposable over...

We compute the deficiency spaces of operators of the form $H_A{\hat {\otimes }} I + I{\hat {\otimes }} H_B$ , for symmetric $H_A$ and self-adjoint $H_B$ . This enables us to construct self-adjoint extensions (if they exist) by means of von Neumann's theory. The structure of the deficiency spaces for this case was asserted already in Ibort et al. [B...

Following up on the recent work on lower Ricci curvature bounds for quantum systems, we introduce two noncommutative versions of curvature-dimension bounds for symmetric quantum Markov semigroups over matrix algebras. Under suitable such curvature-dimension conditions, we prove a family of dimension-dependent functional inequalities, a version of t...

In this article we study the noncommutative transport distance introduced by Carlen and Maas and its entropic regularization defined by Becker and Li. We prove a duality formula that can be understood as a quantum version of the dual Benamou-Brenier formulation of the Wasserstein distance in terms of subsolutions of Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellmann equatio...

We study domination of quadratic forms in the abstract setting of ordered Hilbert spaces. Our main result gives a characterization in terms of the associated forms. This generalizes and unifies various earlier works. Along the way we present several examples.

In this article we introduce a complete gradient estimate for symmetric quantum Markov semigroups on von Neumann algebras equipped with a normal faithful tracial state, which implies semi-convexity of the entropy with respect to the recently introduced noncommutative $2$-Wasserstein distance. We show that this complete gradient estimate is stable u...

We show that every tiling of a convex set in the Euclidean plane R2\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\mathbb {R}^2$$\end{document} by equilateral triangle...

We compute the deficiency spaces of operators of the form $H_A{\hat{\otimes}} I + I{\hat{\otimes}} H_B$, for symmetric $H_A$ and self-adjoint $H_B$. This enables us to construct self-adjoint extensions (if they exist) by means of von Neumann's theory. The structure of the deficiency spaces for this case was asserted already by Ibort, Marmo and P\'e...

We consider the space of probability measures on a discrete set \(\mathcal {X}\), endowed with a dynamical optimal transport metric. Given two probability measures supported in a subset \(\mathcal {Y}\subseteq \mathcal {X}\), it is natural to ask whether they can be connected by a constant speed geodesic with support in \(\mathcal {Y}\) at all time...

We study quantum Dirichlet forms and the associated symmetric quantum Markov semigroups on noncommutative $L^2$ spaces. It is known from the work of Cipriani and Sauvageot that these semigroups induce a first order differential calculus, and we use this differential calculus to define a noncommutative transport metric on the set of density matrices...

We consider the space of probability measures on a discrete set $X$, endowed with a dynamical optimal transport metric. Given two probability measures supported in a subset $Y \subseteq X$, it is natural to ask whether they can be connected by a constant speed geodesic with support in $Y$ at all times. Our main result answers this question affirmat...

In this note we study the eigenvalue growth of infinite graphs with discrete spectrum. We assume that the corresponding Dirichlet forms satisfy certain Sobolev-type inequalities and that the total measure is finite. In this sense, the associated operators on these graphs display similarities to elliptic operators on bounded domains in the continuum...

We study pairs of Dirichlet forms related by an intertwining order isomorphisms between the associated $L^2$-spaces. We consider the measurable, the topological and the geometric setting respectively. In the measurable setting, we deal with arbitrary (irreducible) Dirichlet forms and show that any intertwining order isomorphism is necessarily unita...

A domain is called Kac regular for a quadratic form on $L^2$ if the closure of all functions vanishing almost everywhere outside a closed subset of the domain coincides with the set of all functions vanishing almost everywhere outside the domain. It is shown that this notion is stable under domination of quadratic forms. As applications measure per...

In this article, we present a new method to treat uniqueness of form extensions in a rather general setting including various magnetic Schr\"odinger forms. The method is based on the theory of ordered Hilbert spaces and the concept of domination of semigroups. We review this concept in an abstract setting and give a characterization in terms of the...

In this article, we study questions of uniqueness of form extension for certain magnetic Schrödinger forms. The method is based on the theory of ordered Hilbert spaces and the concept of domination of semigroups. We review this concept in an abstract setting and give a characterization in terms of the associated forms. Then we use it to prove a the...

We consider diffusion on discrete measure spaces as encoded by Markovian
semigroups arising from weighted graphs. We study whether the graph is uniquely
determined if the diffusion is given up to order isomorphism. If the graph is
recurrent then the complete graph structure and the measure space are
determined (up to an overall scaling). As shown b...

We consider diffusion on discrete measure spaces as encoded by Markovian semigroups arising from weighted graphs. We study whether the graph is uniquely determined if the diffusion is given up to order isomorphism. If the graph is recurrent then the complete graph structure and the measure space are determined (up to an overall scaling). As shown b...