Melanie Werner

Melanie Werner
University of Duisburg-Essen | uni-due · Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Dr. rer. nat.

About

47
Publications
3,490
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328
Citations
Introduction

Publications

Publications (47)
Article
Full-text available
The role of non-parenchymal liver cells as part of the hepatic, innate immune system in the defense against hepatotropic viruses is not well understood. Here, primary human Kupffer cells, liver sinusoidal endothelial cells and hepatic stellate cells were isolated from liver tissue obtained after tumor resections or liver transplantations. Cells wer...
Article
Full-text available
Background and aims: To date, conflicting data exist as to whether hepatitis B virus (HBV) has the ability to induce innate immune responses. Here, we investigated cellular changes after the first contact between HBV and primary human hepatocytes (PHH) in vitro and in vivo. Approach and results: The exposure of PHH to HBV particles resulted in n...
Article
Full-text available
Hepatic APCs play a critical role in promoting immune tolerance in the liver. Recently, we have demonstrated that TLR2 stimulation on liver sinusoidal endothelial cells reverted their suppressive properties to induce T cell immunity. However, there is a paucity of information about how TLR2 stimulation modulates the immunological function of other...
Chapter
Separation of pure cell populations from the liver is a prerequisite to study the role of hepatic parenchymal and non-parenchymal cells in liver physiology, pathophysiology, and immunology. Traditional methods for hepatic cell separation usually purify only single cell types from liver specimens. Here, we describe an efficient method that can simul...
Article
Full-text available
C–X–C-chemokine ligand 13 (CXCL13), the ligand for C–X–C chemokine receptor type 5 (CXCR5), is a major regulator of B-cell trafficking and plays an integral role in age-dependent clearance of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in the mouse model. However, the expression and function of CXCL13 in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) remain unknown. By use o...
Article
Full-text available
Nucleic acid polymers (NAPs) block the release of subviral particles from hepatocytes, a mechanism consistent with their antiviral activity against hepatitis B virus (HBV) in patients. Analysis of immunostimulatory properties of NAPs were conducted with several NAP species: REP 2006, the prototypic degenerate NAP [dN]40, containing TLR9-stimulatory...
Article
The interferon-stimulated gene 15 (ISG15) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. ISG15-regulated proteins have previously been identified that putatively affect this proviral interaction. The present observational study aimed to elucidate the relation between ISG15 and these host factors during HCV infecti...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies have demonstrated that nucleic acid polymers (NAPs) have both entry and post-entry inhibitory activity against duck hepatitis B virus (DHBV) infection. The inhibi-tory activity exhibited by NAPs prevented DHBV infection of primary duck hepatocytes in vitro and protected ducks from DHBV infection in vivo and did not result from dire...
Article
Full-text available
Background & aims: Liver cells are key players in innate immunity. Thus, studying primary isolated liver cells is necessary for determining their role in liver physiology and pathophysiology. In particular, the quantity and quality of isolated cells are crucial to their function. Our aim was to isolate a large quantity of high-quality human parenc...
Article
Full-text available
Background & Aims Liver cells are key players in innate immunity. Thus, studying primary isolated liver cells is necessary for determining their role in liver physiology and pathophysiology. In particular, the quantity and quality of isolated cells are crucial to their function. Our aim was to isolate a large quantity of high-quality human parenchy...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) often affects the B-cell compartment, leading to the occurrence of autoimmunity and B-cell lymphoproliferation, in particular mixed cryoglobulinemia and B-cell lymphomas. HCV presumably causes these lymphoproliferations by chronic antigenic stimulation and/or direct mutagenic effects on B cells. It has...
Article
Despite continuous high-risk behavior, a subgroup among people who inject drugs (PWID) remains seronegative for hepatitis C virus (HCV) suggesting that a state of "natural resistance" to HCV Infection may exist. Homozygosity for KIR2DL3 and its ligand HLA-C1 group alleles has been associated with control of HCV infection, however, the mechanism med...
Article
Full-text available
We have previously identified 15 genes that are associated with the development of severe depressive side effects during the standard therapy with interferon alpha and ribavirin in the peripheral blood of hepatitis C virus infected patients. An enhanced expression of these genes was also found in the blood of psychiatric patients suffering severe d...
Article
Chronic hepatitis C infection is associated with increased expression of interferon-sensitive genes (ISGs) in the liver, which is, paradoxically, correlated with the nonresponse to interferon (IFN)-based therapies. In the present study PHHs were isolated from HCV-infected or uninfected patients and stimulated with the TLR1-9 ligands for 6-24 h. Exp...
Article
Background: The function of the hepatic innate immune system in the defense against hepatotropic viruses such as hepatitis C (HCV) is not well understood. To date, these questions have been mostly addressed in murine hepatocytes and non-parenchymal liver cells (NPCs). Therefore, the aim of the study was to characterize the TLR-dependent signaling i...
Article
While the chemokine RANTES is known to play an important role in the pathogenesis of liver fibrosis, little is known about its regulation by the innate immune system. Therefore, we studied the role of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and Retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I) like receptors (RLRs) in the activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSC). Primar...
Article
Aims: The function of the hepatic innate immune system and its role in the defence against Hepatitis C Virus infection is not well understood. Recent publications suggested that type-III interferons (IFN; Interleukin 28A, –28B and –29) play a crucial role in the host response against HCV. Aim of this study was to investigate the Toll-like receptor...

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