Melanie Levasseur

Melanie Levasseur
Université de Sherbrooke | UdeS · School of Rehabilitation

O.T., Ph.D.

About

211
Publications
64,059
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
3,531
Citations

Publications

Publications (211)
Article
Full-text available
Background The Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has created a spectrum of adversities that have affected older adults disproportionately. This paper examines older adults with multimorbidity using longitudinal data to ascertain why some of these vulnerable individuals coped with pandemic-induced risk and stressors better than others – t...
Article
Introduction: Although Lifestyle Redesign® has been shown to be effective in improving older adults' health and well-being, little is known about the feasibility of implementing this programme to develop meaningful and health-promoting routines of community-dwelling older adults in Canada. This study thus aimed to explore the feasibility of implem...
Article
Full-text available
Background Indigenous elders play an important role in transmitting knowledge, values and practices, hence fostering identity-building through intergenerational solidarity. We aimed to verify the association between intergenerational solidarity involving Indigenous elders and mental health of Indigenous people living off reserve. Methods We carrie...
Article
Background: considering the importance of social participation for quality of life and active ageing in older adults, it is an important target of social and health professionals' interventions. A previous review of definitions of social participation in older adults included articles up to 2009; new publications and changes in the social context...
Article
Full-text available
Importance The association of COVID-19 not requiring hospitalization with functional mobility in community-dwelling adults above and beyond the impact of the pandemic control measures implemented in 2020 remains to be elucidated. Objective To evaluate the association between a COVID-19 diagnosis and change in mobility and physical function of adul...
Article
Full-text available
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic presents an unprecedented challenge to public health, with over 233 million confirmed cases and over 4.6 million deaths globally as of September 20211. Although many studies have reported worse mental health outcomes during the early weeks of the pandemic, some sources suggest a gradual decrease in a...
Article
The measures implemented to limit the spread of COVID-19 affect the social relationships of the elderly. The aim of this article is to understand the effects of the pandemic on residents and resident-to-resident aggression (RRA). In total, 21 individual interviews were conducted with three groups of actors of four independent living facilities who...
Article
This study documented the provision of services and issues experienced by community organizations supporting older adults and caregivers in the province of Quebec during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, as well as promising strategies to adapt the provision of services in this context. A cross-sectional electronic survey using open- and...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Multiple mobility-related challenges frequently appear with aging. As a result, many older adults have difficulty getting around, to go, for example, to doctors’ appointments or leisure activities. Although various means of transportation are currently available, older adults do not necessarily use them, partly because they do not know w...
Article
Background: Multiple mobility-related challenges frequently appear with aging. As a result, many older adults have difficulty getting around, to go, for example, to doctors' appointments or leisure activities. Although various means of transportation are currently available, older adults do not necessarily use them, partly because they do not know...
Article
Background: It is important to foster social participation and health equity, especially for older adults in situations of vulnerability. Despite growing interest in vulnerability, there is no consensus regarding how to define or measure this concept. This paper provides an inventory and synthesis of definitions of and instruments measuring vulner...
Article
Introduction Peer-led health promotion programs rely on community members to promote health-enhancing changes among their peers. Such programs are growing in popularity and, as a useful and relevant strategy to promote older adults’ social participation, have shown benefit to participants’ physical and psychological health. Little is known, however...
Article
Introduction To encourage isolated and vulnerable older adults to accomplish meaningful social activities, occupational therapists and other healthcare workers must collaborate with community organisations and municipalities to develop and implement initiatives fostering social participation. In a rural Regional County Municipality in Quebec (Canad...
Article
Full-text available
As chronic pain (CP) interferes with an individual’s lifestyle by limiting meaningful activities and health-related quality of life (HRQoL), occupational therapy (OT) plays an important role in CP management interventions. This pilot study aimed to explore the influence of a 13-week French-Canadian Lifestyle Redesign ® for CP. A mixed-methods resea...
Article
Full-text available
Background To promote healthy aging, the social participation needs of older adults must be better met. Previous studies have shown the benefits of the Personalized citizen assistance for social participation (APIC), but few explored its influence on attendants. This study explored the assistance experience of attendants in providing the APIC to ol...
Article
Full-text available
Although social participation fosters older adults' health, little is known about which environmental characteristics are related to greater participation in social activities. The Canadian Community Health Survey (n = 2737), a transportation survey, and multiple secondary data sources were used to identify the environmental characteristics associa...
Article
Full-text available
Aim This study described and compared participation with community activities and perceived barriers among middle‐aged and older Canadians by gender and age group (45–64, 65–74, 75–84, ≥85 years). Method Using the cross‐sectional 2008–2009 Canadian Community Health Survey – Healthy Aging, we considered the frequency of involvement in eight communi...
Article
Full-text available
Background Social participation is restricted for approximately half the older adult population but is critical in fostering community vitality, promoting health, and preventing disabilities. Although targeted through interventions by community organizations, healthcare professionals and municipalities, little is known about the needs of older adul...
Article
Purpose For slowly progressive neuromuscular disease, prognostic approach and long-term monitoring of participation is a crucial part of rehabilitation services. To improve the prognostic approach, professionals must identify individuals at risk of having higher participation restriction. This study aimed to identify personal and environmental pred...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Wellness is a challenge for Indigenous peoples, partly because Western services do not adopt a holistic approach. By devaluing traditional knowledge, Indigenous values and beliefs, these services lower Indigenous power and affect cultural identities. Indigenous elders participate in intergenerational solidarity by transmitting knowledge,...
Article
Full-text available
RÉSUMÉ La pandémie de la COVID-19 et l’état d’urgence publique qui en a découlé ont eu des répercussions significatives sur les personnes âgées au Canada et à travers le monde. Il est impératif que le domaine de la gérontologie réponde efficacement à cette situation. Dans la présente déclaration, les membres du conseil d’administration de l’Associa...
Article
Date Presented 03/26/20 Lifestyle Redesign is a manualized OT intervention that has shown significant clinical benefits for people with chronic pain. This occupation-based intervention has been translated, adapted in French, and tested with French-Canadian patients in the context of the Canadian healthcare system. Primary Author and Speaker: Émilie...
Article
Full-text available
Promoting health equity in aging requires ensuring older adults’ effective access to community‐based services fostering their social participation. This study aimed to (a) identify levers for change in community‐based services to foster older adults’ social participation and (b) explore unexpected outcomes of stakeholder engagement. Based in a larg...
Article
Full-text available
Description Récemment traduit et adapté au contexte franco-canadien, le programme Remodeler sa vie ( Lifestyle Redesign) vise le développement de modes de vie sains et porteurs de sens. On connaît toutefois peu l’influence de ce programme chez les aînés francophones. But Décrire l’influence du programme Remodeler sa vie sur l’équilibre de vie, l’e...
Article
Afin de prolonger une conduite automobile sécuritaire des conducteurs âgés, il importe de mettre en place des interventions de perfectionnement de la conduite. Cette étude pilote visait à vérifier les effets d’une intervention de perfectionnement de la conduite automobile auprès de conducteurs âgés. Un dispositif pré-expérimental (questionnaires en...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent state of public emergency have significantly affected older adults in Canada and worldwide. It is imperative that the gerontological response be efficient and effective. In this statement, the board members of the Canadian Association on Gerontology/L'Association canadienne de gérontologie (CAG/ACG) and the Cana...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of this commentary is to highlight the ageism that has emerged during the COVID-19 pandemic. Over 20 international researchers in the field of aging have contributed to this document. This commentary discusses how older people are misrepresented and undervalued in the current public discourse surrounding the pandemic. It points to issues i...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background To promote healthy aging, the social participation needs of older adults must be better met. Previous studies have shown the benefits of the Personalized citizen assistance for social participation (APIC), but few explored its influence on attendants. This study explored the assistance experience of attendants when providing the APIC to...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: To promote healthy aging, the social participation needs of older adults must be better met. Previous studies have shown the benefits of the Personalized citizen assistance for social participation (APIC), but few explored its influence on attendants. This study explored the assistance experience of attendants in providing the APIC to o...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background : To promote healthy aging, the social participation needs of older adults must be better met. Previous studies have shown the benefits of the Personalized citizen assistance for social participation (APIC), but few explored its influence on attendants. This study explored the assistance experience of attendants when providing the APIC t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: To promote healthy aging, the social participation needs of older adults must be better met. Previous studies have shown the benefits of the Personalized citizen assistance for social participation (APIC), but few explored its influence on attendants. This study explored the assistance experience of attendants in providing the APIC to o...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: To promote healthy aging, the social participation needs of older adults must be better met. Previous studies have shown the benefits of the Personalized citizen assistance for social participation (APIC), but few explored its influence on attendants. This study explored the assistance experience of attendants in providing the APIC to o...
Article
Abstract: The cessation of driving is a difficult transition for the elderly, but it can be facilitated through interventions. The purpose of this study was to explore the satisfaction, usefulness and applicability of the CarFreeMe intervention in the French-Canadian context. A qualitative clinical research device was used on ten older adults aged...
Presentation
Levasseur, M., Lussier-Therrien, M., Baillargeon, D., Giroux, S., Cohen, A. A., Tourigny, A., Lord, S., Morin, C., Carrier, A., Kirouac, L., Lagacé, M., & Beaulieu, M. (4 au 6 février 2020). Proposition de recherche Audacieuse pour rompre avec l’âgisme : vers une inclusion et une participation sociale accrues des aînés? 6e Colloque international du...
Presentation
Levasseur, M., Lussier-Therrien, M., Biron, M. L., Guay, M., Léonard, G., Beaulieu, M., Abdulrazak, B., Bravo, G., Carrier, A., Coallier, J.-C., Cossette, B., Dubois, M.-F., Provencher, V., Boissy, P., Corriveau, H., & Tousignant, M. (4 au 6 février 2020). Définition des situations de vulnérabilité : vers des pratiques favorisant davantage l’inclus...
Article
Full-text available
Clinical reasoning (CR) is the cognitive process that therapists use to plan, direct, perform and reflect on client care. Linked to intervention efficiency and quality, CR is a core competency that occurs within an institutional context (legal, regulatory, administrative and organisational elements). Because this context can shape how community the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Social participation is critical in fostering community vitality, promoting health, and preventing disabilities, but is restricted for approximately half the older adult population. Social participation involves social and leisure activities, such as visiting friends, bowling, etc., that meet fundamental needs for interaction, well-bein...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Social participation is restricted for approximately half the older adult population but is critical in fostering community vitality, promoting health, and preventing disabilities. Although targeted through interventions by community organizations, healthcare professionals and municipalities, little is known about the needs of older adu...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Social participation is restricted for approximately half the older adult population but is critical in fostering community vitality, promoting health, and preventing disabilities. Although targeted through interventions by community organizations, healthcare professionals and municipalities, little is known about the needs of older adu...
Article
Résumé. Introduction. Déterminant d’un vieillissement en santé, la mobilité permet aux aînés de réaliser des activités de participation sociale et de demeurer intégrés dans leur communauté. Récemment adapté au vieillissement et à la perte d’autonomie fonctionnelle, l’Accompagnement-citoyen personnalisé d’intégration communautaire (APIC), un suivi...
Article
The scientific questions we pursue are shaped by our cultural assumptions and biases, often in ways we are unaware. Here, we argue that modern biases against older adults (ageism) have unconsciously led aging biologists to assume that traits of older individuals are negative and those of younger individuals positive. We illustrate this bias with th...
Article
This study aimed to identify the facilitators and barriers to as well as the feasibility of Implementing Personalized Citizen Assistance for social participation (IPCA) in older adults with disabilities living in the community. The IPCA is a three-hour, weekly follow-up achieved by trained and supervised non-professional assistants that aims to inc...
Article
Importance: Developed in California to enable community-dwelling older adults to maintain healthy and meaningful activities, Lifestyle Redesign® is a well-known cost-effective preventive occupational therapy intervention. The impact of a newly adapted French version on older French-Canadians was, however, unknown. Objective: To explore the influ...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Social participation is a modifiable health determinant influenced by physical and social aspects of the environment. Little is known about aging women's and men's community activities and barriers according to region and population size. This study compared social participation, desire to participate more, and perceived barriers of ag...
Article
Full-text available
We document and compare the environmental characteristics potentially associated with social participation of older Quebecers, according to the level of rurality. A survey was carried out among older Quebecers aged 65 and over recruited by different senior groups and through social media. The Questionnaire their potential for social participation,...
Article
Background.: In occupational therapy practice, client assessments are essential for establishing treatment priorities and determining the effectiveness of interventions. However, occupational therapists' assessment practices are not well documented. Purpose.: This work aimed to provide an overview of the assessment practices of Quebec occupation...
Presentation
22. Levasseur, M., Lussier-Therrien, M., Baillargeon, D., Cohen, A. A., Giroux, S., Tourigny, A., Lord, S., Morin, C., Carrier, A., Kirouac, L, Lagacé, M., & Beaulieu, M. (19-20 juin 2019). Rupture avec l'âgisme : co-construction d'un plan d'action intersectoriel favorisant une santé, une valorisation et une participation sociale accrues des Québéc...
Article
Description Le Lifestyle Redesign® (LR) a pour objectif de soutenir, à travers des routines occupationnelles saines et signifiantes, la santé, le fonctionnement et la qualité de vie d’aînés. Les données probantes concernant son efficacité et sa rentabilité sont toutefois dispersées. But Cette étude visait à synthétiser les effets cliniques et le c...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND: Occupational therapists who provide community-based services are well positioned to foster older adults' social participation. However, community occupational therapists rarely address social participation and require support to change their practice. PURPOSE: This study initiated a remodelling of community occupational therapy servi...
Article
Objective: To describe and compare changes in participation over a 9-year period in women and men with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1). To compare participation restrictions with available reference values from a typical aging population living in the community. Design: Descriptive longitudinal design comparing data from baseline (2002) with dat...
Article
Highly valued by seniors, community integration has beneficial effects on their biopsychosocial health. However, not all of them have the same opportunities to engage in social participation activities, particularly those with traumatic brain injury (TBI) who are more likely to be limited in their abilities to participate in the life of the communi...
Article
Full-text available
Édition spéciale des Actualités ergothérapiques sur « Faire valoir l’ergothérapie avec des données économiques probantes » : https://caot.ca/company/roster/companyRosterDetails.html?language=fr_FR&companyId=103110&companyRosterId=107
Article
Full-text available
Special issue of Occupational Therapy Now on « Economic evidence for occupational therapy services » : https://www.caot.ca/site/pd/OTNow/specialissues?nav=sidebar
Poster
Full-text available
Background and aims: Social participation in older adults is associated with several health components such as increased functional independence, but can be restricted by a visual impairment. The Personalized citizen assistance for social participation (APIC) involves stimulation with a non-professional attendant and has been shown to be feasible i...
Article
Full-text available
Background Although some social participation initiatives exist to counter the isolation of older adults, none were identified and prioritized according to the needs of rural regional county municipalities (RCM), including in Canada. AimsTo identify and prioritize social participation initiatives for older Canadians, and to document the feasibility...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction: Avec le vieillissement de la population, la participation sociale des aînés est une occasion de favoriser leur santé et leur bien-être.Même s’ils sont en bonne position pour y contribuer, les ergothérapeutes au soutien à domicile (SAD) rencontrent des obstacles organisationnels et systémiques. Devant ces défis et partant des forces de...
Article
Objective: This pilot study explored the influence of Lifestyle Redesign® on older French- Canadians’ health, social participation, leisure and mobility. Method: A mixed-method design was used with 16 participants (10 women) aged 65-90 (76.4±7.6 y), 10 without and 6 with disabilities. Health, social participation, leisure and mobility questionnaire...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: To promote active and healthy ageing, it is important to foster social participation. Although well positioned to do so, few community occupational therapists intervene to address social participation, and no review of promising and current practices is available. This study synthesised knowledge on community occupational therapy pra...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The challenges of global ageing and the growing burden of chronic diseases require innovative interventions acting on health determinants like social participation. Many older adults do not have equitable opportunities to achieve full social participation, and interventions might underempower their personal and environmental resources...