Mehdi Esfandiari

Mehdi Esfandiari
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz | scu · Department of Plant Protection

PhD in Systematic Entomology

About

95
Publications
18,327
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302
Citations
Citations since 2016
54 Research Items
246 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022010203040
2016201720182019202020212022010203040
2016201720182019202020212022010203040
2016201720182019202020212022010203040
Introduction
I am Associate Professor of Entomology at Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz (formerly Jundishapur University).
Additional affiliations
September 2009 - July 2015
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Description
  • Systematic study on Noctuidae in Southern Iran (since 2006) Bio-ecology and biological control of Scale insects in Southern Iran (since 2002) Diversity of freshwater and soil insects (since 2008)

Publications

Publications (95)
Article
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Although the stem borer Sesamia nonagrioides (Lefèbvre, 1827) is one of the most destructive agricultural pests in South and Southwest Iran, the structure of these populations is not yet well understood. In this study, we sequenced two mitochondrial genes (CO1 and Cyt-b) of populations collected in cultivated sugarcane and rice in South and Southwe...
Article
One-size-fits-all and related hypotheses predict that static allometry slopes for male genitalia will be consistently lower than 1.0 and lower than the slopes for most other body parts (somatic traits). We examined the allometry of genitalic and somatic morphological traits in males and females of two species of noctuid moths, Spodoptera exigua (Hü...
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A checklist of 9 species and 4 subspecies of the genus Eugnorisma Boursin, 1946, in Iran, with remarks, is presented based on the literature and our research results. Furthermore 1 species and 4 subspecies are discussed, as formerly erroneously published taxons from Iran, because of misidentification or mislabeling. Two further subspecies, E. insig...
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Background and Objectives Macrochelidae are cosmopolitan free-living predators that inhabit habitats rich in decaying organic matter, such as manure. They feed primarily on small arthropods and nematodes. Macrochelidae predators are considered beneficial mites that have been identified as promising biological control agents for fly eggs and larvae,...
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Aenasius bambawalei Hayat (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Encyrtidae) is a solitary endoparasitoid of Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley. It was first found in Iran in 2011 following the introduction of its host, P. solenopsis, in the country in 2009. In order to confirm the identification of A. bambawalei which was based on classic taxonomy, the mitochond...
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ABS TRACT. Pelopidas thrax (Hübner) (Lep.: Hesperiidae) is a widespread species in southwest Iran. We aimed to use geometric morphometric techniques to investigate the sexual dimorphism and allometric effects associated with the wings of P. thrax. Fore-and hind wings of 40 and 39 individuals, respectively, of each sex which were collected from Ahva...
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The genus Agrochola s. l. Hübner, 1821 (Noctuidae, Xyleninae, Xylenini, Xylenina) include more than seventy described species, most of them have a quite typical external habitus. Due to recent revisions on this lineage in the Palaearctic, we decided to update the data of this group in Iran, according to the latest synonymy information and distribut...
Article
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Background and Objectives Macrocheles muscaedomesticae (Scopoli) is the most common mite found in cow and poultry manure worldwide. It feeds on manure-dwelling flies and spreads via flies. According to studies conducted in Khuzestan, Iran, and other countries, this is the dominant predator mite of immature the house flies, Musca domestica L. in dom...
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Camelina is an annual oilseed plant of the Brassicaceae. Resistance to some diseases and pests of other members of Brassicaceae plants is one of the important features of Camelina. In the experimental sowing of this plant in Ahvaz in the cropping year 2018-2019, while the seeds were still immature, silicles shattering was observed in some camelina...
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With the aim of isolation and identification of insect-associated fungi, the life stages of insects from different orders, including Coleoptera, Dermaptera and Lepidoptera, were collected from habitats in Golestan and Khuzestan Provinces (Iran) and studied, which led to the isolation of five chaetomium-like strains belonging to four taxa. DNA seque...
Article
The strawberry spider mite, Tetranychus turkestani Ugarov & Nikolski, is one of the most important pests of different field and glasshouse crops in Iran. The objectives of the current study were to determine developmental time, survival, reproduction and life table parameters of T. turkestani on three plant species: cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.), w...
Article
Noctuidae species are mostly plant feeding as caterpillars and nectar feeding as adults, functioning as herbivores, pollinators and prey, as well as include many species of economic importance. Here we intended to contribute to the fauna of seven Noctuidae subfamilies Metoponinae, Eustriotinae, Acontiinae, Cuculliinae, Oncocnemidinae, Psaphidinae a...
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Introduction: Ants are the most ubiquitous insects on the earth with more than 12000 species which are classified into 21 subfamilies. Until now, more than 170 ant species have recorded in Iran. Mutualistic relationship between ants and scale insects have been reported in Iran. Such relationships between ants and insects are known as trophobiosis w...
Article
Butterflies are with about 19,000 species one of the best-known groups of insects and include five families in Iran. In the present work, we studied the butterflies of the “Insect and Mite Collection of Ahvazˮ located at the Department of Plant Protection, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz which dates back to 55 years ago. All butterfly species de...
Article
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Foraging parasitoids often adjust their foraging behavior according to the conditions they encounter. In this study the effects of age and experience on foraging and oviposition behaviors of Fopius carpomyiae Silvestri, was studied on ber fruit fly, Carpomyia vesuviana Costa. For this purpose, synchronous cohorts of F. carpomyiae were established i...
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Light, as an environmental factor, affects the biology, physiology and behavior of insects. In this study, the feeding behavior of Hippodamia variegata and parasitism rate of Lysiphlebus fabarum were studied under light and dark conditions. Synchronous cohorts of different growth stages of H. variegata and female parasitoid wasps were produced and...
Article
A new species of Lithostege Hübner, 1825 is described from Iran and the external morphology and genitalia of the male of Lithostege samandooki Rajaei, 2011 are described for the first time. The diagnostic characters separating L. kiabii sp. n. and L. smandooki from their closest relatives are discussed. All relevant characters are illustrated and a...
Article
The holarctic moth genus Catocala Schrank (1802) (Erebidae: Erebinae, Catocalini) includes about 300 species that are often monophagous on oak ( Quercus ), willow ( Salix ) and poplar ( Populus ). In this research, we studied the moths of the genus Catocala in Iran that were collected by light traps in different Iranian provinces, mostly during 201...
Article
Numerous expeditions have been done in Iran during more than 150 years to investigate the Noctuidae fauna. However, still white patches remain to be extensively explored. In this study, night samplings performed by light traps at different Iranian provinces to study some tribes of Noctuinae. Here, we present 43 species and subspecies, among them th...
Article
The ladybird Hyperaspis polita (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) occurs in the coastal areas of East Mediterranean and dry lands in southwest Asia. It is one of the important predatory coccinellids in southern Iran including Khuzestan Province. In this study, we examined life history traits and life table parameters of H. polita fed on the important citr...
Article
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Background and objectives The cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii, is an important pest on greenhouse crops such as the cucumber. Natural enemies have often been used successfully to control greenhouse pests. Among different pests, aphids because of their high reproductive rate are particularly difficult to control biologically. Materials and Methods In...
Article
Hyperaspis polita Weise is the major predator of Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley in southwestern Iran. The functional response of fourth instar larva, adult female and male of the ladybird, H. polita, preying upon different stages of the mealybug P. solenopsis was evaluated. All stages of H. polita exhibited type II functional responses against all...
Article
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Fopius carpomyiae Silvestri (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) is an egg and rare larval parasitoid of ber fruit fly, Carpomyia vesuviana Costa (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Bushehr and Khozestan provinces. In this research, firstly the synchronous cohorts of F. carpomyiae females were produced. Then the mated females (7-8 days old) were released singly into pe...
Conference Paper
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Pteromalidae (Hym.: Chalcidoidea) is one of the largest families of parasitoid wasps. Species of this family are the most important natural enemies of many insect pest species belonging to Coleoptera, Diptera, Lepidoptera and Hemiptera and play an important role in the biological control of pests. These wasps are generally 2-4 mm in length and are...
Article
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The genus Caradrina Ochsenheimer, 1816 is restricted to Holarctic and Ethiopian regions. Small inconspicuous appearance of its species is such that determination of the well over 150 species is one of the most difficult problems among all Noctuidae. According to light trap samplings which were made in different parts of Iran during 2010-2016, the p...
Article
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As there was no record of Miniphila miniago (Freyer, 1840) (Lepidoptera, Noctuinae) from Iran in any recent taxonomic catalogs and due to description of its closest species Miniphila persago (Gyulai & Ronkay, 2006) from Iran, the occurrence of M. miniago in Iran which was reported 40 years ago was doubtful. In this study, specimens identified and r...
Article
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The spherical mealybug, Nipaecoccus viridis (Newstead) is one of the major citrus pests with economic importance in the world which also occurs in southern Iran, including Khuzestan province. In this research, prey stage preference and functional response of the coccinellid Hyperaspis polita Weise feeding on N. viridis were studied at 30 ± 1°C, 65...
Article
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Maternal rearing conditions are expected to affect fitness components of progeny so that maternal effects effectively protect offspring from environmental stressors. The objective of this study was to elucidate the interaction between maternal rearing condition, age, and offspring rearing condition in the parasitoid wasp Lysiphlebus fabarum (Marsha...
Article
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Loreyi armyworm, Leucania loreyi (Duponchel) (Lep.: Noctuidae) is a cosmopolitan species and one of the most common armyworms reported on rice and some of other important gramineous plants. In Iran, it has been recorded as a pest of maize and sugarcane in southwest of the country. In a survey on rice pests in Guilan province (North of Iran) during...
Article
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The broad-spectrum insecticides greatly influence the control of cotton aphids; however, due to frequent chemical control, Aphis gossypii (Hemiptera: Aphididae) has developed resistance against several classes of synthetic insecticides. In this study, we explored the sub-lethal effects of imidacloprid and pirimicarb, two commonly used insecticides...
Article
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Introdction: The pink hibiscus mealybug, Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Green) (Hem.: Pseudococcidae) is one of the serious economic pests of agricultural crops in tropical and subtropical regions. This pest has spread through Asia, Africa, America and Australia and infests more than 330 host plants which some of them have important role in economy. Thi...
Article
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Carabid beetles are a large cosmopolitan family of the Coleoptera which are distributed over broad geographic ranges and in all major terrestrial habitats. In this study, carabid beetles were collectedby light traps in Ahvaz vicinity, Khuzestan province, south-west Iran during 2013. Totally, 21 species belonging to 17 genera of Carabidae were c...
Article
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The cotton mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley is an invasive pest species in tropical and subtropical regions and recently has caused severe infestations on Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. in southern Iran. In the present study, field biology of this pest was investigated on Chinese hibiscus shrubs as its important host plant in Ahvaz during 2013-2...
Article
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Two species of the genus Sesamia, Sesamia nonagrioides (Lefèbvre, 1827) and S. cretica Lederer, 1857, have been reported as agricultural pests in Iran. DNA barcoding was used to confirm morphological identifications and achieve a reliable and rapid species identification of these pests when the expertise is limited. Specimens were sampled from host...
Article
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Sugarcane is one of the strategic agricultural products of Khuzestan province, Iran. Regarding to large-scale monoculture of sugarcane in this region, there are always concerns on secondary pest outbreaks or emergence of new pests. Therefore, monitoring of insect fauna in sugarcane fields is necessary. Here, we report a chrysomelid beetle, Rhoptris...
Article
aquatic heteroptera hold an important place in the ecology of freshwater ecosystems. The aquatic insect fauna of Khuzestan province in iran has been little explored despite the fact that several rivers cross this province. in this study, undertaken between 2009 and 2011, 11 aquatic and semi-aquatic species of heteroptera representing the families B...
Article
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The riparian Carabidae captured from of a section of the Karun River during a primary study of the terrestrial and aquatic insects of Ahvaz city (Khuzestan Province, Iran), in 2009–2010 are recorded.
Article
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The influence of parasitoids on population dynamics is affected by host instar preference. The preference pattern of host instars is not fixed and is modified by the availability and relative abundance of host instars, intensity of defensive behaviors in a particular instar, and also maternal effects of the female forager. In this study, host insta...
Article
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Coelichneumon singularisBerthoumieu, 1892 is reared from the sugarcane stem borer Sesamia creticaLed. for the first time and newly recorded from south-western Iran.
Article
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Hyperaspis polita Weise (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) is one of the most important predators of the cotton mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley (Sternorrhyncha: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae), in southern Iran. The development, survivorship, longevity, reproduction, and life table parameters of this predator were evaluated at 25, 30, and 35 ± 1 °C, 6...
Article
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Melon aphids, Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae), is one of the most important pests causing damages to vegetables fields and greenhouses. In this regard, pesticide application is usually considered as the most common method of pest control. Excessive use of chemical pesticides leads to an increase in pesticide residue found in vegetables...
Article
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A list of 20 species and subspecies of Carabidae belonging to nine genera and three subfamilies are reported from date palm gardens and rice fields in south-west Iran. Among them, Tachyura (Sphaerotachys) variabilis (Chaudoir, 1876) is newly recorded for Iran. 956 carabid taxa are currently recorded for Iran.
Article
Hyperaspis polita Weise (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) is one of the most important predators of the cotton mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley (Sternorrhyncha: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae), in southern Iran. The development, survivorship, longevity, reproduction, and life table parameters of this predator were evaluated at 25, 30, and 35 ± 1 °C, 6...
Article
Full-text available
The cotton mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley, is one of the important pests of Malvaceae plants that have caused serious damage to China rose Hibiscus rosa-sinensis in Khuzestan province recently. The mean pre-imaginal duration of female P. solenopsis at 20, 25 and 35 °C (65±5% R.H. and 14:10 L: D) was 19.02, 16.6 and 13.54 days, respectivel...
Article
A new species of Gaeolaelaps (Acari, Mesostigmata, Laelapidae) is described based on morphological characters of adult females collected from nest of Formica sp. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the Shahrekord Region, Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari province, Iran. A key for the identification of species of Gaeolaelaps with short peritremes is presented.
Article
Full-text available
Melon aphids, Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae), is one of the most important pests causing damages to vegetables fields and greenhouses. In this regard, pesticide application is usually considered as the most common method of pest control. Excessive use of chemical pesticides leads to an increase in pesticide residue found in vegetables...
Article
Full-text available
The cotton mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley has caused serious damage to Chine rose Hibiscus rosa-sinensis recently. Biological characteristics and life table parameters of Nephus arcuatus Kapur feeding on P. solenopsis were studied at 25, 30 and 35 °C under laboratory conditions. The means of developmental time for female and male on the t...
Article
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Noctuidae is the largest family within the order Lepidoptera, with more than 25000 included species. The Noctuinae is one of the most important and largest subfamily in this family. In order to identify the fauna of the subfamily Noctuinae in Zagros mountain areas of eastern Khuzestan and northern and central Fars provinces, night samplings were...
Article
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The genus Drasteriodes Hampson, 1926, includes eight species and seven subspecies, of which, three species and one subspecies were previously reported from Iran. In this study, we report Drasteriodes kisilkumensis Ershov, 1874, as a new record for the fauna of Iran with illustrations of the collected males and its genitalia as well as notes on the...
Article
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The strawberry spider mite, Tetranychus turkestani (Ugarov & Nikolski) is one of the important pests of agricultural crops especially within greenhouses. Biology of Orius albidipennis (Reuter) feeding on strawberry spider mite at three different temperatures (20, 25 and 30°C) was studied under laboratory conditions. Preimaginal developmental ti...
Article
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Noctuoidea are the largest superfamily of Lepidoptera which have not yet fully investigated in Iran. In order to inventories such important group, faunistic studies on the families Erebidae, Nolidae and Euteliidae were made by light traps mainly in the three Iranian provinces of Fars, Khuzestan and Khorasan-e-Razavi during 2009-2011. Totally, 42 ta...
Article
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The strawberry spider mite, Tetranychus turkestani (Ugarov & Nikolski) (Acari: Tetranychidae) is one of the most important pests of agricultural crops in Iran . Orius albidipennis (Reuter) (Hem.: Anthocoridae) is also an active predator of spider mites in agricultural ecosystems in Iran. One of the characters used for the evaluation of predators...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Although the stem borer Sesamia nonagrioides (Lefèbvre, 1827) is one of the most destructive agricultural pests in South and Southwest Iran, the structure of these populations is not yet well understood. In this study, we sequenced two mitochondrial genes (CO1 and Cyt-b) of populations collected in cultivated sugarcane and rice in South and Southwe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The genus Icerya includes about 35 species in the world that are commonly known as fluted scales because of the fluted appearance of the ovisac. The first known species in Iran is I. purchasi Maskell. The species I. aegyptiaca has the most distribution in the world and also with numerous host plants. At present this species is recorded for the firs...
Article
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Beetles of Carabidae or ground beetles are well-known generalist predators of agricultural pests. Because of the vast and diverse agriculture areas in Jiroft, we studied the fauna of Carabidae in different agriculture crop lands of Jiroft. Different methods such as hand picking, pit fall traps and light traps were used in this study, during 2012...
Article
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According to the preference-performance hypothesis, female insects will evolve to oviposit on hosts conducive to offspring performance. However, the preference pattern of host instars is not fixed and is modified by the availability and relative abundance of host instars, intensity of defensive behaviors in a particular instar, and also physiologic...
Article
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Understanding of the intraspecific level of gene flow among populations of an insect pest can be fundamental to any pest management strategy. The stem borer, Sesamia nonagrioides(Lefèbvre), is an important pest of sugarcane, maize and rice in southern and southwestern Iran. In this study, genetic variation in four populations of S. nonagrioidesfrom...
Article
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Odonata fauna is poorly known in Iran and most of the previous studies deal with northern parts of the country, studying adult specimens. We sampled Karun River for aquatic insects in the city of Ahvaz in south-west of Iran during 2009–2011. As a result, 40 nymphs of one damselfly species and four dragonfly species of the order Odonata comprising f...
Article
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Hadula vassilinini (O. Bang Haas, 1927) was collected in crop fields' areas of Khuzestan province, south-west Iran. Adults and genitalia are illustrated, with notes on bionomy and distribution. This is the first record of this species from Iran with description of the previously undescribed female.
Article
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A faunistic study on the family Noctuidae was carried out in the Khorasan-e-Razavi province, Northeastern Iran in 2010 and 2011. A total of 64 species of the subfamilies Noctuinae, Hadeninae and Plusiinae belonging to 25 genera were collected. Among them three species and one subspecies are reported for the first time from Iran: Noctua fimbriata (S...
Conference Paper
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رودخانه کارون همواره مورد هجوم انواع فاضلابهای صنعتی و کشاورزی بوده است. چنین آلودگی¬هایی میتواند بر سلامت انسان موثر باشد. آلودگی ماهیان رودخانه کارون به فاضلابهای صنعتی و کشاورزی مشخص شده است. سیستم¬های مراقبت از کیفیت آب برای مواجهه با چنین خطراتی طرح ریزی شده اند. حشرات آبزی یکی از شاخص¬های زیستی مفید در ارزیابی کیفیت آب هستند. برای نیل به چنین...
Article
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The Noctuidae with more than 25,000 described species include numerous economic important crop pests worldwide. A faunistic study on this family was carried out in the years 2010 and 2011 in the Khorasan-e-Razavi province, NE Iran. A total of 33 species of the subfamilies Metoponiinae, Bryophilinaeand Xyleninae belonging to 17 genera were colle...
Article
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Twenty-one species of Dytiscidae are reported from the city of Ahvaz, Khuzestan Province, Iran. Cybister lateralimarginalis ponticus SHARP, 1882, Hydroporus inscitusSHARP, 1882, and Laccophilus sordidusSHARP, 1882 are recorded for the first time from Iran.
Article
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A new Anagnorisma species, Anagnorisma chamrani sp. n., is described from Binaloud Mountains of Khorasan-e-Razavi province in north-eastern Iran, and compared with its sister species, Anagnorisma eucratides (Boursin, 1960). The adults, and male and female genitalia of both species are illustrated in 11 figures. The genus Anagnorisma is recorded for...
Article
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Chersotis curvispina Boursin, 1961 as a species of the subfamily Noctuinae has been first recorded for the fauna of Iran. Illustrations of the collected single male and its genitalia as well as notes on its bionomy and species distribution are presented. The species is compared with its known sister species Ch. hahni (Christoph, 1885). The list of...
Article
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Ants consume or store the honeydew which is secreted by aphids or other homopteran insects. Major benefit of ant attendance for aphids is protection against natural enemies. A study was carried out during 2009-2010, to determine the mutualistic association between ants and aphids on different host plants in some parts of Khuzestan and Esfahan provi...
Article
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The Streblote siva Lefebrve. (Lep: Lasiocampidae) is reported as a leaf-eating pest invaded Conocarpus trees in Khuzestan, Bushehr and Hormozgan provinces of Iran. The plant has been imported from neighboring Arabic countries to Iran and has been widely planted at urban landscapes in the mentioned provinces. The moth has 5 larval instars and severe...
Article
Full-text available
The pink hibiscus mealybug Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Green) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) is a serious economic pest in tropical and subtropical regions and cause damage to many agricultural, forestry and greenhouse crops. In order to identify the natural enemies of this pest, bi-weekly samplings were done in infested areas of Ahvaz, located at south...
Article
Full-text available
Sesamia nonagrioides (Lef.) is a major insect pest of sugarcane in southwestern Iran. It also damages maize and rice in this area. Using bacterial pathogens of insects as a biological control agent in an IPM program could be advantageous. In this study, the bacterial flora of S. nonagrioides were investigated in dead larvae with appearance of some...