Meena Kumari

Meena Kumari
University of Essex · Institute for Social and Economic Research

Ph.D.

About

658
Publications
89,493
Reads
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50,450
Citations
Citations since 2016
258 Research Items
34984 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202201,0002,0003,0004,0005,000
Additional affiliations
April 2014 - present
University of Essex
Position
  • Professor
April 2014 - present
University College London
Position
  • Professor
January 2000 - December 2012
University College London

Publications

Publications (658)
Article
Full-text available
Background Sex differences are known to play a role in disease aetiology, progression and outcome. Previous studies have revealed autosomal epigenetic differences between males and females in some tissues, including differences in DNA methylation patterns. Here, we report for the first time an analysis of autosomal sex differences in DNAme using th...
Article
Full-text available
Most epigenetic epidemiology to date has utilized microarrays to identify positions in the genome where variation in DNA methylation is associated with environmental exposures or disease. However, these profile less than 3% of DNA methylation sites in the human genome, potentially missing affected loci and preventing the discovery of disrupted biol...
Preprint
Full-text available
Most epigenetic epidemiology to date has utilized microarrays to identify positions in the genome where variation in DNA methylation is associated with environmental exposures or disease. However, these profile less than 3% of DNA methylation sites in the human genome, potentially missing affected loci and preventing the discovery of disrupted biol...
Preprint
Full-text available
Variation in DNA methylation (DNAm) is associated with multiple biological processes that track growth and development, ageing and age-related diseases. However, there is little understanding of what constitutes typical patterns of DNAm variation and how these patterns change across the life course. In this study, we synthesised a map of the human...
Preprint
Full-text available
Sex differences are known to play a role in disease etiology, progression and outcome. Previous studies have revealed autosomal epigenetic differences between males and females in some tissues, including differences in DNA methylation patterns. Here, we report for the first time an analysis of autosomal sex differences in DNAme using the Illumina E...
Article
Background The positive direct relation between stress and the development of cardiovascular disease has increasingly been recognized. However, the link between hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) dysregulation and subclinical cardiovascular disease has not been studied longitudinally. We investigated the relation of diurnal salivary cortisol, as...
Article
Full-text available
Context Multiple observational studies have reported an inverse relationship between 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations (25(OH)D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, the results of short- and long-term interventional trials concerning the relationship between 25(OH)D and T2D risk have been inconsistent. Objectives and methods To evaluate the causa...
Article
Full-text available
Background Sex is an important covariate of epigenome-wide association studies due to its strong influence on DNA methylation patterns across numerous genomic positions. Nevertheless, many samples on the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) frequently lack a sex annotation or are incorrectly labelled. Considering the influence that sex imposes on DNA meth...
Article
Background: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have not identified replicable genetic risk loci for stress or urgency urinary incontinence. Methods: We carried out a discovery stage case control GWAS in three independent discovery cohorts of European women (n=8,979) for stress incontinence, urgency incontinence, and any incontinence phenotyp...
Article
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A Correction to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41366-021-00770-0
Article
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A Correction to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-21276-3
Article
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Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a multifunctional cytokine with both pro- and anti-inflammatory properties with a heritability estimate of up to 61%. The circulating levels of IL-6 in blood have been associated with an increased risk of complex disease pathogenesis. We conducted a two-staged, discovery, and replication meta genome-wide association study (G...
Article
Full-text available
Differences between sexes contribute to variation in the levels of fasting glucose and insulin. Epidemiological studies established a higher prevalence of impaired fasting glucose in men and impaired glucose tolerance in women, however, the genetic component underlying this phenomenon is not established. We assess sex-dimorphic (73,089/50,404 women...
Article
Full-text available
Human DNA methylation data have been used to develop biomarkers of ageing, referred to as ‘epigenetic clocks’, which have been widely used to identify differences between chronological age and biological age in health and disease including neurodegeneration, dementia and other brain phenotypes. Existing DNA methylation clocks have been shown to be...
Preprint
Full-text available
Sex is an important covariate of epigenome-wide association studies due to its strong influence on DNA methylation patterns across numerous genomic positions. Nevertheless, many samples on the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) frequently lack a sex annotation or are incorrectly labelled. Considering the influence that sex imposes on DNA methylation pat...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) allows triglycerides (TG) to be subclassified into 14 different classes based on particle size and lipid content. We recently showed that these sub-fractions have differential associations with cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. We report the distributions and define reference interval ranges for 14 T...
Preprint
Full-text available
Human DNA-methylation data have been used to develop biomarkers of ageing - referred to epigenetic clocks - that have been widely used to identify differences between chronological age and biological age in health and disease including neurodegeneration, dementia and other brain phenotypes. Existing DNA methylation clocks are highly accurate in blo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Importance: Cholesterol content in high-density lipoprotein particles (HDL-C) is associated inversely with coronary heart disease (CHD), but findings from Mendelian randomization studies and randomized trials of HDL-C raising drugs have questioned whether this link is causal. However, these analyses do not exclude a causal role for specific HDL sub...
Article
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Background We aimed at investigating the association of circulating fatty acids with coronary heart disease ( CHD ) and stroke risk. Methods and Results We conducted an individual‐participant data meta‐analysis of 5 UK ‐based cohorts and 1 matched case‐control study. Fatty acids (ie, omega‐3 docosahexaenoic acid, omega‐6 linoleic acid, monounsatur...
Article
Full-text available
Aims Elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease; however, there is uncertainty about the role of total triglycerides and the individual triglyceride-containing lipoprotein sub-fractions. We measured 14 triglyceride-containing lipoprotein sub-fractions using nuclear magnetic resonance and examine...
Article
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Background: The Horvath epigenetic clock is widely used. It predicts age quite well from 353 CpG sites in the DNA methylation profile in unknown samples and has been used to calculate "age acceleration" in various tissues and environments. Results: The model systematically underestimates age in tissues from older people. This is seen in all exam...
Article
Full-text available
Sleep is an essential human function but its regulation is poorly understood. Using accelerometer data from 85,670 UK Biobank participants, we perform a genome-wide association study of 8 derived sleep traits representing sleep quality, quantity and timing, and validate our findings in 5,819 individuals. We identify 47 genetic associations at P < 5...
Article
Full-text available
Background: There has been a steady increase in the number of studies aiming to identify DNA methylation differences associated with complex phenotypes. Many of the challenges of epigenetic epidemiology regarding study design and interpretation have been discussed in detail, however there are analytical concerns that are outstanding and require fu...
Data
SIM_8066‐Supp‐0001‐Multiple_SNPs_Draft_StatMed_Revision_supplementary.docx
Preprint
Full-text available
In high-income countries there is an established link between high body mass index (BMI) and low income, but the direction of this association is unclear. Recent analyses in a large UK population using genetically-instrumented BMI supported a causal influence of BMI on household income, educational attainment and job class. Since analyses were base...
Article
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Evidence on the association between functioning of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis and cognitive capability at older ages is mixed. We undertook a systematic review (until October 2016) and individual participant data (IPD) meta-analysis to test if dysregulation of the HPA axis is associated with worse cognitive capability. Five cohor...
Article
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We introduce two novel methods for multivariate genome-wide-association meta-analysis (GWAMA) of related traits that correct for sample overlap. A broad range of simulation scenarios supports the added value of our multivariate methods relative to univariate GWAMA. We applied the novel methods to life satisfaction, positive affect, neuroticism, and...
Article
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Humans vary substantially in their willingness to take risks. In a combined sample of over one million individuals, we conducted genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of general risk tolerance, adventurousness, and risky behaviors in the driving, drinking, smoking, and sexual domains. We identified 611 approximately independent genetic loci associ...
Preprint
Full-text available
Humans vary substantially in their willingness to take risks. In a combined sample of over one million individuals, we conducted genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of general risk tolerance, adventurousness, and risky behaviors in the driving, drinking, smoking, and sexual domains. We identified 611 approximately independent genetic loci associ...
Article
Background Success in the identification of genetic variants associated with neuropsychiatric disorders is one of the major achievements in contemporary biomedical research. Most genetic variants identified in Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS) of complex traits are thought to act via effects on gene regulation rather than directly altering the...
Article
Full-text available
The “some invalid, some valid instrumental variable estimator” (sisVIVE) is a lasso‐based method for instrumental variables (IVs) regression of outcome on an exposure. In principle, sisVIVE is robust to some of the IVs in the analysis being invalid, in the sense of being related to the outcome variable through pathways not mediated by the exposure....
Article
Full-text available
Carotid artery intima media thickness (cIMT) and carotid plaque are measures of subclinical atherosclerosis associated with ischemic stroke and coronary heart disease (CHD). Here, we undertake meta-analyses of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in 71,128 individuals for cIMT, and 48,434 individuals for carotid plaque traits. We identify eight n...
Article
Full-text available
Observational studies find an association between increased body mass index (BMI) and short self‐reported sleep duration in adults. However, the underlying biological mechanisms that underpin these associations are unclear. Recent findings from the UK Biobank suggest a weak genetic correlation between BMI and self‐reported sleep duration. However,...
Article
Full-text available
Observational studies find an association between increased body mass index (BMI) and short self‐reported sleep duration in adults. However, the underlying biological mechanisms that underpin these associations are unclear. Recent findings from the UK Biobank suggest a weak genetic correlation between BMI and self‐reported sleep duration. However,...
Article
Full-text available
Background: To date, little attention has been paid to supportive relationships as factors contributing to weight loss from bariatric surgery. Material and methods: This prospective study examined whether total percentage weight loss (%TWL) at 3, 12 and 24 months post-surgery varies by distinct aspects of pre-surgery social support (received emo...
Article
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Background Although social networks’ influence on obesity has been increasingly recognised, it remains unclear if different dimensions of social support, for example, emotional or practical support, received from one’s closest relationship are associated with weight outcomes over mid-life and old age. Methods Using linear mixed models we examined...
Article
Full-text available
Characterizing the complex relationship between genetic, epigenetic, and transcriptomic variation has the potential to increase understanding about the mechanisms underpinning health and disease phenotypes. We undertook a comprehensive analysis of common genetic variation on DNA methylation (DNAm) by using the Illumina EPIC array to profile samples...
Preprint
Full-text available
Sleep is an essential human function but its regulation is poorly understood. Identifying genetic variants associated with quality, quantity and timing of sleep will provide biological insights into the regulation of sleep and potential links with disease. Using accelerometer data from 85,670 individuals in the UK Biobank, we performed a genome-wid...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The Global Anticoagulant Registry in the FIELD-Atrial Fibrillation (GARFIELD-AF) is an ongoing prospective noninterventional registry, which is providing important information on the baseline characteristics, treatment patterns, and 1-year outcomes in patients with newly diagnosed non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). This report de...
Article
The objective was to investigate the relationship between various aspects of informal caregiving and diurnal patterns of salivary cortisol, with special attention to the moderating effect of sex and work status. The study population was composed of 3727 men and women from the British Whitehall II study. Salivary cortisol was measured six times duri...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background Shift work is a feature of many occupations and has been associated with a range of adverse health outcomes, including obesity, diabetes, depression and cancer. The main proposed mechanism linking them is a disruption in circadian rhythms, particularly among night shift workers. DNA methylation may serve as a biomarker for circadian disr...