Meagan Talbott

Meagan Talbott
University of California, Davis | UCD · Early Start Lab

Ph.D.

About

25
Publications
6,371
Reads
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837
Citations
Introduction
Additional affiliations
October 2014 - present
University of California, Davis
Position
  • PostDoc Position
September 2008 - July 2014
Boston University
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (25)
Article
Full-text available
Impairments in language and communication are an early-appearing feature of autism spectrum disorders (ASD), with delays in language and gesture evident as early as the first year of life. Research with typically developing populations highlights the importance of both infant and maternal gesture use in infants' early language development. The curr...
Article
In typical development, gestures precede and predict language development. This study examines the developmental sequence of expressive communication and relations between specific gestural and language milestones in toddlers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), who demonstrate marked difficulty with gesture production and language. Communication s...
Article
Families with early concerns about infant symptoms of ASD have limited access to experienced professionals for screening and guidance. Telehealth has been used to reduce access disparities in other pediatric populations and has shown promise in parent-implemented interventions for ASD. We investigated the feasibility of a novel level-2 telehealth a...
Article
Full-text available
Background This implementation feasibility study was conducted to determine whether an evidence-based parent-implemented distance-learning intervention model for young children at high likelihood of having ASD could be implemented at fidelity by Part C community providers and by parents in low-resource communities. Methods The study used a communi...
Article
Full-text available
A growing literature supports the feasibility and validity of telehealth-based assessments for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Better understanding families’ experiences is crucial for sustained use beyond the COVID-19 pandemic. This study qualitatively examines caregiver experiences with the Telehealth Evaluation of Development for Infants (TEDI)...
Article
Full-text available
As the rates of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) increase and early screening efforts intensify, more toddlers with high likelihood of ASD are entering the United States' (US') publicly funded early intervention system. Early intervention service delivery for toddlers with ASD varies greatly based on state resources and regulations. Research recommen...
Article
Lay abstract: Many families seeking early evaluations for autism spectrum disorder face long waitlists, must often travel to centers with appropriate expertise, and are frequently told by providers to "wait and see." This results in significant stress for families and delayed supports to infants and their caregivers who could benefit. This study e...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: This implementation feasibility study was conducted to determine whether an evidence-based parent -implemented distance-learning intervention model for young children at high likelihood of having ASD could be implemented at fidelity by Part C community providers and by parents in low resource communities. Methods: The study used a commu...
Article
By the time they are typically detected, neurodevelopmental disorders like autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are already challenging to treat. Preventive and early intervention strategies in infancy are critical for improving outcomes over the lifespan with significant cost savings. However, the impact of prevention and early intervention efforts is d...
Presentation
Full-text available
Rationale: Emerging research on interventions for infants at elevated likelihood of ASD is driven by arguments that initiating targeted interventions in infancy could prevent full ASD symptom expression, or attenuate severity. Recent innovations involve testing “pre-emptive” interventions with infant siblings of children with ASD, infants with gen...
Article
Objective: This single-blind, randomized, multisite, intent-to-treat study was designed to replicate and extend Dawson et al.'s (Pediatrics. 2010;125: e17-e23) randomized controlled trial testing the effects of the Early Start Denver Model (ESDM), an intensive play- and routines-based intervention delivered in natural settings. Method: A randomi...
Article
Full-text available
Short-term low intensity parent implemented intervention studies for toddlers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have found it difficult to demonstrate significantly improved developmental scores or autism severity compared to community treatment. We conducted a randomized comparative intent-to-treat study of a parent implemented intervention to (...
Article
Full-text available
Background Language is a highly lateralized function, with typically developing individuals showing left hemispheric specialization. Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often show reduced or reversed hemispheric lateralization in response to language. However, it is unclear when this difference emerges and whether or not it can serve as...
Chapter
In this article we provide an overview of the significant advances that have been made in the early detection and characterization of autism in the infancy and toddler period, and their impact and implications for early treatment.We begin with a brief review of current findings in early detection science, focusing particularly on relevant findings...
Article
Infant siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder display differences in early language and social communication skills beginning as early as the first year of life. While environmental influences on early language development are well documented in other infant populations, they have received relatively little attention inside of the infan...
Article
Full-text available
We examined the home-based concerns reported by mothers of infant siblings of children with autism across the first year of life. At all three ages measured, mothers of high-risk infants were significantly more likely than mothers of low-risk infants to report language, social communication, and restricted and repetitive behavior concerns but were...
Chapter
The Early Start Denver Model (ESDM) is a comprehensive, developmental, relationship-based behavioral treatment for toddlers with ASD. It is both manualized and empirically-validated. The ESDM fuses developmental principles with empirically based teaching strategies from applied behavior analysis incorporated throughout the routines that fill childr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: Data on the early development of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) primarily comes from two lines of research – prospective investigations monitoring the development of infants at risk for autism, and retrospective investigations of behavior based on parent interviews or coding of family home videos. Recent work on parent report measures...
Article
The effective identification of neurodevelopmental disorders is essential for early diagnosis and provision of intervention services. For many of these conditions, one of the primary domains of abnormality is language development. This review addresses what is known about the earliest indicators of language impairment across a range of neurodevelop...
Article
The onset of autism is usually conceptualized as occurring in one of two patterns, early onset or regressive. This study examined the number and shape of trajectories of symptom onset evident in coded home movies of children with autism and examined their correspondence with parent report of onset. Four social-communicative behaviors were coded fro...
Conference Paper
Background: Gestures play an important role in early language development - they are among the first forms of communication to emerge and also predict later language performance in typically developing infants (Rowe, Ozcaliskan, & Goldin-Meadow; 2008). Infant siblings of children with autism are at increased risk for both autism and language impair...
Article
Full-text available
This prospective study examined object exploration behavior in 66 12-month-old infants, of whom nine were subsequently diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder. Previous investigations differ on when the repetitive behaviors characteristic of autism are first present in early development. A task was developed that afforded specific opportunities...
Article
Full-text available
Childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD) is a rare pervasive developmental disorder that involves regression after a period of at least 2 years of typical development. This case study presents data from family home movies, coded by reliable raters using an objective coding system, to examine the trajectory of development in one child with a reported...

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