Md Younus

Md Younus
University of Adelaide · Geography, Environment and Population; School of Social Sciences

PhD (Adelaide) BSc MSc (Dhaka) MPhil (Waikato)

About

42
Publications
8,176
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308
Citations
Introduction
My research expertise are: natural hazards, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change, environmental decision making mechanisms, policy analysis, participatory research appraisals, environmental economics, socio-environmental and economic analysis
Additional affiliations
January 2011 - December 2013
Flinders University
Position
  • Lecturer
January 2011 - July 2019
University of Adelaide
Position
  • Fellow
Education
July 2005 - December 2010
University of Adelaide
Field of study
  • Environmental Studies, Geography, Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change

Publications

Publications (42)
Article
Full-text available
(under review process): The impact-assessment steps adopted in this study were based on IPCC, UNEP and United States Country Study Program (USCSP) guidelines for vulnerability and adaptation. Bawalkor village, five kilometres north of Barguna town, was selected as a region suited to this case study, the area having been affected by storm surges tha...
Article
Full-text available
This paper focuses on ‘autonomous adaptation’ and has one aim. It assesses the economic consequences of the failure effects of autonomous adaptation in response to extreme flood events. The study found that Bangladeshi farmers are highly resilient to extreme flood events, but the economic consequences of failure effects of autonomous crop adaptatio...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of household vulnerability along with sustainable livelihoods has currently emerged as a significant concept in the climate change vulnerability and adaptation (CCVA) literature. In this paper, the vulnerability of Bangladesh has been assessed by using multiple regression analysis where twenty two effective variables have been chosen fr...
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT (in press) After reviewing relevant climate impact assessment guidelines derived from those of the United States Country Study Program (USCSP), the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and UNEP, the author adopted a set of impact assessment steps towards a methodological procedure for assessing vulnerability and adaptation (V &...
Article
Full-text available
The paper outlines a concept and proposal for the formation of ‘community based adaptation committees’ (CBACs) at the micro-level, and it explains how such local committees would act with respect to the existing organisation of disaster management in Bangladesh. It examines how the CBACs would be sustained locally without colliding with the present...
Data
Full-text available
Younus' Book which has been reviewed by Professor Jennie Shaw, Executive Dean, Faculty of Arts, Adelaide University. DOI 10.1080/14693062.2015.1007837
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates farmers’ crop adaptation processes in response to three recent devastating floods in Islampur, a case-study area in rural Bangladesh. The paper reports a multi-method research project which comprised a questionnaire survey, focus-group discussions and interviews with agricultural block supervisors. The author analyses three...
Article
‘Adaptation to climate change’ has recently been developing as a concept and science, particularly in the arena of climate change literature, as four chapters of the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (2014) are related with adaptation. This paper has focussed on community based adaptation and governance process in Bangladesh. This paper also reviews the...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reviews recent literature on flood research in Bangladesh, focusing on that nation’s vulnerability to climate change and its ability to adapt. This review reveals that the literature on community-based vulnerability and adaptation, and their processes and assessments in response to hazards under climate change regimes are inadequate, apa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Abstract: Bangladesh has been identified as one of the countries most vulnerable to climate change and rising sea-level. This is so because it is located at the northern end of the funnel-shaped Bay of Bengal, and as a consequence it has experienced a number of severe storm surges in the last three decades. The coastal inhabitants are very poor and...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Abstract: Extreme heat is already a threat to South Australians – especially to new migrant communities. Following the IPCC (2007 and 2012) and the recent predictions, global climate scientific models have predicted its risk. Culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities (e.g. Bangladeshi, Bhutanese and Sudanese) are thought to be vulner...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on ‘autonomous adaptation’ and has one aim. It assesses the economic consequences of the failure effects of autonomous adaptation in response to extreme flood events. The chapter finds that Bangladeshi farmers are highly resilient to extreme flood events, but the economic consequences of failure effects of autonomous crop adapt...
Chapter
In this chapter, the multi-method research approach is adopted in order to achieve the research objectives: (a) methodological contribution for assessing V&A in a riverine flood prone case study area; (b) failed effect of adaptation i.e. economic consequences on farmers’ households. Various kinds of research techniques are involved with the multi-m...
Chapter
This chapter of this book has focused on the problems in general, and reviews relevant literature on vulnerability and adaptation to climate change in general, focusing on riverine extreme floods in the context of Bangladesh. The literature review follows on three broad issues, namely, (1) V&A to climate change, (2) Bangladesh’s agriculture, floodi...
Chapter
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (Climate change 2007: impacts, adaptation and vulnerability, contribution of working group 2 to the 4th assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, p. 976, 2007 [1]) warned that the mega deltas in South Asia (e.g. the Ganges Brahmaput...
Chapter
Full-text available
Household base-level data of a riverine flood vulnerable area in Bangladesh were explored and identified by 140 households’ questionnaire surveys in case study area Islampur upazila in 2006. The important findings were: high numbers of family members were in each surveyed household; numbers of dependent family members were very high in comparison w...
Chapter
This chapter summarizes the major findings of this book. These are: (1) since 1954 no study has focused comprehensively on community input to assessment of V&A; (2) the consequences of failed adaptation have been assessed in the light of vulnerable farmers’ household information: socio-economic, demographic, and biophysical; (3) if these consequenc...
Chapter
This chapter investigates farmers’ crop adaptation processes in response to three recent devastating floods in Islampur, chosen as a case-study area in rural Bangladesh. This chapter reports a multi-method research project which comprised a questionnaire survey, focus-group discussions, and interviews with agricultural block supervisors, the purpos...
Chapter
This chapter reviews recent literature on flood research in Bangladesh: characteristics of riverine flood including Bangladesh’s national water policy and the major components, activities and their importance and criticism of the Flood Action Plan, and causes and types of floods. The chapter concludes that community based prioritise vulnerability a...
Article
Full-text available
FARMERS HOUSEHOLD INFORMATION IN BANGLADESH: SIGNIFICANT INDICATORS FOR ASSESSING VULNERABILITY AND ADAPTATION Dr Md Aboul Fazal Younus, Lecturer, School of the Environment, Flinders University, and Research Fellow, Geography, Environment and Population, School of Social Sciences, The University of Adelaide, South Australia. E-mail: md.younus@flin...
Article
The IPCC (2007 and 2014) warned that the Ganges Brahmaputra Meghna (GBM) basin will be at greatest risk due to increased flooding, and that the region’s poverty would reduce its adaptation capacity. This book investigates autonomous adaptation using a multi-method technique comprising PRA and a questionnaire survey applied in the case study area ‘I...
Article
Full-text available
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (2007, 2012:11) warned that the mega deltas in South Asia (e.g. the Ganges Brahmaputra Meghna River Basin) will be at great risk due to increased flooding, and the region’s poverty would reduce the capacity of the inhabitants to adapt to change. This paper provides a ‘bottom up’ impact approach w...
Article
Full-text available
The IPCC, United States Country Study Program (USCSP) and UNEP have formulated vulnerability and adaptation to climate change guidelines where ‘autonomous adaptation’ is being emphasized. Adaptation as a factor of development in the foreseeable future under climate change conditions is crucial in this region. From 1988 to 1998 Bangladesh as well as...
Article
Full-text available
The Bangladesh farming system is well adjusted to flooding. Throughout the riverine flood plains and coastal deltas, the farming system is strongly influenced by flood characteristics: timing, depth, duration and frequency (number of flood peaks). This article examines farmers' responses to recent devastating flood events with particular reference...
Thesis
Full-text available
ABSTRACT The present study has discussed mainly the inequality pattern of Health Facilities in Bangladesh. And also the depth of inequality nature which has been measured by some health resource components at macro and micro levels in Bangladesh. The picture of health facilities of Bangladesh is very critical. The health facilities of Bangladesh...
Thesis
ABSTRACT The present study has discussed mainly the inequality pattern of Health Facilities in Bangladesh. And also the depth of inequality nature which has been measured by some health resource components at macro and micro levels in Bangladesh. The picture of health facilities of Bangladesh is very critical. The health facilities of Bangladesh...
Article
Full-text available
Adaptation to climate change' and 'development' are reciprocal; adaptation and development issues are currently being emphasized; and adaptation efforts particularly in developing countries should be accelerated. IPCC's forthcoming chapter 17: Assessment of Adaptation Practices, Options, Constraints and Capacity, finalizes the adaptation issue. The...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, 2007) warned that the mega deltas in South Asia (such as the Ganges Brahmaputra Meghna River basin) will be at increasing risk due to increased flooding from the sea, and the region's poverty will reduce people's ability to adapt to such changes. The IPCC, United States Country Study...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper investigates farmers' crop adaptation processes in response to three recent devastating flood events in 'Islampur', a case study area in rural Bangladesh. The paper has explored through multi-method research comprising of questionnaire survey, focus group discussions, agriculture block supervisors' interview and in depth case study - how...
Book
A key concept in this book is the notion of ‘autonomous adaptation', which Younus has been researching for more than 10 years. Younus has selected one of the riverine flood prone areas in Bangladesh, ‘Islampur' as a case study area. He has explored how affected farmers adapt and adjust with normal floods which occur in most years. He then selected...
Thesis
Abstract This thesis examines farmers' responses to three recent devastating flood events in rural Bangladesh. Various kinds of adjustment to flooding are investigated with reference firstly to the normal, annual flood event, secondly with reference to a devastating flood that I observed in the field in 1998, and thirdly with reference to three dif...
Book
Synopsis The IPCC (2007) warned that the Ganges Brahmaputra Meghna (GBM) basin will be at greatest risk due to increased flooding, and that the region's poverty would reduce its adaptation capacity. This book investigates autonomous adaptation using a multi-method technique comprising PRA and a questionnaire survey applied in the case study area '...
Article
Thesis (M. Phil. Geography)--University of Waikato, 2001. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 144-148)

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Bangladeshi migrants (only one to two families) had started to come in South Australia (SA) in 1970s; the Bangladeshi Skilled Migrants (BSMs) have currently begun effectively to assimilate /absorb into the main stream working force of South Australia. The study would deal three aspects of BSMs, these are: level of education /skill, employment and income. The objectives of this study are: 1.) to explore the nature of opportunities, hurdles and potential interventions for BSMs in order to get into the main stream professional employment in South Australia; 2) to find out the relationships between the current level of income and expenditures in the various sectors for their own family who lived in Bangladesh. The methodology would be a questionnaire survey along with participatory rapid appraisal (PRA) among thirty BSMs who are engaged with existing four community societies (BAMSA, BASSA, ABACC and SABCA). The primary findings of this survey indicate that the BSMs have substantially been contributing economically in Australia and Bangladesh. The study provides some key information on barriers and opportunities of BSMs for engaging into professional employment, and also how and which purpose the BSMs contribute economically for their families in their home country Bangladesh; this can be an immense piece of work for policy makers involved with immigration sectors in Australia.
Project
The millions of inhabitants in coastal regions of South Asia along with Myanmar (SAM), particularly Bangladesh, are very poor and their economy is mostly subsistence based where the per capita income is very low. Obviously they put their life at risk to migrate illegally towards South East Asia and Australia (SEAA) in order to get better life and opportunities. The international media currently pays their attention on recent mass illegal migration from SAM to SEAA. The main objective of this paper is to investigate the causes of these illegal migrations at community level in order to understand the options of intervening for reducing these trends of illegal migrations. The objective would be achieved by the results of surveys from the key informants over the Asia Pacific Region. The key informants are highly professional academics, researchers and policy makers of the concerned countries who have been working either in their own countries or overseas as leading authorities on the context of community resilience, adaptation to climate change and migration. The key informants (20) also have multi-disciplinary background: Economists, Environmentalists, disaster management and climate change scientists, Geographers, Politicians, Journalists, and Sociologists, etc. The checklists, containing the causes of these migrations and the subsequent intervening options, would be weighted and ranked by the key informants. The findings of this paper indicate that some interventions at community level in the region of SAM need to be immediately implied by the developing agencies (e.g. AusAid) of concerned Governments of SEAA, such as Australia, Malaysia and Thailand, in order to enhance community resilience along with their subsistence economic activities – which would be locally sustained.