Md Mizanur Rahman

Md Mizanur Rahman
Qatar University · Gulf Studies Program

About

65
Publications
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Introduction
I am a sociologist by training, working on labor migration, migration control policy, economic sociology of Gulf migration, migration and development, migrant remittances, immigrant integration, and other related fields of migration with a focus on the Gulf states and Asian countries. I am a member of Migration Research Leaders Syndicate for the 2018 Global Compact on Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration, formed and spearheaded by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) – the UN Migration Agency - based in Geneva.
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (65)
Article
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Research on ethnic entrepreneurship has generated substantial literature on the development of ethnic businesses among different immigrant groups in North America. Such studies tend to focus on the emergence of immigrant entrepreneurship among earlier immigrant groups by highlighting either the group characteristics or the opportunity structure. Ex...
Chapter
This chapter elaborates on the overall educational infrastructure in India and argues that the country cannot effectively deliver educational opportunities to the many remote and disadvantaged groups across the country. The chapter demonstrates how local migrant organizations are providing educational opportunities across the country: building scho...
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The chapter provides an overview of local as well as transnational migrant organizations, exploring how they differ in terms of their nature, formation, and resource mobilization. The first section examines the socio-demographic characteristics of both types of migrant organizations, followed by the formation and resource mobilization of these orga...
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This chapter discusses how some transnational migrant organizations engage with the Indian healthcare sector and contribute to the expansion of healthcare facilities across the country. It principally describes how such organizations are building healthcare institutions, introducing modern medical equipment to the Indian healthcare industry, runnin...
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This chapter revisits the intersections between migrant organizations, engagement, and development by setting out the empirical findings concerning the healthcare and education sectors in India. The chapter summarizes the contributions that Indian migrant organizations make to the advancement of education and healthcare sectors and concludes by fla...
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This chapter discusses various educational projects that transnational migrant organizations run across the country. The chapter mainly describes projects and programmes such as NRI education provision, education for vulnerable groups, vocational education and training for skill development, community awareness programs, provision of modern learnin...
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This chapter discusses the overall healthcare facilities in India and depicts the existing gap in healthcare access across the country. It shows how local migrant organizations are reaching out to the underprivileged sections of society and providing medical education, building hospitals and clinics, and running special programmes that target depri...
Book
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Migrant organizations constitute a growing sector of non-state actors that increasingly are engaging with host as well as origin countries in a sustained and profound way. Through a series of case studies of Indian migrant organizations, this book shifts the emphasis from questions concerning how migrant organizations engage with host countries, to...
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Local migrant organization is an emerging phenomenon in many emigrant countries, where such an organization is formed and run by current or former migrants and engages in a range of philanthropic activities for community development. Research on migrant organizations tends to focus either on immigrant organizations located in the host countries or...
Article
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Canada has developed a comprehensive immigration policy to accept different types of immigrants under its economic, family and humanitarian immigration categories. Canada invites over a quarter-million immigrants in a year. Many of these immigrants do not find suitable jobs upon arrival in Canada. Some of these immigrants choose to open their own b...
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An increasing number of male migrants are taking part in intra- and inter-regional migration in Asia, leaving their wives behind at home. Their wives, whom we call emigrant wives, often adapt to new roles and responsibilities and thus undergo empowerment in the migration process. This paper examines the impact of male migration on the empowerment o...
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Migrant labour has been an integral part of the social and economic fabric of the Gulf societies. While labour migration has affected many aspects of the lives of migrants and their receiving states in the Gulf, one of the most visible but often neglected migration outcomes is the development of migrant-operated businesses across the Gulf states. E...
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Migrant labour has been an integral part of the social and economic fabric of the Gulf societies. While labour migration has affected many aspects of the lives of migrants and their receiving states in the Gulf, one of the most visible but often neglected migration outcomes is the development of migrant-operated businesses across the Gulf states. E...
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The remarkable growth in remittances has drawn the attention of states, international organizations, and financial institutions worldwide. Research on remittances has gained momentum in recent years, resulting in a burgeoning scientific literature on the phenomenon in different parts of the world (for a review, see Adams et al. in Migrant remittanc...
Chapter
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The circumstances in which foreign workers work and live in the global South have not been adequately investigated by migration scholars. Such research demands fieldwork in the host country for a considerable period of time, and the absence of this leaves us insufficiently informed about the social worlds of migrants on foreign soil. Some host coun...
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Temporary migration tends to affect family economies in at least two ways: the outflow of indispensable family resources to meet the expenses incurred in the migration process, referred to as the ‘economic cost of migration’, and the transfer in cash or kind from migrants to their non-migrating families, known as ‘migrant remittances’. Given the ri...
Chapter
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The distinctive feature of contemporary intra-regional migration in Asia is that the volumes and directions of migration are relatively stable and sustained. The structural demand for migrant labour and the emergence of increasingly transnational forms of migration make labour migration an inherently dynamic, location-specific phenomenon.
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To take our discussion forward, from the forces that underpin the motivation for migration to the forces that facilitate and perpetuate the flow of migrant labour, I focus on two important theories that explain the perpetuation of migration, namely ‘migrant networks’ and ‘migrant institutions’ (Massey et al. in Return to Aztlan: the social process...
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Immigrant-receiving governments set rules to control the volume, duration of stay, skill composition, and ethnic, racial, and geographical origin of the migrants they receive [for details, see (Hammar in Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1985); (Weiner in Westview, Boulder, International migration and security, 1993); (Joppke in Oxford Univers...
Book
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This book examines international labour migrants in the context of South–South migration with a focus on Bangladeshi migration to Singapore. Two principal questions in the South–South migration are addressed: Why and how individuals migrate for work; and what impact this temporary form of migration has for migrants and their families. The book adop...
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Migration has no respect for either borders or boundaries. Although the title of this volume is ‘International Migration in Southeast Asia ,’ the movements of people have occurred and continue to be within the region, between regions in Asia, and across the North-South divide. The region is home to some of the largest labor surplus countries, namel...
Book
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This book is a collection of work by migration scholars and researchers who are actively conducting fieldwork in Southeast Asia. It presents a wide variety of current research and approaches the field of international labor migration from a regional perspective, acknowledging that the migration process goes beyond local and national boundaries and...
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This book is a collection of work by migration scholars and researchers who are actively conducting fieldwork in Southeast Asia. It presents a wide variety of current research and approaches the field of international labor migration from a regional perspective, acknowledging that the migration process goes beyond local and national boundaries and...
Book
Full-text available
International migration is a dynamic global phenomenon that has been drawing increasing attention from both scholars and policymakers over the last few decades. It is particularly relevant to South Asia, since the region is a vast source of sojourner migrant labour, as well as home to permanent immigrant and diaspora communities. The chapters broug...
Book
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In migration studies, the nexus between migration and development in the global South has been meticulously debated. However, a unanimous resolution to this debate has not been found, due to the ever-changing nature of international migration. This book advances knowledge on the global debate on the migration-development relationship by documenting...
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Making decision in order to set off for international destinations is hardly independent of potential economic benefit that spawns in the form of remittances. The primary motivations for migration from developing coun- tries are generally linked to economic opportunities overseas and sharing part of this newly acquired economic opportunity with fam...
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Remittances are integral to migration because one of the basic motives for migrating is to remit a portion of earnings to the communities of origin, especially under conditions of temporary labour migration. Since temporary migrants typically leave their families behind, they have a strong bond with the countries of origin and maintain regular cont...
Book
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This volume provides theoretical treatments of remittance on how its development potential is translated into reality. The authors meticulously delve into diverse mechanisms through which migrant communities remit, investigating how recipients engage in the development process in South Asia.
Article
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In this study, I explore gender dimensions of remittances under conditions of temporary migration in Asia. This research argues that migrant remittances are influenced by not only gender but also the context of the remittances, and that both should be integrated and elaborated to capture the complexity of remittances and their development dynamics....
Article
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Labour migration affects family economics in at least two ways: one is the outflow of indispensable family resources to meet the expenses incurred in the migration process and the other is the transfer in cash or kind from migrants to their non-migrating families. This study primarily addresses the former flow, that is sources of funds for migratio...
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Increasingly, countries with extensive diasporas have sought to connect with the extended, transnational communities in order to tap into the resources and networks they offer for the domestic developmental purposes. The myriad of approaches adopted for such engagements, from raising awareness to offering incentives and providing mechanisms for mem...
Book
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A global cast of contributors document the various forms of diaspora engagement – philanthropy, volunteerism, advocacy, entrepreneurship, and virtual diaspora - in South Asia and provide insights on how to tap the development potential of diaspora engagement for countries in South Asia.
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Reformation of immigration policy in Italy has paved the way for the emergence of some non-European emigrant communities in Italy including Bangladeshi community. This study addresses the Bangladeshi migration to Italy by highlighting context of immigrant reception in Italy, characteristics of Bangladeshi emigrants, their channels of migration, rol...
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The Gulf countries in the Middle East are one of the largest regions relying on international labour migrants for economic development. Recruitment constitutes an important part of this migration of labour. This study addresses the complexity and multiplicity of labour recruitment in the Gulf countries through a case study of Bangladeshi labour rec...
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Much of the interest and research on migrant remittances in the past have been concerned with the monetary value of such transactions and their macro-economic implications for the sending countries. It was only in recent years that research has focused on the social impact that remittances have for migrant workers and their families and communities...
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A number of models of integration have been developed to highlight the experiences of immigration and integration in the Western world. However, the existing models do not adequately capture the complexities of contemporary international immigration and integration, especially the integration process in the light of migrant transnationalism in Asia...
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Book
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This book includes chapters that investigate the development of international migration policy in major emigrant countries in Asia; and that in today's highly mobile world, migration has become an increasingly complex area of governance, inextricably interlinked with other key policy areas including economic and social development, national securit...
Article
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Gender impacts upon the amount of money remitted, the recipients of remittances, and the uses of remittances on the development of the country of origin. However, the data on global remittances is gender-blind. As a result, the impact of gender on the remittance process remains little understood. While there has been a fundamental increase in resea...
Article
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Recruitment constitutes an important part of the process of temporary labour migration in Asia. Existing literature explicitly suggests that rapid development of recruiting agencies and migrant networks has accelerated the growth of labour migration in Asia. However, most existing literature tends to focus on either the role of agencies or the role...
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This paper revisits the assumed economic advantage of temporary labour migration. The widely shared sentiment that temporary migration brings about economic advantage for migrants and their families often is a function of income differentials between two countries. This study argues that opportunity for temporary employment in a high income country...
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The new economics of labor migration explains migration as part of family strategies to address income risks and capital constraints in developing countries. However, it does not adequately take into account the risks and costs borne by migrant families in contemporary labor migration. This paper examines the emigration-family economy nexus highlig...
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One of the visible but often neglected outcomes of international migration in Asia is the emergence of immigrant-run businesses. Drawing on the experiences of Bangladeshi migrant entrepreneurs in Japan, this study examines how migrants reposition themselves from the rank of irregular workers to that of entrepreneurs under conditions of temporary mi...
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This article examines the migration experiences of women and men under conditions of temporary migration. It has been amply shown that gender is relevant to most aspects of migration. However, despite the fundamental increase in research on gender and migration, a transnational space, where gender matters but which has not bee so thoroughly explore...
Article
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In recent decades, the emergence of migrant businesses has been a part of the urban landscape in some relatively developed countries in East and Southeast Asia. While the outcomes of international migration have affected many aspects of the lives of immigrants and their receiving societies, one of the visible but often neglected outcomes of interna...
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This study argues that research linking the contexts of remittance-sending with remittance-receiving is far more capable of capturing the complexity of remittances and its development dynamics. Focusing on the Singapore-Bangladesh remittance corridor, this study examines remittances in relation to remittance sending, receipt, use and control, and f...
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This study explores and suggests a methodological approach to the gender dimensions of remittances. It argues that remittances should be seen as a social process and examined in relation to (i) the sending side, (ii) the recipient side and (iii) gendered use of remittances by the households. Focusing on Indonesian domestic workers in Singapore, Mal...
Article
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Drawing upon longitudinal data, this research documents the relationship between migration and development by highlighting the conditions which promote changes in social and familial relations, social positioning, and intergenerational relationships within the families who experience temporary out-migration and the return of at least one male membe...
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The informal funds transfer system found among South Asian migrant workers in general and Bangladeshi migrant workers in particular in the major labour-receiving countries of East and South-east Asia is popularly known as hundi. The hundi is informal but highly organized and founded on social infrastructure comprised of social and symbolic ties. Ex...
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The transfers in cash (or kind) from migrants to their non-migrating fami- lies in the source countries are usually referred to as ‘migrant remittances’. Remittance flows to developing countries have more than quadrupled since 2000. According to a recent World Bank press release, global remit- tances, including those to high-income countries, are e...
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Research on the migration-development nexus has experienced an excessive domination by economic explanations during the last several decades. Econometric analysis has been such a dominant factor in the debate that the very language of analysis tends to marginalize social developmental outcomes of migration. There is also a clear lack of longitudina...
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Sin ga pore is a ma jor re ceiv ing coun try for Bangladeshi mi grant workers. Since the end of the Second World War, the international migration of labour has grown in volume and changed in character (Castles and Miller, 1998). It has also been observed that there are two main phases in post-Second World War migration (Castles and Miller, 1998, p....
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This article examines the developmental consequences of international labor migration in a Bangladeshi village. The data are from the Hoglakandi, a village 30 km southeast of Dhaka, capital of Bangladesh. A structured questionnaire with both open-ended and closed category questions was used among 50 Singapore returnees, supplemented with additional...

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