Md Abdul Halim

Md Abdul Halim
University of Toronto | U of T · Faculty of Architecture, Landscape and Design

PhD
Investigating energy balance of green roofs and greenhouse gas fluxes from green roof substrates.

About

47
Publications
28,855
Reads
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477
Citations
Introduction
My current research focuses on understanding different bio-geophysical and -geochemical aspects of post-disturbance in the Canadian boreal forest. I am also studying the effects of biochar amendments on plants and soils of different ecosystems. I have been working as an Assistant Professor at the Department of Forestry and Environmental Science, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Bangladesh since June​ 2009, and currently on leave for Ph.D.​ study at the University of Toronto.
Additional affiliations
September 2013 - present
University of Toronto
Position
  • PhD Student
Description
  • Currently I am a PhD Candidate working on the effects of fire and logging on microclimate of Canadian boreal forest.
June 2009 - present
Shahjalal University of Science and Technology
June 2009 - present
Shahjalal University of Science and Technology
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Description
  • On leave for PhD.
Education
June 2006 - June 2007
Shahjalal University of Science and Technology
Field of study
  • Forest and Environmental Science
June 2002 - June 2006

Publications

Publications (47)
Article
Full-text available
Green roof systems have been increasingly implemented to enhance vegetation cover and associated ecosystem services in urban spaces, with primary goals being the reduction of peak surface runoff, enhanced water quality, and mitigation of urban heat island effects. Recently, green roofs have also received attention as a means to enhance carbon seque...
Article
Full-text available
A body of emerging research shows the promise of charcoal soil amendments ("biochars") in restoring fertility in degraded agricultural and forest soils. "Sustainable biochars" derived from locally produced waste biomass and produced near the application site are of particular interest. We tested the effects of surface applications of wood-derived b...
Article
Full-text available
One of humanity's most significant challenges in the process of attaining the established sustainability goals is balancing the growing human demand for food and the need to conserve biodiversity. This challenge requires appropriate land uses that are able to conserve biodiversity while ensuring ample food supply. This study compares bird species d...
Article
Full-text available
One of humanity’s most significant challenges in the process of attaining the established sustainability goals is balancing the growing human demand for food and the need to conserve biodiversity. This challenge requires appropriate land uses that are able to conserve biodiversity while ensuring ample food supply. This study compares bird species d...
Thesis
Full-text available
Boreal forests play a critical role in global climate via important biophysical and biogeochemical feedbacks. Large-scale disturbances, particularly fire and harvesting, significantly affect these feedbacks by altering the surface and stand attributes, and can impact boreal forests’ role in the global climate system. Surface- and stand-attribute-driv...
Chapter
Full-text available
Forests cover about thirty percent of the Earth’s land surface and are important in providing critical ecosystem services, including carbon sequestration, storage, and cycling. Forests sequester and store more carbon than any other terrestrial ecosystem on Earth. In forests, plants take up carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and release oxygen durin...
Article
Full-text available
Biochar, or pyrolyzed organic matter intended for use as a soil amendment, has a variety of properties of interest from the perspective of agroforestry, in particular its potential to increase soil C sequestration and enhance yields by increased retention of soil mineral nutrients. Nitrogen-fixing legumes commonly show large growth responses to bio...
Article
Full-text available
Surface albedo is one of the most important processes governing climate forcing in the boreal forest and is directly affected by management activities such as harvesting and natural disturbances such as forest fires. Empirical data on the effects of these disturbances on boreal forest albedo are sparse. We conducted ground-based measurements of sur...
Poster
Full-text available
Human population is increasing day by day, but land resources is limited. To meet with the growing food demand, crop production needs to be increased as well. Normally, Land sharing ensures maximum yield from a single land where land sparing provides less yield. A vital debate arises here, which land use type is better for biodiversity conservation...
Article
Full-text available
Surface albedo is one of the most important processes governing climate forcing in the boreal forest and is directly affected by management activities such as harvesting and natural disturbances such as forest fires. Empirical data on effects of these disturbances on boreal forest albedo are sparse. We conducted ground-based measurements of surface...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Scientists unequivocally agree that winter air temperature (TA) in northern high latitudes will increase sharply with anthropogenic climate change, and that such increases are already pervasive. However, contrasting hypotheses and results exist regarding the magnitude and even direction of changes in winter soil temperature (TS). Here we u...
Poster
Climate model studies have suggested that harvesting of boreal forest has a net cooling effect, in contrast to other terrestrial biomes, by increasing surface albedo. However, albedo estimation in these models has been achieved by simplifying processes governing albedo at a coarse scale. Biophysical processes that determine albedo likely operate on...
Poster
Climate model studies have suggested that harvesting of boreal forest has a net cooling effect, in contrast to other terrestrial biomes, by increasing surface albedo. However, albedo estimation in these models has been achieved by simplifying processes governing albedo at a coarse scale. Biophysical processes that determine albedo likely operate on...
Poster
Full-text available
Charcoal is thought to facilitate rapid plant regeneration following fires by increasing the retention and availability of nutrients and water, increasing soil pH, and by sorbing toxic and inhibitory soil compounds – responses that have recently encouraged research on ”biochar,” or charcoal used as a soil amendment. Interest in biochar for use in t...
Article
Full-text available
Charcoal used as a soil amendment, or " biochar, " has received considerable recent research attention as a means to increase plant productivity while mitigating climate change through enhanced carbon sequestration. Interest in biochar for use in the restoration of disturbed sites is growing; however, biochar effects on wild plant species of the ea...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background/Question/Methods: Charcoal facilitates rapid growth and regeneration following fires by increasing retention and availability of nutrients and water, increasing soil pH, and by sorbing toxic and inhibitory compounds. Biochar (BC) is the term given to charcoal used as a soil amendment, which is generally derived from pyrolysis of lignoce...
Article
Full-text available
For many years foresters have been using statistical probability density functions to describe and characterise stand structure. Predicting the current and future yields of a stand is essential for successful stand and timber management. Implicit prediction of current yield is accomplished by using diameter distribution methods. All diameter distri...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Coarse woody debris (CWD) is the standing or fallen dead trees and the remains of large or small branches on the forest floor usually larger than 10cm in diameter. CWD forms major structural features within a forested ecosystem with many vital ecological functions such as habitat for organisms (including endangered and threatened), in energy flow,...
Article
Full-text available
Both for environmental and aesthetic purposes, urban street trees have significant importance. In most of the developed cities, this type of plantation is an integral part of landscape planning. Nevertheless, this issue is poorly considered in the cities of developing countries. Consequently, we observe a scarcity of urban street trees. Considering...
Article
Full-text available
Tree biomass plays an important role in sustainable management and in estimating forest carbon stocks. The objective of this study was to select the best model for measuring stem biomass of Acacia auriculiformis in the study area. Data from five hillocks and 120 individual trees from each hillock were used in this study. Twelve different forms of l...
Article
Full-text available
Imposing logging ban has become widespread in the tropics. Bangladesh government enforced logging bans in 1970s and 1980s to halt deforestation. Such bans have been considered as a strategy to protect and conserve forests although success requires rigorous analysis. In this paper, the performances of the existing logging bans in Bangladesh are exam...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Inventory of forest carbon depends directly or indirectly on the estimation of biomass. Tree biomass equations are the basic tool for converting inventory data into biomass as well as carbon stock. A number of models were tried to find out a best-fit-model for estimating above ground stem biomass (SB) of Karach (Pongamia pinnata) in the Ratargul fr...
Article
Full-text available
This is an electronic version of an article published in International Journal of Biodiversity Science & Management, Volume 5, Issue 1 March 2009 , pages 41 - 51 . International Journal of Biodiversity Science & Management is available online at http://www.informaworld.com/openurl?genre=journal&issn=1745-1590 This study considered traditional ethno...
Article
Full-text available
Throughout the world ornamentation of body with mehedi (Lawsonia inermis L.) leaf paste, with the trade name ‘henna body art’ is becoming increasingly popular. The worldwide increasing demand of mehedi leaf encourages many countries to adopt commercial farming of the plant. Farmers living in central Bangladesh recently commenced small-scale mehedi...
Article
Full-text available
The state of urban seedling nurseries in the north-eastern region of Bangladesh is examined with a focus on production and profitability of the enterprises. Twenty-eight sample nurseries out of the 97 nursery enterprises in Sylhet town were selected at random, and operators personally interviewed. It was found that the entrepreneurs are not highly...
Article
Full-text available
A study was conducted to explore the traditional utilization pattern and indigenous management practices of wild date palm (Phoenix sylvestris Roxb) in the rural agrarian regions of Bangladesh. A multistage sampling method with 10% intensity and a semi-structured questionnaire were used for the study. The farmers manage the palm mainly for sap prod...
Article
Full-text available
A study was conducted to investigate the land-use pattern change over a period of 18 years (1988–2006) by using remote sensing and Geographical Information System (GIS) technologies, in the West Bhanugach Reserved Forest, a hill forest, in Sylhet Forest Division of Bangladesh. The images were processed using ERDAS Imagine software. Both supervised...
Article
Full-text available
This review describes the non-timber forest products (NTFPs) used for different aspects of beauty-care in Bangladesh on the basis of extensive literature survey. The diverse plant species, including used parts and using patterns for hair care, facial treatments and body care, were summarized in 13 tables. This paper accumulate the scattered knowled...
Article
Full-text available
An exploratory study was conducted in Chuadanga, a southwestern district of Bangladesh to explore the status and potential of Khejur palm (Phoenix sylvestris Roxb.) husbandry in the rural economy. A total of 36 households in three villages of the district were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire. The farmers were categorized into five...
Article
Full-text available
Schumannianthus dichotoma (Murta) is widely grown in wetland areas of Bangladesh, providing the raw material for prayer and bed mats and also minimizing flood risk and soil erosion. The study was carried out in two villages in Gowainghat Thana (subdistrict) in Sylhet district, to determine techniques for traditional management of Murta plantations...
Article
Full-text available
The physical properties of soil on two hill slopes of 35% and 55% in orange orchard cultivated by the Mro tribe of Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHTs) were evaluated and compared with those of bushy hill forests. Soil samples were collected from three different depths (0–5 cm, 5–15 cm and 15–30 cm), digging three profiles in each land use for determining...
Article
Full-text available
The Shaiji, a religio-cultural community of southwestern Bangladesh, have an indigenous medication system using locally grown plants. A total of 36 individuals were interviewed using questionnaire. The Shaiji, living in the interior or near bushy habitats for the sake of meditation and other spiritual activities, were found to be totally dependent...
Article
Full-text available
An exploratory study was conducted on the hunting and gathering of wildlife by the Mro tribe in the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHTs) of Bangladesh, highlighting the target animals, preference, frequency and various indigenous techniques of hunting. The farmers are primarily dependent on shifting cultivation and hunting is a secondary occupation , part...
Data
An exploratory study was conducted on the hunting and gathering of wildlife by the Mro tribe in the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHTs) of Bangladesh, highlighting the target animals, preference, frequency and various indigenous techniques of hunting. The farmers are primarily dependent on shifting cultivation and hunting is a secondary occu-pation, part...
Data
Full-text available
Status of organic carbon (C), total nitrogen (N), available potassium (K), calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) in three different depths (0−5 cm, 5−15 cm and 15−30 cm) on two hill slopes of 35% and 55% in orange orchard cultivated by the Mro tribe of Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHTs) were evaluated and compared with those in degraded bush forests, through...
Data
Full-text available
The Chittagong hill Tracts (ChTs) region of bangladesh, covering a considerable portion of 'hill forest type' of the country, is rich in biological diversity; in terms of flora, fauna and ethnicity. a number of aboriginal and tribal communities enrich the cultural heritage of the region. Thanchi upazilla (sub-district) of bandarban district in the...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
In a regular ggplot2 implementation, alpha level, say in geom_point(), is applied on all data points irrespective of their degrees of overlapping. If I want to apply alpha only on overlapped data points, what options do I have? The only way I can think of: rather than supplying a single alpha value to the function, I can supply a vector of alpha values corresponding to each point. This way I can control the degree of transparency for each data point. This is, however, not practical for a large dataset. Any better ideas?
Thank you.

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
Bangladesh has one of the lowest per capita forest lands in the world. The country, however, is exceptionally endowed with a rich biological diversity with its forests still critical in providing key ecosystem services including carbon sequestration and storage. The forests of the country also important in sustaining livelihoods in rural areas. This book aims to provide an overview of the forest's contribution to biodiversity conservation, livelihood support, and carbon storage in Bangladesh. Publisher: Springer Nature Series: Topics in Biodiversity and Conservation (https://link.springer.com/bookseries/7488)
Project
To find out the relationship between tree species diversity and total carbon (above ground carbon and soil carbon) in Lawachara National Park, Bangladesh.
Project
Find out the biochar effects on the Agricultural landuse and natural forest land in Bangladesh