Maximilian Larter

Maximilian Larter
University of Colorado Boulder | CUB · Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology (EBIO)

PhD

About

17
Publications
4,346
Reads
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448
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2019 - present
Naturalis Biodiversity Center
Position
  • PostDoc Position
April 2017 - March 2019
University of Colorado Boulder
Position
  • PostDoc Position
October 2012 - July 2016
French National Institute for Agriculture, Food, and Environment (INRAE)
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (17)
Article
Full-text available
Insular woodiness (IW), referring to the evolutionary transition from herbaceousness toward woodiness on islands, has arisen more than 30 times on the Canary Islands (Atlantic Ocean). One of the IW hypotheses suggests that drought has been a major driver of wood formation, but we do not know in which palaeoclimatic conditions the insular woody line...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Aims The ability to avoid drought-induced embolisms in the xylem is one of the essential traits for plants to survive periods of water shortage. Over the past three decades, hydraulic studies have been focusing on trees, which limits our ability to understand how herbs tolerate drought. Here we investigate the embolism resistance in...
Preprint
Full-text available
Aim: Insular woodiness, referring to the evolutionary transition from herbaceousness towards woodiness on islands, has arisen at least 38 times on the Canary Islands. Distribution patterns and physiological experiments have suggested a link between insular woodiness and increased drought stress resistance in current-day species, but we do not know...
Article
Background: Convergent phenotypic evolution has been widely documented across timescales, from populations, to species, to major lineages. The extent to which convergent phenotypes arise from convergent genetic and developmental mechanisms remains an open question, although studies to-date reveal examples of both similar and different underlying m...
Article
Premise of the study: The evolution of novel fruit morphologies has been integral to the success of angiosperms. The inflated fruiting calyx, in which the balloon-like calyx swells to completely surround the fruit, has evolved repeatedly across angiosperms and is postulated to aid in protection and dispersal. We investigated the evolution of this...
Preprint
Full-text available
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: The evolution of novel fruit morphologies has been integral to the success of angiosperms. The inflated fruiting calyx, in which the balloon-like calyx swells to completely surround the fruit, has evolved repeatedly across angiosperms and is postulated to aid in protection and dispersal. Here we investigate the evolution of th...
Article
The predictability of evolution, or whether lineages repeatedly follow the same evolutionary trajectories during phenotypic convergence remains an open question of evolutionary biology. In this study, we investigate evolutionary convergence at the biochemical pathway level and test the predictability of evolution using floral anthocyanin pigmentati...
Article
Full-text available
Xylem vulnerability to embolism is emerging as a major factor in drought-induced tree mortality events across the globe. However, we lack understanding of how and to what extent climate has shaped vascular properties or functions. We investigated the evolution of xylem hydraulic function and diversification patterns in Australia's most successful g...
Article
Full-text available
The recent massive dieback of forest trees due to drought stress makes assessment of the variability of physiological traits that might be critical for predicting forest response and adaptation to climate change even more urgent. We investigated xylem vulnerability to cavitation and xylem specific hydraulic conductivity in seven species of three pr...
Article
Full-text available
The realized host range of herbivores is expected to increase with herbivore population density. Theory also predicts that trait similarity and phylogenetic relatedness between native and exotic plants is expected to increase the susceptibility of introduced plants to feeding by native herbivores. Whether the ability of native herbivores to extend...
Thesis
Les forêts du monde entier sont menacées de mortalités importantes lors de sécheresses intenses liés au changement climatique. Les conifères en particulier semblent extrêmement vulnérables à la mort par dysfonctionnement hydraulique de leur système vasculaire ou embolie. Le principal objectif de cette thèse est d’étudier la résistance à l’embolie d...
Article
Full-text available
Drought-induced hydraulic failure is a leading cause of mortality of trees (McDowell et al., 2008; Anderegg et al., 2012) and has become a major concern in light of future climate predictions, with forests across the world showing signs of vulnerability to intense and prolonged drought events (Allen et al., 2010). We show here that Callitris tuberc...
Article
Full-text available
Drought-induced forest dieback has been widely reported over the last decades, and the evidence for a direct causal link between survival and hydraulic failure (xylem cavitation) is now well known. Because vulnerability to cavitation is intimately linked to the anatomy of the xylem, the main objective of this study was to better understand the xyle...
Article
Full-text available
Humans have introduced plants and animals into new continents and islands with negative effects on local species. This has been the case of the olive that was introduced in Australia, New Zealand and Pacific islands where it became invasive. Two subspecies were introduced in Australia, and each successfully invaded a specific area: the African oliv...
Data
Data S1. Alternative ABC implementation using in-house scripts, the ms program and the abc R package. Figure S1. The three demographic scenarios of African olive invasion in Australia and Hawaii. Figure S2. Reduced-median networks of haplotypes detected in the native range of subsp. cuspidata. Figure S3. Barplot of the STRUCTURE analysis for the Au...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
This project is designed to improve our understanding of how trees maintain hydraulic integrity - the continuation of water transport - under a range of environmental challenges. It brings together studies of wood anatomy, plant physiology and ecohydrology.