Maxime Robert

Maxime Robert
Laval University | ULAVAL · Department of Rehabilitation

PhD

About

42
Publications
6,739
Reads
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396
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2017 - present
Weill Cornell Medical College
Position
  • PostDoc Position
September 2017 - present
Columbia University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
September 2012 - August 2017
McGill University
Field of study
  • Neuroscience
September 2010 - August 2012
Université du Québec à Montréal
Field of study
  • Kinanthropologie
September 2007 - September 2010
Université du Québec à Montréal
Field of study
  • Kinesiologie

Publications

Publications (42)
Preprint
Full-text available
Purpose: Gait parameters are altered and asymmetrical in individual with transtibial amputation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the effect of four different prosthetic feet on lower-limb biomechanics during gait. Methods: One young adult with transtibial ampution performed four gait analysis sessions with four foot-ankle pros...
Article
Full-text available
Background Individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) have a reduced ability to perform motor tasks such as walking. During daily walking, they are confronted with environmental constraints such as irregular surfaces (e.g., relief and uneven surfaces) which may require adaptations to maintain stability and avoid falls. Laboratory gait assessments are con...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (USCP) is characterised by movement deficits primarily on one body side. The best available upper extremity (UE) therapies are costly and intensive. Thus, there is an urgent need for better, more efficient and thus more accessible therapies. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is non-invasiv...
Article
Purpose There is a lack of high-quality evidence about the effects of exercise or physical activity interventions for adults with lower limb amputations (LLAs). A planning meeting involving stakeholders (i.e., people with LLA, community advocates, health care providers, researchers) was organized to identify key research priorities related to exerc...
Preprint
Background Children’s ability to engage in meaningful occupations is positively influenced by their ability to move independently. Preliminary evidence in children suggests that wheelchair skills training improves wheelchair skills, which are critical for wheelchair mobility. The Wheelchair Skills Training Program is a standardized program to teach...
Article
Full-text available
Individuals with cerebral palsy have difficulties performing activities of daily living. Beyond motor execution impairments, they exhibit motor planning deficits contributing to their difficulties. The objective of this review is to synthesize the behavioral evidence of motor planning deficits during an upper limb motor task in children, adolescent...
Article
Purpose: To conduct a pilot study to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of an intensive bimanual intervention on upper limb function in children who have undergone hemispherectomy. Methods: Thirteen children received 90 hours of intensive bimanual training (Hand-Arm Bimanual Intensive Therapy, HABIT). The Jebsen-Taylor Test of Hand Functio...
Article
Full-text available
People living with cerebral palsy (CP) exhibit motor and sensory impairments that affect unimanual and bimanual functions. The importance of sensory functions for motor control is well known, but the association between motor and sensory functions remains unclear in people living with CP. The objective of this systematic review was to characterize...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The corpus callosum (CC) plays an important role in upper extremity (UE) function. The impact on UE function in children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (USCP) and improvements following intensive interventions remain unknown. Objectives: To examine the (1) relationship between UE function and CC integrity and (2) relationship...
Article
Full-text available
Background/Objectives: Intensive training of the more affected upper extremity (UE) has been shown to be effective for children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (USCP). Two types of UE training have been particularly successful: Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (CIMT) and Bimanual training. Reorganization of the corticospinal tract (CST) e...
Article
Full-text available
Current guidelines against spread of coronavirus (COVID-19) interrupt non-essential rehabilitation services. Thus, individuals with physical disabilities such as children with cerebral palsy can no longer benefit from physical rehabilitation during this undetermined period. Using either a synchronous or asynchronous format, in collaboration with a...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Increasing evidence supports the use of virtual reality to improve upper limb motor functions in individuals with cerebral palsy. While virtual reality offers the possibility to include key components to promote motor learning, it remains unclear if and how motor learning principles are incorporated in the development of rehabilitation i...
Article
Background Increasing evidence supports the use of virtual reality systems to improve upper limb motor functions in individuals with cerebral palsy. While virtual reality offers the possibility to include key components to promote motor learning, it remains unclear if and how motor learning principles are incorporated into the development of rehabi...
Article
Full-text available
Children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (USCP) have shown impaired bimanual coordination. The corpus callosum (CC) connects the two hemispheres and is critical for tasks that require inter-hemisphere communication. The relationship between the functional bimanual coordination impairments and structural integrity of the CC is unclear. We hyp...
Preprint
Full-text available
AIMS The corpus callosum (CC) regulates signalling between the two hemispheres and plays an important role in upper limb functions. There is limited evidence on the relationships between the integrity of the CC and upper limb functions in children with USCP. Furthermore, the extent of how much the CC can be used as a biomarker to predict hand funct...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Cerebral palsy is a neurological disorder not only affecting motor functions but also cognitive and psychosocial dimension. Multispecialty therapies are needed to address these dimensions. Dance practice provides multidimensional benefits for people with various neurological disorders and may present a real potential for people with cerebr...
Article
The authors present a Recurrent Neural Network classifier model that segments the walking data recorded with instrumented footwear. The signals from 3 piezoresistive sensors, a 3-axis accelerometer, and Euler angles are used to generate temporal gait characteristics of a user. The model was tested using a data set collected from 28 adults containin...
Conference Paper
Introduction : La pratique de la danse en thérapie présente des intérêts moteurs, cognitifs et psychosociaux pour les personnes ayant des troubles neurologiques variés. La paralysie cérébrale (PC) est la première cause de handicap moteur chez l’enfant. Elle peut aussi toucher la cognition et avoir des répercussions psychosociales importantes. Un pr...
Article
Aim: To compare three reaching movements made in two planes between a low-cost, game-based virtual reality and a matched physical environment in typically developing children and children with cerebral palsy (CP). To determine if differences in kinematics are related to sensory deficits. Method: An observational study in which 27 children (typic...
Article
Background: Improving upper limb motor skills occur through motor learning that can be enhanced by providing extrinsic feedback. Different types and frequencies of feedback are discussed but specific guidelines for use of feedback for motor learning in typically-developing (TD) children and children with Cerebral Palsy (CP) are not available. Obj...
Article
Introduction: In the next few years, several head-mounted displays (HMD) will be publicly released making virtual reality more accessible. HMD are expected to be widely popular at home for gaming but also in clinical settings, notably for training and rehabilitation. HMD can be used in both seated and standing positions; however, presently, the im...
Conference Paper
The primary focus of rehabilitation for individuals with motor deficits is the relearning of specific motor skills and daily tasks. Rehabilitation strives to take advantage of neuroplastic processes during recovery, a process that can be addressed by creating enriched training environments using virtual reality (VR) based simulations. The objective...
Conference Paper
Evidence of provision of extrinsic feedback for improvement and retention of upper limb kinematics in children with cerebral palsy (CP) is scarce, especially following training interventions using virtual environments. Benefits of using a virtual environment can range from increasing the participant's motivation to the ease of adapting extrinsic fe...
Article
Children with a neuromuscular disease are prone to early muscular fatigue. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of fatigue induced by a walking exercise on the strength, postural control, and gait of children with a neuromuscular disease. Maximal isometric knee strength (extension and flexion), quiet standing postural cont...
Article
Full-text available
A tight coupling between lexico-semantic access and motor control has been established on the basis of neuropsychological, neurophysiological, and behavioral evidence. For example, sensory and motor cortices have been shown to be active when subjects listen to words denoting bodily actions. Kinematic analyses of participants' motor actions during t...
Conference Paper
Evidence for improvement and retention of upper limb kinematics in children with cerebral palsy (CP) is scarce especially following training interventions using virtual environments. Children with CP were randomly allocated to one of two groups: task-oriented training with or without trunk restraint. For both groups, training was done in both virtu...
Article
Our aim was to determine if improved upper limb kinematics in children with cerebral palsy (CP) during a reach-to-grasp task could be retained and transferred to a similar task. We also characterized the relationship between sensation and motor learning. We used a prospective, single-participant research design with 16 children (seven males, nine f...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) are prone to secondary complications related to physical inactivity and poor cardiorespiratory capacity. This problem could be greatly attenuated through the use of video games that incorporate physical activity for 2 reasons: Video games already represent an important component of leisure time in youn...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of this study was to determine the repeatability of gait parameters measured by a force plate gait analysis system (Leonardo Mechanograph(®) GW) in healthy children. Nineteen healthy children and adolescents (age range: 7-17 years) walked at a self-selected speed on an 11-m-long walkway. Vertical ground reaction forces were measured in the...
Article
This study examines the connectivity in the neural networks controlling respiration in the lampreys, a basal vertebrate. Previous studies have shown that the lamprey paratrigeminal respiratory group (pTRG) plays a crucial role in the generation of respiration. By using a combination of anatomical and physiological techniques, we characterized the b...
Article
Full-text available
When animals move, respiration increases to adapt for increased energy demands; the underlying mechanisms are still not understood. We investigated the neural substrates underlying the respiratory changes in relation to movement in lampreys. We showed that respiration increases following stimulation of the mesencephalic locomotor region (MLR) in an...
Article
Full-text available
Epileptic seizures are associated with motor, sensory, somatosensory or autonomic symptoms that have all been described in varying detail over the years. Of interest in the present report is a case of normal physiological tremor, which to date has never been evaluated prior to and during an epileptic seizure. In fact, there is only anecdotal mentio...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to compare the aerobic solicitation and the postural movements induced by an active video game console in children with cerebral palsy, and in typically developing children. Results showed that the response varied greatly between games, emphasizing the importance of choosing the adequate game in order to solicit specific m...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of the present study was to determine the repeatability of gait parameters measured by a force plate gait analysis system (Leonardo Mechanograph® GW). Fifteen healthy adult participants walked at a self-selected speed on a 10 m long walkway. Vertical ground reaction forces were measured in the central 6 m of the walkway. Each participant p...

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