Max Paquette

Max Paquette
The University of Memphis | U of M · School of Health Studies

33.89
 · 
PhD Biomechanics

About

87
Research items
16,083
Reads
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425
Citations
Research Experience
August 2012 - present
The University of Memphis
Position
  • Assistant Professor
August 2009 - July 2012
University of Tennessee
Position
  • Graduate Assistant
September 2007 - August 2009
University of Guelph
Position
  • Graduate Teaching Assistant

Network

Cited By
Followers
Following

Projects

Projects (6)
Project
1. Understand biomechanical and morphological differences among young and older runners. 2. Understand the implications of training exposure on biomechanical and morphological factors in aging runners. 3. Understand the effects of various training interventions on biomechanical, morphological and health-related factors in aging runners.

Research

Research items (87)
Article
Full-text available
Background: The aim of this systematic review was to identify principles of exercise interventions associated with improved physical function, weight management or musculoskeletal pain relief among young and middle-aged adults with obesity and propose an evidence-based exercise prescription that could assist in secondary prevention of osteoarthrit...
Article
Conflicting methodologies are used to define certain countermovement vertical jump (CMVJ) phases, which limits identification of performance-enhancing factors (e.g., rate of force development). Purpose: We (a) utilized a joint power approach to define CMVJ phases that accurately describe body weight unloading (i.e., unweighting) and eccentric (i....
Article
Patients who sustain irreversible cartilage damage or joint instability from ankle injuries are likely to develop ankle osteoarthritis. A Dynamic Ankle Orthosis (DAO) was recently designed with the intent to offload the foot and ankle using a distractive force, allowing more natural sagittal and frontal plane ankle motion during gait. To evaluate i...
Article
Full-text available
The Master runner (age 35 y and above) represents a unique athletic patient. Lifelong participation in endurance running slows the inevitable age-related decline in aerobic function and muscular strength. Still, the Master runner does not escape the inevitable effects of aging. Master runners experience a steady decline in running performance, that...
Article
Full-text available
It is unclear whether weighted vest (WV) use improves countermovement vertical jump (CMVJ) performance by enhancing stretch-shortening cycle (SSC) function via increased storage and utilisation of elastic strain energy. In is also unknown whether WV use stimulates different responses in men and women. WV effects on energy storage and utilisation du...
Article
The deadlift and back and front squats are common multijoint, lower-body resistance exercises that target similar musculature. To our knowledge, muscle activity measured using surface electromyography has never been analyzed among these 3 exercises. Furthermore, most literature examining this topic has included male participants creating a void in...
Article
Smith, RE, Paquette, MR, Harry, JR, Powell, DW, and Weiss, LW. Footwear and sex differences in performance and joint kinetics during maximal vertical jumping. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-This investigation examined the effects of footwear and sex on vertical jump displacement and joint power contributions. Twenty-three young adults wit...
Article
In response to the target article by Nigg et al (2017) suggesting the need to shift towards new running injury paradigms, we comment on the need to continue investigating a variety of paradigms, new and old, and on poorly studied factors that necessitate the need to continue digging deeper in the pursuit of better prediction of injury development....
Article
Purpose: Rest-pause (4 s unloaded rest between repetitions) single session training effects on lifting volume, and muscle activity via electromyography (EMG) are currently vague in the literature and can benefit strength and conditioning professionals for resistance training program design. This study compared differences in volume lifted and musc...
Article
Full-text available
This study sought to identify kinetic and electromyographic (EMG) sub-phase characteristics distinguishing good from poor jumpers during countermovement vertical jumps (CMVJ), as defined by the reactive strength index (CMVJ displacement divided by jump time; RSI; cutoff=.46 m/s). Fifteen men (1.8±.6 m; 84.5±8.5 kg; 24±2 y) were stratified by RSI in...
Article
Full-text available
The deadlift and back and front squats are common multi-joint, lower body resistance exercises that target similar musculature. To our knowledge, muscle activity measured via surface electromyography (EMG) has never been analyzed among these three exercises. Furthermore, most literature examining this topic has included male participants creating a...
Article
Purpose: To compare running biomechanics between young and middle-aged runners when controlling for the confounding effects of training volume and intensity. Methods: 15 middle-aged runners, 15 young runners with similar training volume as the middle-aged group and, 15 young runners with similar preferred training paces (i.e. intensity) as the m...
Article
Purpose: Rest-pause (4-s unloaded rest between repetitions) training effects on one repetition maximum (1 RM), lifting volume, and neural activation via electromyography (EMG) are currently vague in the literature and can benefit strength and conditioning professionals for resistance training programme design. Therefore, this study compared 1 RM,...
Article
There are many different types of aerobic cross-training modalities currently available. It is important to consider the effects that these different modalities have on running performance and injury risks. The purpose of this study was to compare movement quality, running economy and performance, injury-related biomechanical variables and, hip mus...
Article
Purpose High-arched athletes (HA) exhibit greater lower extremity stiffness during functional tasks than low-arched athletes (LA). The contributions of skeletal and muscular structures to stiffness may underlie the distinct injury patterns observed in these athletes. The purpose of this study was to compare skeletal and muscular contributions to le...
Article
Full-text available
Runners often experience delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), especially of the knee extensors, following prolonged running. Sagittal knee joint biomechanics are altered in the presence of knee extensor DOMS but it is unclear how muscle soreness affects lower limb biomechanics in other planes of motion. The purpose of this study was to assess the...
Article
Full-text available
The purposes of this study were to compare selected biomechanical variables before and after a long run, and to assess the relationship between weekly running volume and changes in lower limb biomechanics after the run. Twelve trained habitual rearfoot strike male runners ran over-ground before and after a treadmill long run while kinematic and kin...
Article
Full-text available
Research has focused on the effects of acute strike pattern modifications on lower extremity joint stiffness and running economy (RE). Strike pattern modifications on running biomechanics have mostly been studied while runners complete short running bouts. This study examined the effects of an imposed forefoot strike (FFS) on RE and ankle and knee...
Article
Purpose: Toe-in (TI) and toe-in with wider step width (TIW) gait modifications have successfully reduced the internal peak knee adduction moment (KAM) during level walking and stair ascent tasks, respectively, for healthy and knee osteoarthritis populations. However, the concurrent effects of these modifications have not previously been combined t...
Article
Purpose: This study compared the effects of computerized agility training using 3 types of footwear on change-of-direction and balance performance in young adults. Method: Thirty recreationally active young adults (Mage = 22.8 ± 3.1 years; Mheight = 1.71 ± 0.7 m; Mbodymass = 73.4 ± 10.3 kg) were randomly assigned to a 6-week computerized agility...
Conference Paper
Injuries often force runners to cross-train in an attempt to maintain fitness with less or no pain. Little research has been conducted to identify the most optimal cross-training modalities for runners. PURPOSE: To compare running economy, hip adduction and functional movement screening (FMS) before and after training from three types of cross-trai...
Question
Has anyone used BTS force plates in their lab recently? Has anyone ever used a combination of BTS plates with AMTI plates? Thank you for any input?
Article
Vertical jump (VJ) capability is integral to the level of success attained by individuals participating in numerous sport and physical activities. Knowledge of factors related to jump performance may help with talent identification and/or optimizing training prescription. Although myriad variables are likely related to VJ, this study focused on det...
Answer
Yes I am aware, thank you. Typically, other factors are collected simultaneously (rearfoot eversion, ankle dorsiflexion, etc...). This current question is purely methodological.
Max
Answer
Dennis,
Absolute COP values are difficult to interpret. People with larger feet may have greater COP displacements simply because their feet are bigger. I was curious to see if anyone had used/seen a normalization method (i.e. to foot dimensions).
Max
Article
Body dimensions may influence various types of physical performance. This study was designed to establish the reliability and precision of bilateral lower-body dimensions using surface anatomic landmarks and either sliding calipers or goniometry. Fifty university students (25 men and 25 women) were measured on two separate occasions separated by 48...
Question
Perhaps normalizing COP data would provide a more logical way of interpreting COP excursions below feet of different dimensions? Thank you for any input.
Article
Biomechanical comparative studies on running-related injuries have included either currently or retrospectively injured runners. The purpose of this study was to prospectively compare ankle joint and ground reaction force variables between collegiate runners who developed injuries during the cross country season and those who did not. Running gait...
Article
Foot strike pattern and movement variability have each been associated with running injuries. Foot contact angle (FCA) is a common measure of strike pattern. Thus, variability in FCA could be an important running injury risk factor. The purposes of this study were to compare 1) foot contact angle (FCA) and its variability between runners with and w...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to compare knee and hip joint kinematics previously associated with anterior knee pain and metabolic cost among treadmill running (TM), standard elliptical (SE), and lateral elliptical (LE) in healthy runners. Joint kinematics and metabolic parameters of sixteen runners were collected during all three modalities using...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to investigate the interaction of foot strike and common speeds on sagittal plane ankle and knee joint kinetics in competitive RFS runners when running with a RFS pattern and an imposed FFS pattern. Sixteen competitive habitual male RFS runners ran at two different speeds (i.e., 8min•mile-1 and 6min•mile-1) using their...
Poster
Introduction: Rearfoot strike patterns are most often studied in biomechanics due to the higher prevalence of rearfoot runners compared to non-rearfoot runners (e.g., midfoot, forefoot and toe strike). Toe striking is less common but observed in some competitive and elite runners but is often lumped into a classification with forefoot runners. Ther...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of footwear on kinetics and lower extremity electromyographic (EMG) activity during the vertical jump (VJ) and standing long jump. Fifteen men performed the 2 jump types in 3 footwear conditions: barefoot, minimal shoes, and cross-training shoes. Jump displacement and kinetic data were co...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Standard elliptical devices are a popular cross-training modality as they have similar metabolic cost as running with minimal lower extremity impact. A modified elliptical device produces lateral movement of the lower extremities and yields knee and hip joint motion that may have positive clinical implications for injured runners. Purpose Compare a...
Conference Paper
Purpose: To establish the relationship between strike pattern and injury-related variables in male and female collegiate runners. Methods: 24 non-injured collegiate runners (11 women) completed five over ground running trials. Based on preferred training speeds, men ran at 4.5 m/s while women ran at 4.0 m/s. 3D joint kinematics and ground reaction...
Article
Full-text available
Increased step widths have been shown to reduce peak internal knee abduction moments (KAM) in healthy individuals but not in knee osteoarthritis (KOA) patients during stair descent. This study aimed to assess effects of increased step widths on peak KAM and associated variables in medial KOA and healthy older adults during stair ascent. Thirteen he...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to compare lower extremity joint angular position and muscle activity during elliptical exercise using different foot positions and, on a lateral elliptical trainer. Sixteen men exercised on a lateral elliptical and on a standard elliptical trainer using straight foot position, increased toe-out angle and, a wide step....
Article
Full-text available
Background This preliminary study examined the effects of an 8-week supervised reactive balance training program on reaction time and foot speed, static balance and balance confidence in healthy older adults compared to an exercise control group. Methods Twenty-five older adults were randomly assigned to a reactive balance training group (QuickBoa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Effects of Elliptical Training on Pain, Motor Function, Muscle Strength and Knee Joint Kinetics During Walking in People with Knee Osteoarthritis Max R. Paquette1, Audrey Zucker-Levin2, Paul DeVita3 and William Mihalko2 1 University of Memphis, Memphis, TN, USA 2 University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN, USA 3East Carolina Un...
Article
Background Research shows that one of the first complaints from knee osteoarthritis (OA) patients is difficulty in stair ambulation due to knee pain. Increased step width (SW) has been shown to reduce first and second peak internal knee abduction moments, a surrogate variable for medial compartment knee joint loading, during stair descent in health...
Article
Full-text available
The recent popularity of unstable shoes has sparked much interest in the efficacy of the shoe design. Anecdotal evidence suggests that earlier designs appear bulky and less aesthetically appealing for everyday use. The purpose of this study was to examine effects of a 2nd generation unstable shoe on center of pressure (COP), ground reaction force (...
Article
Full-text available
This study was designed to examine whether concurrent sprint interval and strength training (CT) would result in compromised strength development when compared to strength training (ST) alone. In addition, maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) and time to exhaustion (TTE) were measured to determine if sprint interval training (SIT) would augment aero...
Article
Full-text available
Background No studies have compared effectiveness of resistance training and Tai Ji exercise on relieving symptoms of knee osteoarthritis (OA). The purpose of the study was to evaluate effects of a 10-week Tai Ji and resistance training intervention on improving OA symptoms and mobility in seniors with knee OA. Methods Thirty-one seniors (60–85 ye...
Article
Full-text available
Flip-flops and sandals are popular choices of footwear due to their convenience. However, the effects of these types of footwear on lower extremity biomechanics are still poorly understood. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate differences in ground reaction force (GRF), center of pressure (COP) and lower extremity joint kinemat...
Article
Non-contact athletic injuries are the result of forces generated during athlete-to-surface interactions. Associations between playing surface conditions and injury incidence have been reported and numerous devices have been used to measure the vertical and horizontal forces occurring during athlete-to-surface interactions. However, nearly all of th...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeThe purpose of this study was to examine effects of a sport version of a semi-rigid ankle brace (Element™) and a soft ankle brace (ASO) on ankle biomechanics and ground reaction forces (GRFs) during a drop landing activity in subjects with chronic ankle instability (CAI) compared to healthy subjects with no history of CAI.Methods Ten healthy...
Article
Full-text available
Biomechanical data for gait in unstable rocker bottom shoes reported in the literature is not comprehensive across available shoe types.Purpose: The objective of this study was to comprehensively evaluate centre of pressure (COP), ground reaction force (GRF), joint kinematics and kinetics, and electromyography (EMG) of selected muscles while walkin...