Mauro Teixeira

Mauro Teixeira
Federal University of Minas Gerais | UFMG · Departamento de Bioquímica e Imunologia

MD, PhD, DTMH

About

960
Publications
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Publications

Publications (960)
Article
Full-text available
Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) drives graft rejection and is the main cause of mortality after liver transplantation. During IRI, an intense inflammatory response marked by chemokine production and neutrophil recruitment occurs. However, few strategies are available to restrain this excessive response. Here, we aimed to interfere with chemokine...
Article
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Transplacental transmission of Zika virus (ZIKV) during early pregnancy may lead to several neurological alterations, known as congenital Zika syndrome. We have previously shown that intravaginal infection of immunocompetent dams with ZIKV during the early stage of pregnancy triggers neuroinflammation in fetuses, characterized by increased brain ex...
Article
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Influenza A virus (IAV) infections are a leading cause of mortality worldwide. Excess mortality during IAV epidemics and pandemics is attributable to secondary bacterial infections, particularly pneumonia caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae. Resident alveolar macrophages (rAMs) are early responders to respiratory infections that coordinate initial h...
Article
Vascular dysfunction induced by angiotensin-II can result from direct effects on vascular and inflammatory cells and indirect hemodynamic effects. Using isolated and functional cultured aortas, we aimed to identify the effects of angiotensin-II on cyclooxygenase (COX) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and evaluate their impact on vascular...
Preprint
Background There is no generally accepted methodology for in vivo assessment of antiviral activity in SARS-CoV-2 infection. Ivermectin has been recommended widely as a treatment of COVID-19, but whether it has significant antiviral activity in vivo is uncertain. Methods In a multicentre open label, randomized, controlled adaptive platform trial, a...
Article
Intestinal ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) is accompanied by an exacerbated inflammatory response characterized by deposition of IgG, release of inflammatory mediators, and intense neutrophil influx in the small intestine, resulting in severe tissue injury and death. We hypothesized that FcᵧRIIb activation by deposited IgG could inhibit tissue damag...
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Candida albicans is a human commensal fungus and the etiologic agent of nosocomial infections in immunocompromised individuals. Candida spp. is the most studied human fungal pathogen, and the mechanisms by which this fungus can evade the immune system affecting immunosuppressed individuals have been extensively studied. Most of these studies focus...
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Background Scarce information exists in relation to the comparison of seroconversion and adverse events following immunization (AEFI) with different SARS-CoV-2 vaccines. Our aim was to correlate the magnitude of the antibody response to vaccination with previous clinical conditions and AEFI. Methods A multicentric comparative study where SARS-CoV-...
Preprint
Background There is mounting evidence that SARS-CoV-2 targets tissues beyond the respiratory tract. Long-term sequelae after COVID-19 are frequent and of major concern. Prolonged virus detection in the gut has been particularly intriguing. Of note, SARS-CoV-2 infection also disturbs the gut microbiota composition, a finding linked with disease seve...
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Scientists who plan to publish in British Journal of Pharmacology (BJP) must read this article before undertaking a study. This editorial provides guidance for the design of experiments. We have published previously two guidance documents on experimental design and analysis (Curtis et al., 2015; Curtis et al., 2018). This update clarifies and simpl...
Article
Objective: To investigate the correlation of HRCT findings with pulmonary metabolic activity in the corresponding regions using 18F-FDG PET/CT and inflammatory markers in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc)-associated interstitial lung disease (ILD). Methods: This was a cross-sectional study involving 23 adult patients with SSc-associated ILD...
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Klebsiella pneumoniae is an important pathogen associated with hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP). Bacterial pneumonia is characterized by a harmful inflammatory response with a massive influx of neutrophils, production of cytokines and chemokines, and consequent tissue damage and dysfunction. Targeted therapies to block neutrophil migration to avoi...
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Aspergillus fumigatus is a ubiquitous and saprophytic filamentous fungus and the main etiologic agent of aspergillosis. Infections caused by A. fumigatus culminate in a strong inflammatory response that can evolve into respiratory failure and may be lethal in immunocompromised individuals. In the last decades, it has been demonstrated that extracel...
Article
Background and purpose: Gouty arthritis is characterized by an intense inflammatory response to monosodium urate crystals (MSU), which induces severe pain. Current therapies are often ineffective in reducing gout-related pain. Resolvin D1 (RvD1) is a specialized pro-resolving lipid mediator with anti-inflammatory and analgesic proprieties. In this...
Article
Uncontrolled inflammation and failure to resolve the inflammatory response are crucial factors involved in the progress of inflammatory diseases. Current therapeutic strategies aimed at controlling excessive inflammation are effective in some cases, though they may be accompanied by severe side effects, such as immunosuppression. Phytochemicals as...
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Background: Patients with severe COVID-19 seem to evolve with a compromised antiviral response and hyperinflammation. Neutrophils are critical players in COVID-19. IL-17A plays a major role in protection against extracellular pathogens and neutrophil attraction/activation. We hypothesized that secukinumab, an anti-IL17A monoclonal antibody, could...
Article
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Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) involves conditioning regimens which acutely induce side effects, including systemic inflammation, intestinal damage and shifts in the gut microbial composition, some of which may persist chronically. As the gut microbiota affect systemic immune responses, we aimed to investigate whether, post-BMT, the peripheral i...
Article
The SARS-CoV-2 virus has infected and killed millions of people, but little is known about the risk factors that lead to the development of severe, mild or asymptomatic conditions after infection. The individual immune response and the balance of cytokines and chemokines have been shown to be important for the prognosis of patients. Additionally, i...
Article
Drug discovery from natural sources is going through a renaissance, having spent many decades in the shadow of synthetic molecule drug discovery, despite the fact that natural product-derived compounds occupy a much greater chemical space than those created through synthetic chemistry methods. With this new era comes new possibilities, not least th...
Article
Full-text available
Host immune responses contribute to dengue's pathogenesis and severity, yet the possibility that failure in endogenous inflammation resolution pathways could characterise the disease has not been contemplated. The pro-resolving protein Annexin A1 (AnxA1) is known to counterbalance overexuberant inflammation and mast cell (MC) activation. We hypothe...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Scarce information exists in relation to the comparison of seroconversion and adverse events following immunization (AEFI) with different SARS-CoV-2 vaccines. Our aim was to correlate the magnitude of the antibody response to vaccination with previous clinical conditions and AEFI. Methods A multicentric comparative study where SARS-CoV-...
Article
Full-text available
Alphaviral arthritides caused by mosquito-borne arboviruses such as chikungunya virus (CHIKV) can persist for months after the initial acute disease. Here, we investigated the contribution of interleukin-17 (IL-17), a cytokine involved in chronic autoimmune arthropathies such as rheumatoid arthritis, to the development of alphaviral arthropathy. Se...
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Background Arboviruses transmitted by Aedes aegypti including dengue, Zika, and chikungunya are a major global health problem, with over 2.5 billion at risk for dengue alone. There are no licensed antivirals for these infections, and safe and effective vaccines are not yet widely available. Thus, prevention of arbovirus transmission by vector modif...
Article
Zika virus (ZIKV) infection is a global threat associated to neurological disorders in adults and microcephaly in children born to infected mothers. No vaccine or drug is available against ZIKV. We herein report the anti‐ZIKV activity of 36 plant extracts containing polyphenols and/or triterpenes. ZIKV‐infected Vero CCL‐81 cells were treated with s...
Article
Cancer chemotherapy and radiotherapy may result in mucositis characterized by stem cell damage and inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract. The molecular mechanisms underlying this pathology remain unknown. Based on the assumption that mitochondrial CPG-DNA (mtDNA) released and sensed by TLR9 could underlie mucositis pathology, we analyzed the m...
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Pneumonia is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. While inflammation is a host protective response that ensures bacterial clearance, a finely regulated response is necessary to prevent bystander tissue damage. Glucocorticoid (GC)-induced leucine zipper (GILZ) is a GC-induced protein with anti-inflammatory and proresolving bioactions, yet the...
Article
Infectious diseases, once believed to be an eradicable public health threat, still represent a leading cause of death worldwide. Environmental and social changes continuously favor the emergence of new pathogens and rapid dissemination around the world. The limited availability of anti-viral therapies and increased antibiotic resistance has made th...
Article
Full-text available
Drug discovery from natural sources is going through a renaissance, having spent many decades in the shadow of synthetic molecule drug discovery, despite the fact that natural product-derived compounds occupy a much greater chemical space than those created through synthetic chemistry methods. With this new era comes new possibilities, not least th...
Article
Full-text available
Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are metabolites produced mainly by the gut microbiota with a known role in immune regulation. Acetate, the major SCFA, is described to disseminate to distal organs such as lungs where it can arm sentinel cells, including alveolar macrophages, to fight against bacterial intruders. In the current study, we explored mec...
Article
Rheumatoid arthritis(RA) is a debilitating chronic inflammatory disease. Suppressors of Cytokine Signaling(SOCS) proteins regulate homeostasis and pathogenesis in several diseases. The intersection between RA pathophysiology and SOCS2 is unclear. Herein, we investigated the roles of SOCS2 during the development of an experimental antigen-induced ar...
Article
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Inflammation is an essential reaction of the immune system to infections and sterile tissue injury. However, uncontrolled or unresolved inflammation can cause tissue damage and contribute to the pathogenesis of various inflammatory diseases. Resolution of inflammation is driven by endogenous molecules, known as pro-resolving mediators, that contrib...
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Platelet-activating factor receptor (PAFR) activation controls adipose tissue (AT) expansion in animal models. Our objective was twofold: (i) to check whether PAFR signaling is involved in human obesity and (ii) investigate the PAF pathway role in hematopoietic or non-hematopoietic cells to control adipocyte size. Clinical parameters and adipose ti...
Article
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Mucositis is a major clinical complication associated with cancer treatment and may limit the benefit of chemotherapy. Leukocytes and inflammatory mediators have been extensively associated with mucositis severity. However, the role of eosinophils in the pathophysiology of chemotherapy-induced mucositis remains to be elucidated. Here, using GATA-1...
Article
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Nonphlogistic migration of macrophages contributes to the clearance of pathogens and apoptotic cells, a critical step for the resolution of inflammation and return to homeostasis. Angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] is a heptapeptide of the renin-angiotensin system that acts through Mas receptor (MasR). Ang-(1-7) has recently emerged as a novel proresolv...
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St. Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV) is a neglected mosquito-borne flavivirus that causes severe neurological disease in humans. SLEV replication in the central nervous system (CNS) induces the local production of interferons (IFNs), which are attributed to host protection. The antiviral response to SLEV infection in the CNS is not completely unders...
Article
Chagas disease has a complex pathogenesis wherein the host immune response is essential for controlling its development. Suppressor of cytokine signaling(SOCS)2 is a crucial protein that regulates cytokine production. In this study, SOCS2 deficiency resulted in an initial imbalance of IL12- and IL-10-producing neutrophils and dendritic cells (DCs),...
Article
cis-Aconitic acid is a constituent from the leaves of Echinodorus grandiflorus, a medicinal plant traditionally used in Brazil to treat inflammatory conditions, including arthritic diseases. The present study aimed to investigate the anti-arthritic effect of cis-aconitic acid in murine models of antigen-induced arthritis and monosodium urate-induce...
Preprint
Host immune responses contribute to dengue's pathogenesis and severity, yet the possibility that failure in endogenous inflammation resolution pathways could characterise the disease has not been contemplated. The pro-resolving protein Annexin A1 (AnxA1) is known to counterbalance overexuberant inflammation and mast cell (MC) activation. We hypothe...
Article
Full-text available
Long-term infection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) represents a challenge to virus dispersion and the control of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The reason why some people have prolonged infection and how the virus persists for so long are still not fully understood. Recent studies suggested that the a...
Article
The emergence of life-threatening zoonotic diseases caused by betacoronavirus, including the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, has highlighted the need for developing preclinical models mirroring respiratory and systemic pathophysiological manifestations seen in infected humans. Here, we showed that C57BL/6J wild-type mice intranasally inoculated with the...
Article
Chagas disease is an important disease of the heart. Lipoxins have important regulatory functions in host immune response (IR). Herein, we examined whether the receptor for lipoxin A4, the formyl peptide receptor (FPR) 2, had an effect on Trypanosoma cruzi infection. In vitro, FPR2 deficiency or inhibition improved the activity of macrophages again...
Article
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Influenza A virus (IAV) is the causative agent of flu disease that results in annual epidemics and occasional pandemics. IAV alters several signaling pathways of the cellular host response in order to promote its replication. Therefore, some of these pathways can serve as targets for novel anti-viral agents. Here, we show that c-Jun NH2-terminal ki...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Patients with severe COVID-19 seem to have a compromised antiviral response and hyperinflammation. Neutrophils are critical players in COVID-19 pathogenesis. IL-17A plays a major role in protection against extracellular pathogens and neutrophil attraction and activation. We hypothesized that secukinumab, an anti-IL17A monoclonal antibod...
Article
Full-text available
Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is a systemic disease caused by Paracoccidioides spp. PCM is endemic in Latin America and most cases are registered in Brazil. This mycosis affects mainly the lungs, but can also spread to other tissues and organs, including the liver. Several approaches have been investigated to improve treatment effectiveness and prot...
Article
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ACE2 and TMPRSS2 are key players on SARS-CoV-2 entry into host cells. However, it is still unclear whether expression levels of these factors could reflect disease severity. Here, a case-control study was conducted with 213 SARS-CoV-2 positive individuals where cases were defined as COVID-19 patients with respiratory distress requiring oxygen suppo...
Article
Full-text available
Zika virus (ZIKV) is an arbovirus belonging to Flaviviridae family that emerged as a global health threat due to its association with microcephaly and other severe neurological complications, including Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) and Congenital Zika Syndrome (CZS). ZIKV disease has been linked to neuroinflammation and neuronal cell death. Neurode...
Article
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Hepatic cell death occurs in response to diverse stimuli such as chemical and physical damage. The exposure of intracellular contents such as DNA during necrosis induces a severe inflammatory response that has yet to be fully explored therapeutically. Here, we sought means to neutralize the ability of extracellular DNA to induce deleterious tissue...
Article
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Toxoplasmosis, caused by Toxoplasma gondii, is a major public concern owing to its neurotropic nature and high morbidity and mortality rates in immunocompromised patients and newborns. Current treatment for this disease is inefficient and produces side effects. Inflammatory mediators produced during T. gondii infection (e.g., cytokines and nitric o...
Article
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Skin wounds are an important clinical problem which affects millions of people worldwide. The search for new therapeutic approaches to improve wound healing is needed. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of the oral treatment with the skin-related probiotics Lactobacillus johnsonii LA1 (LJ), L. paracasei ST11 (LP), and L. rhamnosus LPR...
Preprint
Full-text available
Several animal models are being used to explore important features of COVID-19, nevertheless none of them recapitulates all aspects of the disease in humans. The continuous refinement and development of other options of in vivo models are opportune, especially ones that are carried out at BSL-2 (Biosafety Level 2) laboratories. In this study, we in...
Article
Full-text available
Zika virus (ZIKV) infection of neurons leads to neurological complications and congenital malformations of the brain of neonates. To date, ZIKV mechanism of infection and pathogenesis is not entirely understood and different studies on gene regulation of ZIKV-infected cells have identified a dysregulation of inflammatory and stem cell maintenance p...
Article
Objective Dengue fever is one of the most important arboviral diseases in the world, and its severe forms are characterised by a broad spectrum of systemic and cardiovascular hallmarks. However, much remains to be elucidated regarding the pathogenesis triggered by Dengue virus (DENV) in the heart. Herein, we evaluated the cardiac outcomes unleashed...
Article
Gout is an inflammatory disease triggered by deposition of monosodium urate (MSU) crystals in the joints, resulting in high neutrophil influx and pain. Here, we studied the role of the inhibitory receptor CD300a in the resolution process in a murine model of gout. We found increased CD300a expression on neutrophils emigrated to the joint. When comp...
Article
Full-text available
ACE2 and TMPRSS2 are key players on SARS-CoV-2 entry into host cells. However, it is still unclear whether expression levels of these factors could reflect disease severity. Here, a case-control study was conducted with 213 SARS-CoV-2 positive individuals where cases were defined as COVID-19 patients with respiratory distress requiring oxygen suppo...
Article
Chagas disease (ChD), caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, remains a challenge for the medical and scientific fields due to the inefficiency of the therapeutic approaches available for its treatment. Thiosemicarbazones and hydrazones present a wide spectrum of bioactivities and are considered a platform for the design of new anti-T. cruzi drug candidates....
Article
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Along with respiratory tract disease per se, viral respiratory infections can also cause extrapulmonary complications with a potentially critical impact on health. In the present study, we used an experimental model of influenza A virus (IAV) infection to investigate the nature and outcome of the associated gut disorders. In IAV-infected mice, the...
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Importance: Data on the efficacy of hydroxychloroquine or lopinavir-ritonavir for the treatment of high-risk outpatients with COVID-19 in developing countries are needed. Objective: To determine whether hydroxychloroquine or lopinavir-ritonavir reduces hospitalization among high-risk patients with early symptomatic COVID-19 in an outpatient sett...
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Biochanin A (BCA) is a natural organic compound of the class of phytochemicals known as flavonoids and isoflavone subclass predominantly found in red clover (Trifolium pratense). It has anti-inflammatory activity and some pro-resolving actions, such as neutrophil apoptosis. However, the effect of BCA in the resolution of inflammation is still poorl...
Article
The inflammatory human chemokine CXCL5 interacts with the G protein–coupled receptor CXCR2 to induce chemotaxis and activation of neutrophils. CXCL5 also has weak agonist activity toward CXCR1. The N-terminus of CXCL5 can be modified by proteolytic cleavage or deimination of Arg ⁹ to citrulline (Cit), and these modifications can occur separately or...
Article
Current chemical therapies for Chagas Disease (CD) lack ability to clear Trypanosoma cruzi (Tc) parasites and cause severe side effects, making search for new strategies extremely necessary. We evaluated the action of Tityus serrulatus venom (TsV) components during Tc infection. TsV treatment increased nitric oxide and pro-inflammatory cytokine pro...
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The presence of eosinophils and neutrophils in the lungs of asthmatic patients is associated with the severity of the disease and resistance to corticosteroids. Thus, defective resolution of eosinophilic and neutrophilic inflammation is importantly related to exacerbation of asthma. In this study, we investigated a therapeutic action of angiotensin...