Mauro Rossi

Mauro Rossi
Italian National Research Council | CNR · Research Institute for Geo-Hydrological Protection IRPI

PhD in Earth Science

About

202
Publications
80,045
Reads
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Citations
Introduction
Landslide and erosion processes hazard modelling: (i) statistical modelling of susceptibility, (ii) temporal hazard and magnitude of landslides; (iii) physically-based modelling of shallow landslides and erosion processes; (iv) statistical analysis of landslide and rainfall time series, including satellite rainfall data series. Design, development and implementation of Landslide Early Warning Systems.
Additional affiliations
February 2004 - present
Italian National Research Council
Position
  • Researcher
Education
September 1995 - December 2000
Università degli Studi di Perugia
Field of study
  • Earth Science
September 1990 - June 2000
Liceo Scientifico "Galileo Galilei"
Field of study
  • High School

Publications

Publications (202)
Article
Full-text available
Study region Italy Study focus Groundwater recharge (GR) is the amount of water that infiltrates into the soil recharging aquifers. For Italy, we applied a water balance method for estimating GR, along with other balance components, using gratis/libre open access data and open source software. The results were compared with the data available from...
Article
Gully erosion is a particularly damaging process which is not yet sufficiently understood and parameterized. Gully head topographic threshold relative to Hortonian runoff have been studied in cropland, rangeland and forest. This study extends such modelling approach to badlands. Different badlands (eight sites) have been studied in the Mediterranea...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Drainage basins of the Northern Apennines, and in particular those that have developed on the Allochthonous Ligurian Complex, are dominated by intense landslide activity operated by earth slides and flows, and by widespread badland erosion. Today, a long history of deforestation and land cover changes has generated a landscape with sparse, coppice...
Article
Full-text available
In the past 50 years, a large variety of statistically based models and methods for landslide susceptibility mapping and zonation have been proposed in the literature. The methods, which are applicable to a large range of spatial scales, use a large variety of input thematic data, different model combinations, and several approaches to evaluate the...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the past 50 years, a large variety of statistically-based models and methods for landslide susceptibility mapping and zonation have been proposed in the literature. The methods, applicable to a large range of spatial scales, use a large variety of input thematic data, different model combinations and several approaches to evaluate the models per...
Article
Full-text available
Geo‐hydrological phenomena, including gullies, contribute significantly to soil erosion and land degradation. To address this, proper management of basins and hillslopes should consider the mechanism, timing, and location of gully development and how gullies interact with other hillslope processes. Yet, conventional modelling techniques for such pr...
Article
Full-text available
We present Flood-SHE, a data-driven, statistically-based procedure for the delineation of areas expected to be inundated by river floods. We applied Flood-SHE in the 23 River Basin Authorities (RBAs) in Italy using information on the presence or absence of inundations obtained from existing flood zonings as the dependent variable, and six hydro-mor...
Article
Full-text available
In mountain, clay-rich physiographic settings of the Northern Apennines, earth slides and earth flows are dominant processes of hillslope sediment transfer, which cause hazard and pose risk to lives and man-made structures. In Emilia-Romagna (E-R), information drawn from a region-wide inventory is customarily used for assessing landslide hazard pot...
Article
Full-text available
Rockfalls pose a substantial threat to ground transportation, due to their rapidity, destructive potential and high probability of occurrence on steep topographies, often found along roads and railway routes. Approaches for the assessment of rockfall susceptibility range from purely phenomenological methods and statistical methods, suitable for mod...
Article
Soil erosion is generally recognized as the dominant process of land degradation. The formation and expansion of gullies is often a highly significant process of soil erosion. However, our ability to assess and simulate gully erosion and its impacts remains very limited. This is especially so at regional to continental scales. As a result, gullying...
Preprint
Full-text available
Rockfalls pose a substantial threat to ground transportation, due to their rapidity, destructive potential and high probability of occurrence on steep topographies, often found along roads and railway routes. Various factors trigger rockfalls, including rainfall and seismic activity, and diverse phenomena affect their probability of occurrence. App...
Article
Full-text available
Modelling rockfall phenomena is complex and requires various inputs, including an accurate location of the source areas. Source areas are controlled by geomorphological, geological, or other geoenvironmental factors and may largely influence the results of the modelling. In the Canary Islands, rockfalls are extremely common and pose a major threat...
Article
Full-text available
Geo-hydrological risk reduction is a key issue for local governments in Italy. In this context, a collaboration was undertaken between multiple actors in the La Spezia municipality aimed at: (i) monitoring building characteristics, using specific and valuable indicators, and (ii) increasing the knowledge of geo-hydrological hazards across residents...
Chapter
Landslides are frequent and destructive geo-hydrological events that cause harm to people every year worldwide. We used a catalogue on 1039 landslide fatalities, occurred in Italy in the 50-year period 1970–2019, to determine the dependence of the fatalities on gender, age and circumstance of death. The updated version of the Italian landslide fata...
Chapter
The variability of landslide phenomena in terms of types, velocity and size, makes it difficult to establish a unique methodology for the definition of landslide susceptibility, with different approaches proposed in the literature for the prediction of landslide occurrence. In addition, the extent of the study area and the characteristics of the av...
Article
Full-text available
Subsidence, the lowering of Earth's land surface, is a potentially destructive hazard that can be caused by a wide range of natural or anthropogenic triggers but mainly results from solid or fluid mobilization underground. Subsidence due to groundwater depletion (1) is a slow and gradual process that develops on large time scales (months to years),...
Preprint
Full-text available
Abstract. The increasing availability of free-access satellite data represents a relevant opportunity for the analysis and assessment of natural hazards. The systematic acquisition of spaceborne imagery allows for monitoring areas prone to geohydrological disasters, providing relevant information for risk evaluation and management. In cases of majo...
Article
Full-text available
An accurate understanding of physical and socio-economic effects of landslides is fundamental to develop more refined risk management, mitigation strategies and land use policies. In this paper we develop a measure to consider the interconnection between physical and economic exposure, i.e. what we call the economic landslide susceptibility, namely...
Article
Gully head erosion is a significant process in semi-arid regions contributing to land degradation and hillslope dynamics. Predicting when and where gully heads will expand under different seasonal scenarios is an essential step to take the appropriate mitigation measures. The LANDPLANER model was applied in this study area in order to analyze and i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Rockfalls are one harmful kind of landslide, due to their rapidity, destructive potential and high probabilityof occurrence on steep topographies, often foundalong transportation corridors. Various factorscan trigger rockfalls, including intense rainfall and seismic activity, and diverse phenomenaaffect their occurrence, like rock weathering and fr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Classification of the source areas of debris flow, mud flows, debris avalanches is fundamental for the zonation of the territory susceptibility to the propagation of these type of landslide phenomena. Here we describe and discuss the data and the methods adopted to derive empirical equations useful to identify and to classify the possible source ar...
Conference Paper
Rockfalls are the most frequent and dangerous instability phenomena in mountainous areas, causing high economic and social damages. Rockfalls are triggered by complex instability mechanisms and the source areas are controlled by environmental factors like geology, the presence of discontinuities and slope angle. Modeling rockfall phenomena is compl...
Article
Rockfall frequency size distributions are used in Austria for the definition of a design block for the planning of technical rockfall protection. Rockfall size datasets are often incomplete. Here, we study fifteen catalogues of rockfall size in Austria, Italy, and the USA to analyse the impact of the data collection and mapping methods on the repre...
Article
Regional landslide inventories are often prepared by several different experts, using a variety of data sources. This can result in a combination of polygon and point landslide data, characterized by different meanings, uncertainties and levels of reliability. The propagation of uncertainties due to such heterogeneous data is a relevant issue in st...
Chapter
Gully-head has been observed in a wide range of continuous and categorical conditioning factors in different countries. This study aimed to examine the association of gully-heads with the most effective hydrologic factors via univariate and bivariate analyses in the standard mode. A 2,700 ha area in the loess-covered region of Iran was selected and...
Article
Finding a digital elevation model (DEM) of suitable spatial resolution is vital to investigate piping erosion using aerial remote-sensing platforms like unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV). Previous studies have implied that the best spatial resolution is a DEM with the most detail. This study evaluates piping-affected areas with five DEMs (1, 5, 10, 20...
Article
Landslides are a main driver of landscape evolution and a dominant sediment source in many regions worldwide. Nevertheless, their role in sediment mobilization and denudation remains poorly quantified, especially at the global scale. Based on an extensive literature review, we compiled measured contemporary landslide mobilization rates (i.e. the av...
Article
Full-text available
The design, implementation, management, and verification of landslide early warning systems (LEWSs) are gaining increasing attention in the literature and among government officials, decision makers, and the public. Based on a critical analysis of nine main assumptions that form the rationale for landslide forecasting and early warning, we examine...
Conference Paper
Gully erosion is a significant geo-hydrological phenomenon occurring worldwide. Such phenomena contribute significantly to the soil erosion on a catchment and to its morphological shaping. In so doing, it impacts all the processes acting in a hillslope. Being one of the principal processes of soil erosion, gully erosion will play an important role...
Article
Full-text available
We propose a novel approach to evaluate the spatial and the temporal distribution of societal landslide risk from historical, sparse, point information on fatal landslides and their direct human consequences. We test the approach using a record of 5571 fatalities caused by 1017 landslides at 958 sites across Italy, in the 155-year period 1861–2015....
Preprint
Full-text available
A rapid assessment of the areal extent of landslide disasters is one of the main challenges facing by the scientific community. Satellite radar data represent a powerful tool for the rapid detection of landslides over large spatial scales, even in case of persistent cloud cover. To define landslide locations, radar data need to be firstly pre-proce...
Article
Full-text available
Rapid assessment of spatial distribution of earthquake-induced landslides could provide valuable information in the emergency response phase. Previous studies proposed global analyses with the aim of predicting earthquake-induced landslide distributions in near real-time. However, in all those studies, mapping units are constituted by pixels, which...
Preprint
Full-text available
A rapid assessment of the areal extent of landslide disasters is one of the main challenges facing by the scientific community. Satellite radar data represent a powerful tool for the rapid detection of landslides over large spatial scales, even in case of persistent cloud cover. To define landslide locations, radar data need to be firstly pre-proce...
Preprint
Full-text available
A rapid assessment of the areal extent of landslide disasters is one of the main challenges facing by the scientific community. Satellite radar data represent a powerful tool for the rapid detection of landslides over large spatial scales, even in case of persistent cloud cover. To define landslide locations, radar data need to be firstly pre-proce...
Preprint
Full-text available
Geomorphological field mapping is a conventional method to prepare landslide inventories. The approach is typically hampered by the accessibility and visibility, during field campaigns for landslide mapping, of the different portions of the study area. Statistical significance of landlside susceptibility maps can be significantly reduced if the cla...
Article
Full-text available
Geomorphological field mapping is a conventional method used to prepare landslide inventories. The approach is typically hampered by the accessibility and visibility, during field campaigns for landslide mapping, of the different portions of the study area. Statistical significance of landslide susceptibility maps can be significantly reduced if th...
Article
Full-text available
The relation between climate change and its potential effects on the stability of slopes remains an open issue. For rainfall induced landslides, the point consists in determining the effects of the projected changes in the duration and amounts of rainfall that can initiate slope failures. We investigated the relationship between fine-scale climate...
Article
Full-text available
Landslide susceptibility modelling — a crucial step towards the assessment of landslide hazard and risk — has hitherto not included the local, transient effects of previous landslides on susceptibility. In this contribution, we implement such transient effects, which we term "landslide path dependency', for the first time. Two landslide path depend...
Poster
A proper management of water basins should consider comprehensively all their elements and processes. This requires complex modelling tools. In the scientific literature, such tools are rare and often their modeling capabilities are limited to few processes and elements of a basin. In addition, such tools can be demanding in terms of complex and hi...
Article
Effective infiltration (EI) is the amount of precipitation infiltrating into the soil and recharging the aquifers. EI is estimated using direct or indirect methods or using water balance models. Direct and indirect methods lead to biased EI estimates, since based on simplified schemas of groundwater bodies and of their recharge mechanisms. Water ba...
Article
Predicting the location of gully heads in various environments is an important step towards predicting gully erosion rates. So far, field data collection and modelling of topographic thresholds for gully head development has mainly focussed on gullies that formed in forested areas, rangelands, pastures and cropland. Such information for gullies in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Destructive geo-hydrological hazards, like floods and landslides, are frequent in Italy and cause harm to people every year. To determine the dependence of the fatalities on gender and age, we analysed data on 771 flood and 1292 landslide fatalities that occurred in Italy, as a consequence of meteorological extremes in the 50-year period 1965-2014....
Chapter
In temperate climates, vegetation dynamics can dominate the fate of the badlands. In fact, in absence of disturbances such a grazing and burning, plant encroachment can condemn badlands to disappear. Thus, this type of badlands is either formed and developed under more arid conditions, or is due to some sort of mismanagement and misuse. This study...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we do a critical review of statistical methods for landslide susceptibility modelling and associated terrain zonations. Landslide susceptibility is the likelihood of a landslide occurring in an area depending on local terrain conditions, estimating “where” landslides are likely to occur. Since the first attempts to assess landslide s...
Chapter
Researchers have developed and implemented software tools for a number of geospatial algorithms to support the analysis of the slope movements at different spatial scales. Frequently, these tools are implemented using Open Source software and are based on specific combinations of software libraries, programming languages and operating systems. This...
Article
Full-text available
Landslides leave discernible signs on the land surface, most of which can be captured in remote sensing images. Trained geomorphologists analyse remote sensing images and map landslides through heuristic interpretation of photographic and morphological characteristics. Despite a wide use of remote sensing images for landslide mapping, no attempt to...
Article
Full-text available
The inhabited zone of the Ugandan Rwenzori Mountains is affected by landslides, frequently causing loss of life, damage to infrastructure and loss of livelihood. This area of ca. 1230 km² is characterized by contrasting geomorphologic, climatic and lithological patterns, resulting in different landslide types. In this study, the spatial pattern of...
Book
This edited volume assesses capabilities of data mining algorithms for spatial modeling of natural hazards in different countries based on a collection of essays written by experts in the field. The book is organized into three parts which were under the editorial responsibility of different section editors: (1) Geophysical disasters, (2) Hydrologi...
Chapter
Information on bedding attitude is necessary to define the geological and structural setting of an area and is relevant for the assessment of landslide susceptibility at different scales and in different physiographic environments. Bedding planes are a known factor controlling the type, abundance, and pattern of landslides. Where layered rocks crop...
Chapter
In Italy rainfall-induced slope failures occur every year, claiming lives and causing severe economic disruptions. We have designed and implemented a warning system, named SANF (an acronym for national early warning system for rainfall-induced landslides), to forecast the possible occurrence of rainfall-induced landslides. The system is based on: (...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Damaging Hydrogeological Events (DHEs) are severe weather periods during which floods, landslides, lightning, windstorms, hail or storm surges can harm people. Climate change is expected to increase the frequency/intensity of DHEs and, consequently, the potential harm to people. Method: We investigated the impacts of DHEs on people in C...
Article
Full-text available
Landslides can be triggered by intense or prolonged rainfall. Rain gauge measurements are commonly used to predict landslides even if satellite rainfall estimates are available. Recent research focuses on the comparison of satellite estimates and gauge measurements. The rain gauge data from the Italian network (collected in the system database “Ver...
Article
We perform landslide susceptibility zonation with slope units using three digital elevation models (DEMs) of varying spatial resolution of the Ubaye Valley (South French Alps). We used a recently developed algorithm automating slope unit delineation, given a number of parameters, in order to optimize simultaneously the partitioning of the terrain a...
Article
Full-text available
Landslides are identified as one of the most important natural hazards in many areas throughout the world. The essential purpose of this study is to compare general linear model (GLM), general additive model (GAM), multivariate adaptive regression spline (MARS), and modified analytical hierarchy process (M-AHP) models and assessment of their perfor...
Article
Shallow landslide failures are distributed worldwide and cause economic losses and fatalities. A proper evaluation of the possible occurrence of shallow landslides requires reliable characterization of water content. Volumetric water content (θ) is commonly estimated using dielectric sensors, which use manufacturers’ calibration curves developed fo...
Article
Full-text available
Floods and landslides are frequent and destructive geo-hydrological hazards that cause harm to people every year. We analysed data on 1292 landslide and 771 flood fatalities that occurred in Italy in the 50-year period 1965-2014, to determine the dependence of the fatalities on gender and age and the circumstances of death by type of hazard. The mu...
Article
Full-text available
The inhabited zone of the Ugandan Rwenzori Mountains is affected by landslides, frequently causing loss of life, damage to infrastructure and loss of livelihood. This area of ca. 1,230 km² is characterized by contrasting geomorphologic, climatic and lithological patterns resulting in different landslide types. In this study, we focus on modelling t...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, an attempt to analyse landslide hazard and vulnerability in the municipality of Pahuatlán, Puebla, Mexico, is presented. In order to estimate landslide hazard, the susceptibility, magnitude (area-velocity ratio) and landslide frequency of the area of interest were produced based on information derived from a geomorphological landslid...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Landslide susceptibility map (LSM) is a key element in hazard mitigation, risk management and regional planning. In mountainous area, hazard prediction, disaster prevention, mitigation strategies, crisis and risk management , and proper land use planning need reliable and accurate landslide susceptibility mapping. We got inspired when we looked at...