Mauro Perretti

Mauro Perretti
Queen Mary, University of London | QMUL · William Harvey Research Institute

PhD

About

683
Publications
66,661
Reads
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31,207
Citations
Citations since 2016
129 Research Items
14230 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,5002,0002,500
Introduction
New therapies based on the resolution of inflammation. Resolution Pharmacology Annexin A1, formyl-peptide receptors, melanocortin receptors.

Publications

Publications (683)
Preprint
Full-text available
Host immune responses contribute to dengue's pathogenesis and severity, yet the possibility that failure in endogenous inflammation resolution pathways could characterise the disease has not been contemplated. The pro-resolving protein Annexin A1 (AnxA1) is known to counterbalance overexuberant inflammation and mast cell (MC) activation. We hypothe...
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Significance Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are susceptible to heart failure accompanied by diastolic dysfunction. It is unknown what causes diastolic dysfunction in RA, and current therapies do not reduce the risk of heart problems. Here, we characterize a murine model of arthritis, which mirrors the diastolic dysfunction observed in RA p...
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Non-responsiveness to anti-TNF-α therapies presents relevant rates in inflammatory bowel disease patients, presenting the need to find biomarkers involved in therapeutic efficacy. Herein, we demonstrate that higher levels of colonic formyl peptide receptor 1 and annexin A1 correlate with histological recovery in Crohn’s disease patients under remis...
Preprint
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Living in isolation is considered an emerging societal problem that negatively affects the physical wellbeing of its sufferers in ways that we are just starting to appreciate. This study investigates the immunomodulatory effects of social isolation in mice, utilising a two-week program of sole cage occupancy followed by the testing of immune-inflam...
Article
A series of Formyl peptide receptor 2 small molecule agonists with a pyrrolidinone scaffold, derived from a combination of pharmacophore modelling and docking studies, were designed and synthesized. The GLASS (GPCR-Ligand Association) database was screened using a pharmacophore model. The most promising novel ligand structures were chosen and then...
Article
Chaperonin 60.1 (Cpn60.1) is a protein derived from M. tuberculosis that has been shown, along with its peptide fragment IRL201104, to have beneficial effects in models of allergic inflammation. To further investigate the anti-inflammatory properties of Cpn60.1 and IRL201104, we have investigated these molecules in a model of non-allergic lung infl...
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The migration of neutrophils from the blood circulation to sites of infection or injury is a key immune responseand requires the breaching of endothelial cells (ECs) that line the inner aspect of blood vessels. Unregulatedneutrophil transendothelial cell migration (TEM) is pathogenic, but the molecular basis of its physiologicaltermination remains...
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Objective: platelets possess not only haemostatic but also inflammatory properties, which combined are thought to play a detrimental role in thromboinflammatory diseases such as acute coronary syndromes and stroke. Phosphodiesterase (PDE) 3 and -5 inhibitors have demonstrated efficacy in secondary prevention of arterial thrombosis, partially media...
Article
Chagas disease is an important disease of the heart. Lipoxins have important regulatory functions in host immune response (IR). Herein, we examined whether the receptor for lipoxin A4, the formyl peptide receptor (FPR) 2, had an effect on Trypanosoma cruzi infection. In vitro, FPR2 deficiency or inhibition improved the activity of macrophages again...
Article
Rationale: Resolution mechanisms are central in both the maintenance of homeostasis and the return to catabasis following tissue injury and/or infections. Amongst the pro-resolving mediators, the essential fatty acid-derived specialized pro-resolving lipid mediators (SPM) govern immune responses to limit disease severity. Notably, little is known a...
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Failure to resolve inflammation underlies many prevalent pathologies. Recent insights have identified lipid mediators, typified by lipoxins (LXs), as drivers of inflammation resolution, suggesting potential therapeutic benefit. We report the asymmetric preparation of novel quinoxaline-containing synthetic-LXA4-mimetics (QNX-sLXms). Eight novel comp...
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Regulatory T-cells (T regs ) are central in the maintenance of homeostasis and resolution of inflammation. However, the mechanisms that govern their differentiation and function are not completely understood. Herein, we demonstrate a central role for the lipid mediator biosynthetic enzyme 15-lipoxygenase (ALOX15) in regulating key aspects of T reg...
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While new treatments have been developed to control joint disease in rheumatoid arthritis, they are partially effective and do not promote structural repair of cartilage. Following an initial identification of α‐1‐Antitrypsin (AAT) during the resolution phase of acute inflammation, we report here the properties of this protein in the context of car...
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Cartilage defects repair poorly. Recent genetic studies suggest that WNT3a may contribute to cartilage regeneration, however the dense, avascular cartilage extracellular matrix limits its penetration and signalling to chondrocytes. Extracellular vesicles actively penetrate intact cartilage. This study investigates the effect of delivering WNT3a int...
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Mesoglycan is a mixture of glycosaminoglycans (GAG) with fibrinolytic effects and the potential to enhance skin wound repair. Here, we have used endothelial cells isolated from Wild Type (WT) and Syndecan‐4 null (Sdc4‐/‐) C57BL/6 mice to demonstrate that mesoglycan promotes cell motility and in vitro angiogenesis acting on the co‐receptor Syndecan‐...
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Post-operative adhesions are a leading cause of abdominal surgery-associated morbidity. Exposed fibrin clots on the damaged peritoneum, in which the mesothelial barrier is disrupted, readily adhere to surrounding tissues, resulting in adhesion formation. Here we show that resident F4/80HighCD206⁻ peritoneal macrophages promptly accumulate on the le...
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In recent years, cellular senescence has become the focus of attention in multiple areas of biomedical research. Typically defined as an irreversible cell cycle arrest accompanied by increased cellular growth, metabolic activity and by a characteristic messaging secretome, cellular senescence can impact on multiple physiological and pathological pr...
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Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are emerging as key players in different stages of atherosclerosis. Here we provide evidence that EVs released by mixed aggregates of monocytes and platelets in response to TNF‐α display pro‐inflammatory actions on endothelial cells and atherosclerotic plaques. Tempering platelet activation with Iloprost, Aspirin or a P...
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The discovery of natural specialized pro-resolving mediators and their corresponding receptors, such as formyl peptide receptor 2 (FPR2), indicated that resolution of inflammation (RoI) is an active process which could be harnessed for innovative approaches to tame pathologies with underlying chronic inflammation. In this work, homology modelling,...
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Pancreatic cancer (PC) is one of the most aggressive cancers in the world. Several extracellular factors are involved in its development and metastasis to distant organs. In PC, the protein Annexin A1 (ANXA1) appears to be overexpressed and may be identified as an oncogenic factor, also because it is a component in tumor-deriving extracellular vesi...
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Background Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease driven by macrophage accumulation in medium and large sized arteries. Macrophage polarization and inflammation are governed by microRNAs (miR) that regulate the expression of inflammatory proteins and cholesterol trafficking. Previous transcriptomic analysis led us to hypothesize that miR...
Article
Mesoglycan is a drug based on a mixture of glycosaminoglycans mainly used for the treatment of blood vessel diseases acting as antithrombotic and profibrinolytic drugs. Besides the numerous clinical studies, there is no information about its function on the fibrinolytic cascade. Here, we have elucidated the mechanism of action by which mesoglycan i...
Article
In pancreatic cancer (PC) progression the protein Annexin A1 (ANXA1) has been described as oncogenic factor. Thus, the need to inhibit its action, mainly the extracellular form, has become an appealing cue for the anti-cancer research. Heparan sulfate (HS) is a glycosaminoglycan of the extracellular matrix known to bind several molecules, as growth...
Article
In inflammatory arthritides, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), synovial cells acquire aggressive and disruptive phenotypes that lead to joint disease. Three studies published in 2020 have described phenotypic variation in synovial cells, offering a novel perspective on the potential to resolve pathology and augment treatment options for patients w...
Article
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and their metabolites are potent regulators of inflammation. Generally, omega (n)-3 PUFAs are considered proresolving whereas n-6 PUFAs are classified as proinflammatory. In this study, we characterized the inflammatory response in murine peritonitis and unexpectedly found the accumulation of adrenic acid (AdA),...
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G-protein-coupled receptor 40 (GPR40) is known to play a role in the regulation of fatty acids, insulin secretion, and inflammation. However, the function of this receptor in human neutrophils, one of the first leukocytes to arrive at the site of infection, remains to be fully elucidated. In the present study, we demonstrate that GPR40 is upregulat...
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One way to develop innovative approaches for the treatment of chronic diseases is to exploit the biology of the resolution of inflammation. With this terminology, we identify the integrated and complex network of mediators and pathways that ensure a timely and spatially regulated inflammatory response. Pro-resolving mediators act on specific recept...
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Acute inflammation is a protective reaction by the immune system in response to invading pathogens or tissue damage. Ideally, the response should be localized, self-limited, and returning to homeostasis. If not resolved, acute inflammation can result in organ pathologies leading to chronic inflammatory phenotypes. Acute inflammation and inflammatio...
Article
The Publisher regrets that this article is an accidental duplication of an article that has already been published, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mam.2020.100894. The duplicate article has therefore been withdrawn. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal.
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Embryo implantation into the uterine wall is a highly modulated, complex process. We previously demonstrated that Annexin A1 (AnxA1), which is a protein secreted by epithelial and inflammatory cells in the uterine microenvironment, controls embryo implantation in vivo. Here, we decipher the effects of recombinant AnxA1 in this phenomenon by using h...
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Rheumatoid arthritis-associated pain is poorly managed, often persisting when joint inflammation is pharmacologically controlled. Comparably, in the mouse K/BxN serum-transfer model of inflammatory arthritis, hind-paw nociceptive hypersensitivity occurs with ankle joint swelling (5 days post-immunisation) persisting after swelling has resolved (25...
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We previously showed that anti-neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) rheumatoid arthritis (RA)-rmAbs derived from CD19+ B cells within RA human synovial tissues frequently react against NETs. In this study, we aimed to characterize the importance of affinity maturation via somatic hypermutation (SHM) within the Ig variable H (VH) and variable L (VL)...
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The targeted delivery of therapies to diseased tissues offers a safe opportunity to achieve optimal efficacy while limiting systemic exposure. These considerations apply to many disease indications but are especially relevant for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), as RA is a systemic autoimmune disease which affects multiple joints. We have identified an a...
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Rheumatoid arthritis affects individuals commonly during the most productive years of adulthood. Poor response rates and high costs associated with treatment mandate the search for new therapies. Here we show that targeting a specific G-protein coupled receptor promotes senescence in synovial fibroblasts, enabling amelioration of joint inflammation...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the circuits that promote an efficient resolution of inflammation is crucial to deciphering the molecular and cellular processes required to promote tissue repair. Macrophages play a central role in the regulation of inflammation, resolution, and repair/regeneration. Using a model of skeletal muscle injury and repair, herein we identi...
Article
Patients suffering from autoimmune diseases are more susceptible to mental disorders yet, the existence of specific cellular and molecular mechanisms behind the co-morbidity of these pathologies is far from being fully elucidated. By generating transgenic mice overexpressing Annexin-A1 exclusively in T cells to study its impact in models of autoimm...
Preprint
Acute inflammation is a protective reaction by the immune system in response to invading pathogens or tissue damage. Ideally, the response should be localized, self-limited, and returning to homeostasis. If not resolved, acute inflammation can result in organ pathologies leading to chronic inflammatory phenotypes. Acute inflammation and inflammatio...
Article
Full-text available
Annexin A1 (AnxA1) modulates neutrophil life span and bone marrow/blood cell trafficking thorough activation of formyl-peptide receptors (FPRs). Here, we investigated the effect of exogenous AnxA1 on haematopoiesis in the mouse. Treatment of C57BL/6 mice with recombinant AnxA1 (rAnxA1) reduced the granulocyte–macrophage progenitor (GMP) population...
Article
Mesoglycan is a fibrinolytic compound but recently promising pro-healing effects in skin wound repair have been reported. Previously, we have showed that mesoglycan activates human keratinocytes, fibroblasts and endothelial cells and induces the secretion of microvesicles (EVs), particularly exosomes, from keratinocytes. These EVs may contribute to...
Article
Full-text available
Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major cause of community-acquired pneumonia leading to high mortality rates. Inflammation triggered by pneumococcal infection is necessary for bacterial clearance but must be spatially and temporally regulated to prevent further tissue damage and bacterial dissemination. Annexin A1 (AnxA1) mainly acts through Formyl Pe...
Preprint
Full-text available
In atherosclerosis, a chronic disease characterized by lipid accumulation, fibrosis and vascular inflammation, extracellular vesicles (EVs) are emerging as key players in different stages of disease development. Here we provide evidence that EVs released by mixed aggregates of monocytes and platelets in response to TNF-α are both CD14+ and CD41+. T...
Article
Full-text available
Mast cell stabilizers like cromoglycate and nedocromil are mainstream treatments for ocular allergy. Biochemical studies in vitro suggest that these drugs prevent mast cell degranulation through the release of Annexin-A1 (Anx-A1) protein. However, the direct effect of Anx-A1 gene deletion on mast cell function in vitro and in vivo is yet to be full...
Preprint
Full-text available
Patients suffering from autoimmune diseases are more susceptible to mental disorders yet, the existence of specific cellular and molecular mechanisms behind the co-morbidity of these pathologies is far from being fully elucidated. By generating transgenic mice overexpressing Annexin-A1 exclusively in T cells to study its impact in models of autoimm...
Article
Full-text available
We have recently demonstrated that mesoglycan, a fibrinolytic compound, may be a promising pro-healing drug for skin wound repair. We showed that mesoglycan induces migration, invasion, early differentiation, and translocation to the membrane of keratinocytes, as well as the secretion of annexin A1 (ANXA1), further involved in keratinocytes activat...
Article
Full-text available
Inflammation resolution is an active process that functions to restore tissue homeostasis. Clearance of apoptotic leukocytes by efferocytosis at inflammatory sites plays an important role in inflammation resolution and induces remarkable macrophage phenotypic and functional changes. Here, we investigated the effects of deletion of either plasminoge...
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Background: Ischemia reperfusion injury (I/RI) is a common complication of cardiovascular diseases. Resolution of detrimental I/RI-generated pro-thrombotic and pro-inflammatory responses is essential to restore homeostasis. Platelets play a crucial part in the integration of thrombosis and inflammation. Their role as participants in the resolution...
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Background Formyl peptide receptors (FPRs) play pivotal roles in the regulation of innate immunity and host defence. FPRs include three family members; FPR1, FPR2/ALX and FPR3. The activation of FPR1 by its high affinity ligand, N‐formyl‐methionyl‐leucyl‐phenylalanine (fMLF) (a bacterial chemoattractant peptide), triggers intracellular signalling i...
Article
Wound healing is a dynamic process comprising multiple events, such as inflammation, re‐epithelialization, and tissue remodeling. Re‐epithelialization phase is characterized by the engagement of several cell populations, mainly of keratinocytes that sequentially go through cycles of migration, proliferation, and differentiation to restore skin func...
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Full-text available
We have reported the existence of a distinct neutrophil phenotype in giant cell arteritis (GCA) patients arising at week 24 of steroid treatment. In the present study, we investigated whether longitudinal analysis of neutrophil phenotype in patients with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) could reveal a novel association with disease status and immune ce...
Article
Inflammatory bowel disease is characterised by intricate immune cell interactions with tissue cells and such cross-talks can become deregulated. The formyl peptide receptor 1 (Fpr1) is expressed by both immune and stromal cells including epithelial cells. We evaluated the development of the physiopathology of the DNBS induced colitis in Fpr1 KO mic...
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Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is an autoimmune vasculitis associated with anti-neutrophil-cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) against proteinase 3 leading to kidney damage. Neutrophils from those patients have increased expression of membrane proteinase 3 during apoptosis. Here we examined whether neutrophils from patients with GPA have dysregul...
Article
The termination of inflammation is governed by endogenous molecules collectively referred to as ‘mediators of resolution’ of inflammation. There is now strong evidence to suggest that failed resolution may underpin autoimmune and inflammatory diseases and could thus be targeted to decrease inflammation. There are many molecules that have been descr...
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Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is a severe inflammatory insult associated with numerous pathologies such as myocardial infarction, stroke and acute kidney injury. I/R injury is characterized by a rapid influx of activated neutrophils secreting toxic free radical species and degrading enzymes that can irreversibly damage the tissue, thus impairin...
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An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a progressive aortic dilation that may lead to rupture, which is usually lethal. This study identifies the state of failure in the resolution of inflammation by means of decreased expression of the pro-resolving receptor A lipoxin/formyl peptide receptor 2 (ALX/FPR2) in the adventitia of human AAA lesions. Mimi...
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Activation of the formyl-peptide receptor-like (FPRL) 1 pathway has recently gained high recognition for its significance in therapy of inflammatory diseases. Agonism at FPRL1 affords a beneficial effect in animal models of acute inflamma-tory conditions, as well as in chronic inflammatory diseases. TIPMFVPESTSKLQKFTSWFM-amide (CGEN-855A) is a nove...
Article
Full-text available
Pancreatic Cancer (PC) is one of the most aggressive malignancies worldwide. As annexin A1 (ANXA1) is implicated in the establishment of tumour metastasis, the role of the protein in PC progression as a component of extracellular vesicles (EVs) has been investigated. EVs were isolated from wild type (WT) and ANXA1 knock-out (KO) PC cells and then c...
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Full-text available
Platelet-associated complications including thrombosis, thrombocytopenia, and hemorrhage are commonly observed during various inflammatory diseases such as sepsis, inflammatory bowel disease, and psoriasis. Despite the reported evidence on numerous mechanisms/molecules that may contribute to the dysfunction of platelets, the primary mechanisms that...
Article
Epilepsy therapy is based on drugs that treat the symptoms rather than the underlying mechanisms of the disease (epileptogenesis). There are no treatments for preventing seizures or improving disease prognosis, including neurological comorbidities. The search of pathogenic mechanisms of epileptogenesis highlighted that neuroinflammatory cytokines [...
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Semisynthetic vesicles coated with neutrophil membranes act as novel weapons to control arthritis.
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Resolution Pharmacology identifies drugs developed on the biology of the resolution phase of inflammation, the complex molecular and cellular network of events that ensure the tight temporal and spatial control on the inflammatory response. As such, new anti-inflammatory and pro-resolving drugs could derive from pro-resolving mediators and receptor...
Preprint
Full-text available
Understanding the circuits that promote an efficient resolution of inflammation is crucial to deciphering the molecular and cellular processes required to promote tissue repair. Macrophages play a central role in the regulation of inflammation, resolution and repair/regeneration. Using a model of skeletal muscle injury and repair, herein we identif...