Mauro Coltorti

Mauro Coltorti
Università degli Studi di Siena | UNISI · Department of Environment, Earth and Physical Sciences

Full Professor

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232
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Publications

Publications (232)
Article
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The Acque Albule Basin is a sinkhole prone area of carbonate rocks. The lithoid travertine has been quarried since the Etruscans time and represented the main building material during ancient Roman time (Lapis Tiburtinus ). Currently, this region is actively mined and also exhibits frequent sinkhole activity. However, urban development has notably...
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A broad range of novel topics dealing with archaeological finds, environmental impacts of human activity, life science methods and environmental changes are presented in the given special issue. This issue was initiated and is based on an international workshop which took place at Ariel University in 2017 entitled “Archaeology, Science and Environm...
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The Mousterian site of Grotta Reali (Rocchetta a Volturno, Molise, southern Italy), dated from between 50,940 and 40,370 cal BP, provides detailed information on the depositional dynamic and human occupation in southern Italy, and contributes to the international debate on technical behaviour at the end of the Mousterian. The site was discovered in...
Chapter
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The Dogu’a Tembien woreda covers part of the north-western highlands of Ethiopia (Fig. 10.1). Its spectacular landscape comprises not only steep escarpments and deeply incised river canyons, but also a number of conspicuous low-relief plains and flat-topped hills known locally as ambas, which give the landscape a stepped appearance. These landforms...
Article
Caves as geosites structurally illustrate the strict dependence of human occupation on geological and geomorphological processes, playing a crucial role in the development of human civilisation. Grotta Romanelli embodies such a kind of geosite, being a coastal cave occupied by humans since the Middle Pleistocene and considered a symbol of the Palae...
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The article The Transition from Hunting–Gathering to Food Production in the Gamo Highlands of Southern Ethiopia
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The town of Montespertoli (Florence Province) is located on a NW–SE ridge that separates the Valdelsa River Basin to the west from the Val di Pesa Basin to the east. The bedrock is characterised by alternations of alluvial, transitional, and marine deposits with a maximum gradient of 5°. The slopes surrounding the town are affected by a series of r...
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Highlights Late Holocene soil cover is strictly related to land use and human impact. Plateau's summit surfaces preserve palaeosols formed under older soil formation conditions and greater geomorphic stability. Clay illuviation is still the main ongoing soil process also on younger colluvial soils. Abstract The landscape of the Chencha Highland (so...
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Highlights Late Holocene soil cover is strictly related to land use and human impact. Plateau's summit surfaces preserve palaeosols formed under older soil formation conditions and greater geomorphic stability. Clay illuviation is still the main ongoing soil process also on younger colluvial soils. Abstract The landscape of the Chencha Highland (so...
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Over three field seasons between 2007 and 2012, we excavated three caves—Mota, Tuwatey, and Gulo—situated at an average elevation of 2,084 m above sea level in the cool and moist Boreda Gamo Highlands of southwestern Ethiopia. Anthropogenic deposits in these caves date from the Middle to Late Holocene (ca. 6000 to 100 BP) and provide excellent pres...
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The landscape of the Chencha Highland (south western Ethiopia) is characterized by flat plateau bordered by steep slopes affected by landslides and dissected by concave valleys and gullies. Coalescing alluvial fans are found along the eastern piedmont at the transition to the Lake Abaya shores. A major rift-plateau escarpment, with minor synthetic...
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Upper Pleistocene (MIS 4-2) loess sequences occur in most of continental Europe and in Northern Italy along the Po Plain Loess Basin. Loess is distributed along the flanks of the Po Plain and was deposited on glacial deposits, fluvial terraces, uplifted isolated hills, karst plateaus, slopes and basins of secondary valleys. Loess bodies are general...
Chapter
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The Tuscany physical landscape is the result of processes of selective erosion initiated by regional uplift. The overall geomorphological setting is characterized by “highlands” or mountain ridges alternated with “lowlands” or basins filled with Mio-Pliocene continental and marine sediments. A planation surface was shaped over bedrock, including Pl...
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In the frame of the project Rischio Sismico negli Edifici Monumentali-RiSEM (Seismic Risk in Monumental Buildings), a seismogeological reference model was developed for the historical center of the town of San Gimignano in central Italy in order to evaluate possible small-scale lateral variation of seismic hazard. To this aim, an on-purpose geologi...
Preprint
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The agricultural transition profoundly changed human societies. We sequenced and analysed the first genome (1.39×) of an early Neolithic woman from Ganj Dareh, in the Zagros Mountains of Iran, a site with early evidence for an economy based on goat herding,ca. 10,000 BP. We show that Western Iran was inhabited by a population genetically most simil...
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Isernia La Pineta (south-central Italy, Molise) is one of the most important archaeological localities of the Middle Pleistocene in Western Europe. It is an extensive open-air site with abundant lithic industry and faunal remains distributed across four stratified archaeosurfaces that have been found in two sectors of the excavation (3c, 3a, 3s10 i...
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Characterizing genetic diversity in Africa is a crucial step for most analyses reconstructing the evolutionary history of anatomically modern humans. However, historic migrations from Eurasia into Africa have affected many contemporary populations, confounding inferences. Here, we present a 12.5x coverage ancient genome of an Ethiopian male (‘Mota’...
Article
Full-text available
Characterizing genetic diversity in Africa is a crucial step for most analyses reconstructing the evolutionary history of anatomically modern humans. However, historic migrations from Eurasia into Africa have affected many contemporary populations, confounding inferences. Here, we present a 12.5× coverage ancient genome of an Ethiopian male (“Mota”...
Chapter
Full-text available
Four major planation surfaces (PS) characterize the Ethiopian geology and landscape. They were modelled near or at sea level before the Ordovician (PS1), before the Late Triassic (PS2), before the Cenomanian (PS3), and before the Oligocene (PS4). These are unconformities in the sedimentary sequence recognizable across the entire country and the sur...
Chapter
Full-text available
Four major planation surfaces (PS) characterize the Ethiopian geology and landscape. They were modelled near or at sea level before the Ordovician (PS1), before the Late Triassic (PS2), before the Cenomanian (PS3), and before the Oligocene (PS4). These are unconformities in the sedimentary sequence recognizable across the entire country and the sur...
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Renowned since the Roman Period for the extraction of precious marble, the Apuan Alps (northern Tuscany) are an extraordinary region of natural and cultural heritage in the Mediterranean basin and contain a large number of geosites of international and national interest. The great variety of morphologic and topographic contexts, ranging from the co...
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Renowned since the Roman Period for the extraction of precious marble, the Apuan Alps (northern Tuscany) are an extraordinary region of natural and cultural heritage in the Mediterranean basin and contain a large number of geosites of international and national interest. The great variety of morphologic and topographic contexts, ranging from the co...
Article
This work focuses on the bivalve Glycymeris, commonly used in classic amino acid racemisation (AAR) studies in the Mediterranean, as part of an extensive assessment of the suitability of intra-crystalline protein diagenesis (IcPD) dating. We test the closed system behaviour (a prerequisite for IcPD studies) of Glycymeris through bleaching and heat...
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Capo S. Marco is the southernmost termination of the Sinis Peninsula in the northwestern border of the Oristano Gulf (western Sardinia, Italy). In the area, there are some of the most controversial and debated Quaternary deposits of Sardinia, consisting of beach, aeolian and slope sediments, whose chronological attribution changed according to diff...
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The paper illustrates the preliminary analysis of the Acheulean site of Guado San Nicola carried out using a litho-, morpho- and pedo-stratigraphic approach. The archaeological succession is found in the upper part of a Unconformity Bounded Startigrapghic Unit (UBSU) informally called Colle delle Api Synthem. This synthem is characterized by a wide...
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The systematic excavation of the site of Guado San Nicola (Monteroduni, Molise) revealed a stratigraphic sequence, more than two meters thick, located on the distal part of an ancient terraced alluvial cone made by the Lorda creek, a tributary of the Volturno river. The lithologic, morphographic and pedostratigraphic evidences suggest its attribut...
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The Apuan Alps represent an extraordinary area for investigating the natural and cultural heritage of a park of relevant scientific interest in the Mediterranean basin, being a key site for reconstructing palaeoclimate and defining the anthropogenic impact on the environment. Through dedicated field survey complemented by remote sensing analyses, w...
Book
The map is published online at the URL: http://www.isprambiente.gov.it/Media/carg/528_ORISTANO/Foglio.html
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The skeleton of a young prime adult cave bear, Ursus spelaeus, was found in Chiostraccio Cave (Siena, Tuscany, central Italy), only slightly buried under rock falls. The specimen was dated yielding a conventional age of 24,030 ± 100 14C yr BP (29,200–28,550 cal yr BP), which makes it the latest known representative of the species in Italy. The skel...
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The Calabrian Stage is now formally defined by the Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) at Vrica, Calabria, Italy. This GSSP had previously defined the base of the Pleistocene Series. The Calabrian becomes the second stage of the Pleistocene Series and Quaternary System, following the Gelasian. The GSSP occurs at the base of the mari...
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a b s t r a c t Quebrada (stream) Ñuagapua, which is located in the Bolivian Chaco in the Andean foothill generates an alluvial fan many kilometres in length. Three major lithostratigraphic units characterise the sedimentary sequence in this region. The lower and upper parts are formed from predominantly sandy sediments that demonstrate rapid growt...
Book
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We present a new find coming from a cave in the Frasassi Gorge (Marche, central Italy), a region where large open-air Late Gravettian sites (Ponte di Pietra and Fosso Mergaoni), located a few kilometers from the gorge, record the human presence in this region at 18-20 C14 ky BP. The Venus was discovered by one of us (SP) at the base of a local man-...
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The eastern side of the Mt. Amiata volcano is affected by a series of deep-seated gravitational slope deformations (DsGSDs). The San Piero and the Podere Mezzavia DsGSDs affect the lower part of the slope. The main escarpments are located on the outer edges of the lava flows, but the landslides mostly affect the pre-volcanic Ligurian Terrains. A de...