Maurizio Sorice

Maurizio Sorice
Sapienza University of Rome | la sapienza · Department of Experimental Medicine

Professor

About

227
Publications
54,071
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8,890
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Additional affiliations
March 2001 - present
Sapienza University of Rome
Position
  • Full professor of Immunology and General Pathology
Education
November 1980 - November 1986

Publications

Publications (227)
Article
Full-text available
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), characterized by artherial and/or venous thrombosis, pregnancy morbidity and “antiphospholipid” antibodies (aPLs), is more common in women than in men, with a female to male ratio of about 3.5:1. Only few studies have investigated the clinical differences between male and female patients with APS. Therefore, this st...
Article
Background Microparticles (MPs) are fragments of surface membranes of activated eukaryotic cells. They are characterized by different dimensions (from 0.1 to 1μm) and expression of surface antigens, depending on their origin. MPs are important mediators of cell-to-cell communication as they can be internalized in a dose-dependent manner by macropha...
Article
Full-text available
In this study we analyzed whether anti-β2-GPI antibodies from patients with APS induce the endothelial cell expression of Tissue Factor (TF) by a LRP6 signal transduction pathway involving lipid rafts. HUVEC were stimulated with affinity purified anti-β2-GPI antibodies. Both LRP6 and β-catenin phosphorylation, as well as TF expression, were evaluat...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Since the beginning of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, a novel syndrome known as a multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) was reported in previously healthy children. A possible pro-inflammatory molecule, high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), may be assumed to play an important role in the pathogenesis and cl...
Article
Objectives: Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a prothrombotic condition defined by recurrent thrombosis, pregnancy complications and circulating antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL), including anti-β2-Glycoprotein I (β2-GPI). In clinical practice it is possible to find patients with APS persistently negative for the aPL tests according to Sydney cri...
Article
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The endocannabinoid system (ECS) exerts immunosuppressive effects, which are mostly mediated by cannabinoid receptor 2 (CBR2), whose expression on leukocytes is higher than CBR1, mainly localized in the brain. Targeted CBR2 activation could limit inflammation, avoiding CBR1-related psychoactive effects. Herein, we evaluated in vitro the biological...
Article
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We previously examined the safety and immunogenicity of multiple vaccines administered to a military cohort, divided into two groups, the first composed of students at military schools, thus operating inside the national borders for at least 3 years, and the other formed of soldiers periodically engaged in a 9-month-long mission abroad (Lebanon). I...
Article
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Neuroglobin (NGB) is an O2-binding globin mainly expressed in the central and peripheral nervous systems and cerebrospinal fluid. Previously, it was demonstrated that NGB overexpression protects cells from hypoxia-induced death. To investigate processes promoted by NGB overexpression, we used a cellular model of neuroblastoma stably overexpressing...
Article
Specific protein misfolding and aggregation are mechanisms underlying various neurodegenerative diseases such as prion disease and Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The misfolded proteins are involved in prions, amyloid-β (Aβ), tau, and α-synuclein disorders; they share common structural, biological, and biochemical characteristics, as well as similar mech...
Article
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A new source of mesenchymal stem cells has recently been discovered, the so-called dental pulp derived stem cells (DPSCs) which therefore could represent potentially tools for regenerative medicine. DPSC originate from the neural crest and are physiologically involved in dentin homeostasis; moreover, they contribute to bone remodeling and different...
Article
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ER lipid raft-associated protein 1 (ERLIN1) and 2 (ERLIN2) are 40 kDa transmembrane glycoproteins belonging to the family of prohibitins, containing a PHB domain. They are generally localized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), where ERLIN1 forms a heteroligomeric complex with its closely related ERLIN2. Well-defined functions of ERLINS are promotio...
Preprint
Full-text available
Purpose Aim of the study was to investigate whether aPL positivity correlated with thrombosis in COVID-19 patients and whether it was transient or persistent. Methods We enrolled COVID-19 patients who underwent aPL tests: Lupus Anticoagulant (LA); IgM, IgG, IgA anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL); and IgM, IgG anti-β2-Glycoprotein-I antibodies (aβ2GPI...
Article
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Intrinsic disorder is a natural feature of polypeptide chains, resulting in the lack of a defined three-dimensional structure. Conformational changes in intrinsically disordered regions of a protein lead to unstable β-sheet enriched intermediates, which are stabilized by intermolecular interactions with other β-sheet enriched molecules, producing s...
Article
Background Since the beginning of the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak, antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL), a known thrombotic risk factor, have been studied in COVID-19 patients, in whom thromboembolic events have been associated with poor prognosis. To date, the pathogenetic role of aPL and the trend over time is still unknown. Objectives Aim of the study was...
Article
Full-text available
Background Anti-phospholipid syndrome (APS) is characterized by arterial and/or venous thrombosis and pregnancy morbidity associated with the presence of “anti-phospholipid antibodies”. Thrombosis may be the result of a hypercoagulable state related to activation of endothelial cells and platelets by anti-β2-glycoprotein I (β2-GPI) antibodies. Anti...
Article
Full-text available
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a systemic autoimmune disorder defined by the simultaneous presence of vascular clinical events, pregnancy morbidity and antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). In clinical practice it is possible to find patients with APS who are persistently negative for the routine aPL tests (“seronegative APS”, SN-APS). Recently, t...
Article
Current literature on systemic autoimmune diseases in X‐chromosome aneuploidies is scarce and limited to case reports. Our aim was to evaluate the frequency of anti‐nuclear(ANAs)‐, extractable nuclear(ENA)‐, anti‐double‐strandedDNA(dsDNAs)‐, anti‐smooth muscle(ASMAs)‐, and anti‐mitochondrial(AMAs)‐antibodies in a large cohort of adults with Klinefe...
Article
Objective We aimed to analyze the prevalence of non-criteria anti-phospholipid (aPL) antibodies and their role in the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis in a cohort of patients with clinical features consistent with a diagnosis of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), but persistently negative for criteria aPL—anti-cardiolipin antibodies (aCL), anti-β2-...
Article
Purpose Autologous White Blood Cells (WBC) scintigraphy is based on a multi-step sequence of cell separation and radiolabelling. Besides in vivo imaging quality control, no molecular tool is available to evaluate WBC damage secondary to cell manipulation. High Mobility Group Box 1 (HMGB1) is a protein of the alarmins family, secreted by innate immu...
Article
Full-text available
Cardiolipin (CL) is a hallmark phospholipid localized within the inner mitochondrial membrane. Upon several mitochondrial stress conditions, CL is translocated to specialized platforms, where it may play a role in signaling events to promote mitophagy and apoptosis. Recent studies characterized the molecular composition of MAM-associated lipid micr...
Article
Full-text available
Lipid rafts are functional membrane microdomains containing sphingolipids, including gangliosides, and cholesterol. These regions are characterized by highly ordered and tightly packed lipid molecules. Several studies revealed that lipid rafts are involved in life cycle of different viruses, including coronaviruses. Among these recently emerged the...
Book
Full-text available
Nato da un progetto congiunto tra ALCLI “Giorgio e Silvia” e Polo Universitario di Rieti “Sabina Universitas”, il “Centro Oncologico di Ricerca e Prevenzione della Provincia di Rieti”, di seguito indicato con l’acronimo 2 Ce.Ca.Re.P. (Center for Cancer Research and Prevention), entra ufficialmente in funzione nel Gennaio 2016, a seguito della firma...
Article
Full-text available
Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disease characterized by arterial and/or venous thrombosis and/or pregnancy morbidity, associated with circulating antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). In some cases, patients with a clinical profile indicative of APS (thrombosis, recurrent miscarriages or fetal loss), who are persistently negative for...
Preprint
Anti-phospholipid syndrome (APS) is characterized by arterial and/or venous thrombosis and pregnancy morbidity associated with the presence of “anti-phospholipid antibodies”. Thrombosis may be the result of a hypercoagulable state related to activation of endothelial cells and platelets by anti-2-glycoprotein I (β2-GPI) antibodies. Anti-β2-GPI ant...
Article
Full-text available
Mitochondria-associated membranes (MAMs) are essential communication subdomains of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) that interact with mitochondria. We previously demonstrated that, upon macroautophagy/autophagy induction, AMBRA1 is recruited to the BECN1 complex and relocalizes to MAMs, where it regulates autophagy by interacting with raft-like comp...
Article
Full-text available
The prion protein (PrP) is an enigmatic molecule with a pleiotropic effect on different cell types; it is localized stably in lipid raft microdomains and it is able to recruit downstream signal transduction pathways by its interaction with various biochemical partners. Since its discovery, this lipid raft component has been involved in several func...
Article
Background Seronegative antiphospholipid syndrome (SN-APS) is the term proposed to describe patients with clinical signs highly suggestive of APS but persistently negative for conventional antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) assays. Therefore, new antigenic targets or different methodological approaches have been investigated to detect aPL in SN-APS...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Lipid rafts are signaling microdomains enriched in glycosphingolipids, cholesterol, tyrosine kinase receptors, mono‐ or heterotrimeric G proteins and GPI‐anchored proteins. This dynamic assemblage of several components dissociate and associate rapidly forming, in cell membranes, functional clusters which provide highly efficient lipid–protein modul...
Chapter
Sphingolipids, universal components of biological membranes of all eukaryotic organisms, from yeasts to mammals, in addition of playing a structural role, also play an important part of signal transduction pathways. They participate or, also, ignite several fundamental subcellular signaling processes but, more in general, they directly contribute t...
Article
LDL receptor–related proteins 6 (LRP6) is a type I transmembrane receptor (C-terminus in cytosol), which appears to be essential in numerous biological processes, since it is an essential co-receptor of Wnt ligands for canonical β-catenin dependent signal transduction. It was shown that tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), physically interacting wit...
Article
Full-text available
Prion protein (PrPC) localizes stably in lipid rafts microdomains and is able to recruit downstream signal transduction pathways by the interaction with promiscuous partners. Other proteins have the ability to occasionally be recruited to these specialized membrane areas, within multimolecular complexes. Among these, we highlight the presence of th...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is defined as thromboembolic complications and/or pregnancy morbidity in the presence of persistent increased titres of antiphospholipid antibodies. Nevertheless, some patients with clinical signs suggestive of APS are negative for diagnostic antibodies and may be classified as having seronegative-APS (SN...
Article
Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by arterial and venous thrombosis and/or pregnancy morbidity. The incidence is around five new cases/100,000 persons per year and the prevalence is around 40–50 cases/100,000. The prevalence is higher (about 30%) among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus....
Article
Bioethical issues related to the manipulation of embryonic stem cells have hindered advances in the field of medical research. For this reason, it is very important to obtain adult stem cells from different tissues such as adipose, umbilical cord, bone marrow and blood. Among the possible sources, dental pulp is particularly interesting because it...
Data
Anti-β2-GPI IgG induced decrease of mTOR phosphorylation in monocytes. Cells, untreated or treated with control human serum IgG (200 μg/ml), with human affinity-purified anti-β2-GPI IgG (200 μg/ml) or starved in total starvation medium (HBSS solution containing 1% rich medium), for 4 h at 37°C were lysed in RIPA buffer, containing protease and phos...
Article
Full-text available
Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by arterial and/or venous thrombosis, pregnancy morbidity in the presence of circulating “anti-phospholipid antibodies” (aPL). One of the main target antigens of aPL is β2-glycoprotein I (β2-GPI). APS may occur as a primary syndrome or associated with Systemic L...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the present study was to estimate total cancer mortality trends from 1982 to 2011 in a “low rate of land use” province of the Latium region (Rieti, central Italy) characterized by a low degree of urbanization, a high prevalence of elderly, and a low number of births. Mortality data of the studied period, provided by the Italian National...
Article
Full-text available
Background Autophagy has emerged as a key mechanism in the survival and function of T and B lymphocytes, and its activation was involved in apoptosis resistance in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). To investigate whether the relationship between autophagy and apoptosis may impact the response to the therapy, we analyzed ex vivo spontaneous autophagy and a...
Article
Full-text available
Human Dental Pulp Stem Cells (hDPSCs) represent a type of adult mesenchymal stem cells that have the ability to differentiate in vitro in several lineages such as odontoblasts, osteoblasts, chondrocytes, adipocytes and neurons. In the current work, we used hDPSCs as the experimental model to study the role of recombinant prion protein 23–231 (recPr...
Article
Full-text available
Several studies demonstrated that cannabinoids reduce tumor growth, inhibit angiogenesis, and decrease cancer cell migration. As these molecules are well tolerated, it would be interesting to investigate the potential benefit of newly synthesized compounds, binding cannabinoid receptors (CBRs). In this study, we describe the synthesis and biologica...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Autophagy is a homeostatic and physiological process that promotes the turnover of proteins and organelles damaged in conditions of cellular stress. We previously demonstrated that autophagy represents a key processing event creating a substrate for autoreactivity, which is involved in post-translational changes and generation of citru...
Article
Full-text available
The present study was conducted to diagnose obstetric anti-phospholipid syndrome (OAPS) in patients with clinical signs suggestive of anti-phospholipid syndrome (APS), but persistently negative for conventional anti-phospholipid antibodies (aPL). Sera from 61 obstetrical seronegative APS (SN-APS) patients were analyzed for anti-cardiolipin antibodi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterised by the presence of at least one clinical event among vascular thrombosis and/or pregnancy morbidity, in the presence of circulating antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). High-mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) is a non-histonic protein belonging to the family of alarmi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Aims. The expression of PrPC makes mesenchymal stem cells good candidates to develop in vitro system for the study of prion infectivity and multiplication. Previous works suggest that lipid rafts and their components, as gangliosides, are essential for neuronal differentiation of different type of stem cells. Since PrPC is constitutively expressed...
Article
Full-text available
Cellular prion protein (PrPC) is expressed in a wide variety of stem cells in which regulates their self-renewal as well as differentiation potential. In this study we investigated the presence of PrPC in human dental pulp-derived stem cells (hDPSCs) and its role in neuronal differentiation process. We show that hDPSCs expresses early PrPC at low c...
Article
Full-text available
We have previously demonstrated that human heat shock protein 90 (HSP90), an intracellular self protein, is the target of cellular and humoral autoimmune responses in patients with carotid atherosclerosis. In this study, we evaluated in vitro whether oxidative stress, a feature of atherosclerotic plaque, alters HSP90 expression in endothelial cells...
Article
Full-text available
The regulation of the mitochondrial dynamics and the balance between fusion and fission processes are crucial for the health and fate of the cell. Mitochondrial fusion and fission machinery is controlled by key proteins such as mitofusins, OPA-1 and several further molecules. In the present work we investigated the implication of lipid rafts in mit...
Article
Full-text available
Adipogenesis is regulated by a complex network of molecules, including fibroblast growth factors. Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) has been previously reported to promote proliferation on rat preadipocytes, although the expression of its specific receptor, FGFR2-IIIb/KGFR, is not actually detected in mesenchymal cells. Here, we demonstrate that hum...
Data
Supplemental Figure S1: Western blot analysis of the expression of FGFR2-IIIb and NRP1 in ASCs untreated or treated with KGF for 5′, 15′, 30′, 1 h, 2 h, and 3 h. Blotting with anti-tubulin antibody served as loading control. The images are representative of at least three independent experiments. The intensity of the bands was evaluated by densitom...
Article
Since stressing conditions induce a relocalization of endogenous human neuroglobin (NGB) to mitochondria, this research is aimed to evaluate the protective role of NGB overexpression against neurotoxic stimuli, through mitochondrial lipid raft-associated complexes. To this purpose, we built a neuronal model of oxidative stress by the use of human d...
Article
Full-text available
Pregnancy problems are common in patients with rheumatic disease; indeed, autoimmune disorders and autoantibodies can affect pregnancy progress and lead to maternal complications. Recent studies have highlighted a close association between HMGB1, chronic inflammation, and autoimmune diseases. Thus, in this investigation, we analyzed serum levels of...
Book
Full-text available
Collection of monographs on cancer diseases with high mortality in the province of Rieti during the five-year period 2006-2010. This book, written by researchers of "Center of Cancer Research and Prevention" (Ce.Ca.Re.P.), has a double meaning: it represents a divulgation tool for the population of the Rieti province and it's a great help to health...
Chapter
During evolution, the eukaryotic cells develop different processes in order to adapt themselves to environmental changes, as well as to die or to survive. These processes include apoptosis, NETosis, and autophagy: citrullination is implicated in all of these physiological mechanisms.
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Most clinicians use the 2006 Sydney classification criteria to evaluate patients suspected of having antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Although sensitive and specific for APS, many patients fulfilling clinical criteria for the syndrome are persistently negative for the specific serological tests ("laboratory criteria"). These "seronegati...
Conference Paper
Background Autophagy has emerged as a key mechanism in the development, survival and function of immune cells and dysregulation of autophagic pathway has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several autoimmune diseases including Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) (1). In fact, autophagy seems to be involved in the generation of citrullinated peptides, wit...
Conference Paper
Background Lupus nephritis (LN) is one of the most severe features of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Several cytokines and chemokines are secreted locally in case of glomerular inflammation. Interleukin 32 (IL32) is a newly described cytokine that exhibits several properties typical of proinflammatory cytokines. Ex vivo and in vitro studies su...
Poster
Full-text available
Aims Prion protein (PrPC), like many GPI-anchored protein, is found in sphingolipid-rich membrane microdomains known as lipid raft. This membrane-bound isoform dimerizes and can act as cell surface receptor, co-receptor or form multimolecular complexes and recruit downstream signal transduction pathways. As known, dimerization of membrane-bound PrP...