Maurizio Pinna

Maurizio Pinna
Università del Salento | Unisalento · Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Technologies (DiSTeBA)

PhD

About

87
Publications
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1,406
Citations

Publications

Publications (87)
Article
The compared performance of citizen scientists with respect to professional scientists is still an open debate. In particular, marine litter was found to be a topic where relevant inputs proceed from citizen scientists. Here we compared two protocols for marine litter items and material identification, i.e. the OSPAR masterlist and its intermediary...
Article
Full-text available
The biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea is currently threatened by the introduction of Non-Indigenous Species (NIS). Therefore, monitoring the distribution of NIS is of utmost importance to preserve the ecosystems. A promising approach for the identification of species and the assessment of biodiversity is the use of DNA barcoding, as well as DNA...
Article
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The ecological assessment of European aquatic ecosystems is regulated under the framework directives on strategy for water and marine environments. Benthic macroinvertebrates are the most used biological quality element for ecological assessment of rivers, coastal-marines, and transitional waters. The morphological identification of benthic macroin...
Article
Sandy beaches are one of the most relevant coastal environments in terms of socio-ecological and economical value. So, the presence and accumulation of plastic litter determines a degradation of these values, and calls for management actions for cleaning are required. In this research, we investigated the features of plastic litter distribution on...
Article
As sites of floating marine material deposition, sandy beaches accumulate marine litter. While research and assessment on beach litter is increasing and involves various actors (scientists, society and NGOs), there is the need to assess current and future dominant trends, directions and priorities in that research. As such, a textural co-occurrence...
Article
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Salento Peninsula (Apulia, southern Italy) is characterised by many active sinkholes, which represent the main geological hazard. The stretch of coastline between the village of Casalabate and Le Cesine wildlife reserve is highly affected, with a system of dunes separating the low beach from extensive wetlands, which were subject to uncontrolled ur...
Article
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The main objective of the project Common strategies and best practices to IMprove the transnational PRotection of ECOsystem integrity and services - IMPRECO is to enhance the safeguarding of ecosystems and ecosystem services. Additionally, the aim of this project is to tackle their environmental vulnerability by strengthening the potential of the P...
Article
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The dispersion of commercial plastics in the marine environments is a major threat to biodiversity and ecosystem services of the last decade. The lower density of the plastics with respect to marine water density determines their floating, transferring, and accumulation in sandy beaches. Sandy beaches represent a natural sink ecosystem for marine p...
Article
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The loss of aquatic biodiversity is increasing at a rapid rate globally. There is a worldwide effort to protect, preserve and restore aquatic ecosystems. For efficient biodiversity monitoring and reliable management tools, comprehensive biodiversity data are required. The abundance and species diversity of benthic macroinvertebrates are commonly us...
Conference Paper
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DNA metabarcoding for the identification of species and ecosystem biomonitoring is a promising innovative approach. The applicability of this tool is at first dependent on the coverage of the DNA sequence reference libraries. We performed a gap analysis of available DNA barcodes in the international databases using the aquatic macroinvertebrate spe...
Conference Paper
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The Mediterranean Sea is known for hosting a high diversity of species, with more than 17,000 reported marine species, one fifth which are endemic. Moreover, the number of non-indigenous species (NIS) in the Mediterranean Sea is recently reported to be increasing. The monitoring and the distribution of NIS is a key requirement for the conservation...
Method
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The M4ES is the common methodological approach developed in the frame of the IMPRECO project in order to set up measures for ecosystem services management in an integrated manner. The project is supported by the Interreg ADRION Programme, funded under the European Regional Development Fund and IPA II fund. In the IMPRECO project, the Ecosystem Serv...
Article
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The use of molecular tools (DNA barcoding and metabarcoding) for the identification of species and ecosystem biomonitoring is a promising innovative approach. The effectiveness of these tools is, however, highly dependent on the reliability and coverage of the DNA sequence reference libraries and it also depends on the identification of primer sets...
Article
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The Mediterranean monk seal Monachus monachus (Hermann, 1779) is the most endangered pinniped in the world. In addition, its presence has not been documented for about two decades in the Apulian Region and about 10 years along the Italian coastline. In this work, we aim to describe an exceptional and well-documented observation of a subadult specim...
Article
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The current article presents 18 new records from seven Mediterranean countries. These records include one rhodophyte, four nudibranchs, two crustaceans, one stingray and 10 bony fishes. They are grouped by country as follows: Lebanon-first record of the Striped bass Morone saxatilis, the stingray Himantura leoparda, the Areolate grouper Epinephelus...
Article
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This study investigates two populations of a polychaete identified as Ophelia barquii Fauvel, 1927, collected in two beaches from the Adriatic (Alimini beach) and Ionian (Gallipoli beach) coasts from the Salento Peninsula. Each population was analyzed monthly from April 2017 to March 2018. In both beaches, populational density decreased from April...
Article
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This study is focused on investigating the variation patterns of macroinvertebrate guilds functional structure, in relation to the taxonomic one, across aquatic ecosystem types along the salinity gradient from freshwater to marine and the resulting implications on guild organization and energy flows. Synoptic samplings have been carried out using t...
Article
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The Non-Indigenous Species (NIS) Caulerpa taxifolia var. distichophylla (Sonder) Verlaque, Huisman & Procaccini has been reported for the first time in the Mediterranean Sea along the coast of South Turkey. This NIS is actively expanding into the Eastern and Western Mediterranean Sea. In this paper, we present an overview of the current distributio...
Article
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This research investigates the occurrence of Pinna nobilis (Linnaeus, 1758) in the Mediterranean Sea, where it is an endemic and the largest bivalve species. Such a species is protected under the European Council Directive 92/43/EEC since 1992, being exposed to anthropogenic impacts. The distribution of this species has been known, in the past, onl...
Technical Report
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This deliverable offers a biodiversity baseline based on the inventory of species, habitats, ecosystems (ES) and ecosystem services (ESS) carried out by the Project Partners (PPs). PPs selected the pilot project areas (PAs) to be involved in the collection of biodiversity data and to compare biodiversity data among them. The main core of data colle...
Article
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Current biomonitoring approaches are widely used but have some limitations. • DNA metabarcoding provides a new complementary tool for biomonitoring. • Metabarcoding allows extending the range of taxa used as bioindicators. • Metabarcoding data could be used to establish molecular metrics and indices. • Future work should standardise procedures and...
Article
Full-text available
Information on the presence of Pinna nobilis (Linnaeus, 1758) in the Mediterranean Sea is largely reported in literature because it is an endemic and, at the same time, endangered species. Besides, this record contributes to enlarge the spatial distribution of this species in the SouthEast Italian coastline (Adriatic Sea). P. nobilis is a protected...
Article
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Of the total number of species of animals inhabiting our planet 2/3 are insects with at least 1 million species. Diptera are bloodsucking insects. This review article considers medical significance of bloodsucking dipterous insects – mosquitoes (fam. Culicidae). It is important for understanding the entomological risk of bloodsucking dipterous inse...
Article
Macroinvertebrates are commonly applied for ecological investigations and as ecological indicators. However, the role of the sampling technique, effort and habitat on macroinvertebrate descriptors, diversity indices and ecological indicators in transitional water ecosystems is little known yet. This research aims to evaluate the influence of sampli...
Article
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The environment and its stressors have an effect on the genome structure of species, affecting their adaptation and evolution. Environmental stresses significantly increase the genetic variability of a population and thus lay the basis for changes in fitness and unbalances. The movement of transposable elements represents a peculiar source of this...
Article
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Il Mediterraneo è una delle regioni maggiormente interessate dal fenomeno delle invasioni biologiche, considerate una delle più gravi minacce alla biodiversità ed ai servizi ecosistemici (Wallentinus e Nyberg, 2007; Zenetos et al., 2012; Galil et al., 2015). Per comprendere le dinamiche di diffusione delle specie aliene/invasive, sono necessarie re...
Article
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We investigated the cascading effects of chemical contaminants on alder leaf detritus quality and the exploitation of this feeding resource by benthic macroinvertebrates (isopods, gastropods, and mayfly nymphs). Trophic behavior and energetics of benthic macroinvertebrates were used to evaluate the effects of contaminants on detritus exploitation....
Conference Paper
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The conservation of biodiversity is fundamental to ensure the ecosystem stability, functions and services. Transitional waters (TWs) support a remarkable biodiversity but the growing of anthropogenic pressures threats their ecosystem health, induces to act new conservation strategies and biomonitoring plans. So that new genomic approaches are also...
Article
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Climate changes, geomorphologic modifications and the rise in water demand for human uses contribute to “aperiodic summer drought” (ASD) events in Mediterranean-type rivers. ASD results in a reach that flows in one summer, dries in next or more summers, and then flowing again. The ecological structure and function of streams affected by ASD are und...
Poster
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Coastal and transitional water ecosystems are amongst the most productive and valuable ecosystems on Earth. For their ecological characteristics they have been largely used for fish farming. The lagoons, in particular, are also important as nursery habitats for fishes and for their role in supporting the economically valuable fishes stocks. Fish fa...
Conference Paper
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This research provides a rare field experiment on the resilience of ecosystem processes and macroinvertebrate assemblages by multiannual drought events, in a Mediterranean river. Here, we studied the influence of multiannual drought events on the decomposition process of leaf detritus and on the recovery of macroinvertebrate assemblages, both in th...
Article
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The loss of species is known to have negative impacts on the integrity of ecosystems, but the details of this relationship are still far from being fully understood. This study investigates how the distribution patterns of polychaete species and their associated biological traits patterns in six Mediterranean coastal lagoons change under computatio...
Technical Report
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Variability is an inherent characteristic of the natural processes. We could consider natural variability any change that is not induced by human intervention. Variability affects both, the environmental factors and the biological components of the systems (changes in abundance, species composition, structure, etc.) and manifest on space (heterogen...
Article
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The effectiveness and accuracy of biomonitoring programs, based on benthic macroinvertebrates, is strictly related to the sampling design and effort, whereas the feasibility depends on the economic sustainability of sample collection and processing methodologies. In the last decade, how to improve the Rapid Bioassessment Protocols (RBPs) maintainin...
Article
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Information on both structure and function is essential to evaluate the ecological integrity of stream ecosystems and their response to natural and anthropogenic disturbance. Leaf-bags have been widely employed to assess stream ecosystem processes and the degree of leaf mass consumption has been proposed as one of the most useful functional descrip...
Article
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Coastal habitats worldwide are threatened by invasive alien species (IAS) that can alter community and ecosystem processes. Invasions are of particular concern for the Mediterranean Sea, and IAS-related descriptors of good ecological status have been recently proposed in European reference regulations. Here, the occurrence of the Atlantic blue crab...
Conference Paper
Le informazioni sulla struttura e sul funzionamento degli ecosistemi fluviali sono essenziali per valutarne l’integrità ecologica. Gli indicatori strutturali sono principalmente basati sull’analisi della ricchezza, diversità e composizione delle comunità biologiche mentre le caratteristiche funzionali dei sistemi lotici restano tuttora più difficil...
Article
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1 - Mediterranean lagoons are naturally exposed, during the dry season, to dystrophic and hypoxic events determining dis-equilibrium conditions along temporal and spatial scales, which are linked to metabolism and life cycle of the biotic components. 2 - In summer 2008, Lesina lagoon (SE Italian coastline) was interested by a geographically localiz...
Article
Full-text available
1 - Mediterranean lagoons are naturally exposed, during the dry season, to dystrophic and hypoxic events determining dis-equilibrium conditions along temporal and spatial scales, which are linked to metabolism and life cycle of the biotic components. 2 - In summer 2008, Lesina lagoon (SE Italian coastline) was interested by a geographically localiz...
Article
Full-text available
1 - Coastal marine and transitional water ecosystems are threatened world-wide by invasions of non-indigenous invertebrate species, altering community structure and ecosystem functioning. 2 - Here, we report on the occurrence of the Atlantic blue crab Callinectes sapidus in transitional water ecosystems of the Apulia coastline (Salento peninsula, S...
Article
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1 - The accurate evaluation of benthic macroinvertebrate taxonomic diversity in transitional water ecosystems is strictly related to sampling effort and, usually, biomonitoring protocols define the sampling effort needed to the elaboration of a specific ecological indicator. The time-lag between the sampling event and the final assessment of ecolog...
Article
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Regulation of metabolism is a common strategy used by individuals to respond to a changing environment. The mechanisms underlying the variability of metabolic rates in macroinvertebrates are of primary importance in studying benthic–pelagic energy transfer in transitional water ecosystems. Lekanesphaera monodi is an isopod endemic to transitional...
Article
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Size spectra show common patterns of variation among ecosystem types, functional guilds and taxonomic groups, as well as predictable responses to pressures. Here, we extend the size spectra approach to macroinvertebrate ecological status assessment in transitional waters, by developing, testing and validating a multi-metric index of size spectra se...
Article
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1 -The biological elements, proposed by the WFD as quality elements for the classification of ecological status of the transitional waters are: composition, abundance and biomass of phytoplankton; composition and abundance of other aquatic flora (i.e. macroalgae and angiosperms); composition and abundance of benthic invertebrate fauna; composition...
Article
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1. Leaf litter decomposition rates in aquatic ecosystems are known to be related to many abiotic and biotic factors. 2. Field experiments were carried out during spring 2005 in 16 ecosystems, each with four sampling sites, using the litter bag technique to investigate the influence of abiotic factors on patterns of reed litter breakdown in differen...
Article
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1.Solar saltworks are man-made systems for the production of salt and are characterized by high habitat heterogeneity owing to the existence of a strong salinity/confinement gradient. Although solar saltworks are considered to be artificial systems, they are also coastal aquatic