Maurizio Esposito

Maurizio Esposito
University of Lisbon | UL · Centro de História das Ciências e Tecnologia (CIUHCT)

Doctor of Philosophy

About

22
Publications
1,461
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143
Citations
Introduction
Maurizio Esposito is a Faculty member at the Federal University of ABC, Brazil and Senior Reserch Fellow at the Univesrity of Lisbon. Maurizio does research in Philosophy and History of Science.

Publications

Publications (22)
Chapter
In The Structure of Evolutionary Theory, Stephen Jay Gould argued that the history and structure of the evolutionary theory could be represented as a fossilized coral constituted by a central branch representing the mechanism of natural selection. In analysing Gould’s analogy—and some of the assumptions informing the traditional historiography of e...
Article
Full-text available
At the beginning of the twentieth century Haeckel’s biogenetic law was widely questioned. On the one hand, there were those who wanted to dismiss it altogether: ontogeny and phylogeny did not have any systematic or interesting relation. On the other hand, there were those who sought to revise it. They argued that while Haeckel’s recapitulationism m...
Chapter
In his 1995 book, The Mangle of Practice, Andrew Pickering distinguished between representationalist and performative idioms in philosophy of science. While the former describes science as mainly a theoretical enterprise, the latter represents science as a collection of practices. The two perspectives outline two kinds of epistemologies presenting...
Article
Full-text available
The relation between organisms and machines is very old. Over a century ago, the French historian and philosopher Alfred Victor Espinas observed that from the Greeks onwards the intelligibility of the organic world presupposed a comparison with technical objects. Aristotle, for instance, associated living organs with mechanical artefacts in order t...
Article
Full-text available
El artículo explora algunos de los sentidos y usos de la historia en la filosofía de las ciencias. Se argumenta que la ausencia (o presencia) de la historia en las reflexiones filosóficas sobre la ciencia no depende de una falta de comunicación entre historiadores y filósofos, sino del contraste entre dos concepciones filosóficas del conocimiento r...
Chapter
In 1915, the German physiologist Jacques Loeb published a paper titled “Mechanistic Science and Metaphysical Romance.” In that article, Loeb lamented that scientific research was still infected by a “romantic” approach. Despite the triumphal achievements of the sciences based on mechanistic precepts, romantic and mystical speculations abounded. Lif...
Article
Genetic determinism is nowadays largely questioned and widely criticized. However, if we look at the history of biology in the last one hundred years, we realize that genetic determinism has always been controversial. Why, then, did it acquire such relevance in the past despite facing longstanding criticism? Through the analysis of some of the ambi...
Article
Scholars have paid great attention to the neo-Darwinism of Ronald Fisher. He was one of the founding fathers of the modern synthesis and, not surprisingly, his writings and life have been widely scrutinized. However, less attention has been paid to his interests in the human sciences. In assessing Fisher’s uses of the human sciences in his seminal...
Article
In 1903, the Scripps Marine Association was founded in La Jolla, San Diego. It was rechristened the Scripps Institution of Oceanography two decades later. Today it is one of the largest marine research institutions in the world. The present study aims to reconstruct the history of this institution during the first years of its existence, the life o...
Book
In this book, Esposito presents a historiography of organicist and holistic thought through an examination of the work of leading biologists from Britain and America. He shows how this work relates to earlier Romantic tradition and sets it within the wider context of the history and philosophy of the life sciences.
Article
Full-text available
In this article we argue that the classical—linear and bottom-up directed—models of causation in biology, and the “proximate/ultimate” dichotomy, are inappropriate to capture the complexity inherent to biological processes. We introduce a new notion of “multilevel causation” where old dichotomies such as proximate/ultimate and bottom-up/top-down ar...
Article
Argument D’Arcy Thompson has often been portrayed as a loner. His science of form has frequently been labeled anachronistic, idiosyncratic, and unconnected to his contemporary biology. This article aims to challenge this interpretation. Thompson's representation as a loner did not lie in the idiosyncrasies of his science, but in our own historiogra...
Article
In 1930, while R.A. Fisher, J.B.S. Haldane, E.B. Ford and S.G. Wright were laying the foundations of what a decade later J.S. Huxley dubbed "Modern Synthesis", E.S. Russell published a groundbreaking work, The Interpretation of Development and Heredity. In this book Russell not only condemned Mendelian genetics and neo-Darwinism, but also proposed...
Article
This paper has three principal aims: first, through a detailed analysis of the hypotheses and assumptions underlying Weismann's and Morgan's disagreement on the nature of animal regeneration, it seeks to readdress the imbalance in coverage of their discussion, providing, at the same time, a fascinating case-study for those interested in general iss...
Article
In this paper I propose a new interpretation of the British evolutionary synthesis. The synthetic work of J. B. S. Haldane, R. A. Fisher and J. S. Huxley was characterized by both an integration of Mendelism and Darwinism and the unification of different biological subdisciplines within a coherent framework. But it must also be seen as a bold and s...
Article
DelisleG. Richard, Les Philosophies du néo-darwinisme. Preface by Jean Gayon. Paris: Presses universitaires France, 2009. Pp. 456. ISBN 978-2130566267. Canadian $56.70 (paperback). - Volume 43 Issue 2 - Maurizio Esposito

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