Maurizio Ciaschini

Maurizio Ciaschini
Sapienza University of Rome | la sapienza · Department of Economics and Law

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53
Publications
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319
Citations

Publications

Publications (53)
Article
Decomposition analysis represents an important tool in order to highlight the implication of socio-economic, employment and environmental indicators. In addition, it also helps to assess the determinants which are responsible for changes in such indicators. In this paper, changes in CO2 emissions in Italy are examined on the basis of the combinatio...
Article
In this paper, an effort is made to enrich the current input–output (I–O) methodologies employed for studying disruptive events, by extending the I–O framework and including all the phases of the circular flow of income into the overall disaster impact. In this respect, the Inoperability Extended Multisectoral Model is created and implemented in or...
Article
The issue of policy design into the environmental economic literature is becoming a crucial point especially for the relevance of its implication on international agreements for climate change and for the definition of climate actions against GHGs emissions. The identification of economic drivers accountable for the CO2 emissions, which represent t...
Chapter
The size of the Italian expenditure for the health care on Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and on total public expenditure, is in line with those of the major industrialized countries, and somewhat lower than the European average. The Italian healthcare sector does not simply face a contraction of the expenditure: in effect, it should be highlighted t...
Article
The aim of this work is to design policies for public and private education systems in the U.S. Such policies are determined by assessing the importance of public and private education as industries. The role of public and private education industries is evaluated both in terms of their capability of being stimulated by, and of stimulating the othe...
Chapter
The impact of the Italian expenditure for the health care on Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and on total public expenditure, is in line with those of the major industrialized countries, and somewhat lower than the European average. The issue of the Italian health sector is not simply related to the contraction of the expenditure: in effect, it should...
Article
Key industry analysis is traditionally used to evaluate the role, or the impact of a given industry in the economy, through the determination of convenient indices. In assessing the economic impact of a specific industry or a set of industries on an economy, input–output analysis has become a popular method. However there are problems in determinin...
Article
The aim is to design and evaluate balanced budget policies that reallocate federal funds from investments in national defence to the education system. The research focuses on changes in income of the institutional sectors, on output changes at the commodity level and on the increase in the stock of human capital that originates in higher education....
Article
The study focuses on the evaluation of the European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF) and provides a tool for analyzing the direct and indirect effects of the Operational Programme Large Infrastructure with reference to the 2014-2020 Programming Period for Romania. This analysis requires the construction of an accounting scheme, the SAM, which...
Article
The key sector analysis is used to examine and identify the role, or impact of the existence of a productive sector in an economy. In assessing the economic impact of a specific sector or a cluster of sectors on an economy, the input output analysis has proven to be a popular method. This method allows us to study the structure of an economy. Howev...
Article
In recent year's global warming and climate changes has become a major threat for the whole world. Global warming is closely related to human activities, caused by the excessive increases in greenhouse and carbon dioxide (CO 2) emissions. In order to address this issue and lessen its harmful effects on nature, CO 2 emission and other greenhouse gas...
Conference Paper
Tourism is one of the fastest growing industry in Italy. It has proven a valuable financial part of the Italian economy. Businesses, public and private organizations are strongly interested in the economic impacts of tourism at national and regional levels. The main problem which arises when measuring the impact of tourism is that tourism is not on...
Chapter
The allocation among Institutional Sectors of Health Care Expenditure for the Elderly can be designed in a way that new processes can be activated that stimulate total output and overall employment. The impacts of these processes as they emerge from several policy scenarios in all phases of income circular flow within the economic system, can be de...
Article
The greenhouse effect forces national Governments to design environmental tax policies for facing not only global warming but also the negative economic consequences resulting from the reduction of emissions such as a negative change of GDP. This paper aims at verifying the impact of an environmental fiscal reform able to attain both the reduction...
Article
Abstract The design of policy controls oriented to stimulate specific industrial activities highlights a set of problems that involve the choice of the macro variables that make up the policy control, the determination of their aggregate amount as well as their sectoral composition and their inner balance. In a multi-sectoral framework these issues...
Article
Full-text available
The analysis of health commodity typically focuses on the efficiency and equity of its market or on the quality of its production and often on the sustainability of its approach to financing. The paper aims to emphasize the importance of health commodity in the process of creation and distribution of income. The methodology is based on the construc...
Article
In this paper an attempt is made to identify a ”convenient” structure of a policy variable, final demand control, through the use of a multi-sectoral model. The method used relies on a specific spectral ecomposition which allows for the quantification of the scale-effect of each structure that the policy variable can assume on the structures of the...
Article
In this article, an attempt is made to identify a convenient structure of a policy variable, the final demand vector, through the use of a multisectoral model. The method used relies on a specific spectral decomposition that allows for the quantification of the scale-effect of each structure that the policy variable can assume on the structures of...
Article
Full-text available
The report argues that aid volatility is an important source of volatility for the poorest countries. Following a method already applied by the Agence Française de Développement, the report argues that loans to LICs should incorporate a floating grace period, which the country could draw upon when hit by a shock. The definition of a shock should in...
Article
Through the application of the Macro Multiplier (MM) approach on an Input-Output matrix for US economy in year 2005, the paper identifies the 'convenient' structure of a policy control on final demand, oriented to a particular policy objective. The approach quantifies a set of aggregated scale effects, called MM, and the associated structures of bo...
Article
The economic analysis concerning the European Health care systems provides relevant comparative information about socio economic variables improving public and private shares of health care expenditure. This paper proposes a different approach to learn about relation between the Health care services and the economic systems which is based on the qu...
Article
The aim of the paper is to apply a new backward and forward dispersion approach, starting from the original Rasmussen definition, which can give further insight into the interactions between industries and institutional sectors in a multiregional framework. The method is based on identification of the Macro Multipliers and the related impact compon...
Article
The reduction (or abolition) of regional tax on productive activities (Irap, Imposta regionale sulle attività produttive) could stimulate the industry competitiveness. Analysis of the reform scenarios should not neglect the effects of the consequential changes in income distribution. Here we use a computational (Cge) model imple-mented on a Social...
Article
Full-text available
Through the application of the Macro Multiplier approach on a multisectoral model for the USA, the paper identifies the ”convenient” structure of a policy control on final demand, oriented to a particular policy objective (industry output), focusing on the Information and Communication Technology sector (ICT sector). The method used is based on a s...
Article
In this paper a method of policy evaluation is designed which gives a deeper insight of the interactions between policy objective (total output) and policy control (final demand) at multi-sectoral level. An application, based on a regional social accounting matrix, illustrates how macro multipliers ruling the multi-sector/multi-industry interaction...
Article
L’imposta regionale sulle attivit� produttive (Irap) è oggetto di un ampio dibattito incentrato su alcune ipotesi di riforma relative alla riduzione o alla abolizione di questo strumento di prelievo, percepito dagli operatori come iniquo. L’argomentazione a sostegno di queste tesi si basa sul fatto che una diminuzione del prelievo potrebbe supporta...
Article
Full-text available
Riassunto. La rilevanza socioeconomica della sanità impone il tentativo di analizzare tale 'bene' an- che da un punto di vista produttivo in termini di capacità di generare valore aggiunto e occupazione. Al pari delle altre attività che caratterizzano il sistema produttivo, la sanità è in grado di incidere, in modo diretto ed indiretto, sulla gener...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper an attempt is made to identify a ”convenient” structure of a policy variable, final demand control, through the use of a multi-sectoral model. The method used relies on a specific spectral ecomposition which allows for the quantification of the scale-effect of each structure that the policy variable can assume on the structures of the...
Article
Wine is usually studied as a separate activity. Our attempt is to introduce it within the industries composing output that react to disposable income changes. We first harmonize the available data in a Social Accounting framework. From this data base we get the parameters of a multi-industry multi-sectoral model. We apply on the model a type of dis...
Article
Full-text available
L'analisi della riforma relativa alle aliquote IRE non puo' limitarsi alla descrizione del solo risparmio fiscale per le diverse categorie di percettori di reddito. L'aspetto rilevante di tale manovra dovrebbe essere il rilancio dell'economia attraverso un sostegno alla domanda finale. L'attenzione dovrebbe spostarsi quindi sui possibili effetti ec...
Article
The increasing relevance of wine sector on the productive structure requires additional economic considerations on the economic and social impacts of the national and regional policies. Our work tries to analyze such policy impacts, by means of a multisectoral approach, in order to identify the strength of the links of the wine activity with all th...
Article
The aim of the paper is to analyze the features and the changes in the personal income distribution in a region of Italy within a structural framework. In this paper the attempt is made to provide a method of analysis that can give a further insight into the interactions among industries and institutional sectors. An application that relies on a re...
Article
The Leontief paradigm, with its hypothesis of constant technical coefficients, dominate the multisectoral framework, while the empirical evidence shows that the production process is characterized by non constant returns. After having shown how the hypothesis of constant technical coefficients in a dynamic multisectoral framework confines the analy...
Chapter
One of the main features which characterizes current production processes is that of non-constant returns to scale. While this feature is generally accepted in theoretical analysis, it fails to generate any effective applied instruments for multi-sectoral modelling. This fact may be due to the popularity of the constant returns to scale hypothesis,...
Article
In this paper an attempt is made to identify a ”convenient” structure of a policy variable, final demand control, through the use of a multi-sectoral model. The method used relies on a specific spectral ecomposition which allows for the quantification of the scale-effect of each structure that the policy variable can assume on the structures of the...
Chapter
In recent times many of the important issues to government economic policy involve problems of industrial development. Such problems that refer not only to economics but also to important instances in the social field, imply dealing with the technological change as having an impact on the production side and, more widely, on the general performance...
Article
Full-text available
In recent times, wine market becomes a quality oriented one, the elasticity of substitution among the different type of wine is not zero and depends on several factors. For this reasons to evaluate the interindustry interaction, it is necessary to use a CGE model which can manage variable elasticity of substitution. The aim of our paper is to analy...
Article
The aim of the paper is to provide a method of analysis that can give a further insight into the interactions among industries and in- stitutional sectors, in two dierent region. An application that relies on a regional data base, inspired by the bi-regional Social Accoun- ting Matrix, illustrates how macro multipliers ruling the multi-sector multi...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental Federalism: The political economy of the design of local taxation and environmental protection, Ancona, Italy, December 9-10, 2011) (Provisional draft. Please do not cite without authors' permission) The challenge of climate change needs to be tackled with environmental policy instruments carefully designed in order to achieve environ...

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