Mauricio Salgado

Mauricio Salgado
Universidad Andrés Bello | UNAB · School of Sociology

PhD, Sociologist

About

39
Publications
28,277
Reads
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221
Citations
Introduction
I am an Associate Professor at the School of Sociology, Universidad Andrés Bello (Santiago, Chile), leading the research project “Antecedent Social Factors of Moral Behaviour”. I have a PhD from the University of Surrey (Guildford, United Kingdom), where I carried out my research on computational sociology at the Centre for Research in Social Simulation (CRESS - Department of Sociology), under the supervision of Professor Nigel Gilbert.
Additional affiliations
January 2017 - present
Centre for Research in Inclusive Education
Position
  • Principal Investigator
Description
  • PI at the “Research Centre for Inclusive Education” (Grant Number CIE160009), based at the School of Psychology, P. Universidad Católica de Valparaíso (Chile), funded by The National Commission for Scientific and Technological Research (CONICYT).
April 2016 - August 2019
Universidad Andrés Bello
Position
  • Principal Investigator
Description
  • The research project "Antecedent Social Factors of Moral Behaviour" is funded by the National Fund for Scientific and Technological Development, FONDECYT, Chile. Grant number 1161624.
January 2015 - January 2018
Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Adjunct researcher at the Millennium Nucleus Models of Crises, an interdisciplinary research group founded by the Millennium Scientific Initiative of the Ministry of Economy. Grant number NS130017.
Education
January 2008 - April 2012
University of Surrey
Field of study
  • Sociology
February 2000 - December 2004
Alberto Hurtado University
Field of study
  • Sociology

Publications

Publications (39)
Article
Although the literature on trust is vast, little is known about the attributes that trigger or inhibit trusting others we do not know. Using a vignette version of the trust game, we addressed the role that social standing plays in estimating trustworthiness of strangers in cross-status interactions in Chile, a non-WEIRD context also characterized b...
Article
Full-text available
El presente documento, publicado en la sección homónima de la Revista de Humanidades, contiene dos secciones. En primer lugar, presento una breve introducción a los conceptos centrales propuestos por Eduardo Bonilla-Silva, uno de los investigadores más importantes en estratificación racial. Sostengo que su teoría sobre el fenómeno racial puede ser...
Article
Full-text available
Moral decisions – that is, decisions that consider the consequences for the welfare of others – can be highly inconsistent across contexts. Here, we explore whether the altruism of young people is related to their willingness to cooperate with others, even in groups comprising non-reciprocating peers. Using the distinction between normative and cog...
Article
Full-text available
Although there is growing interest in studying the long‐ignored relationship between stratification and race in Chile, racial bias in person perception remains unknown. We hypothesize that the segregation of the Chilean school system generated a prestige order in which pupils are differentiated by status characteristics according to the type of sch...
Article
Full-text available
Evolutionary models of paternal care predict that when female reproductive effort is higher than male reproductive effort, selection might favour the emergence of unconditional male cooperation towards females, even when the latter group does not reciprocate. However, previous models have assumed constant population sizes, so the ecology of interac...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen Es sabido que las consideraciones morales de los actores interactúan con factores contextuales. Este artículo explora la hipótesis de que la función guía de las consideraciones morales de los adolescentes es anulada cuando existe información sobre la riqueza de los potenciales beneficiarios. Para contrastar esta hipótesis, se estudia el alt...
Article
Supportive school and classroom climates can add to student achievement and compensate for the negative contribution of low-socioeconomic status (SES) to academic achievement. We tested the added contribution of school and classroom climate to Chilean students’ mathematics test scores. We performed a secondary analysis of 151,015 eighth-grade stude...
Preprint
Previous research has claimed that higher-status individuals tend to be less prosocial than lower-status individuals, especially under conditions of inequality. It is also argued that lower-status individuals have more hostile reactions and more retaliatory defection to non-cooperators. Thus, low-status individuals are expected to be both prosocial...
Preprint
Although the literature on trust is vast, little is known about the attributes that trigger or inhibit trusting others we do not know. Using a vignette version of the trust game, we addressed the role that social standing plays in estimating trustworthiness of strangers in cross-status interactions in Chile, a non-WEIRD context also characterized b...
Article
Full-text available
Reseña del libro The Rules of Contagion: Why Things Spread – And Why They Stop de Adam Kucharski.
Article
Full-text available
Early adolescence is a developmental stage that comprises some basic interactional processes with parents, which can be described as gaining autonomy while maintaining relatedness. Studying how maternal and paternal involvement influence the life satisfaction of sons and daughters during early adolescence is especially important while seeking to un...
Article
Full-text available
Adolescents’ beliefs regarding inequality have received scant attention in social research. This article tackles the underlying processes that explain adolescents’ justice evaluations of earning gaps across status groups in Chile. I investigate whether their perception of earning gaps and fairness values mediate the relationship between socio-econo...
Preprint
Full-text available
A growing body of research has shown that phenotypes and skin pigmentation play a fundamental role in stratification dynamics in Latin American countries. However, the relevance of skin color on status attribution for different status groups has been little studied in the region. This article seeks to broaden the research on phenotypic status cues...
Article
Full-text available
Having achieved the coverage challenges following compulsory policies and a financing system via demand subsidy conditioned to enrollment and attendance, but faced with the scenario of school segregation, Chile has set itself the goal of advancing towards the right to an inclusive education and of quality. In this article we identify and analyze th...
Preprint
A growing body of research has shown that skin pigmentation plays a fundamental role in stratification dynamics in Latin American countries. However, the relevance of skin color on status attribution for different status groups has been poorly studied in the region. This article seeks to broaden the research on phenotypic status cues using Chile as...
Article
Full-text available
Research suggests that women, but not men, manifest gender-biased expectations of altruism: while women expect other women to be more altruistic, men expect women to be as generous as men. Do adolescents expect women and men to behave differently regarding altruism? I analyse adolescents' gender beliefs about altruism using a modified Dictator Game...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter addresses the relationship between sociology and Non-Equilibrium Social Science (NESS). Sociology is a multiparadigmatic discipline with significant disagreement regarding its goals and status as a scientific discipline. Different theories and methods coexist temporally and geographically. However, it has always aimed at identifying th...
Article
Full-text available
Multilevel Models (MLM) have pioneered the analysis of hierarchical data of two or more levels. Agent-Based Models (ABM) are also used to anal-yse social phenomena in which there are two or more levels involved. This paper addresses a comparison between MLM and ABM. To provide a basis of com-parison, we focus on differential school effectiveness an...
Article
Full-text available
Several evolutionary mechanisms have been proposed to explain how natural selection leads to cooperation between competing individuals. Social dilemmas modelled with the aid of game theory capture the essence of this problem, and computer simulation is usually the technique used to test and formalise those explanatory mechanisms. However, scarce at...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this chapter, we describe the main characteristics of agent-based modelling. Agent-based modelling is a computational method that enables researchers to create, analyse, and experiment with models composed of autonomous and heterogeneous agents that interact within an environment, in order to identify the mechanisms that bring about some macrosc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
I describe an agent-based model to study the evolution of paternal care. The reported n-person Iterated Prisoner’s Dilemma shows that the relative differences in the reproductive effort between sexes can explain the evolution of paternal care. When female reproductive costs are higher than male reproductive costs, males cooperate with females even...
Article
Full-text available
Computational sociology models social phenomena using the concepts of emergence and downward causation. However, the theoretical status of these concepts is ambiguous; they suppose too much ontology and are invoked by two opposed sociological interpretations of social reality: the individualistic and the holistic. This paper aims to clarify those c...
Thesis
Full-text available
The study of symbolic communication is a key research area in both the social and natural sciences. However, little has been done in order to bridge these scientific domains, so an unfortunate gulf between them still persists. Even less has been done in the field of computational sociology, in which most research using agent-based models has disreg...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Multilevel Models (MLM) have pioneered the analysis of hierarchical data, with two or more levels. Agent-Based Models (ABM) are also used to analyse social phenomena in which there are two or more levels involved. This paper addresses the integration between MLM and ABM. To provide a basis of comparison, we focus on differential school effectivenes...
Article
Full-text available
Social relationships such as friendship and partner choice are ruled by the proximity principle, which states that the more similar two individuals are, the more likely they will become friends. However, proximity, similarity, and friendship are concepts with blurred edges and imprecise grades of membership. This study shows how to simulate these...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We report the results of an agent-based model to study the strategies that policy makers can apply to prevent the escalation of deviant behaviour in the aftermath of a disaster. Three policies are tested, namely: a reinforcement of the police power; an increase of the information available to the affected population and a combination of both polici...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports the results of a multi-agent simulation designed to study the emergence and evolution of symbolic communication. The novelty of this model is that it considers some interactional and spatial constraints to this process that have been disregarded by previous research. The model is used to give an account of the implications of dif...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper reports the results of a multi-agent simulation designed to study the emergence and evolution of symbolic communication. The novelty of this model is that it considers some interactional and spatial constraints to this process that have been disregarded by previous research. The model is used to give an account of the implications of diff...
Article
Full-text available
The process of model building is a basic activity for any scientific discipline, and sociology is no exception to this rule. The sociological literature devoted to clarify the epistemological and methodological assumptions behind each modelling technique is rather scarce, however. This article intends to provide some ideas on this topic. In order to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Computational sociology models social phenomena using the concepts of emergence and downward causation. But the theoretical status of these concepts is ambiguous; they suppose too much ontology and are invoked by two opposed sociological stands, namely, individualistic and holistic interpretations of social phenomena. In this paper, we propose a th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Sociological research shows that friendship and partner choice tend to reveal a bias toward social similarity. These relations are ruled by the so called "proximity principle" which states that the more similar two individuals are, the more likely they will become friends. However, proximity, similarity or friend- ship are concepts with blurred edg...
Thesis
Full-text available
El modo en que la teoría de la sociedad contemporánea describe el derecho es de particular interés cuando, como lo reconocen múltiples autores, ninguna descripción puede estar apoyada, al menos sin someterlas a un cuestionamiento radical, en nociones viejoeuropeas que estuvieron a la base de la tradición sociológica, tales como razón o sujeto. La p...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
La investigación es financiada por Iniciativa Científica Milenio del Ministerio de Economía, Fomento y Turismo (Proyecto NS130017). Nuestro objetivo general es la identificación y análisis de modos de producción, manejo y predicción de crisis bajo condiciones sociales complejas a partir del caso chileno. Nuestra investigación interdisciplinaria sobre crisis combina análisis sociológico, histórico, filosófico y económico con modelamiento matemático y simulación computacional de sistemas sociales complejos.
Project
This research aims at exploring the relationship between class inequality and moral behaviour in Chile. Specifically, it will examine whether individuals from different socio-economic strata in Chile vary in the ways they attribute, express and justify differences in pro-social preferences and ethical behaviour in social dilemmas. The research is funded by the National Fund for Scientific and Technological Development, FONDECYT, Chile (research grant number 1161624).