Mauricio Gallardo

Mauricio Gallardo
Universidad Católica del Norte (Chile) · School of Business Management

PhD in Economics

About

12
Publications
3,461
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91
Citations
Introduction
Additional affiliations
March 2011 - September 2019
Universidad Católica del Norte (Chile)
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (12)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Following the Becker-Ehrlich economic model on criminal activity, in this paper the effects of the deterrent and socio-economic determinants of property crimes in the regions of Chile are measured using a dynamic panel data model. Unlike previous studies, our dependent variable is a synthetic indicator built by principals components method, which s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper analyzes the recent evolution of vulnerability to poverty in Latin America using twelve household panel data sets of four countries: Argentina, Peru, Chile and Nicaragua. We provide empirical evidence that validates the extensive use of the indicator of vulnerability to poverty based on the standard downside semi-deviation. The results s...
Article
This paper introduces a new approach for measuring vulnerability to poverty, using the standard downside mean-semideviation as a risk parameter. We identify vulnerability by comparing the uncertain outcomes of household well-being with poverty line in a mean-risk behavior framework.
Article
Full-text available
Siguiendo la metodolog�a propuesta por Chaudhuri et al. (2002), en este trabajo se realiza una estimaci�n de la vulnerabilidad de los hogares de Nicaragua usando datos de corte transversal. La vulnerabilidad de los hogares es evaluada como la probabilidad de que el valor esperado del logaritmo de su consumo, sea menor al logaritmo de cierto umbral...
Article
Full-text available
Este documento es una nota metodol�gica orientada a ayudar a resolver dos problemas pr�cticos que deben enfrentar t�picamente los usuarios no especializados del programa de ajuste estacional X-12-ARIMA: (i) determinar si hay evidencia estad�stica de la existencia de estacionalidad en la serie de tiempo estudiada y (ii) evaluar la calidad del ajuste...
Article
Full-text available
Bayesian network methods have recently gained great popularity in machine learning literature and applications to model uncertainty in complex phenomena that include relationships between multiple random variables. However, these models are not commonly applied in economics and development studies. Here, we introduce the Bayesian network classifier...
Article
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In a hybrid university learning environment, the rapid identification of students’ learning styles seems to be essential to achieve complementarity between conventional face-to-face pedagogical strategies and the application of new strategies using virtual technologies. In this context, this research aims to generate a predictive model to detect un...
Article
Full-text available
A method to measure vulnerability to multidimensional poverty is proposed under a mean–risk behaviour approach. We extend the unidimensional downside mean–semideviation measurement of vulnerability to poverty towards the multidimensional space by incorpo-rating this approach into Alkire and Foster’s multidimensional counting framework. The new appr...
Article
Full-text available
OBJECTIVE To assess the possible presence of inequality of opportunities in the health status of Chileans, according to sociodemographic circumstances. METHODS Self-rated health data were used from the Chilean National Health Survey of 2010 to test the hypothesis of strong and weak equality of opportunities in the health status of the Chilean popu...
Article
Full-text available
In the economic literature on poverty, various methods have been proposed for measuring a phenomenon known as ‘vulnerability’. However, after more than a quarter century of research, no consensus has been reached on how to identify such vulnerable individuals within a given population. Some misunderstandings have also arisen from the overlapping of...
Article
After two decades of democracy in Chile, the economic model developed during the Augusto Pinochet military regime remains. This model has shown remarkable economic achievements, mainly on its macroeconomic management, supported by a strict fiscal discipline and a successful monetary policy which has kept inflation low and stable. Remarkable achieve...
Article
This paper discusses why Nicaragua is today one of the poorest countries in the region of Latin America and the Caribbean. Lack of sustained economic growth is viewed as the main cause of poverty in the country. The effects of political conflicts on the breaks of the long term growth path are analized and it is warned about the risk of a new disrup...

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