Maura Turriani

Maura Turriani
Università degli Studi di Teramo | UNITE · Department of Comparative Biomedical Sciences

Laurea in scienze biologiche

About

52
Publications
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1,052
Citations

Publications

Publications (52)
Article
Full-text available
Amniotic epithelial stem cells (AECs) are largely studied for their pro-regenerative properties. However, it remains undetermined if low oxygen (O2) levels that AECs experience in vivo can be of value in maintaining their biological properties after isolation. To this aim, the present study has been designed to evaluate the effects of a hypoxia-mim...
Article
Full-text available
Tendon disorders represent a very common pathology in today’s population, and tendinopathies that account 30% of tendon-related injuries, affect yearly millions of people which in turn cause huge socioeconomic and health repercussions worldwide. Inflammation plays a prominent role in the development of tendon pathologies, and advances in understand...
Article
Full-text available
Tendon injuries are at the frontier of innovative approaches to public health concerns and sectoral policy objectives. Indeed, these injuries remain difficult to manage due to tendon’s poor healing ability ascribable to a hypo-cellularity and low vascularity, leading to the formation of a fibrotic tissue affecting its functionality. Tissue engineerin...
Article
Full-text available
The development of an adequate blood vessel network is crucial for the accomplishment of ovarian follicle growth and ovulation, which is necessary to support the proliferative and endocrine functions of the follicular cells. Although the Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) through gonadotropins guides ovarian angiogenesis, the role exerted by...
Article
Full-text available
Regenerative medicine has greatly progressed, but tendon regeneration mechanisms and robust in vitro tendon differentiation protocols remain to be elucidated. Recently, tendon explant co-culture (CO) has been proposed as an in vitro model to recapitulate the microenvironment driving tendon development and regeneration. Here, we explored standardize...
Article
Full-text available
Electrospun PLGA microfibers with adequate intrinsic physical features (fiber alignment and diameter) have been shown to boost teno-differentiation and may represent a promising solution for tendon tissue engineering. However, the hydrophobic properties of PLGA may be adjusted through specific treatments to improve cell biodisponibility. In this st...
Poster
Full-text available
Introduction: To date, no effective treatment has been developed for tendinopathies. Tissue engineering has sparked the researchers to find treatments for complete tendon healing process using stem-cell based therapies. Amniotic epithelial cells (AECs) exhibit a high tenogenic attitude both in vitro (Barboni et al., 2012) and in vivo (Barboni et al...
Article
Cell-based therapy hold great promise for tendon disorders, a widespread debilitating musculoskeletal condition. Even if the cell line remains to be defined, preliminary evidences have proven that amniotic-derived cells possess in vitro and in vivo a great tenogenic potential. The present study investigated the efficacy of transplanted human amniot...
Article
Three biodegradable thermoplastic polymers, poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL), poly(L-lactide-co-D,L-lactide) (PLA) and poly(L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA), have been used to produce nonwovens scaffolds with uniform micrometre fibres. Scaffolds’ physical and morphological characterization was performed by X-ray diffraction, Scanning Electron Microscopy an...
Article
Full-text available
Serinus canaria is a widespread domestic ornamental songbird, whose limited knowledge of biology make compelling studies aimed to monitor stress. Here, a commercial enzyme immunoassay was adopted to measure immunoreactive corticosterone (CORT) in single Serinus canaria dropping sample, to monitor the daily fecal excretion of CORT in birds bred sing...
Article
Amniotic fluid has attracted increasing attention in recent years as a possible source of stem cells. Amniotic stem cells have high differentiation ability and low immunogenicity, and are thus an ideal candidate for stem cell-based regenerative therapy. To assess their potential applicability, preclinical studies have been initiated. In this contex...
Article
Full-text available
Evidence has been provided that a cell-based therapy combined with the use of bioactive materials may significantly improve bone regeneration prior to dental implant, although the identification of an ideal source of progenitor/stem cells remains to be determined. In the present research, the bone regenerative property of an emerging source of prog...
Data
Biomaterial Characterization. Semi-quantitative x-rays diffraction measurement of HA/β-TCP custom made scaffold showed that the bone substitute is composed of three co-existing mineral phases from the mineral phases point of view: β-TCP (60%), HA (30%) and αTCP (10%). (TIF)
Article
Granulosa cells (GC) express stemness markers and can differentiate into cell types not present within the follicles. Given that follicles at different stages of development populate the ovary, we undertook this research in the pig model to identify the stage of follicle, growing or luteinizing, from which GC with the best regenerative potential ca...
Chapter
Amniotic membranes and amniotic fluid have attracted increased attention as possible sources of stem cells to be used for clinical application in regenerative medicine. However, the biology of these cells and the signals required to effectively direct their differentiation are still largely unknown. This work was designed to define stemness propert...
Article
We set out to characterize stemness properties and osteogenic potential of sheep AEC (amniotic epithelial cells). AEC were isolated from 3-month-old fetuses and expanded in vitro for 12 passages. The morphology, surface markers, stemness markers and osteogenic differentiation were inspected after 1, 6 and 12 passages of expansion, with an average d...
Article
Full-text available
Stem cell (SC) regenerative therapy represents an emerging strategy for the treatment of human diseases. Since amniotic fluid-derived cells have been recently proposed as a promising source of human SCs, the present research aimed to amplify in vitro and characterize ovine amniotic fluid-derived SCs collected from the membranes (AMSCs) or fluid (AF...
Article
Full-text available
Recently, the transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) channel was shown to be involved in capacitation, the process that allows mammalian spermatozoa to acquire their fertilizing ability within the female genital tract. Unfortunately, the role of TRPV1 in this process is still unclear. Thus, the aims of the present work were to 1) inv...
Article
Full-text available
An experimental protocol was designed to study the survival and behaviour of an allograft of amniotic epithelial cells (AECs) in an ovine model. The study was conducted on three healthy adult sheep. A core lesion was created in both calcaneal tendons under ultrasound (US) guidance by injecting 400 UI of Type 1A collagenase diluted in 0.6 ml saline....
Article
Modern society continuously exposes the population to electromagnetic radiation, the effects of which on human health, in particular reproduction, are still unknown. The aim of this research was to assess the effect of acute (1h) exposure of boar spermatozoa to a 50 Hz extremely low frequency electromagnetic field (ELF-EMF) on early fertility outco...
Article
Full-text available
The present experiments compared the ability of pig oocytes matured either in vivo or in vitro to structurally reorganize the penetrated sperm chromatin into male pronucleus (PN) and to carry out, in parallel, the epigenetic processes of global chromatin methylation and acetylation, 12-14 h after in vitro fertilization (IVF). In addition, PN distri...
Article
The authors have investigated in the different classes of ovarian follicles the vascular area, the blood vessel distribution, the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) mRNA expression and the VEGF secretion during equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) induced follicle growth in prepubertal gilts fed ad libitum or fasted. Immunohistochemistry stai...
Article
Full-text available
The possibility to predict the ability of a germ cell to properly sustain embryo development in vitro or in vivo as early as possible is undoubtedly the main problem of reproductive technologies. To date, only the achievement of nuclear maturation and cumulus expansion is feasible, as all the studies on cytoplasmic maturation are too invasive and h...
Article
Since nerve growth factor (NGF) is produced in vitro by granulosa cells after gonadotropin stimulation, the present research has been designed to investigate whether this neurotropin is involved in the events triggered by the gonadotropin surge that lead the follicle to ovulate a mature oocyte. To this aim, NGF levels in follicular fluid, collected...
Article
Full-text available
The authors evaluated the relationship between vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) production, blood vessel extension, and steroidogenesis in small (<4 mm), medium (4-5 mm), and large (>5 mm) follicles isolated from gilts treated with eCG. VEGF and estradiol levels were measured in follicular fluid by an enzyme immunoassay and radioimmunoassa...
Article
Angiogenesis is the process that drives blood vessel development in growing tissues in response to the local production of angiogenic factors. With the present research the authors have studied vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) production in ovarian follicles as a potential mechanism of ovarian activity regulation. Prepubertal gilts were tr...
Article
Cytosolic 5'-nucleotidase is involved in the phosphorylation of several purine nucleoside analogs,used as antiviral and chemotherapeutic agents. In order to assess its role in the mechanisms of activation and inactivation of purine prodrugs, it is essential to study the regulation of both hydrolase and phosphotransferase activities of the enzyme. U...
Article
Different cell lines, 2 from human colon carcinoma (LoVo and HT29) and 1 from Chinese hamster ovary (CHO K-I), were examined to assess the effect of deoxycoformycin (dCF), an inhibitor of adenosine deaminase (ADA), and 2'-deoxyadenosine (dAdo) on their growth. When used alone, neither dCF or dAdo were cytotoxic for the 3 cell lines, while their com...
Article
The cytosolic 5'-nucleotidase specific for IMP, GMP, and their deoxyderivatives has been purified approximately 1000 times from calf thymus. The enzyme, in the presence of a suitable nucleoside, can act as a phosphotransferase, catalyzing the transfer of the phosphate moiety from a nucleoside monophosphate donor to a nucleoside acceptor, thus opera...
Article
A large series of samples obtained after surgical resection of intestinal mucosa of patients affected by intestinal carcinoma was examined in order to define possible relationships between levels of enzymes involved in the purine salvage pathway and clinical/biological parameters of aggressiveness and invasiveness. The results confirm our previous...
Article
Nucleoside phosphotransferase acting on inosine and deoxyinosine has been partially purified from cultured Chinese hamster lung fibroblasts (V79). The activity is associated with a cytosolic 5′-nucleotidase acting on IMP and deoxyIMP. The transfer of the phosphate group from IMP to inosine catalyzed by this enzyme was activated by ATP and 2,3-bisph...
Article
Deoxycoformycin (DCF), a powerful inhibitor of adenosine deaminase1, by virtue of its immunosuppresive action2, has found clinical application for the treatment of several types of lymphatic leukemia3, 4. In fact, the prevention of the catabolism of deoxyAdo to deoxylno, results both in the accumulation of intracellular deoxyATP5, an inhibitor of r...
Article
Many phosphatases with different specificity and cellular location have been described to be able to catalyze a phosphotransferase reaction1, 2 as well as several enzymes named phosphotransferases have been demonstrated to hydrolyze phosphoesters3, 4. Even though a number of papers and very accurate reviews have been published on phosphohydrolases,...
Article
A few enzymes of the purine catabolic and anabolic pathways have proved valuable in the diagnosis of inborn errors of purine metabolism, often associated with infantile neuro-psychiatric syndromes. Of particular interest are the enzymes adenosine deaminase (ADA), purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) and hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transfer...
Article
1. A search for nucleoside phosphotransferase activity in Bacillus cereus led to the following results: (i) The phosphotransferase activity was associated with a membrane bound 5'-nucleotidase. (ii) The enzyme phosphorylates both purine and pyrimidine nucleosides as well as 2',3'-dideoxyinosine. (iii) The enzyme was inhibited by adenylic nucleotide...
Article
Cytosolic 5′-nucleotidase acting preferentially on IMP and GMP has been purified from many sources1,2,3. The enzyme resulted to be allosterically activated by ATP, ADP and 2,3-diphosphoglycerate and inhibited by phosphate. Cytosolic 5′-nucleotidase appears to be widely distributed in mammalian tissues suggesting that it may have an essential functi...
Article
Cultured chinese hamster lung fibroblasts, and a variant clone selected for resistance to 8-azaguanine, that lacks hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase (EC 2.4.2.8), have been tested for the ability to convert 8-azaguanine into 8-azaguanosine-5'-monophosphate via purine nucleoside phosphorylase and nucleoside kinase. Purine nucleoside ph...

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Project (1)
Project
Develop tendon biomimetic scaffolds for tendon tissue engineering applications