Mau-Roung Lin

Mau-Roung Lin
Taipei Medical University | TMU · Institute of Injury Prevention and Control

About

89
Publications
11,431
Reads
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3,176
Citations
Citations since 2016
29 Research Items
1723 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (89)
Article
Full-text available
This 4-year prospective cohort study was conducted to identify predictors of driving cessation among older people in Taiwan. Individuals who had visited the outpatient clinics of a general hospital in Taipei City, were aged ≥ 65 years, and drove a car at least once a week were recruited for this study. Baseline data on sociodemographics, lifestyle...
Article
Aim: This matched case-control study investigated potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use, polypharmacy, and other potential risk factors for falls among hospitalized older adults in Taiwan. Methods: During an 18-month study period, 131 case patients who experienced a fall during hospitalization in an acute-care hospital were identified a...
Article
Objective: To investigate the associations of specific cognitive functions and with the frailty trajectory among older Taiwanese adults. Methods: At baseline, 730 community-dwelling older adults were recruited from outpatient clinics of a general hospital. Frailty status was defined using phenotype criteria. Global cognition was assessed using the...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Violence against women remains a major public health concern in African countries. We conducted a matched case-control study to identify risk factors for recurrent violent injuries among African women in The Gambia, a small West African country. Methods: During the 12-month study period, we recruited study participants from eight e...
Article
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Background: This study aimed to examine the psychometric performance of the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS) used in Indonesian patients with chronic lateral ankle instability (CLAI). Methods: The FAOS was translated into Indonesian through standardized procedures. Among 224 patients with unilateral CLAI recruited from 14 physical therapy cli...
Article
Objective: To investigate differences between older men and women in Taiwan in personal and situational risk factors for sustaining a traumatic brain injury (TBI) versus soft-tissue injury (STI) due to a fall. Design: Matched case-control study. Participants and settings: Cases were defined as patients with a primary diagnosis of TBI due to a...
Article
Adhitya, IPGS, Yu, W-Y, Bass, P, Kinandana, GP, and Lin, M-R. Effects of Kinesio taping and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation combined with active stretching on hamstring flexibility. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2021-Active stretching (AS), Kinesio taping (KT), and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) are frequently...
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Background Situational factors during a fall among three common types of fractures of the distal forearm, hip, and vertebrae among older women in Taiwan were investigated. Methods In 2016 ~ 2017, study participants were identified from those aged ≥65 years who visited emergency departments due to a fall in two university-affiliated hospitals in Ta...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: This study aimed to examine the psychometric performance of the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS) used in Indonesian patients with chronic lateral ankle instability (CLAI). Methods: The FAOS was translated into Indonesian through standardized procedures. Among 224 patients with unilateral CLAI recruited from 14 physical therapy clinic...
Article
Full-text available
Background An aging society incurs great losses due to fall-related injuries and mortalities. The foreseeable increased burden of fall-related injury among older people requires a regular nationwide study on the fall epidemic and prevention strategies. Methods The fall epidemic was examined using data from three consecutive waves of the National H...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background An aging society incurs great losses due to fall-related injuries and mortalities. The foreseeable increased burden of injury due to falls among elderly people requires a nationwide study on the fall epidemic in Taiwan. Methods The fall epidemic was examined using data from three consecutive waves of the National Health Interview Survey...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: An aging society incurs great losses due to fall-related injuries and mortalities. The foreseeable increased burden of fall-related injury among older people requires a nationwide study on the fall epidemic in Taiwan. Methods: The fall epidemic was examined using data from three consecutive waves of the National Health Interview Survey...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: An aging society incurs great losses due to fall-related injuries and mortalities. The foreseeable increased burden of fall-related injury among older people requires a regular nationwide study on the fall epidemic and prevention strategies. Methods: The fall epidemic was examined using data from three consecutive waves of the National...
Article
Background: Physical violence against women is a major public health problem in African countries; however, no studies have focused on factors associated with violent injuries to women in Africa. Objectives: A matched case-control study was conducted to investigate risk factors for injuries from physical violence against African women in The Gam...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Previous studies have discussed acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients without chest pain, but have not focused on non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Materials and methods: This 1-year study investigated whether chest pain presence relates to demographics, risk factors, and outcomes in NSTEMI patients. We retrospecti...
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Background: A prospective study was conducted to investigate the effects of helmet nonuse and seating position on patterns and severity of motorcycle injuries among child passengers in Taiwan. Methods: In total, 305 child passengers aged ≤14 years who visited the emergency departments of three teaching hospitals following a motorcycle crash were...
Article
Objective: To compare the effects of computerized cognitive training (CCT) and tai chi (TC) with usual care (UC) on cognitive functions and secondary outcomes in older adults with traumatic brain injury. Participants and settings: Ninety-six patients aged 55 years and older who had a diagnosis of traumatic brain injury requiring hospital admissi...
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Full-text available
While men are known to be at high risk of recurrent injuries from physical violence, the risk factors in African men have not been investigated. We conducted a matched case-control study to identify factors associated with recurrent injuries from physical violence in The Gambia. Eligible participants were injured male patients aged ≥ 15 years. Over...
Article
Full-text available
A matched case-control study was conducted to identify risk factors for injury from physical violence and its severity in Gambian men. Study participants were recruited from eight emergency rooms and outpatient departments in two health administrative regions. Cases were male patients aged ⩾15 years who had been violently injured. A control patient...
Article
This study compared psychometric properties of the Taiwanese version of the Quality of Life after Brain Injury (QOLIBRI) between patients with mild and those with moderate/severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Of 683 participants, 548 had sustained a mild injury with Glasgow coma scale (GCS) scores of 13~15, and 135 had a moderate/severe injury with...
Article
Objective: To examine the effect of cane use and cane positions on the sit-to-stand (STS) performance of stroke patients. Design: In a crossover study, 30 stroke patients performed STS test in seven situations in a random sequence: without a cane, three positions with a regular cane (parallel to the ankle, parallel to the 5th toe, and 10 cm in f...
Article
A prospective cohort study was conducted to identify risk and protective factors for crash involvement in older motorcyclists. Over a 1-year study period from August 2013 to July 2014, study participants were recruited from local community centers of five cities in Taiwan. People aged ≥60 years who rode a motorcycle at least once per week were elig...
Article
Objective To examine the level of agreement between patients and their proxies on a measure of health-related quality of life (HRQL) 1 year after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Design A cross-sectional study. Participants and Setting: Eighty-eighty patients with TBI identified from discharge records of four hospitals in Taiwan and 88 family member...
Article
Objectives: To develop and validate the WHOQOL-OLD-Taiwan version. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. First, we translated this questionnaire by following standard procedure. After a pilot study, we collected data from 438 seniors over 60 years of age from communities in greater Taipei and Chiayi from June to October, 2012. In addition to f...
Article
Objective: The Quality of Life after Brain Injury (QOLIBRI), a cross-cultural instrument, has been validated in several languages; however, traditional psychometric approaches have critical limitations. Therefore, we applied the Rasch model for validating the 37-item QOLIBRI scale among a Chinese population with traumatic brain injury. Participan...
Article
Objective Bicycle riding is increasingly popular in Taiwan, but the number of cyclists injured and cyclists' death rate are both increasing. The aim of this study was to investigate the different characteristics and clinical outcomes of traffic-accident related head injuries to cyclists in urban and rural areas. Methods Records of 812 patients (533...
Article
This study compared the ability of five injury severity measures, namely the Abbreviated Injury Scale to the Head (AIS-H), Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS), Extended Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOSE), and Injury Severity Score (ISS), to predict return-to-work after a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Furthermore, factors potentially ass...
Article
Full-text available
A prospective study was conducted to compare criterion, predictive, and construct validities of 9 fracture/osteoporosis assessment tools, including calcaneal quantitative ultrasonography (QUS), Age Bulk One or Never Estrogens (ABONE), body weight criterion (BWC), Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX), Garvan fracture risk calculator (GARVAN), Osteop...
Article
Objectives: To compare the effects of guided home-based tai chi chuan (TCC) and lower extremity training (LET) and of levels of self-practice on falls and functional outcomes in older fallers. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Setting: Taipei, Taiwan. Participants: Individuals aged 60 and older who had fall-related emergency department vi...
Article
We prospectively investigated the psychometric properties of the Quality of Life after Brain Injury (QOLIBRI) among older patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). The 37-item QOLIBRI comprises 6 domains (cognition, self, daily life and autonomy, social relationships, emotions, and physical problems). We recruited 333 patients ≥60 years of age wi...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of PbtO 2 -guided therapy with traditional intracranial pressure- (ICP-) guided treatment on the management of cerebral variables, therapeutic interventions, survival rates, and neurological outcomes of moderate and severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients. From 2009 to 2010, TBI patients with...
Article
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Introduction: The relationship between cervical spine injury (CSI) and helmet in head injury (HI) patients following motorcycle crashes is crucial. Controversy still exists; therefore we evaluated the effect of various types of helmets on CSI in HI patients following motorcycle crashes and researched the mechanism of this effect. Patients and met...
Article
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Introduction. The relationship between cervical spine injury (CSI) and helmet in head injury (HI) patients following motorcycle crashes is crucial. Controversy still exists; therefore we evaluated the effect of various types of helmets on CSI in HI patients following motorcycle crashes and researched the mechanism of this effect. Patients and Metho...
Article
To identify risk factors for traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) during falls in older Taiwanese people. Case patients consisted of 113 patients aged 60 years or older with a moderate/severe TBI due to a fall. Two control groups: (1) 339 older patients with a soft-tissue injury; and (2) 113 with a mild-TBI due to a fall. Proxies were required to provid...
Article
AimA nested case–control study was carried out to examine relationships of a fall-risk score and the use of single medications and polypharmacy with falls among hospitalized patients aged 50 years and older in Taiwan.Methods There were 83 patients who experienced a fall during hospitalization in an acute-care hospital. Matched by age and sex, five...
Article
Motorcycles are the leading cause of road traffic deaths in the Western Pacific and Southeast Asia, where Mandarin Chinese is the most commonly used language. Sensation seeking (SS) is reported to correlate with many risky motor vehicle behaviors, and therefore a culture-adapted Chinese instrument is needed to assess this personality trait in Chine...
Article
There were differences in risk factors between men and women and between two follow-up time lengths. Osteoporosis was significantly associated with recurrent falls for women but not for men. The relationship of osteoporosis with falls in the past year decreased during follow-up, while those of sedatives and hypnotics remained. A prospective study t...
Article
The aim of this study was to investigate the demographics, types and causes of illness and injury, and risk factors for serious illness and injury among visitors at the 2010 Taipei International Floral Exposition. Methods: During the 171-day period from November 6lh to April 25th 2011, 8,963,666 people visited the Exposition. There were four medica...
Article
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Objectives: Our objective was to estimate the incidence of recent burnout in a large sample of Taiwanese physicians and analyze associations with job related satisfaction and medical malpractice experience. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional survey. Physicians were asked to fill out a questionnaire that included demographic information, practi...
Article
Objective: To determine the psychometric properties of the Quality of Life After Brain Injury (QOLIBRI) in Chinese persons with traumatic brain injury (TBI) in Taiwan. Participants: Three hundred one patients with TBI were interviewed face-to-face at baseline; of these, 132 completed a follow-up assessment 1 year later. Settings: Neurosurgery...
Article
Full-text available
Background The purpose of this study was to investigate the causes of injury-related out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in patients; the differences between elderly and younger patients were investigated. We believe that identifying the causes of cardiac arrest in different patient groups, may help emergency physicians to make better decisions a...
Article
A longitudinal study was conducted to investigate the effects of injury type and discharge placement on mortality, falls, hospital admissions, and changes in activities of daily living (ADLs) over a 12-month period among older fallers. Of 762 community-dwelling people aged 65years or older who visited an emergency department (ED) of a general hospi...
Article
ACADEMIC EMERGENCY MEDICINE 2012; 19: 598–600 © 2012 by the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine The authors analyzed all medical malpractice claims from 2000 to 2008 using cases from the national database of the judicial system of Taiwan. The objective was to describe the factors associated with malpractice claims in Taiwan, a non-Western count...
Article
To investigate changes in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) during the first year after injury in elderly Taiwanese women who had fractured a hip, vertebra, distal forearm, or multiple sites. Longitudinal cohort study. Personal or telephone interviews of patients from 3 teaching hospitals. Women (N=347; mean age ± SD, 78.0±6.6y) who had sustai...
Article
To examine how the time tradeoff (TTO) and standard gamble (SG) utilities perform at different lengths of life expectancy and across patient characteristics such as risk attitudes and injury severity in individuals with traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). Survey. Structured telephone interviews of patients after discharge from 4 teaching hospitals....
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND: Traffic accidents and falls are the major causes of spinal trauma, which result in serious personal and social loss. A comparison between causes and patients' characteristics can be important. METHODS: A total of 681 spinal trauma patients were compared for differences, and the effects of age stratification of the differences are discus...
Article
This study was designed to determine the incidence rate and risk factors of missed injuries in major trauma patients in the emergency department (ED). Hospital records of all 976 trauma patients visiting the ED and admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) of a medical center in Taiwan from 2006 to 2007 were reviewed. Missed injuries were defined as...
Article
Differences among three helmet types and the ineffectiveness of improper helmet use in preventing head injuries are speculated about but are seldom explored with evidence. A case-control study was conducted to examine how different helmet types and improper helmet use affected protection against head injuries among motorcyclists in Taiwan. Case mot...
Article
Full-text available
Background Most nontraumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (NTOHCA) patients who fail in prehospital resuscitation receive continued cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the emergency department (ED). Initial blood pH, which can be assessed rapidly in the ED, was examined to see whether it is a strong survival predictor for these patients. Methods A...
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Background/Purpose: Urban and rural regions have different levels of medical resources. This study aimed to compare the length of stay (LOS) in hospital of spinal trauma patients between the city of Taipei (urban region) and Hualien County (rural region). Methods: Demographic and clinical variables of spinal trauma patients were collected. Patients...
Article
Full-text available
Background/Purpose Urban and rural regions have different levels of medical resources. This study aimed to compare the length of stay (LOS) in hospital of spinal trauma patients between the city of Taipei (urban region) and Hualien County (rural region). Methods Demographic and clinical variables of spinal trauma patients were collected. Patients'...
Article
Three modifiable factors of fall direction, poor bone strength, and depression were associated with an increased risk of hip fractures for elderly men and women; fall direction was a much stronger predictor than the other two. When a fall occurs, changing fall direction may be most effective to prevent hip fractures. A matched case-control study wa...
Article
This study examined criterion, convergent, and discriminant validities of quantitative ultrasound (QUS) for identifying low bone density among people aged 55 years and older in Taiwan. We recruited 453 community-dwelling volunteers and 30 patients with lower extremity fractures. Bone density was assessed using both calcaneal QUS and femoral neck du...
Article
Full-text available
Traffic accidents and falls are the major causes of spinal trauma, which result in serious personal and social loss. A comparison between causes and patients' characteristics can be important. A total of 681 spinal trauma patients were compared for differences, and the effects of age stratification of the differences are discussed. Significant diff...
Article
Full-text available
Local residents may have different views on disaster-response modes depending on their cultural and socioeconomic background. The purpose of this study was to examine Taiwan residents' opinions on the Incident Command System (ICS). We performed a structured survey through face-to-face interviews in mudslide-affected communities. Quantitative analys...
Article
To track the health-related quality of life (HRQL) at discharge and at 6 and 12 months after a traumatic brain injury (TBI) and examine factors associated with changes in each HRQL domain. Longitudinal cohort study. Using codes of the International Classification of Diseases, eligible participants who had a newly diagnosed TBI were identified from...
Article
Lin M-R, Hwang H-F, Yu W-Y, Chen C-Y. A prospective study of factors influencing return to work after traumatic spinal cord injury in Taiwan. To examine comprehensively the effects of physical, psychologic, and sociologic characteristics on employment among persons after a traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) in Taiwan. A prospective study with follo...
Article
Local residents may have different views on disaster-response modes depending on their cultural and socioeconomic background. The purpose of this study was to examine Taiwan residents' opinions on the Incident Command System (ICS). We performed a structured survey through face-to-face interviews in mudslide-affected communities. Quantitative analys...
Article
Per vehicle mile traveled, motorcycle riders have a 34-fold higher risk of death in a crash than people driving other types of motor vehicles. While lower-extremity injuries most commonly occur in all motorcycle crashes, head injuries are most frequent in fatal crashes. Helmets and helmet use laws have been shown to be effective in reducing head in...
Article
Full-text available
To examine the psychometric characteristics of the brief version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) questionnaire in rural-community-dwelling older people in Taiwan using Rasch analysis. This is a cross-sectional study. A total of 1200 subjects aged >or=65 years were recruited to complete the 26-item WHOQOL-BREF. Scale d...
Article
Fall prevention in the elderly is one of the most important public health issues worldwide. Strategies for fall-prevention consist of fall-risk assessment, multifactorial interventions, exercise training, reduction in medications use, environmental modifications, vision improvement, vitamin D and calcium supplementation, cardiac pacing, and educati...
Article
Motorcycle riders are over 30 times more likely than car occupants to die in a traffic crash. While this fact is well known, specific issues of methodology in epidemiological motorcycle-injury research have been rarely researched. To facilitate more-valid research on motorcycle injuries, this article evaluates the current state of our knowledge on...
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The integration of community resources is critical for emergency response. A thorough understanding of a community's requirements in advance is essential. This study examines communities that suffered mudslide disasters, and discusses expectations of the emergency medical response provided to the community from the perspectives of residents and res...
Article
Full-text available
The integration of community resources is critical for emergency response. A thorough understanding of a community's requirements in advance is essential. This study examines communities that suffered mudslide disasters, and discusses expectations of the emergency medical response provided to the community from the perspectives of residents and res...
Article
To compare the effects of three fall-prevention programs (education (ED), home safety assessment and modification (HSAM), and exercise training (ET)) on quality of life (QOL), functional balance and gait, activities of daily living (ADLs), fear of falling, and depression in adults aged 65 and older. A 4-month randomized trial. Randomized, controlle...
Article
This study compared the psychometric performance of the brief form of the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) with the Short-Form 36 (SF-36) for people with traumatic spinal cord injuries in Taiwan. From a nationwide registry of traumatic spinal cord injuries, 187 subjects completed telephone interviews. Score distributions, int...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined psychometric properties of a brief version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire (WHOQOL-BREF) among persons with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and the relations of the WHOQOL-BREF domains, including physical capacity, psychological wellbeing, social relationships, and environment, to different indicators...
Article
It is important to determine the effect of adherence to a tai chi program on falls and related functional outcomes in older people. This study examined the effect of a community-based tai chi program on injurious falls, balance, gait, and fear of falling among people aged 65 years and older in Taiwan. In 6 rural villages in Taichung County, 1,200 s...