Matthieu Schorung

Matthieu Schorung
Université Gustave Eiffel · Ecole Doctorale "Ville, Transports et Territoires" - ED 528

PhD in Geography

About

16
Publications
1,299
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12
Citations
Introduction
My current research interests : - High-Speed Rail - Transport policies - Rail stations - Transit-Oriented Development - Political and economic geography of the United States Academic disciplines : geography ; urban planning Methods : - Qualitative methods - Grey literature - Observation in-situ My university training is marked by a common thread : my passion for the United States. Since my Master of History I have chosen to specialize on the US, in particular on the themes related to transportation, american political issues and metropolitan development. Then I decided to pursue a Master of Geography and prepare a dissertation project related to the US. In July 2019, I have defended my Ph.D dissertation in geography on interurban passenger rail in the United States.
Additional affiliations
October 2015 - January 2016
Université Gustave Eiffel
Position
  • PhD Student
Description
  • Introduction to Urban Geography (tutorial classes)
October 2015 - January 2016
Université Gustave Eiffel
Position
  • PhD Student
Description
  • Regional Geography (non-European) (lecture courses)
October 2015 - January 2016
Université Gustave Eiffel
Position
  • PhD Student
Description
  • Cartography (tutorial classes)
Education
October 2014 - October 2017
Université Gustave Eiffel
Field of study
  • Transportation Geography
September 2012 - September 2014
Université de Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
Field of study
  • Human Geography
September 2010 - September 2012
Université de Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
Field of study
  • American History

Publications

Publications (16)
Thesis
Cette recherche a pour objet le transport ferroviaire interurbain de passagers aux Etats-Unis dans une double acception : les services ferroviaires classiques d’Amtrak et les projets de grande vitesse ferroviaire. Il s’agit de comprendre comment les politiques publiques concernant le mode ferroviaire fonctionnent, ce qu’elles contiennent et la mani...
Thesis
Full-text available
The subject of this research is intercity passenger rail transportation in the United States, approached from two perspectives: Amtrak’s traditional rail services and high-speed rail projects. The aim is to understand the workings of public rail transportation policies, what they contain, and how they are developed and pursued by the different acto...
Preprint
Full-text available
The subject of this research is intercity passenger rail transportation in the United States, approached from two perspectives: Amtrak's traditional rail services and high-speed rail projects. The aim is to understand the workings of public rail transportation policies, what they contain, and how they are developed and pursued by the different acto...
Article
Full-text available
Il n’existe actuellement aucune ligne à grande vitesse aux États-Unis, selon les normes de l’Union Internationale des Chemins de fer (UIC), mais une seule ligne à vitesse plus élevée avec l’Acela Express dans le corridor Nord-Est. Plusieurs échecs retentissants se sont succédé dans les années 1980 et 1990 au Texas, en Floride, ou dans l’Ohio. L’ini...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Today, there are no high-speed lines in the United States according to the International Union of Railways' standards, but one higher-speed rail example in the Northeast corridor. Several resounding failures occurred in succession in the 1980s and 1990s in Texas, in Florida and in Ohio. The "Obamarail" initiative in 2009 and 2010 gave a new momentu...
Article
Full-text available
Interurban Passenger Rail in California: A Laboratory of Rail Renewal in the United States? Although its modal share remains very limited, intercity passenger rail transport in the United States has become steadily more popular since the end of the 1990s. This rediscovery of the train has been encouraged by a favourable context including US governm...
Article
Although its modal share remains very limited, intercity passenger rail transport in the United States has become steadily more popular since the end of the 1990s. This rediscovery of the train has been encouraged by a favourable context including US government promotion ("Obamarail"), increasing highway and airport congestion, and awareness of iss...
Article
Full-text available
The Alaska Railroad Corporation – ARRC – is a unique railway model in the United States: a public company owned by the State of Alaska, the not-divided freight and passenger services, a multifaceted financial strategy. This rail line has enabled the settlement and the exploitation of Alaska. This transportation mode is nowadays a key actor in the A...
Poster
Full-text available
Depuis le milieu du XXème siècle, la grande vitesse ferroviaire est considérée comme une innovation révolutionnaire pour le transport de voyageurs. Elle renvoie une image de modernité à tous les acteurs institutionnels et à la société civile qui s’approprient cette innovation, et elle permet également aux États d’afficher une image de puissance tec...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
The subject of this research is intercity passenger rail transportation in the United States, approached from two perspectives: Amtrak’s traditional rail services and high-speed rail projects. The aim is to understand the workings of public rail transportation policies, what they contain, and how they are developed and pursued by the different actors. The originality of the research lies in its multiscale approach, with a constant back-and-forth between the different scales of analysis, and in its use of several case studies to analyze the territorialization of intercity rail transportation policies. The analysis demonstrates the emergence of a bottom-up approach to projects, notably apparent in the Californian HSR project and in the modernization of the Cascades corridor. This process has even gone to the extreme with the proliferation of private rail projects that stress their independence from government, be it in decision-making, governance, or funding. This seems definitively to preclude any attempt to establish a national framework for high-speed rail, like those found elsewhere in the world, regardless of party-political considerations, i.e. the traditionally greater enthusiasm of the Democratic Party for large-scale federal investment. Two conclusions emerge: first, the development of uniform arguments and recommendations to encourage new rail policies, emphasizing the structuring effects and economic role of high-speed rail, congestion reduction, modal shift; second, a tangible though uneven pro-rail position among public actors at all levels. Priority is placed on improving and modernizing existing corridors for the launch of higher-speed services, and then on hybrid networks that combine different types of infrastructures. There are no publicly backed projects for new lines exclusively dedicated to high-speed rail. Most of the high-speed corridors are in fact “higher-speed” corridors, some of which are intended to become high-speed at some time in the future, such as the Northeast corridor. The territorialization of rail projects entails the design and construction of transportation networks that are more integrated – at least in terms of service provision and physical connection – and genuinely interconnected. After analyzing projects for the upgrading of higher-speed corridors and the construction of new infrastructures, we note the importance of stations and the emphasis on the need for better coordination between transportation and urbanism through support for station districts. Indeed, a rail corridor project – situated at the intersection of political, economic, technical, and territorial interests – is the nucleus of a process of territorialization that materially embeds the infrastructure within urban spaces, and of a process of politicization through the involvement of local actors. Rail projects seem to be an instrument that leads to the implantation of metropolitan scale facilities (stations, intermodal hubs) and to the shaping or reshaping of the urban fabric (station districts, larger-scale district regeneration projects). Keywords: United States; High-Speed Rail; Rail policies; California; Florida; Rail stations