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Matthias Zessner

Matthias Zessner
TU Wien | TU Wien · Institute for Water Quality and Resource Management

About

172
Publications
38,943
Reads
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2,733
Citations
Citations since 2017
38 Research Items
1878 Citations
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Publications

Publications (172)
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we i) assessed the occurrence of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) in sediments, pore water, and bulk water from three different areas in Lake Neusiedl, Austria, and ii) investigated mechanisms regulating adsorption and remobilization of these substances under different conditions via multiple lab-scale e...
Article
We developed an innovative approach to estimate the extent of fecal pollution sources for urban river catchments. The methodology consists of 1) catchment surveys complemented by literature data where needed for probabilistic estimates of daily produced fecal indicator (FIBs, E. coli, enterococci) and zoonotic reference pathogen numbers (Campylobac...
Article
Full-text available
Surface water pollution with poly- and perfluorinated compounds (PFAS) is a well-recognized problem, but knowledge about contribution of different emission pathways, especially diffuse ones, is very limited. This study investigates the potential of the pathway oriented MoRE model in shedding light on the relevance of different emission pathways on...
Article
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Within the new policy framework shaped by the EU Green Deal and the Circular Economy Action Plans, the field of wastewater and sludge treatment in Europe is subject to high expectations and new challenges related to mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions, micropollutant removal and resource recovery. With respect to phosphorus recovery, several tec...
Article
The identification of critical source areas (CSAs) is a key element in a cost-effective mitigation of diffuse emissions of phosphorus from agricultural soils into surface waters. One of the challenges related to CSAs is how to couple complex, data-intensive fate and transport models with easy-to-use information on field level for management purpose...
Article
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Nitrous oxide (N2O) is a potent greenhouse gas stemming mainly from nitrogen (N)-fertilizer application. It is challenging to quantify N2O emissions from agroecosystems because of the dearth of measured data and high spatial variability of the emissions. The eco-hydrological model SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tool) simulates hydrological process...
Article
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Recent years came with a paradigm shift for wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) to extend the sole purpose of contaminant removal to an additional function as resource recovery facilities. This shift is accompanied by the development of new European legislation towards better inclusion of resource recovery from wastewater. However, long operational...
Article
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As many regions in sub-Saharan Africa, the border region of Kenya (KE) and Uganda (UG) has faced a declining soil fertility for decades, resulting from soil erosion, intensely managed agricultural soils due to population pressure and small inputs of mineral and organic fertilisers. With limited financial means, farmers need measures and/or technolo...
Article
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In this special issue, we are able to present a selection of high-level contributions showing the manifold aspects of the monitoring, modeling, and management of water quality. Monitoring aspects range from cyanobacteria in water using spectrophotometry via wide-area water quality monitoring and exploiting unmanned surface vehicles, to using sentin...
Preprint
This study presents an algorithm for the allocation of particulate phosphorus (PP) loads entering surface waters to their sources of origin, which is a basic requirement for the identification of critical PP source areas and in turn a cost-effective implementation of mitigation measures. Furthermore, it conducts a sensitivity analysis determining t...
Article
The release of micropollutants in surface water depends on different sources and on different pathways. Through substance flow analysis, this study estimates the annual load of two pharmaceuticals (carbamazepine and sulfamethoxazole) in a catchment area, due to different emission pathways: wastewater treatment plant effluent, combined sewer overflo...
Article
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The prediction and control of river sediment yield (SY) are critical but challenging tasks. Erosion and sediment transfer in river catchments are controlled by different processes, whose relative importance varies in space and time. We thus put forward that SY can be estimated more efficiently by using explicitly the information contained in the si...
Article
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In order to facilitate the prompt management of public health risks from water resources, the fluorescence-based detection of the enzymatic activity of ß-D-glucuronidase (GLUC) has been suggested as a rapid method to monitor fecal pollution. New technological adaptations enable now its automated, near-real-time measurement in a robust and analytica...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Die anthropogen verursachte Schadstoffbelastung stellt für das Ökosystem ein potenzielles Risiko dar, weshalb in der EU-Wasserrahmenrichtlinie Zielzustände definiert wurden, um eine nachhaltige Nutzung von Oberflächengewässern auch zukünftig zu sichern. Die hohe Anzahl an Schadstoffen, die oft auch nur in sehr geringen Konzentration...
Article
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Article
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This study presents a simple mapping key suitable for quick and systematic assessments of the types of agricultural and civil engineering structures present in a certain agricultural catchment as well as the impact they may have on the spatial distribution of critical source areas. An application of this mapping key to three small sub-catchments of...
Technical Report
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Fine sediments and phosphor loads in Upper Austrian rivers A policy papern about the current status and possible mitigation measures. In German language.
Article
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Im vorliegenden Artikel wird auf Basis unterschiedlicher Datenquellen in einem ersten Schritt die Belastung des Neusiedler Sees mit national oder gemeinschaftlich geregelten anthropogenen Spurenstoffen dargestellt. Darüber hinaus werden für ausgewählte Stoffe Eintragspfade in Wulka und Neusiedler See identifiziert und für weitere Stoffe wird ein mö...
Article
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Die vorliegende Arbeit behandelt die Nährstoffdynamik am Neusiedler See, ein Thema, das untrennbar mit den Einträgen und Austauschprozessen der Fest- oder Schwebstoffe verbunden ist. Es werden zusammenfassend ältere Untersuchungen von Anfang der 1980er-Jahre diskutiert und neueren Erkenntnissen aus einem laufenden EU-INTERREG-Projekt (REBEN) gegenü...
Article
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By combining an economic two-sector general equilibrium model with a material flow model we study the coupled human-resource-environment feedbacks associated with phosphorus use and recycling, and the economic and environmental effects of implementing phosphorus recovering technologies from waste water. Using recycled phosphorus as fertilizer incre...
Article
Understanding the fate of fecal pollution in the landscape is required for microbial risk analysis. The aim of this study was to assess the patterns and dynamics of beta-D-glucuronidase (GLUC), which has been suggested as a surrogate for fecal pollution monitoring, in a stream draining an agricultural headwater catchment. Automated enzymatic on-sit...
Preprint
This study presents a simple mapping key suitable for quick and systematic assessments of the types of agricultural and civil engineering structures present in a certain agricultural catchment as well as the impact they may have on the spatial distribution of critical source areas. An application of this mapping key to three small sub-catchments of...
Article
Full-text available
Occurrence and concentration of a broad spectrum of micropollutants are investigated in Austrian river catchments, namely polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), organotin compounds, perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) and metals. The parallel analysis across multiple environmental and engineered compartments sheds...
Article
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This study used automated enzymatic activity measurements conducted from a mobile research vessel to detect the spatial variability of beta-D-glucuronidase (GLUC) activity in large freshwater bodies. The ship-borne observations provided the first high-resolution spatial data of GLUC activity in large water bodies as rapid indication of fecal pollut...
Article
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Riverbank filtration (RBF) systems along rivers are widely used as public water supplies. In these systems, many organic micropollutants (OMPs) are attenuated, but some compounds have shown to be rather persistent. Their fate and transport has been studied in RBF sites along lakes and small rivers, but not extensively along large and dynamic rivers...
Article
The tremendous increase in resource consumption over the past century and the environmental challenges it entails has spurred discussions for a shift from a linear to a circular resource use. However, to date most resource studies are restricted to one material or a single sector or process. In this work, a coupled material flow analysis taking the...
Article
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Numerous bacterial genetic markers are available for the molecular detection of human sources of fecal pollution in environmental waters. However, widespread application is hindered by a lack of knowledge regarding geographical stability, limiting implementation to a small number of well-characterized regions. This study investigates the geographic...
Article
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Phosphorus mining from phosphate rock is associated with economic as well as environmental concerns. Through phosphorus recovery from municipal wastewater, countries could decrease their dependency on the global phosphate rock market, however, conceivably leading to an increase in environmental impacts from fertilizer production. In this work 18 ph...
Article
Climate change is a major driver of land use with implications for the quality and quantity of water resources. We apply a novel integrated impact modelling framework (IIMF) to analyze climate change impacts until 2040 and stakeholder driven scenarios on water protection policies for sustainable management of land and water resources in Austria. Th...
Article
There is increasing evidence of water temperature being a key controlling factor of stream ecosystem metabolism. Although the focus of research currently lies on carbon emissions from fluvial networks and their potential role as positive climate feedback, it is also important to estimate the risk of eutrophication streams will be exposed to in the...
Article
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Interdisciplinary research and education programmes in water science are intended to produce groundbreaking research, often with an emphasis on societal relevance, and prepare future water resource experts to work across disciplines. This paper explores the emerging outcomes from an ongoing doctoral programme currently in its seventh year. Within t...
Article
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Contamination of groundwater by pathogenic viruses from small biological wastewater treatment system discharges in remote areas is a major concern. To protect drinking water wells against virus contamination, safe setback distances are required between wastewater disposal fields and water supply wells. In this study, setback distances are calculate...
Data
Supporting Information S2: This supporting information provides descriptions of flows, stocks, transfer coefficients and equations for their calculation, and data sources.
Data
Supporting Information S4: This supporting information displays the degree of impact that reconciliation has had on the whole system.
Data
Supporting Information S1: This supporting information provides visualizations of the MFA model subsystems.
Data
Supporting Information S3: This supporting information characterizes data uncertainty.
Article
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Changes in climatic conditions will directly affect the quality and quantity of water resources. Further on, they will affect them indirectly through adaptation in land use which ultimately influences diffuse nutrient emissions to rivers and therefore potentially the compliance with good ecological status according to the EU Water Framework Directi...
Article
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A fully automated on-site device (SAMP-FIL) that enables water sampling with simultaneous filtration and effective cleaning procedures of the device's components was developed and field-tested. The SAMP-FIL was custom-built using commercially available components and was controlled by a RaspberryPi single-board computer operating open-source softwa...
Article
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Phosphorus (P) impairment of surface waters still represents a major concern worldwide, despite decades of awareness and implementation of remedial measures. In view of this situation, it is all the more necessary to provide decision makers with reliable modelling tools, which can correctly estimate the effect of alternative management strategies....
Article
Full-text available
Protecting water bodies from eutrophication, ensuring long-term food security and shifting to a circular economy represent compelling objectives to phosphorus management strategies. This study determines how and to which extent the management of phosphorus in Austria can be optimized. A detailed national model, obtained for the year 2013 through Ma...
Article
Contamination of groundwater by pathogenic viruses from small biological wastewater treatment system discharges in remote areas is a major concern. To protect drinking water wells against virus contamination, safe setback distances are required between wastewater disposal fields and water supply wells. In this study, setback distances are calculate...
Article
Full-text available
Phosphorus (P) is an essential and limited resource. Municipal wastewater is a promising source of P via reuse and could be used to replace P derived from phosphate rocks. The agricultural use of sewage sludge is restricted by legislation or is not practiced in several European countries due to environmental risks posed by organic micropollutants a...
Article
Full-text available
The main objective of the paper is to understand the contributions to the uncertainty in low-flow projections resulting from hydrological model uncertainty and climate projection uncertainty. Model uncertainty is quantified by different parameterisations of a conceptual semi-distributed hydrologic model (TUWmodel) using 11 objective functions in th...
Article
Full-text available
Detection of enzymatic activities has been proposed as a rapid surrogate for the culture-based microbiological pollution monitoring of water resources. This paper presents the results of tests on four fully automated prototype instruments for the on-site monitoring of beta-d-glucuronidase (GLUC) activity. The tests were performed on sediment-laden...
Article
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Currently, the phosphorus (P) used in Austria is essentially of a linear structure. Cyclical ring structures—with the exception of those in manure (slurry, dung) used for local agricultural purposes—are as yet rudimentary. Simultaneously, Austria is entirely dependent on imports of the raw material rock phosphate, partly from geopolitically unstabl...
Chapter
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Labormethoden zur Bestimmung enzymatischer Aktivitäten in Wasserproben wurden in den letzten Jahrzehnten in der Fachliteratur mehrfach beschrieben und ihr Einsatz als Surrogat für das Erfassen von mikrobiologischer Verschmutzungen diskutiert. Aktuelle Technologien ermöglichen seit neuestem die vollautomatisierte Messung von Enzymaktivitäten, wodurc...
Article
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Hydrological observatories bear a lot of resemblance to the more traditional research catchment concept, but tend to differ in providing more long-term facilities that transcend the lifetime of individual projects, are more strongly geared towards performing interdisciplinary research, and are often designed as networks to assist in performing coll...
Article
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Abstract Our study examines the source aquifers and stream inputs of the seasonal water and nitrogen dynamics of a headwater agricultural catchment to determine the dominant driving forces for the seasonal dynamics in the surface water nitrogen loads and concentrations. We found that the alternating aquifer contributions throughout the year of the...
Article
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This was a detailed investigation of the seasonal occurrence, dynamics, removal and resistance of human-associated genetic Bacteroidetes faecal markers (GeBaM) compared with ISO-based standard faecal indicator bacteria (SFIB), human-specific viral faecal markers and one human-associated Bacteroidetes phage in raw and treated wastewater of municipal...
Article
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Material flow analysis is a tool that is increasingly used as a foundation for resource management and environmental protection. This tool is primarily applied in a static manner to individual years, ignoring the impact of time on the material budgets. In this study, a detailed multiyear model of the Austrian phosphorus budget covering the period 1...
Article
The main objective of the paper is to understand the contributions to the uncertainty in low flow projections resulting from hydrological model uncertainty and climate projection uncertainty. Model uncertainty is quantified by different parameterizations of a conceptual semi-distributed hydrologic model (TUWmodel) using 11 objective functions in th...
Article
Health recommendations clearly show that in Austria and other highly developed countries less animal and more plant based food should be consumed. A meat based diet is held responsible for a number of environmental problems. We explore the impacts on nutrient fluxes (nitrogen and phosphorus) and land use as the result of a change from a meat based...
Article
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Due to high diurnal water quality fluctuations in raw municipal wastewater, the use of proportional auto-sampling over a period of 24 h at municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) to evaluate carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus removal has become a standard in many countries. Microbial removal or load estimation at municipal WWTP however is still...
Article
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Patterns of changes in the concentration of total and soluble reactive phosphorus (TP, SRP) and suspended sediments at different flow levels from 1991 to 2013 in the Austrian Danube are statistically analyzed and related to point and diffuse emissions, as well as to extreme hydrological events. Annual loads are calculated with three methods and the...
Conference Paper
The next period of the Austrian agri-environmental programme (ÖPUL) is going to include a precautionary measure for the protection of surface waters against erosive phosphorus (P) inputs. At the time of this survey, the proposed design of this measure consisted of two parts: source control by adjusting crop rotations and transport control by establ...
Article
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In this paper, a new method for estimating gross gains and losses between streams and groundwater is developed and evaluated against two existing approaches. These three stream to groundwater exchange (SGE) estimation methods are distinct in their assumptions on the spatial distribution of the inflowing and outflowing fluxes along the stream. The t...
Conference Paper
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Groundwater locations at alluvial backwaters are essential for public water supply. Riverbank filtration (RBF) systems are widely used as a means of obtaining public water supplies. Riverbank filtration is an effective way to remove micropollutants from the receiving surface water. The efficiency of the RBF system strongly depends on the residence...
Article
Although the foam formation on surface waters nowadays is not comparable with the foam "mountains" in the 1970s, it still is an issue of water quality concern. A drawback in the discussion is the lack of methods to assess instream foam formation and foam emitted by point sources. Foam formation on a transboundary river in Austria led to an intensiv...
Article
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Investigations on the pollution of groundwater with pathogenic microorganisms, e.g. tracer studies for groundwater transport, are constrained by their potential health risk. Thus, microspheres are often used in groundwater transport studies as non-hazardous surrogates for pathogenic microorganisms. Even though pathogenic microorganisms occur at low...
Article
Um die Effektivität von Maßnahmen zur Verringerung der Phosphorbelastung von Gewässern auf Ebene von Einzugsgebieten abschätzen zu können, ist eine umfassende Kenntnis des Zusammenhanges zwischen menschlicher Aktivität, den daraus resultierenden Emissionen und den Auswirkungen auf die Gewässer erforderlich. Als wesentliche Grundlage dafür wird eine...
Article
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Water protection is one of the most important goals in environmental protection. The Clean Water Act in the USA and the Water Framework Directive (WFD) in Europe are the legal frameworks to facilitate the achievement of this goal. The question is raised of whether more information can be extracted from WFD-related groundwater data. To answer it, a...
Article
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Extended statistical entropy analysis (eSEA) is used to assess the nitrogen (N) removal performance of the wastewater treatment (WWT) simulation software, the Benchmarking Simulation Model No. 2 (BSM No. 2). Six simulations with three different types of wastewater are carried out, which vary in the dissolved oxygen concentration (O2,diss.) during t...