Matthias Weber

Matthias Weber
AIT Austrian Institute of Technology & Université Gustave Eiffel LISIS

About

136
Publications
70,098
Reads
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2,573
Citations
Citations since 2016
37 Research Items
1791 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220100200300
20162017201820192020202120220100200300
20162017201820192020202120220100200300
20162017201820192020202120220100200300
Additional affiliations
January 2017 - August 2017
AIT Austrian Institute of Technology
Position
  • Head of Department

Publications

Publications (136)
Book
Full-text available
Stories are not made to give us clear and straightforward solutions but rather take us on a journey beyond our immediate context. They draw us into worlds of imagination that broaden our thinking and open our mindsets so that we can find new solutions in the present. They help us imagine different, sometimes frightening, but also promising futures,...
Chapter
The intensively discussed term transformation refers to the comprehensive restructuring of processes and behaviour in order to address societal challenges posed by far-reaching changes in energy, transport, production and agricultural systems. Since such complex transformations are always accompanied by uncertainties about their effects and consequ...
Technical Report
Konzept, Definition, Operationalisierung Mit der Beschleunigung des technologischen Wandels und der verstärkten Ausrichtung auf gesellschaftliche Herausforderungen ist die F&I-Politik gefordert agiler zu handeln. Das betrifft sowohl die strategische Ebene der F&I-politischen Begründung und Prioritätensetzung als auch die operativen Ebene der Politi...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Ein kontinuierliches Monitoring aktueller oder sich für die Zukunft abzeichnender internationaler wissenschaftlicher und technologischer Entwicklungen im gesellschaftlichen Kontext (sozio-technische Trends) ist die Grundlage, um zentrale Zukunftsthemen für die österreichische Politik zu identifizieren. In so einem Verfahren werden zudem wichtige wi...
Article
Leading the world towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is an ambition of the European Union (EU) and an important objective of the European Commission's proposal for Horizon Europe: the EU framework programme for Research and Innovation (R&I) 2021–2027. The new orientation of the framework programme requires a new sustainability-oriente...
Article
Full-text available
We aim for a better conceptualization of mission-oriented innovation policy (MIP). Our starting point is an analytical decomposition of societal problems and innovative solutions based on three dimensions of wickedness: (1) contestation; (2) complexity; and (3) uncertainty. We argue that both problems and solutions can be divergent (contested, comp...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
First we present a tentative taxonomy of transformation processes, STI governance modes to address these processes, as well as FLAs that can underpin STI strategy setting processes, relying on Havas and Weber (2019). Then we illustrate our argument by considering different types of mobility provision, in which fast disruptive and slow disruptive ch...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Ein kontinuierliches Monitoring aktueller oder sich für die Zukunft abzeichnender internationaler wissenschaftlicher und technologischer Entwicklungen im gesellschaftlichen Kontext (sozio-technische Trends) ist die Grundlage, um zentrale Zukunftsthemen für die österreichische Politik zu identifizieren. In so einem Verfahren werden zudem wichtige wi...
Article
It is the ambition of many social innovation initiatives to develop new solutions – often in the form of services – to environmental issues by locally framing often global environmental problems. These green social innovations are very diverse in nature. In order to better systematize this diversity, we first address the questions, what particular...
Presentation
Full-text available
The presentation describes the development and the definition of Mission-Oriented Policies, the current status of our knowledge and the next steps in policy oriented research. it is meant to be part of the conceptual base of the OECD CSTP project on mission-oriented policy
Chapter
Full-text available
The chapter discusses the development of Mission-oriented Policies (MOPs) in the past decades both in terms of the development of the concepts of MOPs as well as by looking into empirical case studies drawn from 2 large projects on behalf of the European Comission (JIIP et al. 2018) which brought together examples of almost 200 cases from OECD coun...
Article
Full-text available
This paper summarizes the main findings from a survey carried out at the occasion of the conference ‘RTI Policy in Service of Society: Impact at the Crossroads of Policy Design, Implementation and Evaluation’. The conference was devoted to the challenge of generating, understanding and assessing impact, in particular societal impact, through R&I po...
Article
While new ways of doing research and innovation such as open science, Science 2.0, open innovation, user innovation or crowdsourcing have been intensively discussed in the past few years, little systematic analysis and exploration of their wider positive, but also negative effects for economy, society and environment has been conducted. Based on th...
Presentation
Full-text available
Presentation at the EU-SPRI conference 2019 in Rome, reporting on research from 2 large EU-funded projects which tries to relate the types of Mission-oriented polices that were identified in these projects with specific configurtations of governance and the challenges for the develoment of appropriate governacne structures for Mission-oriented poli...
Preprint
Full-text available
We aim for a better conceptualization of Mission-oriented Innovation Policy (MIP). Our starting point is an analytical decomposition of societal problems and innovative solutions based on the degrees of wickedness regarding three aspects: i) contestation, ii) complexity and iii) uncertainty. We argue that both problems and solutions can be divergin...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The next production revolution (NPR; also called Industry 4.0 elsewhere) is likely to trigger complex changes via the interactions of new technologies, materials, processes, and business models. These changes would affect R&D and innovation activities; the labour market; income distribution and well-being; skill requirements; as well as several fie...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Im Jahr 2013 wurde die FFG, und dort konkret der Bereich für Europäische und Internationale Programme (FFG-EIP), von Seiten der österreichischen Bundesregierung sowie der Wirtschaftskammer Österreich mit der Unterstützung der Umsetzung von H2020 und ERA beauftragt. Im Jahr 2014 wurde die FFG überdies mit dem Monitoring der österreichischen Beteilig...
Technical Report
Full-text available
BOHEMIA aims to support ongoing debates about future European R&I policy by providing a view of needs and opportunities for R&I in Europe from a future perspective, with a time horizon to 2035-2040, and highlighting their implications for EU R&I priorities in the 9th framework programme. This is the end report of BOHEMIA.
Article
The widespread use of information and communication technologies to interconnect manufacturing systems at the shop floor level and along the value chain, also known as Industry 4.0, Advanced Manufacturing or Industrial Internet, has evolved into a topic of heated public debate due to its potential social and economic repercussions. Together with ot...
Article
The definition of an effective innovation policy is a major challenge in developing countries, a task that has become more complex as increasing attention is being paid in policy issues to inclusive development, raising quite different requirements for what an innovation system should deliver, and how it should therefore be organised.It is argued t...
Chapter
Full-text available
Foresight can be a highly useful tool to address the opportunities and challenges triggered by the next production revolution. As shown by the various country cases considered in this chapter, foresight facilitates debate and systemic thinking about multiple futures and helps to shape the future through processes of participation and engagement. Gi...
Technical Report
Full-text available
"Fostering Impact and Sustainable Collaboration in FP9 within a new Common Research, Technology and Innovation Policy" is the second paper published by the Austrian FP9 Think Tank. The Think Tank was created in May 2016 in order to develop ideas for a future European Research, Technology and Innovation (RTI) policy, and specifically a more effectiv...
Article
Full-text available
Forward-looking activities (FLAs) can influence innovation systems in various ways to a significant extent. This paper focuses on changes induced by FLAs in the innovation policy governance sub-system (IPGSs) of a given national innovation system. Our knowledge is surprisingly limited even on this subset of FLA impacts, despite several decades of p...
Article
The concept of innovation systems has been a guiding paradigm of innovation research and strongly influenced research and innovation policy since the early 1990s. In spite of this success, criticisms have been raised in recent years about whether it is still a suitable framework for addressing the innovation-related challenges of the future. In the...
Article
The research presented in this paper pursues two main goals. Empirically, it aims to explore sectoral futures at European level in a range of different sectors (automotive, construction, textile, KIBS, wholesale & retail), to identify cross-cutting patterns of sectoral change, and to highlight implications that these may raise for European innovati...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of research and innovation futures, sketch the landscape of recent findings in this field with a focus on new ways of doing and organizing knowledge creation and position the contributions to this special issue within that landscape. Design/methodology/approach This paper includes a revie...
Working Paper
Forward-looking activities (FLAs) can influence innovation systems in various ways to a significant extent. This paper focuses on changes induced by FLAs in the innovation policy governance sub-systems (IPGSs) of the national innovation system. Our knowledge is surprisingly limited even on this subset of FLA impacts, despite several decades of prac...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Der Bericht fasst die Ergebnisse des im Auftrag der Österreichischen Parlamentsdirektion durchgeführten Pilotprojekts „Industrie 4.0. Foresight & Technikfolgenabschätzung zur gesellschaftlichen Dimension der nächsten industriellen Revolution“ zusammen. Es diente als Versuch, Methoden des Foresight und Technology Assessment für das österreichische P...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Industry 4.0 – Great Hopes and High Uncertainties The term Industry 4.0 is used to describe an emerging fourth industrial revolution (related notions in the international discourse are Industrial Internet, Internet of Things or Smart Production). After the mechanisation of production through the emergence of steam and hydroelectric power (Industry...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Several developing countries have achieved high economic growth in recent years and, although many have been able to reduce poverty conditions, inequality subsists to a great extent. After a failed economic liberalization process in the 80's and 90's, at least as measured in social terms, it has become clear that poverty and exclusion remain as per...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the past years there have been several proposals put forward for the use of foresight as an instrument for improving the performance of innovation systems. Martin and Johnston (1999) have argued that foresight is a powerful tool for strengthening the systems in terms of their capacity to learn and innovate. Central to their argument was the reco...
Book
Full-text available
Annual Austrian Report on Research and Technology. Produced on behalf of the Austrian Government by JOANNEUM RESEARCH, AIT, WIFO, ZEW with support from STATISTICS Austria
Article
The paper presents a signalling exercise with a view to trace emerging dynamics in the development of the service economy in Europe. These dynamics have a direct influence and will trigger off service innovation. Firstly, the drivers of the service economy are presented, many of them fostering service innovation as a way to face new societal and bu...
Article
Public transport is confronted with major challenges such as climate change and congestion. This paper discusses how these major challenges are addressed by means of ICT-enabled system innovations in public services. Recent developments in ICT enable the realisation of novel solutions for public transport that can be subsumed under the headline of...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This country case study was compiled within the OECD TIP project on ‘System innovation’ as part of the TIP’s contribution to the CSTP Intermediate Outputs 1.3 and 1.4. [See DSTI/STP (2012)1/REV1 and DSTI/STP/TIP (2012)3]. Aims of the TIP project are the clarification of the concept of system innovation and the identification of common good governan...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This country case study was compiled within the OECD TIP project on ‘System innovation’ as part of the TIP’s contribution to the CSTP Intermediate Outputs 1.3 and 1.4. [See DSTI/STP (2012)1/REV1 and DSTI/STP/TIP (2012)3]. Aims of the TIP project are the clarification of the concept of system innovation and the identification of common good governan...
Article
Stewart Russell's research work on combined heat and power/district heating (CHP/DH) in the UK was among the first empirical contributions to demonstrate that technological change is not just determined by seemingly objective technical and economic performance characteristics, but rather the result of social choices. His rich conceptual thinking is...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Ex-post Evaluation of the Austrian Competence Center Programme
Article
This paper is concerned with the reconfiguration of national research and innovation (R&I) systems towards a European Research Area (ERA). We conceptualise R&I activities as either: integrated at European level, coordinated with other European partners or nationally juxtaposed. Such a conceptualisation can be usefully applied to the measurement of...
Chapter
Public–private innovation networks in services (ServPPINs) are regarded as a promising approach for realizing system innovations in the field of transport. We argue that ServPPINs can actually be instrumental for realizing system innovations, but to realize this potential a major reconfiguration of ServPPINs is needed in the course of their life cy...
Article
Vorausschau in nachhaltigkeitsorientierten PolitikprozessenForesight for Sustainability-Oriented Policy-Making
Article
Full-text available
Purpose With the purpose of supporting the definition of the Science and Technology Strategy 2011 – 2020 by the Ministry of Sci-ence and Technology of Vietnam, a novel approach to policy and strategy development was introduced, combining fore-sight techniques alongside traditional strategy programming tools. This novel approach is considered useful...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The aim of work package 2 (WP2) of the Innosec project was to provide structured information on various new and promising innovation concepts and practices as a basis for the development of the Innosec innovation model within work package 3. Therefore, within WP2 innovation models and specific innovation methods were identified through reviews of s...
Article
Whereas earlier FTA conferences focused in a rather self-reflexive manner on future perspectives for FTA (2004) and the impact of FTA on decision-making (2006, 2008), the 2011 edition was responding timely to the growing demand for forward-looking intelligence in times of crisis and uncertainty, by proposing FTA as a key instrument to help prepare...
Article
Full-text available
Due to its environmental impact, the mobility system is increasingly under pressure. The challenges to cope with climate change, air quality, depleting fossil resources imply the need for a transition of the current mobility system towards a more sustainable one. Expectations and visions have been identified as crucial in the guidance of such trans...
Article
Full-text available
Transformations linked to disruptive events are causing a shift in future-oriented technology analysis (FTA) activities from individual large-scale foresight actions to smaller in-house exercises and capacity building. The reasons are manifold relating to the need for an even tighter embedding of FTA in policy-making in a fast-changing complex envi...
Article
Austria is at the forefront of Europe in terms of innovation in the use of renewable resources for energy supplies. In recent years Austria has also sought to use renewables resources as widely as possible in product manufacturing, though for the moment their adoption is still limited. This paper presents transition field analysis and puts it to th...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Analysis of networks in European framework programmes (1984-2006) In line with the Europe 2020 vision, there is an increasing need for adequate analytical tools to monitor progress towards the European Research Area (ERA). The Framework Programme (FP) is the main instrument of EU research policy. With 17.5 billion euros devoted to FP6 (rising to 51...