Matthias Roetting

Matthias Roetting
Technische Universität Berlin | TUB · Chair of Human-Machine-Systems

Professor

About

101
Publications
12,521
Reads
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1,255
Citations
Citations since 2016
20 Research Items
684 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022020406080100

Publications

Publications (101)
Article
Full-text available
Manual skill degradation is a common problem that production managers face in assembly lines due to frequent changes in batch styles. Since the advancement in automated machinery, reliance on manual machines has been reduced. However, due to the high cost of fully automated machinery, it is still not available on a large scale in apparel manufactur...
Article
Shared e-scooters are introduced as a new form of mobility around the world. Alongside this rise in micromobility, e-scooter crashes are reported, and e-scooter riders are injured and killed in traffic. Little research has been conducted on the relation between ergonomics and the safe use of e-scooters, and it is unclear whether e-scooter riders kn...
Chapter
Shared e-scooters, whose supply and coverage keeps increasing in many cities around the globe, are rapidly changing mobility in urban road environments. As rising injury rates have been observed alongside this new form of mobility, researchers are investigating potential factors that relate to safe/unsafe e-scooter use. In Germany, e-scooter sharin...
Chapter
Urban mobility is changing due to the emergence of new technologies like autonomously navigating robots. In the future, various transport operators and micro mobility services will be integrated in an increasingly complex mobility system, potentially realizing benefits such as a reduction of congestion, travel costs, and emissions. The field of per...
Conference Paper
The spatial behavior of robots working alongside humans critically influences the experience of comfort and personal space of users. The spatial behavior of service robots is especially important, as they move in close proximity to their users. To identify acceptable spatial behavior of Follow Me robots, we conducted an experimental study with 24 p...
Article
Full-text available
Robots that are designed to work in close proximity to humans are required to move and act in a way that ensures social acceptance by their users. Hence, a robot's proximal behavior toward a human is a main concern, especially in human-robot interaction that relies on relatively close proximity. This study investigated how the distance and lateral...
Article
External interface-based autonomous vehicle-to-pedestrian (AV2P) communication will facilitate the interaction between autonomous vehicle (AV) and pedestrian in future urban traffic. However, there are still no designs of external interface that could be generally accepted nowadays. In this regard, more sufficient research should be conducted to un...
Article
Full-text available
Since smooth pursuit eye movements can be used without calibration in spontaneous gaze interaction, the intuitiveness of the gaze interface design has been a topic of great interest in the human-computer interaction field. However, since most related research focuses on curved smooth-pursuit trajectories, the design issues of linear trajectories ar...
Conference Paper
Mixed Reality (MR) Environments provide extensive possibilities for learning. MR technology can increase the quality of education by enabling learning in virtual spaces compared to real laboratories. It enables the merge of real and virtual worlds into new environments and visualizations, where physical and digital objects can coexist and interact...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Feature selection is crucial for machine learning to recognize lane-change (LC) maneuver as there exist a large number of feature candidates. Blindly using feature could take up large storage and excessive computation time, while insufficient feature selection would cause poor performance. Selecting high contributive features to classify L...
Article
Estimating driver's lane-change (LC) intent is very important to avoid traffic accident caused by improper LC maneuvers. This paper proposes a lane-change Bayesian networks (LCBN) incorporated with a Gaussian mixture model (GMM), termed as LCBN-GMM, to estimate driver's LC intent considering drivers' driving style over varying scenarios. According...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Nowadays, with the development of eye tracking technology, the gaze-interaction applications demonstrate great potential. Smooth pursuit based gaze typing is an intuitive text entry system with low learning effort. In this study, we provide a language-prediction function for a smooth-pursuit based gaze-typing system. Since the state-of-the-art neur...
Article
Other than during manual and partly automated driving, the driver will not need to constantly observe and correct the path of his/her car with future conditionally automated driving (CAD) systems. The driver will be only responsible to stay alert and be ready to take-over the driving in a preset handover time, if requested. The aim of this simulato...
Chapter
Die in sich verschränkte Entwicklung und Erbringung von Produkten und Dienstleistungen in IPSS stellt besondere Herausforderungen an Mensch-Maschine-Interaktion, da der Nutzer die Variantenvielfalt ohne zielgerichtete Unterstützung nur schwer beherrschen kann. Das Kapitel „Multimodale Nutzerunterstützung“ zeigt mehrere Ansätze zur ganzheitlichen Nu...
Article
L’allocation adaptative de tâche (AAT) offre de nouvelles perspectives pour l’interaction homme-machine dans les systemes hautement automatises. De nombreuses recherches ont demontre que les signaux psychophysiologiques peuvent etre utilises pour fermer la boucle en adaptant les tâches en fonction de l’etat de l’operateur humain. Cette presente etu...
Chapter
Fahrzeugsysteme werden immer ausgeklügelter und individueller – daher gewinnt die Mensch-Maschine-Interaktion zunehmend an Bedeutung. Die Maschine unterstützt den Menschen zum Teil sogar automatisch und generiert ihre Information zur Steuerung immer intelligenter. Sie liest ihren Arbeitsauftrag vom Verhalten des Menschen ab oder bewegt sich gänzlic...
Conference Paper
A Bayesian network decision-making method is proposed by combining driver’s eye tracking data and vehicle-based data together to identify driver lane-changing intents. First, experiments are conducted in a driving simulator with eye-tracker device to obtain the data when the subject driver makes lane-changing maneuvers. Second, collected data are a...
Presentation
Full-text available
Talk at the International Conference on Traffic and Transport Psychology, 2016
Article
Full-text available
Despite its potential gaze interaction is still not a widely-used interaction concept. Major drawbacks as the calibration, strain of the eyes and the high number of false alarms are associated with gaze based interaction and limit its practicability for every-day human computer interaction. In this paper two experiments are described which use smoo...
Article
For the Next Generation Media (NGM) new forms of interaction are needed to cope with the huge amount of possible information for a limited number of displays which are provided in the environments. Therefore, this article describes experiments which compare different interaction modalities for this challenge. The results show that the combination o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Die Berücksichtigung der mentalen Modelle der Nutzer von der Interaktion mit einem Produkt trägt zur Gestaltung gebrauchstauglicher und intuitiv benutzbarer Software bei. Die Mental Models Methode (Young 2008) liefert in diesem Zusammenhang eine Gegenüberstellung der Nutzerperspektive mit den funktionalen Elementen einer Software. Dabei können soge...
Article
This paper has two objectives: first, to introduce the concept of multimodal action-specific warnings and its prototypic realization in the form of a warning glove and second, to present the main findings of a user study that was conducted to test the warning glove against a conventional warning system. Regarding the first goal, the combination of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
To avoid accidents caused by an inappropriate amount of mental workload it is crucial to continuously and non-intrusively monitor the actual workload state of a driver. Whereas many studies extensively discuss physiological measures like heart rate, heart rate variability and pupil dilation only little research has yet been conducted on facial temp...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Die Komplexität moderner Arbeitsumgebungen birgt durch die Fülle an Handlungsalternativen Überforderungspotenzial. Adaptive Technologien können in solchen Situationen durch die automatische Darbietung handlungsleitender Informationen Zielorientierung und Korrektheit von menschlichem Verhalten unterstützen. Damit diese Informationen...
Conference Paper
In this paper, a hybrid framework for creating an instruction video by means of motion capture technologies will be explained. In this video an animated pedagogical agent named Anastasia ( an imated as sistant for tas ks in i ndustrial a pplications) provides human operators with assistance while performing maintenance tasks in IPS2. Firstly, the p...
Article
For the Next Generation Media (NGM) new forms of interaction are needed to cope with the huge amount of possible information for a limited number of displays which are provided in the environments. Therefore, this article describes experiments which compare different interaction modalities for this challenge. The results show that the combination o...
Chapter
Industrial product-service systems (IPS2) are based on an integrated planning and development of products and services to offer solutions for customers. Integrated products and services underlie complex influences to each other and require software support to guarantee availability of an IPS2. Therefore, supporting warnings and instructions for hum...
Chapter
The performance of Industrial Product-Service Systems (IPS²) relies – in addition to many technical factors – on the optimal performance of the human operators. This can be supported through the detection of erroneous behavior and user-centered warnings before injury or damage occurs. The detection of such behavior is based on the simulation of cog...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This article shows the first steps of a new remote access technology for a smart kitchen. With a mobile device and this technology the user will be able to remotely check the foodstock at home by using a smartphone application. Therefore, we firstly integrated a scale application and Radio--Frequency Identification (RFID) to measure the fill level...
Conference Paper
To keep up in times of global competition, an integrated user support is crucial for the safety and competitiveness in the field of Industrial Product-Service Systems (IPS²). This paper contains a review of the project work on warnings and instructions in IPS² using the application scenario ‘spindle change’ on a micro milling machine. Specifically,...
Article
In most human component system studies performed in simulators, several factors (or independent variables) (at least two, i.e., individual and time) and many variables (or dependent variables) are present. Large and complex databases have to be analyzed. Instead of using rather automatic procedures, this article suggest that, for a very first analy...
Article
In this paper we present the making of our animated assistant Anastasia and the interim findings of two associated experiments. In these participants, were instructed how to change a spindle on a micro milling machine. Results of the first explorative study with 10 participants were used to enhance and edit the instruction video. In the second expe...
Chapter
Bei der Gestaltung der Mensch-Maschine-Schnittstelle für hybride Leistungsbündel (HLB) sind deren spezifische Eigenheiten und Anforderungen, die sich u. a. auch aus den verschiedenen möglichen Geschäftsmodellen ergeben, zu berücksichtigen. Unter Anwendung des Usability Engineering Lifecycle wurden die Anforderungen an die Mensch-Maschine-Schnittste...
Article
Main objective of the recently started collaborative research project SFB/TR29 B4 is to provide cross-generational assistance to human operators working in industrial product-service systems (IPS2). By combining the ideas of actionspecificity and multimodality a more immediate and purposeful reaction towards warnings is assumed. For this purpose, a...
Article
Gaze tracking is a common method to assess perceptual processes when reading medical images. However, little attention has yet been paid to multi-slice images. The present study examines the gaze data of four experienced radiologists reading 15 cranial Computer Tomography scans (CCT), five of which contain lesions. The participants navigated freely...
Article
Until now, human factors in the discipline that is concerned with the interactions between humans and other elements of a system have not been taken into account appropriately, which is why the level of performance on space stations, from the Mir to the current International Space Station, is reportedly low. As underlined by the European Cooperatio...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
From an HCI point of view Augmented Reality (AR) displays have a very specific characteristic. The shown information consists of a virtual and a nearly uncontrollable and cluttering real part. Thus, AR visualizations can be ambiguous, imprecise, or difficult to understand. To avoid this, the presented project shows a systematic method for adapting...
Conference Paper
To model realistic driver behavior, research interest is growing to develop new approaches that deal with the integration of cognitive processing steps in order to tune the modeled behavior to be more humanlike. But what means humanlike in this context? This paper deals with the question: How brain dynamics can help to get insights into the interna...
Conference Paper
The field of Industrial Product-Service Systems (IPS2) faces various challenges. Goal of the recently started project is the multimodal design of interaction specific warnings and instructions in IPS2 for human operators with relation to their interactions. This approach should help to prevent mistakes of human operators whilst interaction and it s...
Article
This study investigates the feasibility of using a method based on electroencephalography (EEG) for deriving a driver's mental workload index. The psychophysiological signals provide sensitive information for human functional states assessment in both laboratory and real-world settings and for building a new communication channel between driver and...
Article
Methods of statistical machine learning have recently proven to be very useful in contemporary brain-computer interface (BCI) research based on the discrimination of electroencephalogram (EEG) patterns. Because of this, many research groups develop new algorithms for both feature extraction and classification. However, until now, no large-scale com...
Article
Full-text available
Event detection is the conversion of raw eye-tracking data into events--such as fixations, saccades, glissades, blinks, and so forth--that are relevant for researchers. In eye-tracking studies, event detection algorithms can have a serious impact on higher level analyses, although most studies do not accurately report their settings. We developed a...
Article
Designers in inclusive design are challenged to create interactive products that cater for a wide range of prior experiences and cognitive abilities of their users. But suitable design guidance for this task is rare. This paper proposes the theory of primary metaphor and explores its validity as a source of design guidance. Primary metaphor theory...
Conference Paper
In order to support Manned Space Exploration, Human Factors (HF) design is here proposed with a holistic approach (όλοσ holos, a Greek word meaning all, whole, entire, total). It focuses on objective and measurable parameters but also on subjective sensations and reactions bringing together scientific and humanistic disciplines to support the Homos...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
To cover three-dimensional information spaces stationary or spatial Augmented Reality (sAR) systems involve installed projection systems, Head-Up- and other displays. Therefore, information presentation techniques for sAR contain three basic problems assigned to the questions which form, which screen position and which physical location the informa...
Article
With using Ubiquitous Augmented Reality (UAR) technologies information systems take the next step towards getting and presenting virtual information everywhere in 3D space. But especially the UAR visualization implies new challenges for the user of such systems. This article shows one first evaluation concerning the incorporation of user-centered d...
Article
In a long duration space mission (LDM) isolation and monotony of the crew inside artificial habitats may lead to boredom, depression and lethargy. These factors impact mission safety and success. Astronauts are always required to be prepared to approach unknown problems creatively and adaptively. Sensory stimulation may enhance awareness and mental...
Article
In most human component system studies performed in simulators, several factors (at least two, i.e. individual and time) and many variables are present. This article suggests starting the analysis while keeping both the multifactorial (MF) and multivariate (MV) aspects. To achieve this aim, with the possibility to show nonlinear relationships, a MF...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Many hospitals have implemented various kinds of information technologies. Using information technology can improve communication and improve patient safety. One of the information technologies is the application of bar code medication administration (BCMA). For achieving a successful implementation, a semi-formal notation form is used to model and...
Conference Paper
A Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) directly translates patterns of brain activity to input for controlling a machine. The introduction of methods from statistical machine learning [1] to the field of brain-computer interfacing (BCI) had a deep impact on classification accuracy. It also minimized the effort needed to build up the skill of controlling...
Chapter
Imagine you click on a file on your computer by mistake. The computer processes the information and starts to open the corresponding application. But this takes some time. You immediately recognize your mistake and prepare to close the application right after it opens to continue your intended task. You feel distracted and helpless and your feeling...
Chapter
In microgravity under weightlessness conditions, where 'Up' and 'Down' have no meaning, orientation is of primary importance. Instinctual reactions to color and symbols are investigated in the WIUD experiment to help implement Up and Down orientation in Outer Space Habitats.
Chapter
In outer space habitats, where the weightlessness and isolation deeply influence human life, color perception, processing and reaction to color are subjects for analysis in Human Factors investigation. The "μgOrienting" project aims to improve the life quality in outer space by research on colors and other visual stimuli.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In companies, Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) software supports the integration of all facets of business management, including planning, manufacturing, human resources, sales, and marketing. Although ERP software promises great benefits to ERP-deploying companies, its full potential in terms of productivity is not exploited well. Several reason...
Article
This study examined Chinese truck drivers' attitudes toward receiving feedback about their driving performance by in-cab technology and explored the best ways of providing feedback to truck drivers in China. The similarities and differences between US and Chinese drivers were also compared. Survey data were collected from 200 long-haul truck driver...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
On long journeys under monotonous road conditions, fatigue moni-toring systems might help to reduce sleep-related crashes by informing or alerting the driver, or even by taking corrective actions in the driving task. The objective of this study was to find out more about the view of experts on future driver fatigue monitoring. A questionnaire was d...
Conference Paper
The Navigational Risk Detection and Assessment System (NARIDAS) is an approach to risk-based information integration on the ship’s bridge. The purpose of this novel system is to reduce data overload and to support situation awareness of the bridge team. This paper focuses on the evaluation of NARIDAS during the development process. Evaluation is pe...
Article
Dieser Artikel fasst Literatur zum Thema visuelle Informationsverarbeitung im dreidimensionalen Raum zusammen. Ein theoretisches Modell der Raumkognition und -interaktion von Previc (1998) wird vorgestellt. Grundlagenforschung zur Aufmerksamkeit im dreidimensionalen Raum und angewandte Forschung aus den Bereichen Flug- und Fahrzeugführung, die sich...
Article
Full-text available
Die digitale Menschmodellierung stellt einen Bereich dar, der computergestütztes Design, Human Factors Engineering und angewandte Ergonomie verbindet und zunehmend in Bedeutung und Umfang wächst. Besonders für ergonomische und anthropometrische Fragestellungen werden digitale Menschen bereits eingesetzt. Der vorliegende Artikel beschreibt verschied...
Article
Operators' situational risk awareness (SRA) is crucial for adequate decision making and action in human-machine systems. Data overload can contribute to a loss of SRA, but it is possible to provide technological support by a risk-assessment system. When evaluating a SRA-support system during the development process, specific questions have to be ad...
Article
This study explored the international experience of driving in two countries from the perspectives of drivers. It highlighted the differences in driving experiences between China and the US from people who have driven in both countries. A qualitative research approach utilizing focus group discussions was conducted in China and the US. The pros and...
Article
Prior research indicates that trucks are very likely to be involved in accidents in China due to the poor condition of trucks and unsafe driving behaviors. The objectives of this study were (1) to investigate the safe/unsafe driving behaviors of Chinese truck drivers, and (2) to examine whether Chinese truck drivers recognize a need for feedback an...
Article
Driving safety has become an extremely severe problem in China due to rapid motorization. Unless more effective measures are taken, the fatality risk and the total fatalities due to road traffic accidents are expected to continue to increase. Therefore, focus group discussions were conducted to explore driver attitudes and safe driver characteristi...
Article
Full-text available
This study explored the potential uses of feedback systems in the trucking industry as a means of improving safety. Since truck drivers spend a majority of their working time alone and do not interact with peers, it may be possible to use data gathered by in-vehicle technology to provide feedback to drivers about their driving behavior. The purpose...