Matthias Nau

Matthias Nau
National Institutes of Health | NIH · National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH): National Institute of Health

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18
Publications
3,890
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226
Citations

Publications

Publications (18)
Article
Full-text available
Entorhinal grid cells map the local environment, but their involvement beyond spatial navigation remains elusive. We examined human functional MRI responses during a highly controlled visual tracking task and show that entorhinal cortex exhibited a sixfold rotationally symmetric signal encoding gaze direction. Our results provide evidence for a gri...
Article
We explore the environment not only by navigating, but also by viewing our surroundings with our eyes. Here we review growing evidence that the mam- malian hippocampal formation, extensively studied in the context of navigation and memory, mediates a representation of visual space that is stably anchored to the external world. This visual represent...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Functional magnetic resonance imaging of the medial temporal lobe is difficult due to its proximity to air cavities and distance to the MRI head coil. This guide discusses these challenges and recommends procedures to optimize echo-planar imaging sequences and improve data quality.
Preprint
Full-text available
A bstract Rapid progress in technologies such as calcium imaging and electrophysiology has seen a dramatic increase in the size and extent of neural recordings. Even so, interpretation of this data often depends on manual operations and requires considerable knowledge about the nature of the representation. Decoding provides a means to infer the in...
Article
Full-text available
Extensive sampling of neural activity during rich cognitive phenomena is critical for robust understanding of brain function. Here we present the Natural Scenes Dataset (NSD), in which high-resolution functional magnetic resonance imaging responses to tens of thousands of richly annotated natural scenes were measured while participants performed a...
Article
Full-text available
Viewing behavior provides a window into many central aspects of human cognition and health, and it is an important variable of interest or confound in many functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies. To make eye tracking freely and widely available for MRI research, we developed DeepMReye, a convolutional neural network (CNN) that decodes...
Preprint
Full-text available
The brain encodes the statistical regularities of the environment in a task-specific yet flexible and generalizable format. Here, we seek to understand this process by converging two parallel lines of research, one centered on sensorimotor timing, and the other on cognitive mapping in the hippocampal system. By combining functional magnetic resonan...
Article
Full-text available
Rapid progress in technologies such as calcium imaging and electrophysiology has seen a dramatic increase in the size and extent of neural recordings. Even so, interpretation of this data requires considerable knowledge about the nature of the representation and often depends on manual operations. Decoding provides a means to infer the information...
Preprint
Full-text available
Viewing behavior provides a window into many central aspects of human cognition and health, and it is an important variable of interest or confound in many fMRI studies. To make eye tracking freely and widely available for MRI research, we developed DeepMReye: a convolutional neural network that decodes gaze position from the MR-signal of the eyeba...
Article
Full-text available
The brain derives cognitive maps from sensory experience that guide memory formation and behavior. Despite extensive efforts, it still remains unclear how the underlying population activity unfolds during spatial navigation and how it relates to memory performance. To examine these processes, we combined 7T-fMRI with a kernel-based encoding model o...
Chapter
Early diagnosis and accurate segmentation of brain tumors are imperative for successful treatment. Unfortunately, manual segmentation is time consuming, costly and despite extensive human expertise often inaccurate. Here, we present an MRI-based tumor segmentation framework using an autoencoder-regularized 3D-convolutional neural network. We traine...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental boundaries anchor cognitive maps that support memory. However, trapezoidal boundary geometry distorts the regular firing patterns of entorhinal grid cells, proposedly providing a metric for cognitive maps. Here we test the impact of trapezoidal boundary geometry on human spatial memory using immersive virtual reality. Consistent with...
Preprint
Full-text available
Minimizing spatial uncertainty is essential for navigation, but the neural mechanisms remain elusive. Here we combine predictions of a simulated grid cell system with behavioural and fMRI measures in humans during virtual navigation. First, we showed that polarising cues produce anisotropy in motion parallax. Secondly, we simulated entorhinal grid...
Preprint
Full-text available
Early diagnosis and accurate segmentation of brain tumors are imperative for successful treatment. Unfortunately, manual segmentation is time consuming, costly and despite extensive human expertise often inaccurate. Here, we present an MRI-based tumor segmentation framework using an autoencoder-regularized 3D-convolutional neural network. We traine...
Article
Eye movements induce visual motion that can complicate the stable perception of the world. The visual system compensates for such self-induced visual motion by integrating visual input with efference copies of eye movement commands. This mechanism is central as it does not only support perceptual stability but also mediates reliable perception of w...

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