Matthias Kucera

Matthias Kucera
Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Archaeological Prospection and Virtual Archaeology · Virtual Archaeology

Mag. Dr.

About

54
Publications
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Introduction
Archaeological sciences combine various disciplines to investigate the past. Besides an overarching interest of theoretical and philosophical aspects limiting this interdisciplinary work, archaeological prospection is one of my main scientific interests. This includes environmental and landscape archaeology. In learning from the past the entanglement of human civilization and nature can be examined.
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Publications

Publications (54)
Book
The digitization and interpretation of legacy datasets is a crucial and challenging part in order to handle old excavation data and encourage further archaeological knowledge. Old excavation data are to be modified in terms of up to date methodology.
Chapter
Full-text available
Archaeological research is dealing with the documentation and analysis of archaeological entities in space and time. During this process information is linked with a specific location and a time stamp. An archaeological Information System (AIS) organizes archaeological entities and associated information according to their specific location using a...
Article
Full-text available
The technical advancements of the past decade have rendered motorised, high-resolution ground-penetrating radar (GPR) investigations increasingly popular for archaeological research and cultural heritage management in Norway. However, the agricultural use of most survey areas limits the time available for fieldwork in spring and autumn and thus red...
Chapter
Full-text available
For the analysis of the spatio-temporal development of an archaeological landscape the topographical situation provides basic information. Relations of archaeologically relevant features are often only interpretable if such information is available at a sufficient quality. The long-term research project of the inter- and intra-site analysis of the...
Chapter
Over the course of four years (2012–2015) the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Archaeological Prospection and Virtual Archeology (LBI ArchPro), in collaboration with the Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics (ZAMG) and on behalf of the provincial government of Lower Austria, has conducted the comprehensive, non-invasive archaeological pro...
Conference Paper
The Harris Matrix (HM) is the fundamental diagrammatic representation of relative time for an archaeological site and the de facto standard for the representation of a stratigraphic sequence-the backbone for archaeological stratigraphy. It displays all uniquely identified units of stratification in a sequential diagram representing their relative t...
Chapter
Full-text available
Die archäologische Wissenschaft steht wie kaum eine andere Wissenschaft im Spannungsfeld der Geistes- und Naturwissenschaften. Ein interdisziplinärere Ansatz scheint zwingend zu sein, bedarf aber exakter wissenschafts- und erkenntnistheoretischer Überlegungen. Die vorliegende Arbeit versteht sich als kleiner Beitrag bestehende Diskussionen aufrecht...
Article
Full-text available
Traditionally, ground‐penetrating radar (GPR) measurements for near‐surface geophysical archaeological prospection are conducted with single‐channel systems using GPR antennae mounted in a cart similar to a pushchair, or towed like a sledge behind the operator. The spatial data sampling of such GPR devices for the non‐invasive detection and investi...
Thesis
Full-text available
It is often said that every archaeological site – and even every artifact - is unique. Thus it must be the challenge of archaeological research to reveal patterns of similar rules and processes for describing and understanding observed phenomena. As with all sciences, results must be reproducible, which is guaranteed through the well-defined use of...
Article
Full-text available
The excavated architecture of the exceptional prehistoric site of Akrotiri on the Greek island of Thera/Santorini is endangered by gradual decay, damage due to accidents, and seismic shocks, being located on an active volcano in an earthquake-prone area. Therefore, in 2013 and 2014 a digital documentation project has been conducted with support of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
While traditionally archaeological research has mainly been focused on individual cultural heritage monuments or distinct archaeological sites, the Austrian based Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Archaeological Prospection and Virtual Archaeology goes beyond the limitations of discrete sites in order to understand their archaeological context. This i...
Article
Calcifications commonly occur in association with soft tissue inflammation. However, they are not often discussed in palaeopathological literature, frequently due to problems of identification and diagnosis. We present a calcified object (40 × 27 × 27 cm) found with a middle-aged male from a post-medieval cemetery in Vienna. It was not recognized d...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Archaeological research is dealing with the documentation and analysis of archaeological entities in space and time. During this process information is linked with a specific location and a time stamp. An archaeological Information System (AIS) organizes archaeological entities and associated information according to their specific location using a...
Article
Full-text available
The present study investigates the faunal material from Putzenkopf Nord at Bad Dürrnberg (Austria). Animal remains, dated to the La Tène A-C 1 period, were retrieved from the settlement and the surrounding graves. A total of 12,573 bones have been identified and analyzed for the present study, demonstrating that the faunal composition fits well to...
Conference Paper
The Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Archaeological Prospection and Virtual Archaeology (LBI ArchPro) together with its partner the Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics (ZAMG) has developed motorized magnetic prospection systems to survey entire archaeological landscapes within reasonable time at high spatial sampling resolution. With th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Non-destructive prospection methods provide a powerful toolbox to explore Archaeological Heritage while it is still protected untouched below the actual surface. Due to recent technical developments in high resolution large scale non-invasive archaeological prospection by the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Archaeological Prospection and Virtual Arc...
Conference Paper
In February 2014 high-resolution ground penetrating radar and earth resistance tomography measurements have for the first time been used successfully for the distinct mapping of buried archaeological structures in the vicinity of the Bronze Age archaeological site of Akrotiri on Santorini/Thera in Greece.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Tanum World Heritage Area, located in northern Bohuslän ca. 150 km north of Gothenburg, Sweden, is a multifaceted land-scape containing remnants of human activity from the Neolithic to Modern Historic times. This area is particularly famous for its well-preserved rock art, with no less than 1,500 recorded localities containing thousands of imag...
Conference Paper
In the Roman town of Carnuntum 40 km south-east of Vienna (Austria) the unique discovery of a school of gladiators was made using a multi-disciplinary approach based on high-resolution near-surface geophysical prospection. The outstandingly well preserved architecture was revealed through non-invasive mapping using latest highly efficient multichan...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The future demands on professional archaeological prospection will be its ability to cover large areas in a time and cost efficient manner with very high spatial resolution and accuracy. The objective of the 2010 in Vienna established Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Archaeological Prospection and Virtual Archaeology (LBI ArchPro) in collaboration wi...
Article
Stratigraphic archaeological excavations demand high-resolution documentation techniques for 3D recording. Today, this is typically accomplished using total stations or terrestrial laser scanners. This paper demonstrates the potential of another technique that is low-cost and easy to execute. It takes advantage of software using Structure from Moti...
Article
Full-text available
The Boyadjian et al dental wash technique provides, in certain contexts, the only chance to analyze and quantify the use of plants by past populations and is therefore an important milestone for the reconstruction of paleodiet. With this paper we present recent investigations and results upon the influence of this method on teeth. A series of six t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Diese Arbeit hat die Anwendung wissenschaftstheoretischer Aspekte auf allgemeine archäologische Arbeitsabläufe zum Ziel. Das Hauptaugenmerk liegt dabei auf Ausgrabungsprozessen in Verbindung mit der stratigraphischen Methode. Ausgehend von einem Zitat von Edward Harris (Harris 1989: 133), das die Notwendigkeit des Vergleichs von str...

Projects

Projects (4)
Project
The combination of terrestrial Laserscanning and drone- based aerial Laserscanning for documentation and analysis of archaeological landscapes and cultural heritage is developed and optimized. Additional sensor information (full-wave-form, RGB, UV, hyperspectral, IR) will be embedded and also supported by Image Based Modelling. Workflows will be tested for various environmental settings. Developed workflows will also be adapted for non-archaeological purposes (e.g. erosion, monitoring, permafrost).
Project
how to deal with old excavation data, adding the 4th dimension to data sets, establishing an Archaeological Information System (AIS), provide open access
Project
Die offene, unverbaute Landschaft in und um Carnuntum bietet ideale Voraussetzungen für großräumige archäologische Prospektionen, die hier in den letzten zwei Jahrzehnten durchgeführt wurden. Im Rahmen eines seit 15.08.2012 laufenden Kooperationsprojekts zwischen dem Ludwig-Boltzmann-Institut für Archäologische Prospektion und Virtuelle Archäologie (LBI ArchPro) und der ÖAW beteiligt sich das IKAnt an der Auswertung der geophysikalischen und luftbildarchäologischen Gesamtprospektionen in Carnuntum. Im Rahmen dieses Projekts war es geplant, das gesamte römische Stadtgebiet flächendeckend mit magnetischer Prospektion im Ausmaß von ca. 600 ha zu untersuchen. Für das engere Stadtgebiet (municipium, Legionslager und canabae) sollten zusätzlich hochauflösende Bodenradarmessungen auf einer Fläche von ca. 200 ha zum Einsatz kommen. In ausgewählten Gebieten waren Ergänzungsmessungen mit elektromagnetischen Methoden im Ausmaß von ca. 20 ha vorgesehen. In den drei Projektjahren von 2012-2015 wurden im Großraum Carnuntum jedoch alle zugänglichen Flächen geophysikalisch prospektiert. Somit konnte man letztendlich ein Gebiet von ca. 7,5 km² mit Magnetik und von ca. 2,35 km² mit Bodenradar untersuchen. Damit handelt es sich um eines der größten archäologischen Prospektionsvorhaben in der römischen Welt.