Matthias Kropf

Matthias Kropf
University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna | boku · Institute of Integrative Nature Conservation Research

Dr.

About

81
Publications
20,279
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1,294
Citations
Introduction
Matthias Kropf currently works at the Institute of Integrative Nature Conservation Research, University of Natural Resources and Life Science Vienna. Matthias does research in Botany, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology.
Additional affiliations
October 2009 - present
University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna
Position
  • Researcher
September 2003 - August 2009
Universität für Bodenkultur Wien
Position
  • Univ. Ass.
Description
  • Systematic botany, vegetation ecology, conservation biology, urban ecology, population genetics (lab course)
September 2003 - August 2009
University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna
Position
  • Univ. Ass.

Publications

Publications (81)
Article
Wir stellen hier eine neu entdeckte Population von Dactylorhiza sambucina im zentralen Teil des westlichen Weinviertels vor. Diese Population ist in einem bodensauren Eichenmischwald (Sorbo torminalis-Quercetum) gelegen, der mittels einer pflanzensoziologischen Aufnahme charakterisiert wird. Interessanterweise wurden hier 2020 nur gelbblühende Indi...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: The steppe grasslands of eastern Central Europe are exceptionally species-rich and valuable from a nature conservation point of view. However, their historical biogeography is still poorly understood. Here we use the regional diversity of habitat specialists and chloroplast DNA data to investigate potential long-term refugia of steppe species...
Article
Despite their favourable nutritional, agricultural and ecological traits, Lathyrus species are among the under-recognized legume crops meriting further exploitation as nutrient-rich seeds. Holistic chemical characterization of nutrients/anti-nutrients in this genus is an important prerequisite to select high quality seeds for breeding programs. Her...
Article
Seeds of domesticated Vicia (vetch) species (family Fabaceae-Faboideae) are produced and consumed worldwide for their nutritional value. Seed accessions belonging to 16 different species of Viciaboth domesticated and wild taxawere subjected to a chemotaxonomic study using ultraperformance liquid chromatography−mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS) analyzed...
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Full-text available
Habitat simplification and intensive use of pesticides are main drivers of global arthropod declines and are, thus, decreasing natural pest control. Organic farming, complex landscapes, and local vineyard management practices such as implementation of flower-rich cover-crop mixtures may be a promising approach to enhance predator abundance and, the...
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Even though plants represent an essential part of our lives offering exploitational, supporting and cultural services, we know very little about the biology of the rarest and most threatened plant species, and even less about their conservation status. Rapid changes in the environment and climate, today more pronounced than ever, affect their fitne...
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Referring to a recent publication in "Die Orchidee" discussing different predators of cultivated orchids, two Central European katydids and their feeding behaviour are briefly introduced.
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Steppe grasslands represent important refuges for rare species in the Pannonian region of eastern Central Europe. Nevertheless, little is known about their regional continuity and potential (post)glacial in-situ survival. Biogeographical studies assume potential source areas for the postglacial (re)colonisation of the Pannonian region in the Wester...
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Hypotheses of peripherality have characterised peripheral populations by increasing population differentiation and by declining genetic diversity towards the absolute range edge. However, such biogeographical patterns are not generally confirmed. Moreover, it was recently argued that lower levels of genetic diversity at the western and eastern peri...
Article
Eight new fern species of Polystichum subg. Haplopolystichum sect. Haplopolystichum (Dryopteridaceae) are described and illustrated from Guizhou Province, southwestern China. These eight species include P. anshunense, P. asperrimum, P. confusum, P. kropfii, P. libingii, P. macrodon, P. perditum, and P. yifanii. Each of these eight species was disco...
Article
Full-text available
Many steppe species reach their (north)westernmost distribution limit in western Central Europe. This also applies to Poa badensis, a rare steppe plant of calcareous rock/sand vegetation. To explore potential differences in reproductive success and genetic composition of peripheral populations, we analysed the absolute (north)westernmost occurrence...
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The European semi-dry grasslands belong to the most species-rich vegetation types of the northern hemisphere and form an important part of habitat mosaics of the forest-steppe zone. However, a comprehensive evaluation of compositional variation and phytosociological classification of these grasslands is still missing. For our syntaxonomic revision,...
Article
Fabaceae is well-known for its seed nutritious and bioactive composition as exemplified by Lupinus and Lens. Developing efficient analytical approaches for profiling their bioactive matrix is a prerequisite to provide proof for their health benefits or nutritive traits. Eight Lupinus and Lens seed accessions were subjected to liquid chromatography-...
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Full-text available
The Spanish slug (Arion vulgaris, also known as A. lusitanicus) is considered one of the most invasive species in agriculture, horticulture and private gardens all over Europe. Although this slug has been problematic for decades, there is still not much known about its occurrence across private gardens and the underlying meteorological and ecologic...
Article
Lens culinaris and several Lupinus species are two legumes regarded as potential protein resources aside from their richness in phytochemicals. Characterization of their metabolite composition is warranted as a sustainable functional food. This study presents a discriminatory-holistic approach for metabolites profiling in accessions of four lentil...
Article
Ambrosia artemisiifolia is an annual weed from North America that nowadays is invasive in many countries worldwide. In Austria, numerous populations of A. artemisiifolia are located along the Danube River, especially along the ‘New Danube’ (Vienna). This area is characterised by ruderal and riparian sites, which are regularly flooded. To better und...
Article
A new fern species, Polystichum zhijinense, a member of P. subg. Haplopolystichum (Dryopteridaceae), is described and illustrated from Guizhou Province in Southwest China. Polystichum zhijinense is somehow similar to P. fengshanense in having pinnae oblong and entire or shallowly repand (not aristate-spinulose on the margin), but differs in the sha...
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We investigate patterns of genetic variation along an east–west transect of Central European populations of Linum flavum and interpret the Quaternary history of its peripheral populations, especially those at the westernmost isolated range edge, discussing their migrations and possible relict status. We defined our peripheral transect across three...
Article
The food-deceptive orchid Dactylorhiza sambucina is assumed to cheat its pollinators effectively by presenting two flower colour morphs. This hypothesis implies likely pollinator switches between the yellow- and purple-flowering plant individuals. However, pollen flow within and between morphs has never been tested by means of pollen tracking in a...
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Questions: What are the main floristic patterns in the Pannonian and western Pontic steppe grasslands? What are the diagnostic species of the major subdivisions of the class Festuco- Brometea (temperate Eurosiberian dry and semi-dry grasslands)? Location: Carpathian Basin (E Austria, SE Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Slovenia, N Croat...
Data
Appendix?S7. Full synoptic table of the Festuco?Brometea.
Data
Appendix?S3. Diagnostic species of the classes Festuco?Brometea, Molinio?Arrhenatheretea, Nardetea strictae, Koelerio?Corynephoretea and Elyno?Seslerietea following the EuroVegChecklist.
Data
Appendix?S6. Fidelity, constancy and average cover of species in the three Festuco?Brometea orders.
Data
Appendix?S2. Indicator species of steppe grasslands.
Data
Appendix?S4. Synoptic table of the TWINSPAN classification.
Data
Appendix?S5. Average percentage cover of the diagnostic species of five grassland classes in the TWINSPAN clusters.
Data
Appendix?S8. Data sources of the Festuco?Brometea relev?s.
Article
Full-text available
We present a DNA barcoding study on the insect order Orthoptera that was generated in collaboration between four barcoding projects in three countries, viz. Barcoding Fauna Bavarica (Germany), German Barcode of Life, Austrian Barcode of Life, and Swiss Barcode of Life. Our dataset includes 748 COI sequences from 127 of the 162 taxa (78.4%) recorded...
Article
Trigonella foenum-graecum is a plant of considerable value for its nutritive composition as well as medicinal effects. This study aims to examine Trigonella seeds using a metabolome-based ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS) in parallel to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) coupled with multivariate data ana...
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The use of DNA sequence data in plant systematics has brought us closer than ever to formulating well-founded hypotheses about phylogenetic relationships, and phylogenetic research keeps on revealing that plant genera as traditionally circumscribed often are not monophyletic. Here, we assess the monophyly of genera documented in Rothmaler's "Exkurs...
Poster
The invasive slug species Arion vulgaris (also known as A. lusitanicus) is considered one of the worst invasive alien species in Europe. It is an agricultural/horticultural pest that also causes massive damages in private gardens. The taxonomy of A. vulgaris is still matter of much debate, but a number of papers have shown that there is very likely...
Article
Phenotypic polymorphism represents the most obvious type of intraspecific diversity raising scientific interest in its evolution and maintenance. We studied the regional endemic Gentianella bohemica, which exhibits an early- and a late-flowering morph. Genetic variation and structuring were investigated in relation to potential pollination and mati...
Article
Beside European beavers (Castor fiber) from Poland, Belarus and Sweden also individuals of C. canadensis have been released to the Austrian Danube watershed east of Vienna during the years 1976 and 1990. Based on reintroduction activities the Lower Austrian beaver population developed well to a current size of more than 3000 individuals. However, i...
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Full-text available
Background: Hybridisation in Senecio/Jacobaea is frequent and of significance in speciation and evolution. Moreover, these genera are model systems for studying the evolution of pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs). Hybrids between Jacobaea aquatica and J. vulgaris have been reported from north-western Europe. Aims: Our aim was to determine whether hybrid...
Article
Genetic patterns in Anthyllis montana ssp. jacquinii populations from the species’ central Balkan distribution toward its northern distribution limit in Austria were analyzed against the background of their evolution, biogeography, and conservation. Genetic structure and diversity were assessed by DNA sequencing (ITS, trnH/psbA) and amplified fragm...
Article
Aim Our goals were: (1) to investigate patterns of genetic variation in the French Massif Central (MC) of Soldanella alpina (Primulaceae), an alpine plant species that has only one known population in the region; (2) to analyse these patterns in order to deduce the Quaternary history of the population and to predict how current climatic warming may...
Data
Full-text available
A comprehensive morphological and anatomical analysis was carried out on seeds of all 15 species currently recognized in the genus Nigella s.l. (including Komaroffia and Garidella). In addition, a selection of six infraspecific taxa was examined. Using testa thin sections, morphometry, and SEM imaging, seed coat characters proved to be a highly dia...
Article
Full-text available
A comprehensive morphological and anatomical analysis was carried out on seeds of all 15 species currently recognized in the genus Nigella s.l. (including Komaroffia and Garidella). In addition, a selection of six infraspecific taxa was examined. Using testa thin sections, morphometry, and SEM imaging, seed coat characters proved to be a highly dia...
Data
Full-text available
A comprehensive morphological and anatomical analysis was carried out on seeds of all 15 species currently recognized in the genus Nigella s.l. (including Komaroffia and Garidella). In addition, a selection of six infraspecific taxa was examined. Using testa thin sections, morphometry, and SEM imaging, seed coat characters proved to be a highly dia...
Article
Full-text available
Species that colonise habitats on an annual basis are important for studying and understanding evolutionary changes and adaptations in the course of environmental shifts, caused, for instance, by global change phenomena. These species are characterised by a weedy ecology enabling them to react fast to environmental changes. As a model species, we s...
Article
Full-text available
In spite of international efforts, species loss is advancing rapidly. This presents an urgent need for rapid and efficient tools by which to protect species and habitats. The target species concept is a useful tool in this endeavour. Since target species are defined as being representative of a biocoenosis, their protection, based on the monitoring...
Article
In spite of international efforts, species loss is advancing rapidly. This presents an urgent need for rapid and efficient tools by which to protect species and habitats. The target species concept is a useful tool in this endeavour. Since target species are defined as being representative of a biocoenosis, their protection, based on the monitoring...
Article
The numerous disjunct plant distributions between Macaronesia and eastern Africa-Arabia suggest that these could be the relicts of a once continuous vegetation belt along the southern Tethys, which has been fragmented by Upper Miocene-Pliocene aridification. We tested this vicariance hypothesis with a phylogenetic analysis of Campylanthus (Plantagi...
Article
The dating of recent events in the history of organisms needs divergence rates based on molecular fingerprint markers. Here, we used amplified fragment length polymorphisms (AFLPs) of three distantly related alpine plant species co-occurring in the Spanish Sierra Nevada, the Pyrenees and the southwestern Alps/Massif Central to establish divergence...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Postglacial climatic warming in south-western Europe and the retreat of cold-adapted species into higher elevations, starting in the Sierra Nevada and proceeding northwards to the Pyrenees and Alps, should have resulted in a pattern of ‘successive vicariance’. Alternatively, long-distance dispersal might explain the extant distribution...
Article
Relationships among 231 individuals of Anthyllis montana L. (Fabaceae) throughout its European and North-African distribution range were studied, evaluating 41 morphological characters in a multivariate way. The morphometric data revealed two major groups representing the western and eastern part of the species' distribution range. This pattern was...
Article
Full-text available
Among the factors thought to have favoured the evolution of deception (rewardlessness) in orchids is the reduction of pollinator-mediated selfing when unrewarded pollinators visit fewer flowers per inflorescence. We obtained data on natural levels of geitonogamy in the deceptive orchids Dactylorhiza sambucina and Himantoglossum hircinum by monitori...
Article
We analysed the submerged soil seed bank of three fishponds in the Waldviertel region in Austria. We aimed our study at comparing the efficiency of two methods in detecting seeds quantitatively from soil samples of four characteristic mud-flat species, i.e. Carex bohemica, Coleanthus subtilis, Elatine hexandra, and Eleocharis ovata: the seedling-em...
Article
Here, we investigated the origin and genetic diversity of four alpine plant species co-occurring in the Spanish Sierra Nevada and other high mountains in south-western Europe by analysis of amplified fragment length polymorphisms (AFLPs). In Kernera saxatilis, Silene rupestris and Gentiana alpina we found intraspecific phylogroups corresponding to...
Article
Full-text available
Several xerophytic grasslands on the NE Adriatic islands Cres and Krk (Croatia) are dominated by tussock-forming Schoenus nigricans (Cyperaceae). All vegetation types reported are characterised by the degradation of the vegetation cover due to grazing. Phytosociologically, the vegetation is classified as the Danthonio-Scorzoneretum villosae subass....