Matthias Kohl

Matthias Kohl
Furtwangen University | HFU · Faculty of Medical and Life Sciences

Prof. Dr. rer. nat. Dipl. Math. (Univ.)
Data Science for Life Science

About

261
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Publications

Publications (261)
Article
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The aim of the paper is to give a coherent account of the robustness approach based on shrinking neighborhoods in the case of i.i.d. observations, and add some theoretical complements. An important aspect of the approach is that it does not require any particular model structure but covers arbitrary parametric models if only smoothly parametrized....
Article
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Gene expression data from microarrays are being applied to predict preclinical and clinical endpoints, but the reliability of these predictions has not been established. In the MAQC-II project, 36 independent teams analyzed six microarray data sets to generate predictive models for classifying a sample with respect to one of 13 endpoints indicative...
Article
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Measuring gene transcription using real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) technology is a mainstay of molecular biology. Technologies now exist to measure the abundance of many transcripts in parallel. The selection of the optimal reference gene for the normalisation of this data is a recurring problem, and several algo...
Book
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The book offers an introduction to statistical data analysis applying the free statistical software R, probably the most powerful statistical software today. The analyses are performed and discussed using real data. After a brief description of the statistical software R, important parameters and diagrams of descriptive statistics are introduced. S...
Article
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Point-of-care (POC) diagnostics, in particular lateral flow assays (LFA), represent a great opportunity for rapid, precise, low-cost and accessible diagnosis of disease. Especially with the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, rapid point-of-care tests are becoming everyday tools for identification and prevention. Using smartphones...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, relevant variables were determined to predict the probability of sooty mould biofilm (SMB) occurrence on willow leaves in a multivariate model. Despite a large temporal gap between the main sap-feeding insect (SFI) season in spring (May to June) and the main season of SMBs in late summer and fall (August to September), trees infested...
Article
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Background. Chest compresses with mustard (MU) or ginger (GI) are a complementary treatment option for respiratory tract infections. However, little is known about their specific thermogenic qualities. This study examines the short-term effects of MU, GI, and chest compresses with warm water only (WA) on measurable and self-perceived body warmth in...
Article
Der Ausgangspunkt für eine effiziente und fehlerfreie statistische Analyse ist eine adäquate Erhebung, Organisation und Speicherung der Daten. Dabei sollte das Ziel eines guten Datenmanagements immer sein, die FAIR-Prinzipien („findable, accessible, interoperable, reusable“) einzuhalten [1]. Darüber hinaus sollten personenbezogene Daten immer in ps...
Article
Background and importance: Rapid antigen point-of-care tests (antigen POC tests) are frequently used to detect COVID-19 infections. Based on clinical impressions, we suspected that the sensitivity of antigen POC tests might be lower in vaccinated patients. Objective: To evaluate the sensitivity of antigen POC tests in vaccinated patients. Design...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To compare the effects between warm water (WW) and ginger footbaths (WW+ginger) on sleep quality and warmth regulation in adults with self-reported insomnia symptoms. Methods A prospective randomized-controlled study in which 28 participants (mean age 50.9 years, 64.3% women, insomnia symptom duration 11.4 years) were randomized to rece...
Article
Context: There is some evidence that an adequate "anabolic hormonal milieu" is essential for mechanosensitivity/-transduction/-response of bone tissue. Objective: To determine whether enhancing Hormone Therapy (HT) with exercise increases the isolated effect of HT on BMD at lumbar spine (LS) and femoral neck (FN). Methods: A comprehensive sear...
Article
Purpose: The primary objective of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine the effect of differing exercise intensity on (areal) bone mineral density (BMD) at lumbar spine and hip in adults by a comparative meta-analysis. Methods: A systematic review of the literature according to the PRISMA statement included: (a) exerci...
Article
Eine der wichtigsten Graphiken zur explorativen Darstellung von univariaten Daten ist der sogenannte Box- and Whisker-Plot, welcher zu Beginn der 1970er Jahre von John Tukey eingeführt wurde.
Article
Objective: Warm footbaths infused with Sinapis nigra (mustard, or MU) or Zingiber officinale (ginger, or GI) are used for various thermoregulatory conditions, but little is known about how they are perceived by individuals, both short- and long-term. We analyzed the immediate and long-term effects of MU and GI on warmth and stimulus perception in...
Article
Full-text available
In contrast to postmenopausal women, evidence for a favorable effect of exercise on Bone Mineral Density (BMD) is still limited for men. This might be due to the paucity of studies, but also to the great variety of participants and study characteristics that may dilute study results. The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to...
Article
Introduction: Hearts, procured from circulatory death donors (DCD) are predominantly resuscitated and maintained ex-vivo by machine perfusion (MP) with warm donor blood. Currently, DCD-heart function is evaluated by the course of lactate and by visual inspection. We have shown in an experimental research series that MP with the cardioplegic, crysta...
Article
https://analyticalscience.wiley.com/do/10.1002/was.000600171 In den Lebenswissenschaften werden heutzutage durch immer leistungsfähigere Hochdurchsatzmethoden, wie Massenspektrometrie oder Sequenziermethoden (Next / Third Generation Sequencing) sowie durch das vermehrte Aufkommen von anderen neuen Technologien komplexe Daten in stetig größer werde...
Preprint
Full-text available
Point-of-care (POC) diagnostics, in particular lateral flow assays (LFA), represent a great opportunity for rapid, precise, low-cost and accessible diagnosis of disease. Especially with the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, rapid point-of-care tests are becoming everyday tools for identification and prevention. Using smartphones...
Article
Exercise frequency is a key aspect of exercise protocols. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we determined the effect of training frequency on (areal) bone mineral density (BMD) at lumbar spine (LS) and hip. Reviewing seven electronic databases up to April 2021, we conducted a systematic review of the literature according to the PRISMA st...
Article
Introduction Cross-sectional studies have consistently shown an association between current smoking and oxidative stress biomarkers. However, no longitudinal studies have been performed so far. Methods The oxidative stress biomarkers “total thiol groups of serum proteins” (TTP), and “derivatives of reactive oxygen metabolites” (D-ROM) were measure...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To examine the effects of warm footbaths with thermogenic medicinal powders on vitality and heart rate variability in healthy adults. Intervention and Outcome. Seventeen healthy young adults (22.1 ± 2.4 years, 11 females) received three footbaths (WA: warm water only; GI: warm water and ginger; MU: warm water and mustard) in randomized...
Article
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Periods of absence from supervised group exercise while maintaining physical activity might be a frequent pattern in adults' exercise habits. The aim of the present study was to determine detraining effects on musculoskeletal outcomes after a 3-month detraining period in early post-menopausal, osteopenic women. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, we term...
Article
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Whole-body electromyostimulation (WB-EMS) is commercially advertised as a time-efficient resistance-type exercise technology. Indeed, the commercial, non-medical setting applies 20 min of WB-EMS only once a week. However, this setting conflicts with the approved scientific approach of higher training frequencies. Using data from an ongoing study on...
Article
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Whole-body electromyostimulation (WB-EMS), an innovative training technology, is considered as a joint-friendly, highly customizable and particularly time-effective option for improving muscle strength and stability, body composition and pain relief. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of 16 weeks of once-weekly WB-EMS on maxim...
Technical Report
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Shiny apps for the quantitative analysis of images from lateral flow assays (LFAs). The images are segemented and background corrected and color intensities are extracted. The apps can be used to import and export intensity data and to calibrate LFAs by means of linear, loess, or gam models. The calibration models can further be saved and applied t...
Article
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The present study aimed to determine the effect of detraining on muscle quality (MQ) in older men with osteosarcopenia. Forty-three community-dwelling older men (78 ± 4 years) were randomly allocated to a consistently supervised high-intensity resistance exercise training (HIRT) group (n = 21) or a control group (CG, n = 22). The HIRT scheduled a p...
Article
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The aim of this multicenter trial was to compare the effects of whole-body electromyostimulation (WB-EMS) and whole-body vibration (WBV) with conventional back-strengthening training (CT) on changes in mean back pain intensity (MPI) and trunk strength in patients suffering from chronic non-specific low back pain (CNLBP). Two-hundred and forty CNLBP...
Article
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Purpose: Temporary cessation of exercise but maintenance of habitual physical activity might be a frequent situation in older people's lives. Particularly the COVID-19 induced lockdown of exercise training facilities with individual outdoor activities still being allowed might be a blueprint for this potentially harmful scenario. Thus, the aim of...
Article
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This systematic review and meta-analysis set out to determine the efficacy on whole-body electromyostimulation (WB-EMS) on body composition and strength parameters in non-athletic cohorts. A systematic review of the literature according to the PRISMA statement included (a) controlled trials, (b) WB-EMS trials with at least one exercise and one cont...
Article
Introduction: The prevalence of patients with food intolerance (FI) has increased significantly. Immunoglobulin (Ig)E-mediated food allergies (FAs) are detected by determining IgE antibodies and skin prick test. Carbohydrate malabsorptions are clarified with breath tests. However, these diagnostic measures cannot capture all intolerances and have...
Article
Currently, lactate (Lac) is used to evaluate machine perfusion (MP) of hearts, donated after circulatory death (DCD). We hypothesize that monitoring of myocardial microcirculation (mLDP) by Laser-Doppler-Perfusion is superior to Lac to evaluate perfusion and predict contractility. In a pig model, DCD-hearts were perfused four hours followed by repe...
Article
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Osteosarcopenia is characterized by a progressive decline in muscle function and bone strength and associated with muscle fat accumulation. This study aimed to determine the effect of long-term high intensity resistance training (HIRT) on thigh muscle fat infiltration in older men with osteosarcopenia. Forty-three community-dwelling men (72 years a...
Article
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Michael Hettchen,1 Simon von Stengel,1 Matthias Kohl,2 Marie H Murphy,3 Mahdieh Shojaa,1 Mansour Ghasemikaram,1 Laura Bragonzoni,4 Francesco Benvenuti,4 Claudio Ripamonti,5 Maria Grazia Benedetti,6 Mikko Julin,7 Tapani Risto,7 Wolfgang Kemmler1 1Institute of Medical Physics, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany; 2Depa...
Article
Purpose Detraining after dedicated exercise programs might be a frequent situation in older people's exercise patterns. The aim of the present study was thus to determine the effects of 6 months of detraining after 18 months of high intensity resistance exercise (HIT-RT) on musculoskeletal outcomes in older men with sarcopenia. Methods Community-d...
Article
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Objectives Sarcopenia is related to the metabolic syndrome (MetS), a cluster of cardiometabolic risk-factors (CRF). Most exercise trials apply aerobic rather than resistance exercise to address CRF, while the strategy for maintaining muscle and bone is the opposite. However, there is considerable evidence that resistance exercise positively affects...
Article
Full-text available
In this sub-analysis of a comprehensive meta-analysis, we aimed to determine the effect of different types of exercise on (areal) bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women. A systematic review of the literature according to the PRISMA statement included (a) controlled trials, (b) with at least one exercise and one control group, (c) interv...
Article
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Citation: Kemmler W, Hettchen M, Kohl M, Murphy MH, Shojaa M, Ghasemikaram M, et al. (2020) Effects of High Intensity Exercise during Early Postmenopause-the Randomized Controlled ACTLIFE-Study. J Osteopor Phys Act 8:228. ABSTRACT The aim of the study was to determine the effect of a dedicated exercise program on important menopausal risk factors a...
Technical Report
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Performance measures and scores for statistical classification such as accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, recall, similarity coefficients, AUC, GINI index, Brier score and many more. Calculation of optimal cut-offs and decision stumps (Iba and Langley (1991), <doi:10.1016/B978-1-55860-247-2.50035-8>) for all implemented performance measures. Hosme...
Article
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Dynamic resistance exercise (DRT) might be the most promising agent for fighting sarcopenia in older people. However, the positive effect of DRT on osteopenia/osteoporosis in men has still to be confirmed. In order to evaluate the effect of low volume/high intensity (HIT)‐DRT on bone mineral density (BMD) and skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) in men...
Article
Full-text available
Fast point-of-care (POC) diagnostics represent an unmet medical need and include applications such as lateral flow assays (LFAs) for the diagnosis of sepsis and consequences of cytokine storms and for the treatment of COVID-19 and other systemic, inflammatory events not caused by infection. Because of the complex pathophysiology of sepsis, multiple...
Technical Report
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Image analysis (cropping, segmetation, thresholding, feature engineering) of images taken from lateral flow assays, computation of linear calibration models, automatic report generation via rmarkdown by means of a shiny app.
Article
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Assessment of hematotoxicity from environmental or xenobiotic compounds is of notable interest and is frequently assessed via the colony forming unit (CFU) assay. Identification of the mode of action of single compounds is of further interest, as this often enables transfer of results across different tissues and compounds. Metabolomics displays on...
Article
Full-text available
The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of high intensity dynamic resistance exercise (HIT-DRT) and whey protein supplementation (WPS) on bone mineral density (BMD) and sarcopenia parameters in osteosarcopenic men. Men ≥ 72 years with osteosarcopenia (n = 43) were randomly assigned to a HIT-RT (HIT-RT: n = 21) or a non-training control group...
Article
Full-text available
To date, there has been no study on the long-term effects of resistance exercise on sarcopenia and obesity indices for people with sarcopenia. The present study thus aimed to determine the effect of 18 months of periodized, high-velocity/intensity/effort progressive resistance training (HIT-RT) on body composition and strength in older men with ost...
Article
Zusammenfassung Ziel dieser Metaanalyse war es (1) den Effekt eines dynamischen Krafttrainings (DRT) auf die Knochendichte (BMD) der Lendenwirbelsäule (LWS) einzuschätzen, (2) günstige Belastungs-komponenten zu identifizieren und (3) Trainingsempfehlungen abzuleiten. Eine systematische Literaturrecherche schloss (a) kontrollierte Studien, (b) DRT ≥...
Article
Postmenopausal women face a high risk of bone loss. Exercise has a beneficial effect to prevent bone deterioration in elderly women. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of different types of exercise on bone mineral density at the lumbar spine and femoral neck in postmenopausal women. This review followed the guidelines recommended b...
Preprint
Full-text available
Assessment of hematotoxicity from environmental or xenobiotic compounds is of notable interest and is frequently assessed via the colony forming unit (CFU) assay. Identification of the mode of action of single compounds is of further interest, as such often enables transfer of results across different tissues and compounds. Metabolomics displays on...
Article
Full-text available
Cardiovascular and cardiometabolic diseases are leading causes of death worldwide. Exercise favorably affects this problem, however only few invest (enough) time to favorably influence cardiometabolic risk-factors and cardiac morphology/performance. Time-effective, high-intensity, low-volume exercise protocols might increase people's commitment to...
Article
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Osteoporosis is a major health problem in post-menopausal women (PMW). Exercise training is considered a cost-effective strategy to prevent osteoporosis in middle aged-older people. The purpose of this study is to summarize the effect of exercise on BMD among PMW. A comprehensive search of electronic databases was conducted through PubMed, Scopus,...
Article
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Purpose: Whole-body electromyostimulation (WB-EMS) especially in combination with a high-protein supplementation has been established as an efficient treatment against sarcopenia. However, there are several case reports of rhabdomyolysis after WB-EMS application. Thus, we asked if this training could potentially lead to deteriorations of the cardi...
Article
Full-text available
This systematic review and meta-analysis set out to determine the effect of dynamic resistance exercise (DRT) on areal bone mineral density (aBMD) in postmenopausal women and derive evidence-based recommendations for optimized training protocols. A systematic review of the literature according to the PRISMA statement included (a) controlled trials,...
Article
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The Acknowledgement Statement was incorrect in the original publication of this article [1] and the previous correction note [2]. The correct statement is as follows.
Technical Report
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Similarity plots based on correlation and median absolute deviation (MAD); adjusting colors for heatmaps; aggregate technical replicates; calculate pairwise fold-changes and log fold-changes; compute one- and two-way ANOVA; simplified interface to package 'limma' (Ritchie et al. (2015), <doi:10.1093/nar/gkv007> ) for moderated t-test and one-way AN...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Power analysis and sample size calculation for Welch and Hsu (Hedderich and Sachs (2018), ISBN:978-3-662-56657-2) t-tests including Monte-Carlo simulations of empirical power and type-I-error. Power and sample size calculation for Wilcoxon rank sum and signed rank tests via Monte-Carlo simulations. Power and sample size required for the evaluation...
Article
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Objective: To analyze the thermogenic effects of footbaths with medicinal powders in adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) in comparison to healthy controls (HCs). Intervention and Outcomes. Forty-one female participants (21 AN, 20 HCs; 14.22 ± 1.54 years) received three footbaths-warm water and mustard (MU, Sinapis nigra), warm water and ginger...
Article
Full-text available
Considerably decreased muscle mass and function are subsumed under "sarcopenia," a geriatric syndrome. Dedicated exercise programs maintain muscle mass and function; however, due to the limited enthusiasm of older adults to exercise, it is important to generate low-threshold interventions for this vulnerable cohort. Thus, the primary aim of this st...
Article
Full-text available
Accumulating evidence indicates that there is an interaction between the gut microbiota and endometriotic lesions. The new formation of these lesions is associated with stem cell recruitment, angiogenesis and inflammation, which may affect the composition of the gut microbiota. To test this hypothesis, we herein induced endometriotic lesions by tra...
Technical Report
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Computation of various confidence intervals (Altman et al. (2000), ISBN:978-0-727-91375-3; Hedderich and Sachs (2018), ISBN:978-3-662-56657-2) including bootstrapped versions (Davison and Hinkley (1997), ISBN:978-0-511-80284-3) as well as Hsu (Hedderich and Sachs (2018), ISBN:978-3-662-56657-2), permutation (Janssen (1997), <doi:10.1016/S0167-7152(...
Article
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Parkinson’s disease (PD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative disorders. PD patients suffer from gastrointestinal dysfunctions and alterations of the autonomous nervous system, especially its part in the gut wall, i.e., the enteric nervous system (ENS). Such alterations and functional gastrointestinal deficits often occur years before the cl...
Technical Report
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