Matthias Hammer

Matthias Hammer
Biosphere Expeditions

Doctor of Philosophy

About

167
Publications
15,193
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Introduction
An Oxbridge-educated biologist, my main research interest is in wildlife conservation through citizen science and stakeholder empowerment. I founded Biosphere Expeditions, an international, citizen science-based conservation NGO that specialises in wildlife conservation world-wide, in 1999 and have been working there ever since. More information at www.biosphere-expeditions.org. We are always interested in reliable partners and field scientists to collaborate with to protect our planet's wild animals and places.

Publications

Publications (167)
Research
Full-text available
Abstract This study was part of a continuing annual citizen science expedition to the Tien Shan Mountains (Kyrgyz Ala Too and Jumgal Too ranges), run by Biosphere Expeditions and NABU for the sixth consecutive year from 24 June to 26 August 2019, with the aim of surveying for snow leopard Panthera uncia and its prey species. Using a cell methodolo...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract This report covers the sixth year of field research in northern Slovakia’s Veľká Fatra National Park with the support of citizen scientists and the aim of collecting biological information to improve management practices for bears (Ursus arctos), wolves (Canis lupus), lynx (Lynx lynx) and wildcat (Felis silvestris) in the park. Fieldwork...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract Biosphere Expeditions and WWF Indonesia ran their third joint expedition with citizen scientists in and around Bukit Rimbang Bukit Baling Wildlife Reserve (BRBBWR), Riau Province, Sumatra, Indonesia, from 30 July to 1 September 2017. The expedition study was a follow-up of the two previous studies in 2015 and 2016, with the tiger and its...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract The successful collaboration between Biosphere Expeditions and the Dubai Desert Conservation Reserve (DDCR), initiated in 2012, continues with citizen scientists collecting data for the ninth successive expedition from 18 to 25 January 2020. The 2020 expedition’s quadrant surveys recorded the following species from 256 random observatio...
Research
Full-text available
ABSTRACT The Lilongwe Wildlife Trust (LWT) and Conservation Research Africa are the first to conduct long-term research projects in Vwaza Marsh Wildlife Reserve (VMWR). These projects focus on large mammals, elephants, primates, bats and insects, and aim to identify and monitor biodiversity and long-term trends in VMWR. Habitats are under increasi...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract The successful collaboration between Biosphere Expeditions and the Dubai Desert Conservation Reserve (DDCR), initiated in 2012, continues with citizen scientists collecting data for two weeks from 19 January to 2 February 2019. Data gathered alerted the DDCR management to several conservation issues and also allowed for informed, fact-bas...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract In September 2019 Biosphere Expeditions ran its ninth annual Reef Check survey expedition to the Maldives. Local and international citizen scientists, supervised by a professional reef biologist, performed surveys for one week. We undertook surveys using the Reef Check methodology at exposed, semi-exposed and sheltered sites in South Male...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract This study was a collaboration between Biosphere Expeditions and Kindred Spirit Elephant Sanctuary (KSES). Direct observation methods were used by citizen scientists to collect three separate data sets on five free-roaming semi-wild Asian elephants simultaneously: activity budgeting (via instantaneous sampling), foraging habits (via all-o...
Article
Full-text available
We observed the foraging behaviour of five semi-free-roaming elephants in Thailand from December 2016 to October 2019 using all occurrence focal sampling. The elephants consumed 165 species of plants representing 56 families. Dendrocalamus sp. (bamboo), accounted for 40.3% of the elephants’ foraging time. The elephants spent significantly more time...
Research
Full-text available
ABSTRACT This report details wolf Canis lupus lupus active monitoring fieldwork by Biosphere Expeditions in collaboration with the State Wolf Bureau of the German state of Lower Saxony and local wolf commissioners. Field work was conducted from 6 to 19 July 2019 in two one-week long groups, each comprising twelve citizen scientists. The aim of the...
Research
Full-text available
ABSTRACT This report details wolf Canis lupus lupus active monitoring fieldwork by Biosphere Expeditions in collaboration with the State Wolf Bureau of the German state of Lower Saxony and local wolf commissioners. Field work was conducted from 6 to 19 July 2019 in two one-week long groups, each comprising twelve citizen scientists. The aim of the...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract The fynbos biome of South Africa is a biodiversity hotspot renowned for its very high plant species richness, endemic birds and the presence of the Cape mountain leopard, a small race of African leopard Panthera pardus ssp pardus. Biodiversity monitoring across a range of faunal and floral taxa was conducted in mountain fynbos habitat. St...
Research
Full-text available
ABSTRACT Enonkishu Conservancy is on the northernmost boundary of the Mara-Serengeti Ecosystem (MSE). The conservancy is secured year to year by renting the land from Maasai title-deed owners who, as conservancy members, abide by land-use regulations (restricting permanent structures, arable farming, fences, utilisation of natural resources and re...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract Latin American Sea Turtles (LAST) has run this sea turtle conservation project on Pacuare beach, Caribbean coastline, Costa Rica, for eight years from 2012 to 2019, with Biosphere Expeditions citizen scientists assisting since 2016. Between 21 February and 31 October 2019, nesting activities of leatherback turtles (Dermochelys coriacea)...
Presentation
Full-text available
Presentation: Little and large: surveying and safeguarding coral reefs & whale sharks in the Maldives (September 2019). Wrap-up presentation with voiceover. Download full file from https://app.box.com/s/2se4hguifg3uqgpn2j2q5y08xi5jsdpz
Research
Full-text available
Abstract In 2019 Biosphere Expeditions concluded its 15th year of cetacean photo-identification and distribution studies in the Azores. The expedition was based in Horta on the island of Faial and work was conducted around the three islands of Faial, Pico and São Jorge. The expedition ran from 29 March to 18 April and concentrated on six main proj...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract This is a report about the first year of collaboration between Biosphere Expeditions and Björn & Vildmark with the overall purpose of researching the behaviour of free ranging brown bears (Ursus arctos) in central Sweden for the Scandinavian Brown Bear Research Project (SBBRP). This collaboration investigates, amongst other topics, how cl...
Article
Full-text available
Marmots form a part of the diet of some endangered species such as the snow leopard (Panthera uncia), therefore the knowledge on their distribution and habitat preferences are crucial to the interest of conservation and management of carnivores at high altitudes. Considering this, within a Snow Leopard Project run by Biosphere Expeditions and NABU...
Research
Full-text available
Enonkishu Conservancy is on the northernmost boundary of the Mara-Serengeti Ecosystem (MSE). The conservancy is secured year to year by renting the land from Maasai title-deed owners, who as conservancy members, abide by land-use regulations (restricting permanent structures, arable farming, fences, utilisation of natural resources and regulating t...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract This study was a collaboration between Biosphere Expeditions and Kindred Spirit Elephant Sanctuary. It used direct observations of five free-roaming captive Asian elephants. Their activity budgeting, foraging habits and social-association behaviour were observed using instantaneous, all-occurrence focal and scan-sampling methods respectiv...
Research
Full-text available
ABSTRACT The Lilongwe Wildlife Trust and Conservation Research Africa are the first to conduct long-term research projects in Vwaza Marsh Wildlife Reserve (VMWR). These projects focus on large mammals, elephants, primates, bats and insects, and aim to identify and monitor biodiversity and long-term trends in VMWR. Habitats are under increasing pre...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In 2018 Biosphere Expeditions ran its eighth annual Reef Check survey expedition to the Maldives since 2011. One week of surveys was carried out in July 2018 by local and international citizen scientists and a professional reef biologist in Ari atoll, the Maldives. Surveys using the Reef Check methodology were undertaken at three ‘inner’ and three...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract In 2018 Biosphere Expeditions ran its eighth annual Reef Check survey expedition to the Maldives since 2011. One week of surveys was carried out in July 2018 by local and international citizen scientists and a professional reef biologist in Ari atoll, the Maldives. Surveys using the Reef Check methodology were undertaken at three ‘inner’...
Article
Full-text available
Listed as Vulnerable (IUCN 2017), the snow leopard is declining across much of its present range. One of major reasons for the snow leopard population decline in the last two decades is a reduction in large prey species that are the cornerstone of the conservation of the snow leopard; in the Central Kyrgyz Ala-Too region such species is primarily S...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract This study was part of a continuing annual citizen science expedition to the Tien Shan Mountains (Kyrgyz Ala Too and Jumgal Too ranges), run by Biosphere Expeditions and NABU for the fifth consecutive year from 9 July to 11 August 2018, with the aim of surveying for snow leopard (Panthera uncia) and its prey species. Using a cell methodol...
Research
Full-text available
This report details wolf (Canis lupus lupus) active monitoring fieldwork by Biosphere Expeditions in collaboration with the State Wolf Bureau of the German state of Lower Saxony and local wolf commissioners. Field work was conducted from 23 June to 6 July 2018 in two one-week long groups comprising twelve citizen scientists. The aim of the expediti...
Research
Full-text available
ABSTRACT This report details wolf (Canis lupus lupus) active monitoring fieldwork by Biosphere Expeditions in collaboration with the State Wolf Bureau of the German state of Lower Saxony and local wolf commissioners. Field work was conducted from 23 June to 6 July 2018 in two one-week long groups comprising twelve citizen scientists. The aim of th...
Research
Full-text available
From 24 February until 31 October 2018 nesting activities of leatherback turtles (Dermochelys coriacea), green turtles (Chelonia mydas) and hawksbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata) were recorded on Pacuare beach, Costa Rica. A total of 191 sea turtle nests were protected (leatherback = 156, green = 29, hawksbill = 6). 173 nests were relocated to...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract In 2018 Biosphere Expeditions concluded its fourteenth successful year of cetacean photo-identification and distribution studies in the Azores. The expedition was based in Horta on the island of Faial and work was conducted around the three islands of Faial, Pico and São Jorge. The expedition ran from 8 March to 19 April and concentrated...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract The successful collaboration between Biosphere Expeditions and the Dubai Desert Conservation Reserve (DDCR), initiated in 2012, continues with citizen scientists collecting data for a week from 20 to 27 January 2018. Data gathered alerted the DDCR management to several conservation issues and also allowed for informed, fact-based manageme...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract The successful collaboration between Biosphere Expeditions and the Dubai Desert Conservation Reserve (DDCR), initiated in 2012, continues with citizen scientists collecting data for a week from 21 to 28 January 2017. Data gathered alerted the DDCR management to several conservation issues and also allowed for informed, fact-based manageme...
Poster
Full-text available
Results 2017 (dietary analysis pending): Over four weeks 49 citizen scientists took part (42 from Germany or its immediate neighbour states (86%), four of them (8%) from Lower Saxony, three from North America (6%), two from Australia (4%), as well as one person each from India (2%) and Singapore (2%). Twenty-five 10x10 km grid cells of the EEA grid...
Poster
Full-text available
After an absence of more than 150 years, the Eurasian wolf (Canis lupus lupus) started to colonise Germany and reached the federal state of Lower Saxony in 2006. This ‘Central European Lowland Population’ of Canis lupus lupus is: - classified by IUCN as Endangered since 2012(Kaczensky et al. 2013) - protected by European law through theFauna Flora...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract This study was a collaboration between Biosphere Expeditions and Kindred Spirit Elephant Sanctuary. It used direct observations of four free-roaming captive Asian elephants. Their activity budgeting, foraging habits and social-association behaviour was observed using instantaneous, all-occurrence focal and scan-sampling methods respective...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract Two weeks of coral reef surveys were carried out in July 2017 by Biosphere Expeditions in Ari, South Male’, Felidhu and Mulaku atolls, Maldives. The surveys were undertaken by Maldivian placement recipients, fee-paying volunteer citizen scientists from around the world and staff from Biosphere Expeditions. Surveys using the Reef Check m...
Research
Full-text available
Biosphere Expeditions in collaboration with the State Wolf Bureau (Wolfsbüro) in Lower Saxony, Germany, conducted an active wolf (Canis lupus lupus) monitoring project from 17 June to 21 July 2017. Four weekly groups of up to twelve citizen scientists per group as well as staff, local wolf commissioners and, on occasion, trained wolf scat detection...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract Biosphere Expeditions in collaboration with the State Wolf Bureau (Wolfsbüro) in Lower Saxony, Germany, conducted an active wolf (Canis lupus lupus) monitoring project from 17 June to 21 July 2017. Four weekly groups of up to twelve citizen scientists per group as well as staff, local wolf commissioners and, on occasion, trained wolf scat...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract This study was part of a continuing annual expedition to the Tien Shan Mountains (Kyrgyz Ala Too and Jumgal Too ranges), run by Biosphere Expeditions and NABU from June to August 2017, with the aim of surveying for snow leopard (Panthera uncia) and its prey species. Using a cell methodology developed for citizen scientist volunteer expedi...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract From 27 February until 31 October 2017, nesting activities of leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea), green turtle (Chelonia mydas), hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) and loggerhead turtle (Caretta caretta) were recorded on Pacuare beach, on the Caribbean coast of Limon province, Costa Rica. 279 leatherback nests, 72 green turt...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract The fynbos biome of South Africa is a biodiversity hotspot renowned for its very high plant species richness, endemic birds and the presence of the Cape mountain leopard (Panthera pardus). Biodiversity monitoring across a range of faunal taxa was conducted in mountain fynbos habitat, together with a survey of tortoises into the arid karoo...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract Coral reefs are important biodiversity hotspots that not only function as a crucial habitat for a multitude of organisms, but also provide human populations with an array of goods and services, such as food and coastal protection. Despite this, coral reefs are under threat worldwide from direct or indirect anthropogenic impacts, such as p...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract This study was part of an expedition to the Tien Shan Mountains (Kyrgyz Ala-Too and Jumgal Too ranges), run by Biosphere Expeditions and NABU from 11 July to 27 August 2016 with the aim of surveying for snow leopard (Uncia uncia) and its prey species. Using a cell methodology developed by Biosphere Expeditions for citizen scientist volunt...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract In July 2016 Biosphere Expeditions volunteers carried out a week of Reef Check surveys in Ari atoll, Maldives. The surveys were undertaken by four Maldivian placement recipients, fee-paying volunteer citizen scientists from around the world, and staff from Biosphere Expeditions and the Marine Conservation Society. A half-day effort-based...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract In 2016 Biosphere Expeditions concluded its thirteenth successful year of cetacean photo-identification and distribution studies in the Azores. The expedition was based in Horta on the island of Faial and work was conducted around the three islands of Faial, Pico and São Jorge. The expedition ran from 4 April to 5 May and concentrated on...
Research
Full-text available
Monitoring of sea turtle nesting activities took place from 24 February-15 November 2016 in Pacuare Beach (Caribbean coast of Costa Rica). Monitoring was conducted by Latin American Sea Turtles (LAST) and assisted by Biosphere Expeditions citizen science volunteers from 2-19 May 2016. 414 nesting activities of leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriac...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract In August 2016 citizen science volunteers from Biosphere Expeditions along with a marine scientist from Reef Check Malaysia conducted reef health assessments at various sites around Tioman Island (Malaysia), using the Reef Check methodology. The surveys were part of a continuous study first started in 2012 and replicated in 2013. Results...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract Peru is currently experiencing record economic growth, accompanied by a high rate of deforestation, both of which threaten its biodiversity. This expedition conducted a survey of large, non-flying mammal species in one of the previously best-conserved remaining regions of the Amazon basin. The study site on the Las Piedras River, in the d...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract Biosphere Expeditions and WWF Indonesia ran their second joint expedition with volunteers in and around Bukit Rimbang Bukit Baling Wildlife Reserve (BRBBWR), Riau Province, Sumatra, Indonesia, from 17 July to 12 August 2016. The expedition study was a follow-up of the previous study in 2015, with the tiger and its habitat as the focal po...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract This report covers the fifth year of field research in northern Slovakia’s Veľká Fatra National Park with the support of citizen scientists and the aim of collecting biological information to improve management practices for bears (Ursus arctos), wolves (Canis lupus), lynx (Lynx lynx) and wildcat (Felis silvestris) in the park. Fieldwork...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract The successful collaboration between Biosphere Expeditions and the Dubai Desert Conservation Reserve (DDCR), initiated in 2012, continues. Citizen scientists collected data on nine target species, namely the Arabian oryx (Oryx leucoryx), Gordon’s wildcat (Felis silvestris gordoni), mountain gazelle (Gazella gazella), sand gazelle (Gazella...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
One of the particularly concerning attributes of coral reefs is the potential for ‘phase shifts’ from coral to non-coral dominated assemblages (e.g. Jamaica 25 years ago). The reefs of the Maldives were variously regarded as ‘pristine’ or a ‘wonderland’ by initial visitors with SCUBA such as Cousteau in the 1950s, but profound ecological changes ha...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract Coral reefs are important biodiversity hotspots that not only function as a crucial habitat for a multitude of organisms, but also provide human populations with an array of goods and services, such as food and coastal protection. Despite this, coral reefs are under threat worldwide from direct or indirect anthropogenic impacts, such as p...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract This study was part of an expedition to the Tien Shan Mountains (Kyrgyz Ala-Too range), run by Biosphere Expeditions and NABU from 8 June to 8 August 2015 with the aim of surveying for snow leopard (Uncia uncia) and its prey species. Using a cell methodology adopted by Biosphere Expeditions for volunteer expeditions, 56 cells of 2x2 km we...
Article
Full-text available
We compared the effectiveness of various methods for surveying medium and large wild mammals in southern Oman. Working with volunteers recruited by Biosphere Expeditions, wildlife professionals and local rangers, we used direct observation, camera traps, sign surveys (tracks and/or dung) and molecular scatology to study 66 sampling units of 2 × 2 k...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract One week of Reef Check surveys was carried out in September 2015 with Biosphere Expeditions volunteers in Ari Atoll, Maldives. Surveys concentrated on revisiting permanent monitoring sites that have been surveyed in Ari Atoll, central Maldives. The surveys were carried out whilst an El Niño event was taking place elsewhere in the world, b...
Research
Full-text available
The fynbos biome of South Africa is a biodiversity hotspot renowned for its very high plant species richness, endemic birds and the presence of the Cape mountain leopard (Panthera pardus). Biodiversity monitoring across a range of faunal taxa was conducted in mountain fynbos habitat in the context of determining prey availability for leopard, carac...