Matthew D Wood

Matthew D Wood
Washington University in St. Louis | WUSTL , Wash U · Division of Plastic Surgery

Biomedical Engineering, PhD

About

103
Publications
6,064
Reads
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2,001
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2009 - September 2012
SickKids
Position
  • PostDoc Position
August 2005 - July 2009
Washington University in St. Louis
Position
  • Research Assistant
June 2003 - August 2005
Saint Louis University
Position
  • Research Assistant

Publications

Publications (103)
Article
Background: Symptomatic neuromata are a common indication for revision surgery following amputation. Previously described treatments, including traction neurectomy, nerve transposition, targeted muscle re-innervation, and nerve capping, have provided inconsistent results or are technically challenging. Prior research using acellular nerve allograf...
Article
Lymphedema is a chronic condition of impaired lymphatic flow that results in limb swelling and debilitation. The pathophysiology of lymphedema is characterized by lymphatic stasis that triggers inflammation, fibrosis, and adipose tissue deposition in the extremities. Most often, this condition occurs in cancer survivors in the years after treatment...
Article
Background: Although electrical stimulation (ES) can improve nerve regeneration, the impact of nerve block, such as lidocaine (Lido), on the therapeutic benefits of ES remains unclear. We used a rat tibial nerve transection-and-repair model to explore how either preoperative (PreOp) or postoperative (PostOp) nerve block affects ES-related improvem...
Article
Background: Repair of nerve injuries can fail to achieve adequate functional recovery. Electrical stimulation applied at the time of nerve repair can accelerate axon regeneration, which may improve the likelihood of recovery. However, widespread use of electrical stimulation may be limited by treatment protocols that increase operative time and co...
Article
Background: Clinical outcomes following nerve injury repair can be inadequate. Pulsed-current electrical stimulation (ES) is a therapeutic method that facilitates functional recovery by accelerating axon regeneration. However, current clinical ES protocols involve the application of ES for 60 minutes during surgery, which can increase operative co...
Article
Interleukin-4 (IL-4) has garnered interest as a cytokine that mediates regeneration across multiple tissues including peripheral nerve. Within nerve, we previously showed endogenous IL-4 was critical to regeneration across nerve gaps. Here, we determined a generalizable role of IL-4 in nerve injury and regeneration. In wild-type (WT) mice receiving...
Article
Background: Treatments to manage painful neuroma are needed. An operative strategy that isolates and controls chaotic axonal growth could prevent neuroma. Using long acellular nerve allograft to "cap" damaged nerve could control axonal regeneration and, in turn, regulate upstream gene expression patterns. Methods: Rat sciatic nerve was transecte...
Article
Background: Acellular nerve allografts have been used successfully and with increasing frequency to reconstruct nerve injuries. As their use has been expanded to treat longer gap, larger diameter nerve injuries, some failed cases have been reported. We present the histomorphometry of 5 such cases illustrating these limitations and review the curre...
Article
Background Our management of cubital tunnel syndrome has expanded to involve multiple adjunctive procedures, including supercharged end-to-side anterior interosseous to ulnar nerve transfer, cross-palm nerve grafts from the median to ulnar nerve, and profundus tenodesis. We also perform intraoperative brief electrical stimulation in patients with s...
Article
Following traumatic peripheral nerve injury, adequate restoration of function remains an elusive clinical goal. Recent research highlights the complex role that the immune system plays in both nerve injury and regeneration. Pro-regenerative processes in wounded soft tissues appear to be significantly mediated by cytokines of the type 2 immune respo...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To measure surgeon engagement and preferred video duration in a video-based learning program for nerve surgery. Background: Educational videos can improve, standardize, and democratize best practices in surgery. To improve care internationally, educators must optimize their videos for learning. However, surgeon engagement and optimal...
Article
Full-text available
Functional recovery in the end target muscle is a determinant of outcome after peripheral nerve injury. The neuromuscular junction (NMJ) provides the interface between nerve and muscle and includes non-myelinating terminal Schwann cells (tSCs). After nerve injury, tSCs extend cytoplasmic processes between NMJs to guide axon growth and NMJ reinnerva...
Article
Background Traumatic peripheral nerve injuries cause chronic pain, disability, and long-term reductions in quality of life. However, their incidence after extremity trauma remains poorly understood. Methods The Truven MarketScan Commercial Claims and Encounters database from 2010 to 2015 was used to identify patients aged 18 to 64 who presented to...
Article
Background Understanding the role of macrophages at discrete spatial locations during nerve regeneration after injury is important. But, methodologies that systemically manipulate macrophages can obscure their roles within discrete spatial locations within nerve. New method Liposomes were embedded within fibrin gels to construct a delivery system...
Article
Background: Therapeutic electrical stimulation (ES) applied to repaired nerve is a promising treatment option to improve regeneration. However, few studies address the impact of ES following nerve graft reconstruction. The purpose of this study was to determine if ES applied to a nerve repair using nerve isograft in a rodent model could improve ner...
Article
Several biologically active bivalent Pd and Pt complexes with two structurally similar cyanoxime ligands abbreviated as H(DECO): 2-oximino-2-cyano-N,N′-diethylacetamide, and H(PyrCO): 2-oximino-2-cyan-N-pyrrolidine acetamide were synthesized and characterized using spectroscopic methods, thermal analysis and X-ray crystallography. Structures reveal...
Article
Decellularized nerve, or acellular nerve allografts (ANAs), are an increasingly used alternative to nerve autografts to repair nerve gaps to facilitate regeneration. The adaptive immune system, specifically T cells, plays a role in promoting regeneration upon these ANA scaffolds. However, how T cells promote regeneration across ANAs is not clear. H...
Article
Acellular nerve allografts (ANAs) are increasingly used to repair nerve gaps following injuries. However, these nerve scaffolds have yet to surpass the regenerative capabilities of cellular nerve autografts; improved understanding of their regenerative mechanisms could improve design. Due to their acellular nature, both angiogenesis and diverse cel...
Article
Background: Stereology and histomorphometry are widely used by investigators to quantify nerve characteristics in normal and pathological states, including nerve injury and regeneration. While these methods of analysis are complementary, no study to date has systematically compared both approaches in peripheral nerve. This study investigated the re...
Article
Despite advances in surgery, the reconstruction of segmental nerve injuries continues to pose challenges. In this review, current neurobiology regarding regeneration across a nerve defect is discussed in detail. Recent findings include the complex roles of non‐neuronal cells in nerve defect regeneration, such as the role of the innate immune system...
Article
Surgical intervention followed by physical therapy remains the major way to repair damaged nerves and restore function. Imaging constitutes promising, yet underutilized, approaches to improve surgical and postoperative techniques. Dedicated methods for imaging nerve regeneration will potentially provide surgical guidance, enable recovery monitoring...
Article
Introduction: Neuro-enhancing therapies are desired, as repair of nerve injuries can fail to achieve recovery. We compared two neuro-enhancing therapies, electrical stimulation (ES) and systemic tacrolimus (FK506), for their capabilities to enhance regeneration in the context of a rat model. Methods: Rats were randomized to four groups: "ES 0.5...
Article
Background: Management of painful neuromas continues to challenge clinicians. Controlling axon growth to prevent neuroma has gained considerable traction. A logical extension of this idea is to therefore develop an approach to control and arrest axon growth. Given the limits in axonal regeneration across acellular nerve allografts (ANAs), these co...
Article
Repair of traumatic nerve injuries can require graft material to bridge the defect. The use of alternatives to bridge the defect, such as acellular nerve allografts (ANAs), is becoming more common and desired. Although ANAs support axon regeneration across short defects (<3 cm), axon regeneration across longer defects (>3 cm) is limited. It is uncl...
Conference Paper
Near-infrared contrast agents and optical methods are useful in detection of reactive oxygen species in vivo in the small animal models of acute lung injury, angiogenesis and peripheral neuropathies.
Article
Background: One potential treatment strategy to enhance axon regeneration is transplanting Schwann Cells (SCs) that overexpress glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF). Unfortunately, constitutive GDNF overexpression in vivo can result in failure of regenerating axons to extend beyond the GDNF source, a phenomenon termed the "candy-stor...
Article
Background: Nerve grafting with an autograft is considered the gold standard. However, the functional outcomes of long (>3cm) nerve autografting are often poor. We hypothesized that a factor contributing to these outcomes is the graft microenvironment, where long compared to short autografts support axon regeneration to different extents. Methods...
Article
Providing temporally-regulated glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) to injured nerve can promote robust axon regeneration. However, it is poorly understood why providing highly elevated levels of GDNF to nerve can lead to axon entrapment in the zone containing elevated GDNF. This limited understanding represents an obstacle to the tra...
Article
Introduction: Acellular nerve allografts (ANAs) yield less consistent favorable outcomes compared to autografts for long gap reconstructions. We evaluated whether a hybrid ANA can improve 6cm gap reconstruction. Methods: Rat sciatic nerve was transected and repaired with either 6cm hybrid or control ANAs. Hybrid ANAs were generated using a 1cm c...
Article
Background: The goal of this study was to develop a partial, nonregenerative nerve injury model in a rat that results in permanently reduced motoneuron numbers and function. This model could serve as a platform for the study of therapeutics, such as a reverse end-to-side nerve transfer (i.e., supercharge). The authors hypothesized that transection...
Article
ABSRACT Peripheral nerve injury evokes a complex cascade of chemical reactions including generation of molecular radicals. Conversely, the reactions within nerve induced by stress are difficult to directly detect or measure to establish causality. Monitoring these reactions in vivo would enable deeper understanding of the nature of the injury and h...
Article
Acellular nerve allografts (ANA) and other nerve constructs do not reliably facilitate axonal regeneration across long defects (>3cm). Causes for this deficiency are poorly understood. Here we determined what cells are present within ANAs prior to axonal growth arrest in nerve constructs and if these cells express markers of cellular stress and sen...
Article
Introduction: Nerve regeneration across nerve constructs, such as acellular nerve allografts (ANAs), is inferior to nerve auto/isografts especially in the case of long defect lengths. Vascularization may contribute to poor regeneration. The time course of vascular perfusion within long grafts and constructs was tracked to determine vascularization...
Article
Purpose: To evaluate the regenerative effect of the additional suture line when using either isografts (ISOs) or acellular nerve allografts (ANAs) placed end-to-end to span a short gap in a rat model. Methods: Rat sciatic nerves were transected and repaired with 2-cm nerve grafts (ISO or ANA). The grafts were 2 cm in length or a 1-cm segment was...
Article
Background: Nerve regeneration in vascularized composite allotransplantation (VCA) is not well understood. Allogeneic transplant models experience complete loss of nerve tissue and axonal regeneration without immunosuppressive therapy. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of incomplete immunosuppression on nerve regeneration. Metho...
Article
Neuroma management is an unresolved problem. Biomaterials to limit unwanted axonal growth could be a tool to manage neuroma. Hyaluronic acid/carboxymethyl cellulose (HA/CMC) is an antiadhesive, biodegradable material that is nontoxic to nerve. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of this biomaterial to limit axonal growth. Rats re...
Article
The use of growth factors, such as glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), for the treatment of peripheral nerve injury has been useful in promoting axon survival and regeneration. Unfortunately, finding a method that delivers the appropriate spatial and temporal release profile to promote functional recovery has proven difficult. Some...
Article
Statement of significance: This work addresses the common clinical situation in which a nerve gap is bridged using acellular nerve allografts. However, these allografts are not as effective in supporting nerve regeneration as the gold standard method of autografting. The novel local drug delivery system used in this study provides sustained and co...
Article
Localized drug delivery strategies could greatly benefit patients with peripheral nerve injury and could be easy for surgeons to implement. We developed a local drug delivery system (DDS) using drug-loaded poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microspheres (MS) embedded in a fibrin gel. In an in vitro study, we investigated the biocompatibility of t...
Article
Peripheral nerve regeneration is a complex problem that, despite many advancements and innovations, still has sub-optimal outcomes. Compared to biologically derived acellular nerve grafts and autografts, completely synthetic nerve guidance conduits (NGC), which allow for precise engineering of their properties, are promising but still far from opti...
Article
Following peripheral nerve injury, the distal nerve is primed for regenerating axons by generating a permissive environment replete with glial cells, cytokines, and neurotrophic factors to encourage axonal growth. However, increasing evidence demonstrates regenerating axons within peripheral nerves still encounter axonal-growth inhibitors, such as...
Article
In unilateral facial palsy, cross-face nerve grafts are used for emotional facial reanimation. Facial nerve regeneration through the grafts takes several months, and the functional results are sometimes inadequate. Chronic denervation of the cross-face nerve graft results in incomplete nerve regeneration. The authors hypothesize that donor axons fr...
Article
Full-text available
In contrast to adult rat nerve injury models, neonatal sciatic nerve crush leads to massive motor and sensory neuron death. Death of these neurons results from both the loss of functional contact between the nerve terminals and their targets, and the inability of immature Schwann cells in the distal stump of the injured nerve to sustain regeneratio...
Article
Individual contributions of exogenous Schwann cells (SCs) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were evaluated in acellular nerve allografts (ANAs). ANA processing removes SCs and vasculature, likely contributing to reduced regeneration compared to autografts. Exogenous SCs may improve the regenerative microenvironment, and VEGF has been sh...
Article
Full-text available
Nerve injuries cause pain, paralysis and numbness that can lead to major disability, and newborns often sustain nerve injuries during delivery that result in lifelong impairment. Without a pharmacologic agent to enhance functional recovery from these injuries, clinicians rely solely on surgery and rehabilitation to treat patients. Unfortunately, pa...
Article
Importance Facial nerve injury leads to severe functional and aesthetic deficits. The transgenic Thy1-GFP rat is a new model for facial nerve injury and reconstruction research that will help improve clinical outcomes through translational facial nerve injury research.Objective To determine whether serial in vivo imaging of nerve regeneration in...
Conference Paper
Purpose: Functional recovery after a motor nerve repair decreases as the regenerative distance from the injury to end-organ target increases due to irreversible muscle atrophy. The ability of sensory nerves to prevent muscle atrophy is well-known (1, 2). Previously described sensory protection methods, however, involve direct implantation of sensor...
Article
Accumulating evidence suggests that neuregulin, a potent Schwann cell mitogen, and its receptor, ErbB2, have an important role in regulating peripheral nerve regeneration. We hypothesized that Herceptin (Trastuzumab), a monoclonal antibody that binds ErbB2, would disrupt ErbB2 signaling, allowing us to evaluate ErbB2's importance in peripheral nerv...
Article
Full-text available
Glial cell-line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) is a potent neurotrophic factor known to enhance motor nerve regeneration following its delivery. However, recent studies have determined that extended GDNF delivery to regenerating axons can entrap motor axons at the site of GDNF delivery. This entrapment leads to reduced motor axons available to...
Article
Processed nerve allografts are increasingly used as "off the shelf" nerve replacements for surgically bridging nerve gaps. Benchmarking the regenerative capacity of a commercially available human-derived nerve or xenograft in a rat nerve injury model would provide a convenient platform for future studies seeking to modify the processed nerve graft....
Article
Transgenic mice have been previously used to assess nerve regeneration following peripheral nerve injury. However, mouse models are limited by their small caliber nerves, short nerve lengths, and their inability to fully participate during behavioral assessments. The transgenic Thy1 GFP rat is a novel transgenic rat model designed to assess regener...
Article
Full-text available
Tissue engineering has been defined as "an interdisciplinary field that applies the principles of engineering and life sciences toward the development of biological substitutes that restore, maintain, or improve tissue function or a whole organ". Traumatic peripheral nerve injury resulting in significant tissue loss at the zone of injury necessitat...
Article
The majority of bioengineering strategies to promote peripheral nerve regeneration after injury have focused on therapies to bridge large nerve defects while fewer therapies are being developed to treat other nerve injuries, such as nerve transection. We constructed delivery systems using fibrin gels containing either free GDNF or polylactide-glyco...