Matthew Weston

Matthew Weston
The University of Edinburgh | UoE

PhD, MSc, BSc (Hons)

About

147
Publications
133,307
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
6,301
Citations
Introduction
Matthew Weston is an Applied Sports Scientist and lecturer in Strength & Conditioning at The University of Edinburgh
Additional affiliations
September 2009 - January 2015
Teesside University
Position
  • Professor (Full)
January 2009 - January 2015
Teesside University
Position
  • Professor (Full)
February 2003 - June 2004
KU Leuven
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (147)
Article
Full-text available
Ferguson, J, Gibson, NV, Weston, M, and McCunn, R. Reliability of measures of lower body strength and speed in academy male adolescent soccer players. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000–000, 2023—The Nordbord and ForceFrame represent a practical and time efficient means of assessing eccentric hamstring and isometric adductor strength in the large numbe...
Article
Objectives: To examine the moderating effect of familiarization on the relationship between external load and ratings of perceived exertion (RPEs) in elite youth soccer players. Methods: Thirty-five elite male youth soccer players were monitored over a 31-week period. Players had no previous experience using the centiMax scale (arbitrary units [...
Article
Objective To determine the relationship between player and coach rating of perceived challenge (RPC) for different training sessions over a competitive rugby union season. A secondary aim was to explore the relationship between player RPC and player session rating of perceived exertion (RPE). Methods We used an observational longitudinal study des...
Article
Full-text available
Background Sided games (i.e., small sided, medium sided, large sided) involve tactical, technical, physical, and psychological elements and are commonly implemented in soccer training. Although soccer sided-games research is plentiful, a meta-analytical synthesis of external load exposure during sided games is lacking. Objective The objective of t...
Preprint
Background: Sided-games (i.e., small- [SSG], medium- [MSG], large-sided [LSG]) involve tactical, technical, physical and psychological elements and are commonly implemented in soccer training. Although soccer sided-games research is plentiful, a meta-analytical synthesis of external load exposure during sided-games is lacking. Objective: The objec...
Article
Background: The SARS-COV2 agent initiated a global pandemic. The initial response to the pandemic was severe disruption to the public and private sector including sports. The resultant was that soccer clubs had to prescribe that the players trained in isolation for a prolonged period of time in an attempt to maintain fitness. The aim of the presen...
Article
Full-text available
The 24 h responses to professional female netball-specific training were examined. British Superleague players (n = 14) undertook a 90-min on-court training session incorporating key movement, technical, and scenario-specific match-play drills. Perceptual (mood, fatigue, soreness), neuromuscular (countermovement jump peak power output [PPO], PPO re...
Article
Horizontal jumps are discrete, fast, over-ground movements requiring coordination of the centre of mass (CoM) and base of support and are routinely assessed in sports settings. There is currently no biomechanics-based system to aid in their quick and objective large-scale assessment. We describe a practical system combining a single low-cost depth-...
Article
The purpose of this study was to present reference standards for physical performance test outcomes relevant to elite female soccer players. We analysed mixed-longitudinal data (n = 1715 observations) from a sample of 479 elite youth and senior players as part of the English Football Association's national development programme (age range: 12.7 to...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Establishing the reliability and repeatability of both the movement demands and the consequential responses of athletes applied settings is important. Therefore, the primary aim of this study was to assess the between- week reliability of potential fatigue monitoring methods in soccer players. Secondary aims were to establish the repea...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND: Establishing the reliability and repeatability of both the movement demands and the consequential responses of athletes applied settings is important. Therefore, the primary aim of this study was to assess the between-week reliability of potential fatigue monitoring methods in soccer players. Secondary aims were to establish the repeata...
Article
Introduction: Valid and informed interpretations of changes in physical performance test data are important within athletic development programmes. At present, there is a lack of consensus regarding a suitable method for deeming whether a change in physical performance is practically relevant or not. Methods: We compared true population variance...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: The efficacy of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) for improving markers of physical fitness and cardiometabolic health is promising. The workplace is one non-laboratory setting where the effectiveness of HIIT could be explored. The aim of this study was to undertake a mixed-methods exploratory pilot trial of a workplace HIIT int...
Article
To investigate how initial fitness, maturity status, and training time explain changes in physical performance across one season. Eighty-eight adolescent male footballers, representing four age categories (Under 15 [n = 12], Under 14 [n = 21], Under 13 [n = 25], Under 12 [n = 30]), were tested using physical performance tests (20 m sprint, change o...
Poster
Full-text available
Purpose: Overuse injury risk increases during periods of accelerated growth, which can subsequently impact development in academy soccer, suggesting a need to quantify training exposure. Nonprescriptive development scheme legislation could lead to inconsistent approaches to monitoring maturity and training load. Therefore, this study aimed to commu...
Article
The 20 h responses of International female netball players to training days requiring two sessions (netball and strength, separated by two hours) ordered alternatively were examined. Eleven players completed strength followed by netball training two hours later (STR-NET), with the order reversed (NET-STR) on a separate day. Well-being, neuromuscula...
Article
Objective: Using a formative evaluation of a high-intensity interval training (HIIT) intervention, we illustrate how qualitative data can inform the development of workplace exercise interventions. Method: Eight focus groups and four interviews were conducted with employees (n=38) and management (n=4) from six office-based organisations before inte...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To understand the validity of differential ratings of perceived exertion (dRPE) as a measure of girls’ training and match internal loads. Methods: Using the centiMax scale (CR100), session dRPE for breathlessness (sRPE-B) and leg muscle exertion (sRPE-L) were collected across a season of training (soccer, resistance, and fitness) and match...
Preprint
Full-text available
Overuse injury risk increases during periods of accelerated growth which can subsequently impact development in academy soccer, suggesting a need to quantify training exposure. Non- prescriptive development scheme legislation could lead to inconsistent approaches to monitoring maturity and training load. Therefore, this study aims to communicate cu...
Article
Talent identification (TID) and development (TDE) are large fields in professional soccer and in science. However, TID and TDE processes in youth academies have not been assessed in detail. As such, our aim was to survey professional clubs from around the world about their youth academy TID and TDE processes, with 29 clubs responding to the survey....
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To quantify changes in differential ratings of perceived exertion (dRPE) across a 2-wk repeated-sprint-training intervention that improved high-intensity intermittent-running ability and linear speed of semiprofessional soccer players. Methods: Thirteen players completed 3 (sessions 1-3) or 4 (sessions 4-6) sets of 7 sprints (group 1 [n...
Article
We examined the influence of graded cold-water immersion (CWI) on global and regional quadriceps muscle perfusion using positron emission tomography (PET) and [ ¹⁵ O]H 2 O. In thirty healthy males (33±8 yrs; 81±10 kg; 184±5 cm; percentage body fat: 13±5%; V̇O 2peak : 47±8 mL·kg ⁻¹ ·min ⁻¹ ) quadriceps perfusion, thigh and calf cutaneous vascular co...
Article
Objectives: This study examined the acute effect of small-sided-game (SSG) and resistance training sequence on neuromuscular, endocrine and mood response over a 24-h (h) period. Design: Repeated measures. Methods: Fourteen semi-professional soccer players performed SSG-training (4vs4+goalkeepers; 6×7-min, 2-min inter-set recovery) followed by...
Article
Full-text available
Training and competition loads have emerged as modifiable composite risk factors of non-contact injury. Hamstring strains are the most common injuries in football with substantial burden on the individual player and club. Nevertheless, robust evidence of a consistent load-hamstring injury relationship in professional football is lacking. Using avai...
Article
Full-text available
Endurance and strength training are effective strategies for counteracting age-associated reductions in physical performance in older adults, with a combination of both exercise modes recommended to maximise potential fitness benefits. This meta-analysis sought to quantify the effects of same-session combined endurance and strength training on fitn...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Repeated-sprint training (RST) has the potential to be an effective multi-component training method for the physical development of team-sports players. Improvements in speed, power and aerobic fitness have previously been reported following RST. However, it is possible that the specific protocol used, modulates training responses and subsequent ad...
Article
Kyprianou, E, Di Salvo, V, Lolli, L, Al Haddad, H, Villanueva, AM, Gregson, W, and Weston, M. To measure peak velocity in soccer, let the players sprint. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-Expressing externals loads relative to a player's individual capacities has potential to enhance understanding of dose-response. Peak velocity is an import...
Article
Objectives: This study profiled the 24h neuromuscular, endocrine and mood responses to a single versus a double training day in soccer players. Design: Repeated measures. Methods: Twelve semi-professional soccer players performed small-sided-games (SSG's; 4 vs 4+goalkeepers; 6×7-min, 2-min inter-set recovery) with neuromuscular (peak-power out...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To investigate the impact of physical efforts performed in the period preceding activity as a potential risk factor of muscle injury during match-play within a sample of professional soccer players. Design: Observational cohort study. Methods: Match load (running [>14.4-19.8km/h], high-speed running [>19.8-25.2km/h], sprinting [>25...
Article
Talent identification and development programmes have received broad attention in the last decades, yet evidence regarding the predictive utility of physical performance in female soccer players is limited. Using a retrospective design, we appraised the predictive value of performance-related measures in a sample of 228 youth female soccer players...
Article
We aimed to assess the coach-player agreement of subjective soccer training loads via differential ratings of perceived exertion (dRPE). The coach initially underwent quantifiable familiarisation (blackness test) with the Borg CR100 scale. Data were collected from 16 semi-professional soccer players across seven consecutive training sessions. For t...
Article
Full-text available
Background Cardiorespiratory fitness is a strong predictor of all-cause mortality. Physical activity of at least moderate intensity can improve cardiorespiratory fitness. Workplaces may provide a relatively controlled setting in which to improve cardiorespiratory fitness through physical activity. Limited work has been conducted to quantify the imp...
Article
The aim of this study was to use global position systems (GPS) to analyze the external loads of the three different acquisition training sessions (ATS) with competitive matches in professional soccer players over a six-week period. Sixteen professional soccer players participated in the study, which analyzed the distribution of external load during...
Poster
Full-text available
The aim of this poster is to briefly present some survey data, where we have explored the training load practices of both cricket coaches and practitioners within the UK.
Article
To examine responses to an International netball tournament, female athletes (n= 11) played three matches over consecutive days. External (accelerometry) and internal (heart rate; HR, session; sRPE, and differential; dRPE, rating of perceived exertion) load measures quantified match intensity. On match-day mornings, and three days after match 3, we...
Article
Full-text available
High-intensity interval training (HIT) is an effective approach for improving a range of physiological markers associated with physical fitness. A considerable body of work has demonstrated substantial improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness following short-term training programmes, while emerging evidence suggests that HIT can positively impact...
Article
Purpose: Using elite youth soccer players’ maximal sprinting speeds collected from a criterion and non-criterion measure, we demonstrate how expert practitioner opinion can be used to determine measurement validity. Methods: Expert soccer practitioners (n = 50) from around the world were surveyed on issues relating to the measurement of maximal spr...
Article
Full-text available
Background: High-intensity interval training (HIT) can impact cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness simultaneously, yet protocols typically focus on lower-body exercise. For older adults however, performing activities of daily living requires upper- and lower-body fitness. Aims: To assess the effects of combined upper- and lower-body HIT on fit...
Conference Paper
Differences exist between coach prescribed and player reported sessional perceived exertion (Brink et al., 2014; Kraft et al., 2018), yet it is not clear whether this is true for training sessions prescribed via differential ratings of perceived exertion (dRPE). Therefore, our aim was to compare coach prescribed and player reported dRPE. Following...
Article
Full-text available
Change-of-direction ability is an important performance skill in football. Consequently, several testing protocols are used to assess this component. This study assessed the test–retest reliability of a modified 505 test (M505) and the change-of-direction deficit (CODD) in elite youth football players. Data were collected from 110 players from the...
Article
Objectives: To provide a detailed analysis of the repeated high-speed demands of competitive international female soccer match play. Methods: A total of 148 individual match observations were undertaken on 107 outfield players in competitive international matches, using a computerised tracking system (STATS, Leeds, England). High-speed activity was...
Presentation
Full-text available
This was delivered at ECSS, Dublin in July 2018 and summarises a 'state of the nation' survey we conducted investigating current approaches to monitoring biological maturity and training load in youth soccer.
Presentation
Full-text available
This project investigated the reliability of a modified 505 change-of-direction test and the change of direction deficit in young football players
Presentation
Full-text available
This presentation briefly reports the results of a principal component analysis on an Athlete Readiness to Train (ART) questionnaire examining its factor structure in female youth soccer.
Article
Full-text available
We aimed to compare differentiated training loads (TL) between fitness responders and non-responders to an eight-week pre-season training period in a squad of thirty-five professional rugby union players. Differential TL were calculated by multiplying player’s perceptions of breathlessness (sRPE-B) and leg muscle exertion (sRPE-L) with training dur...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Sport science can play a critical role in reducing health inequalities. The inverse relationship between life expectancy, cardiorespiratory fitness, and socioeconomic status could be addressed by performing high-intensity training (HIT), delivered in a class salient and accessible approach. Commercially available exergames have shown e...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The associations between internal and external measures of training load and intensity are important in understanding the training process and the validity of specific internal measures. Objectives: We aimed to provide meta-analytic estimates of the relationships, as determined by a correlation coefficient, between internal and externa...
Article
Full-text available
1) Background: Differential RPE (dRPE) separates scores for breathlessness (RPE-B), leg muscle exertion (RPE-L) and technical/cognitive exertion (RPE-T). Limited information for dRPE is available in soccer match play, yet these measurements may help inform practitioners training and recovery strategies. This preliminary study investigated the effec...
Article
Full-text available
This case-study documents the effectiveness of a two-week, repeated-sprint training (RST) micro-cycle to supplement the normal training regime of a male, semi-professional (part-time), international Rugby Football League (RFL) full-back player during a lead-in phase to the 2016-2017 RFL Four Nations international tournament. The studied players’ (a...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To survey practices and perceptions of training load monitoring among soccer coaches and practitioners. Methods: A questionnaire assessed factors influencing training planning, training load practices, and training load feedback and usefulness. The questionnaire was distributed via email and as an online version (Bristol Online Survey Tool...
Article
Full-text available
The 24h responses to small-sided games (SSG) soccer training were characterized. Professional soccer players (n=16) performed SSG's (4vs4 + goalkeepers; 6x7-min, 2-min inter-set recovery) with performance (peak-power output, PPO; jump height, JH), physiological (blood creatine kinase: CK, lactate; salivary testosterone, cortisol), and mood measures...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Team-sports training requires the daily manipulation of intensity, duration and frequency with pre-season focusing on meeting the demands of in-season competition and in-season on maintaining fitness. To provide information about daily training in Australian Football (AF), this study aimed to quantify session intensity, duration, and inte...
Article
Full-text available
The aims of this study were to describe the internal and external match load (ML) of refereeing activity during official matches and also to investigate the relationship among the methods of ML quantification across a competitive soccer season. A further aim was to examine the usefulness of differential perceived exertion (dRPE) as a tool for monit...
Article
Full-text available
Background: This study assessed the feasibility of a preoperative high-intensity interval training (HIT) programme in patients awaiting elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Methods: In this feasibility trial, participants were allocated by minimization to preoperative HIT or usual care. Patients in the HIT group were offered three exercise...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This case study uniquely documents the completion of a short duration (two-week) repeated sprint training (RST) intervention program prescribed to an international Rugby Football League (RFL) player (full-back). The implemented RST intervention was shown to be an effective training modality for improving many of the physical phenotypes (timed agili...
Article
Muscular power is important for maintaining physical functioning with aging. Proper quantification of the reliability of muscular power tests is crucial to inform monitoring of individuals and sample size planning for interventional studies. This study evaluated short- and long-term reliability of leg extensor power measurement in 72 adults (age 62...
Article
Full-text available
We examined the effects of a 12-week program of Nordic hamstring exercises (NHE), administered before or after football training, upon eccentric hamstring strength, muscle activity, and architectural adaptations. Amateur soccer players were randomized into 3 groups. The control group (CON; n=11) undertook core stability exercises, whereas a periodi...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Intervention fidelity refers to the extent an experimental manipulation has been implemented as intended. Our aim was to evaluate the fidelity of high-intensity interval training (HIT) in patients awaiting repair of large abdominal aortic aneurysms. Methods: Following a baseline cardiopulmonary exercise test, 27 participants performed a ho...
Article
Rugby league is a collision sport that is intermittent in nature. Players require highly developed maximal aerobic power, muscular strength and power and speed and agility, to perform through an eighty minute game. In contrast to starting players, interchange players often perform 2 short (∼20 minutes) and more intense play. The aim of the investig...
Article
Session ratings of perceived exertion (sRPE) are a popular tool for monitoring exercise intensity across a range of sports. Despite this, little is known regarding the application of sRPE to rowing ergometry. We therefore aimed to explore the validity of sRPE for monitoring training intensity during indoor rowing training. A thirty-six-year-old, fe...
Article
McCunn, R, Weston, M, Hill, JKA, Johnston, RD, and Gibson, NV. Influence of physical maturity status on sprinting speed among youth soccer players. J Strength Cond Res 31(7): 1795-1801, 2017-The relative age effect is well documented with the maturation-selection hypothesis the most common explanation; however, conflicting evidence exists. We obser...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Low-volume high-intensity interval training holds promise for cardiometabolic health promotion in adolescents, but sustainable interventions must be practical and engaging. We examined the effect of a school-based multi-activity low-volume high-intensity interval training intervention on adolescents' cardiometabolic health. Methods:...
Data
Baseline comparisons of retained participants (complete cases), and those lost to follow-up (incomplete cases). (DOCX)
Data
Populated TIDiER checklist. (DOCX)
Data
Populated TREND statement checklist. (PDF)
Article
The purpose of the present study was to provide a detailed analysis of the physical demands of competitive international female soccer match-play. A total of 148 individual match observations were undertaken on 107 outfield players competing in competitive international matches during the 2011-2012 and 2012-2013 seasons, using a computerized tracki...
Article
Objectives: To investigate the application of differential ratings of perceived exertion (dRPE) to team-sport training. Design: Single cohort, observational study. Methods: Twenty-nine professional rugby union players were monitored over a six-week intensified training period. Training sessions were classified as: High-Intensity Intervals (HIT),...
Article
Objectives: To examine the within- and between-player variability of physical performance and player match loads in professional rugby union. Design: A single cohort, observational study. Methods: Physical match performance data were collected from 28 male, professional, English Championship players over 15 competitive matches. Using microsensors...